Imatges de pÓgina

bered 1, 2, 3, &c.) contain of themselves a complete outline, and we think will be found sufficient, with the accompanying paradigms or examples, for a course of elementary study. Details of form or structure, requiring to be committed to memory only as they occur in reading, are put in smaller type, marked a, b, c, &c. And the points of philology, or special criticism, which appear to throw valuable side-light upon the subject, interesting chiefly to teachers or special students, are contained in the form of Notes, not interfering at all with the treatment in the text. By paying attention to this subordination of topics, teachers will avoid the serious error of crowding upon the student, prematurely, a mass of details, which might only perplex and obscure his real understanding of the subject.

CAMBRIDGE, April, 1872.


A few corrections have been made in this edition, with numerous additions to the cross-references, and to the forms on page 98. The name “ Dative of Reference” has been substituted (p. 129) for “ Dative of Advantage.” No other changes, except a few verbal ones, have been introduced.

Ν Ο Τ Ε. .

For the convenience of those who may wish to follow out special lines of study in general or comparative graminar, or to consult original sources on the history and development of the Latin, a list of works including the best and most recent authorities is here subjoined: BOPP: Vergleichende atik des Sanskrit, etc [Indo-European lan

guages). 4 vols. 3d Ed. Berlin, 1868–70.

The original standard work on Comparative Forms. Later researches have corrected some erroneous details. English translation (poor), London: 1862. The best form is a French translation, with Notes and Introductions by Michel Bréal Paris: 1866. CORSSEN: Aussprache, Vokalismus und Betonung der Lateinischen Sprache.

2 vols. 2d Ed. Leipzig, 1868.

The greatest work on Latin alone, treating the language in reference to its own individual development, particularly as to the sounds (Lautlehre). In the comparative portion, it needs the correction of other investigators. Curtius, G.: Grundzüge der Griechischen Etymologie. 3d Ed. Leipsic:


Treats of Latin only by comparison; but is one of the most valuable works on the general subject.

· Erläuterungen zu meiner Griechischen Schul-grammatik. 2d Ed. Prag. 1870. English translation (“Elucidations”), London : 1870.

Notes giving in connection with the Greek Grammar the simplest view of the doctrine of forms. DELBRÜCK: Das Conjunctiv und Optativ, im Sanskrit und Griechischen.

Halle : 1871.

Origin of the Moods treated scientifically; should be read in connection with a notice in N. A. Review, Oct. 1871, and Analysis of the Latin Subjunctive," by J. B. Greenough, Cambridge, 1870.

Ablativ, Loculis, Instrumentalis im indischen, etc. Berlin, 1867. Origin of the various Ablative constructions. FERRAR: Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin. Lon

don : 1869.“ Vol. I., including as far as Pronouns.

A convenient hand-book in English. FICK : Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der Indo-Germanischen Sprachen. Göt

tingen: 1870.

A Dictionary of Roots and Words supposed to have existed in the IndoEuropean tongue, with the corresponding words and derivatives in the various

languages. It can be used without a knowledge of German. No such book, however, is safe to use without careful study of the laws of consonant and vowel changes. HOFFMANN: Die Construction der Lateinischen Zeitpartikeln. Vienna:

1860 (Pamphlet). Kuun: See Zeitschrift. LÜBBERT: Die Syntax von Quom. Breslau: 1870. Neue: Formenlehre der Lateinischen Sprache. 2d Ed. Stuttgart, 1866.

Storehouse of all Latin forms, 1200 pages, containing the result of late textual criticism. The standard work. Peile: Latin and Greek Etymology. 2d Ed. Macmillan : London and

Cambridge, 1872. ROBY: A Grammar of the Latin Language, from Plautus to Suetonius.

Macmillan : London and New York, 1871. Vol. I.

A thorough treatment of Latin Etymology on the principles of comparative grammar. Some errors have been pointed out in the N. A. Review, Jan. 1872. SCHLEICHER: Compendium der Vergleichenden Grammatik der Indo

Germanischen Sprachen. 2 Ed. Weimar, 1866. SCHWEIZER-SIDLER: Elementar- und Formenlehre der Lateinischen

Sprache, für Schulen. Halle, 1869.

The best summary of the results of comparative grammar as applied to Latin in short compass (137 pages). WILLIAMS: A Practical Grammar of the Sanskrit Language. 3d Ed.

Oxford, 1864.

A very convenient Sanskrit grammar, without some knowledge of which it is difficult to pursue the study of comparative grammar to advantage. Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung. Edited by Dr. A. Kuhn.

Vols. I. to XX. Berlin, 1851–1871, and still continued.

The best essays on all disputed points of comparative Philology. Indispensable to correct theories of individual investigators. Each volume has an Index; and there is also a general index to the first ten volumes.

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