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Clerk later in the same year. He succeeded writing corresponds to Pope's, that the writer Hope as Lord President and Lord Justice of the corrected lines was simply an amanuGeneral in 1841. He retired in 1852 (forty- ensis working at Thomson's dictation. Mr. one years).

Collins's argument, which is summarized as Sir George Deas, Lord Deas (1804–1887), follows, is very convincing.' He says :was appointed a Lord of Session and Judge “What has long, therefore, been represented and of Exchequer in 1853, and a Lord of Justiciary circulated as an undisputed fact, namely, that Pope in 1854. He resigned in 1885 (thirty-two assisted Thomson in the revision of The Seasons, years).

rests not, as all Thomson's modern editors have John Inglis, Lord Glencorse (1810–1891), tury and on the testimony of authenticated hand.

supposed, on the traditions of the eighteenth cen. was appointed Lord Justice Clerk in 1858, writing, but on a mere assumption of Mitford. That and Lord President and Lord Justice-General the volume in question really belonged to Thomson, in 1867. He held office until his death (thirty- and that the corrections are original, hardly admits three years).

J. A.

of doubt, though Mitford gives neither the pedigree Edinburgh

nor the history of this most interesting literary

relic. It is, of course, possible that the corrections To the names of those already given that are Thomson's own, and that the differences in the of the late Hugh Barclay, LL.D., Sheriff handwriting are attributable to the fact that in Substitute of Perthshire, may be added, as employed an amanuensis ; but the intrinsic unlikehaving for a much longer period occupied ness of the corrections made in the strange hand to the bench. He received his appointment in his characteristic style renders this improbable. In 1829, and retired from office in October, 1883, any case, there is nothing to warrant the assumpat the age of eighty-four, the father of the tion that the corrector was Pope. judicial bench in Great Britain, having dis- With the exception of the fact that Mr. charged the onerous and important duties of Collins expresses doubt as to the internal Judge Ordinary of the large county of Perth resemblance between the revised readings for fifty-four years. He did not long enjoy of 'The Seasons and that of Thomson's his well - merited rest, having died in the recognized work, the argument effectually refollowing year.

Dulce et venerabile nomen. solves itself into one in favour of Thomson's Few in Scotland were better known or more authorship of the disputed emendations. And revered than Sheriff Barclay for his ability I think most students of Thomson will admit as a lawyer, soundness as a judge, and use that the advance he made from first to last in fulness as a citizen in every good work. He point of style, as shown especially in 'The was a multifarious writer, and his legal works Castle of Indolence' and in his later dramas, are held in much esteem by the profession. goes far to explain this divergency of manner Apart from his eminence as a judge and an between the early and later text of "The author, he was one of the most kind-hearted Seasons.' and amiable of men, and justly endeared

In support of Mr. Collins's contention himself to all who had the privilege of his (to my mind, however, already sufficiently acquaintance.

A. G. REID. strong), I would urge one or two further Auchterarder.

points of evidence.

1. Thomson, who, despite MR. TOVEY's ill

advised gibe, gave no token in the course of POPE AND THOMSON.

his career that he was stamped with dis(See gth S. xii. 327, 389, 437.)

honesty, declared himself to be his own reI am obliged_by, and readers of ‘N. & Q' viser. In a letter to Lyttelton, 14 July, 1743, will value, MR. TOVEY's careful supplementary he says :account of the disputed MS. readings of “The “Some reasons prevent my, waiting upon you Seasons. My object in stating my query in immediately; but, if you will be so good as let me N. & Q., however, was more to emphasize know how long you design to stay in the country, the expediency of an additional scrutiny of nothing shall hinder me from passing three weeks the calligraphy of the second writer in the meantime, I will go on correcting 'The Seasons; revised MS. I was not unaware of Mr. and hope to carry down more than one of them with Tovey's minute and painstaking investiga- me. tion on the subject, as evinced in his notes to If Mitford's theory is to be accepted, Pope the new Aldine edition of Thomson ; but it ought to have been somehow smuggled into seemed to me that, in face of all the evidence that visit to Hagley ; but no record appears there adduced, Mr. Churton Collins had com- of such an extraordinary step. pletely reduced the crux of the matter to one 2. The vast amount of correction involved of handwriting. I am still inclined to believe, in the revised edition of 'The Seasons' imin the absence of decided proof that the hand- plies a contrast too tremendous with the

infinitesimal jotting on the leaf of Aaron To where the broken landscape, by degrees
Hill's 'Athelwold'_“Two or three lines I Ascending, roughens into rigid hills;
have with great timorousness written,” says That 'skirt the blue horizon, dusky, rise.

O'er which the Cambrian mountains, like far clouds Pope—to be for a moment seriously considered. The work of the second reviser in

It is possible, of course, but not probable, The Seasons' nearly equalled in extent and that Pope may have developed a greater gift importance that of Thomson's own accredited of “natural magic” in his later years; and if revision.

any certainty could be thrown upon his claim an amanuensis. His brother John, at any But when there is superadded to all the his3. Thomson was in the habit of employing in this question from the matter of hand

writing one might be convinced, if surprised. rate, acted in that capacity about the year torical and internal array of evidence against 1735.

4. In the one passage of any length which such a claim the fact that the best authoriis noted by Mr. Tovey as “corrected to text” ties at the British Museum to-day, as well as of Pope—that including the splendid critical Prof. Courthope, discredit the plausibility of pronouncements on the great English poets is Pope's, I think the “suspense” on the whole in 'Summer,'11. 1566-1579_internal evidence, it seems to me, decidedly supports the view subject for which Mr. Tovey pleads is vir

W. B. that the poet who changed it from its ori- tually unnecessary.

Edinburgh. ginal to its present reading was the same as penned the fifty-second stanza of 'The Castle

SYNTAX OF “NEITHER.” – Your readers' of Indolence'and, in all probability, the vivid attention was recently drawn by Mr. BAYNE and epigrammatic monody on Congreve. 5. A further item of internal evidence day Review grammar, namely, neither of

(8th S. xii. 367) to a choice sample of Saturappears to be readily drawn from the radical whom have......a right." Here the word is Thomson. The diction of each is entirely observed after the dissimilarity in style between Pope and

a pronoun; but erroneous syntax is often

conjunctional pair different in descriptive quality; and, although "neither...... nor.” Thus, in a book recently the corrections in question are merely verbal, published, Archdeacon Baly's Eur-Aryan it is difficult to understand how they could Roots,' vol. i., I find two examples of the have come appropriately from Pope. I sub- solecism in question. The first occurs at join a passage from Windsor Forest, and p. 101, “Neither the Sanscrit nor Zend have another from the new material of the 1744 an original name for wine, where also the edition of "The Seasons.' In the one may be omission of the definite article before “ Zend” clearly traced the worker in rococo; in the is noticeable as characteristic of slipshod other the creative artist in natural descrip- English. The second is at p: 185 : “Neither tion.

Vigfusson nor Kluge cite 0.N. Hala.” I have Pope writes :

been told that the author's grammar in the There, interspers’d in lawns and op’ning glades, latter passage was disputed while the work Thin trees arise that shun each other's shades. Here in full light the russet plains extend :

was in the press, and that he stoutly deThere wrapt in clouds the bluish hills ascend.

fended his phrase, on the ground, to the Even the wild heath displays her purple dyes, best of my recollection, that neither and nor And 'midst the desert fruitful hills arise,

are here copulative, the predicate being of That crowned with tufted trees and springing corn, two subjects taken together, so that the senLike verdant isles the sable waste adorn.

tence is equivalent to “Vigfusson and Kluge Windsor Forest,' it is true, was published do not cite." thirty years before the finally revised edition It is trifling with grammar to assert that of The Seasons'; but Pope, in the rest of his these joint particles, neither, nor, are copulaworks, never varied from his tinsel delinea- tive as well as disjunctive. There is but tions of nature. So far as style is concerned, one conjunction which is copulative, namely, Pope had absolutely nothing in common with and, though or is frequently used with the this (Spring,' 11. 951-962) :

syntax proper to and, as vel was by Tacitus : The bursting prospect spreads immense around ; Mox rex vel princeps......audiuntur” (GerAnd snatched o'er hill and dale, and wood and mania,'xi.). Granted that “Neither À nor lawn,

B cites” is equivalent to “A and B do not And verdant field, and darkening heath between, cite," this is no reason for pluralizing the And villages embosomed soft in trees, And spiry towns by surging columns marked

verb. The two sentences are negative forms Of household smoke, your eye, excursive, roams;

of different affirmatives, the former being the Wide-stretching from the hall, in whose kind haunt negation of “Either A or B cites," and the The hospitable genius lingers still,

latter the negation of "A and B cite." Nega

tion causes a change of meaning, but not of land which announced“ church service," and syntax; otherwise“ A or B does not cite,” the thus praying out of doors on the “Sabbath " negation of “ A or B cites,” should be written when the weather was too rough to cross ; "A or B do not cite," in accordance with the meaning, of course, being that the CathoArchdeacon Baly's notion.

lic peasants were assisting at the Sacrifice of With regard to the archdeacon's own phrase, the Mass, in the manner of any other Catholic let me say in conclusion that the affirmative unable to be present. But of this inartistic “Either A or B cites” means that one of instinct Philistinism Matthew Arnold the two persons does something, while the could not have been guilty. He would wish negative “Neither A nor B cites means by to see it reproved in ‘N. & Q.,' and also his the letter that not one of the two does it, and own mistake of ignorance (?), left uncorrected inferentially that both abstain from doing in later editions. W. F. P. STOCKLEY. it. Plurality is not expressed, and what need Fredericton, Canada. is there for grossly violating grammar to express plurality when it is so clearly indicated LADY ELIZABETH FOSTER.-Not long since by singularity ?

F. ADAMS.

in the Times I read that a print in colours,

by Bartolozzi, of this lady had been sold at CAPT. ROBERT KNOX AND HIS WORK ON Christie's for sixty guineas. Who was she? CEYLON. — With reference to your notice That she was a friend of Gibbon's I know (8th S. xii. 520) of my pamphlet on Capt. from the following amusing passage in the Robert Knox, I may say that my chief object | ‘Journal of Thomas Moore (vol. vii. p. 374): was not so much to defend the old salt from

“Here is an anecdote of William Spencer's which the charges brought against him in the Dic- has just occurred to me. The dramatis persona tionary of National Biography' as to bring were Lady Elizabeth Foster, Gibbon the historian, together all the information I could regard- and an eminent French physician, whose name 1 ing, Knox and his family not hitherto printed, forget; the historian and the doctor being rivals in and also, if possible, to trace the interleaved courting the lady's favour. Impatient at Gibbon's

occupying so much of her conversation, the doctor copy of his Historical Relation,' with his said crossly to him, "Quand mi lady Elizabeth additions, which was intended to form the Foster sera malade de vos fadaises, je la guérirai. second edition. Referring to this, you ask, On which Gibbon, drawing himself up grandly, and “Is it possible that Robert Fellowes, who looking disdainfully, at the physician, replied, bound

up with his own. History of Ceylon,' Quando mi lady Elizabeth Foster sera 'morte de London, 1817, Knox’s ‘History,' ħad access to lengthening of the last word, while at the same it?” To this I can safely reply, No. Not time a long sustained pinch of snuff was taken by only so, but Fellowes did less than justice to the historian, brought, as mimicked þy Spencer, Knox by not only modernizing his spellings, the whole scene most livelily before one's eyes." but ignoring his list of errata. A properly

M. McM. edited reprint of Knox's book is a desidera- Sydney, N.S.W. tum. Can any Yorkshire reader of ‘N. & Q.? tell me if any of Knox Ward's descendants the correspondence which appeared in 8th S.

HENRY R. MORLAND.-With reference to still live? I shall be glad to send a copy

of xi. 8, 74, 147, 238, 291, under the heading of my pamphlet to any person

interested in this "George Morland, Senior, owing to an error subject or willing to assist me in my attempt of its beginner, but which is correctly into trace the missing “second edition” of Knox's book. DONALD FERGUSON.

dexed as above, it may be fitting to extract Croydon.

from the Times of 6 Dec. an account of the

sale of an example of the 'Girl Ironing' at “TABLE DE COMMUNION.” — In Matthew Christie's :Arnold's essay on Eugénie de Guérin these

“ The interest of the sale centred in one of a words are translated “communion table.” well-known pair of portraits by H. R. Morland, Has this mistake ever been noted ? It may the father of George Morland. "These two much be compared with pain bénit-by the way, in discussed pictures the artist apparently painted

N. & Q. lately this was wrongly spelt several times ; for at least half a century they have "béni”-translated in Black and White not beauties, the daughters of John Gunning, of Castle long ago as sacrament.” Of course, table de Coote, Roscommon, that in the character of a communion means the communion rails.

laundress representing, it is said, Elizabeth, Duchess Matthew Arnold was not a man willingly of Hamilton (and afterwards of Argyll), and that as to give to Provençal Catholicism a bourgeois an ironer, Maria, Countess of Coventry. But they do English Protestant setting, like the Daily not bear the slightest resemblance to either of these Graphic telling last year of Irish island record as having occurred for sale by auction were peasants listening for a shot on the main in the great Stowe dispersal of 1848 (12 September),

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when they realized the total of 68 guineas, and ment' means distinctly a member of either House ; thence passed into the possession of the Earl of but its application, of course, became restricted by Mansfield: this pair was exhibited at South Ken- the abolition of the House of Lords, and after the sington in 1867 (Nos. 433, 441). Quite recently a Restoration men had become so accustomed to the second pair was acquired by the National Gallery narrower use that it was not again extended to from Messrs. P. & D. Colnaghi, for a sum of about members of the upper house.” 4001. the two; this is the pair from which the engravings were made by P. Dawe (not G. Dawe as

It happens, however, that on 29 July, 1661, stated in the sale catalogue). The portrait sold on an entry was made in the 'Lords' Journals Saturday is that of the ironer, a lady in blue and concerning Lord Abergavenny, “who is a white dress and white cap and blue ribbon, seated Peer of this Realm, and a Member of Parliaby 25 in., and is regarded as the finest of the severai ment” (vol. xi. p. 327); and this was in examples of this picture : bidding started at 200 accordance with the idea of a reference in a guineas, and the hammer fell at the extraordinary petition from New College, Oxford, presented price of 3,250 guineas, the purchaser being Mr. on 15 November, 1648, to "Members of both Charles Wertheimer, Messrs. Agnew being the Houses of Parliament(ibid., vol. x. p. 591); underbidders. Hitherto no example of this artist, while D'Ewes, writing of 1597, had alluded to sometimes called 'Old Morland,' has realized more than a few pounds in the auction-room, so that the “the Lord Burleigh, Lord Treasurer, the most above amount can only be described as perhaps the ancient Parliament man of any that were at that most remarkable incident in the picture sales of time present either of the Upper House or House the present year: The portrait was among the of Commons."-Sir Simonds D'Ewes, Journals of property of the Mary Ratcliff Chambers trust. All the Parliaments during the Reign of Queen

KILLIGREW.

Elizabeth,' p. 539. EYRE. (See gth S. xii. 461.)--Eyre, as shown Parliament man," of course, is the obsoby the thirteenth century forms Le Heir and lete equivalent of the present “Member of Le Eyr, doubtless usually means “the heir”;

Parliament." but Ayre seems to be of another origin, being

The underlying idea has never died out, a topographic name from the same source as and it has more than once received disthe county town of Ayrshire and Air in the tinguished sanction. George, Prince of Wales Orkneys; also the point of Ayr in Man and (afterwards George IV.), in his maiden speech in Cheshire. These we must refer to the in the House of Lords on 31 May, 1792, upon Scandinavian eyrr, meaning a gravelly bank, the king's, proclamation against seditious a beach, or a spit of shingle, which we have writings, observed that in Elsinore and Eyrar in Denmark.

on a question of such magnitude he should be ISAAC TAYLOR.

deficient in his duty as a member of parliament,

unmindful of that respect he owed to the constitu“ON THE CARPET."— The absurd and mis- tion, and inattentive to the welfare and the leading translation of the French phrase sur happiness of the people, if he did not state what le tapis dies hard. In a leading daily news

was his opinion.'—Cobbett’s ‘Parliamentary Hispaper which enjoys a deservedly high reputa- tory,' vol. xxix. f. 1516. Lion for its literary articles, the following And when the Earl of Malmesbury, as Lord passage occurs:

Privy Seal, announced in the House of Lords “The book in which Prince Henry of Orleans on 25 February, 1868, the resignation by describes his travels, ‘From Tonkin to India,' has Lord Derby of the Premiership, he expressed been on the carpet for some time.”

the hope that the Legislature might again

HENRY ATTWELL. have the advantage of that statesman's Barnes,

experience, and enjoy the charm of his "M.P.” (See gth S. xii. 405.)

– It may be eloquence, as an independent Member of noted, in connexion with D.'s statement that

Parliament” (Hansard's Parliamentary Dein the official Hansard of the latest

bates,' Third Series, vol. cxc. f. 1096). Australasian Federal Convention the letters instance of a member of the House of

There may be added, as a curiosity, an M.P. are attached to the name of every Commons being styled a peer, for in the member of both houses of all the colonial legislatures, that more than one

Kenyon MSS. is given a letter of 26 March, authority is to be found for the idea that in 1693, from one Francis Bayly, addressed to this country the term “Member of Parlia- Parliment House in London” (“Royal His

one of the Pears of the ment” is as applicable to a peer as to pone torical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth scarcely accords with the statement of PROF. Report,' Appendix, part iv. p. 271). GAIRDNER in ‘N. & Q.’ (8th S. iv. 137):-

ALFRED F. ROBBINS. "In 1642 an instance is supplied by Mr. W. D.

THE SEVENTH DAY.-Mistranslations of sabHamilton in which the term Member of Parlia- batum as "Sunday" are sometimes made, from the fact being forgotten that the Jewish Balzac was so impressed by it that he used Sabbath, which by divine commandment is it twice in 'La Cousine Bette,' written in the seventh day, is the Christian Saturday. 1846-7, the first time in a conversation between It is surprising, however, to find Dr. Jessopp Hortense Hulot and her father, the Baron :perpetrating a blunder like the following in “Elle t'aime trop, pour avoir employé une exhis article on 'Ancient Parish Life' in the pression.... Peu parlementaire,' reprit Hortense, January number of the Nineteenth Century, en riant.” when he says (p. 57):—

And the next in the account of the fateful “On this day, or that day, or the other day, there party, to the Brazilian at the house of was a feast of the Church to be kept, and on each Josépha :of those days Hans and Hodge were bound to pay suit and service and do homage to the Lord our God. mais c'est magnifique !'......fit observer Massol,”

"Ce n'est pas parliamentaire, ce qu'il a dit ; There was a conflict between the Divine and the human Lord. To begin with, the seventh day is a

à curiously inverted anticipation, by the holy day. On that day, at any rate, the serf or the way, of the famous "C'est magnifique, mais villein, the cottager or the ploughman, shall do no ce n'est pas la guerre,” of the Crimean War. manner of work!

Isaac D'Israeli, in his ‘Secret History of The italics are the author's. The Christian Charles I. and his First Parliaments' (inholy day is the first day, the only sect of cluded in The Curiosities of Literature'), Christians who hallow the seventh day being quotes Sir Edward Coke as saying in debate, the Seventh-day Baptists. F. ADAMS. in 1628 :

“We sit now in parliament, and therefore must

take his majesty's word no otherwise than in a Qneries.

parliamentary way; that is, of a matter agreed on

by both houses-his majesty sitting on his throne We must request correspondents desiring infor: in his robes, with his crown on his head, and mation on family matters of only private interest sceptre in his hand, and in full parliament; and his to affix their names and addresses to their queries, royal assent being entered upon record, in per: in order that the answers may be addressed to petuam rei memoriam...... Not that I distrust the them direct.

king, but that I cannot take his trust but in a

parliamentary way. “CRANSHACH." This word

appears

in

But that is obviously a different thing from Jamieson, meaning a crooked, distorted per-" parliamentary language" as now underson. Jamieson also writes the word as stood, the definition of which has been of "cranshak," and quotes a verse in which it long growth.

ALFRED ROBBINS. occurs from Ross's 'Helenore,' p. 149, in which the first two lines are :

A MISSING BIBLE.—By his will, made and There's wratacks, and cripples and cranshaks, proved 1788, Thomas Mathews, of Pithenlew, And all the wandoghts that I ken.

Truro, bequeathed to his favourite grandson, The poem is printed in Chambers's 'Songs' William Mathews, on the death of his widow, (1829), ii. 605, in which the word appears as

a book which the testator described as "cranshanks.” Is this a misprint ?

“the old Red Bible.” She died in Cornwall THE EDITOR OF THE circa 1800, and her grandson in London at

ENGLISH DIALECT DICTIONARY.' about the same date. The Bible is believed The Clarendon Press, Oxford

to have contained manuscript entries of “ PARLIAMENTARY LANGUAGE.”—Is the his- family, but it has been lost for many years.

genealogical interest to members of the tory of this term known? The earliest illus- Has any one seen the Red Bible ? trative quotation given in the 'Century

JOHN HOBSON MATTHEWS. Dictionary' is from George Eliot's 'Felix

Town Hall, Cardiff. Holt' (chap. xxx.) : “The nomination day was a great epoch of suc

THOMAS WHITE.--Information is requested cessful trickery, or, to speak in a more parlia: respecting the person here mentioned, whose mentary manner, of war-stratagem on the part of monument is in Milton Church, near Lymingskilful agents."

ton, Hants. His effigy is life size, in white But long previously Byron had written in marble, cut off at the knees, with a waved 'Don Juan' (canto xvi. verse lxxiii.) :- sword, like a Malay crease, in his hand, ana He was "free to confess” (whence comes this an actual metal sword, with a waved blade

phrase ? Is't English ? No—'tis only parliamentary).

and an ornamental hilt, standing beside the

monument. The inscription is as follows :Dickens also made obvious allusion to it in

“In memory of Thomas White, Esq., son of his “Pickwickian sense,” noted in the first Ignatius White, Esq., of Fiddleford in Dorsetshire. chapter of "The Pickwick Papers'; while He served three kings and Queen Ann as a com.

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