Imatges de pàgina

well known at the British Museum as a most before 1752, or an Act of Parliament changed conscientious worker. I feel certain that Mr. air currents no less than the writing of dates. SCATTERGOOD has made an improper use of The Martinmas superstition no doubt anteinverted commas in both the instances that dates the New Style, and so believers in it appear in his communication.

should judge of the winds that are to come

LEO CULLETON. by watching those that blow on the day I beg to suggest that the author of the book which would now have been Martinmas had of crests inquired for by MR. SCATTERGOOD

the Old Style never been disturbed.

JAMES D. BUTLER, may be Louis Michel Petit, and not Jules Charles Henry Petit. L. M. Petit was a

Madison, Wis., U.S. French engraver. Pauley wrote ‘Notice sur COLD HARBOUR (8th S. xii. 482).-Has it ever L. M. Petit, which was published in Paris in been suggested in N. & Q.? that a possible 1858. There is a copy of the work cited in derivation is caldarium, the chamber in the British Museum, No. 9365 bb., and in it which in Roman bathing establishments the there would be some mention of the book if hot bath was placed? If it is the case that M. L. M. Petit wrote and illustrated it.

most of the Cold Harbours are situated on old J. POTTER BRISCOE.

Roman roads, it is by no means unlikely that Public Library, Nottingham.

they were originally rest houses by the way, “SNI” (gth S. xii. 447). — The word would where the fatigued traveller could get his appear to be also in use in Ireland. The warm bath. If this derivation be correct it coachman here (a co. Wicklow man) observed is a remarkable instance of the manner in quite lately, à propos of the stable-yard, that which names, by the mere force of sound, are it was "sniving with rats."

H. S. Boys. changed in meaning. KATHLEEN WARD. Castle Ward, Downpatrick.

PETER THELLUSSON (8th S. xii. 183, 253,

489).—MR. THOMAS's sources of information This word is well known in South Notts, enable us to correct not only Haydn's ‘Dates' and occurs in Mr. Prior's "Ripple and Flood but also the Times leader of 5 July, 1859, the -“the river snies with fish" (I quote from writer of which was under the impression memory). Mr. Prior's book, by the way, is that “the Court of Chancery has so clipped not only a capital story, but a treasury of and pollarded his oak, that it is not much Nottinghamshire dialect.

C. C. B. larger than when he left it.” But the case This word was dealt with in N. & Q.,' THOMAS seems to imply, for the final decision

was not settled so early as 1805, as Mr. 7th S. vi. 249, 371.

W. C. B.

of the House of Lords was not given until PRINCES OF CORNWALL (8th S. xii. 328, 417). — July, 1859. EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. That Henuinus, or Henwing, descended from

Hastings. Corineus I myself supposed; it is gratifying CANNING AND THE 'ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANto find that I am not singular in this. Cori- NICA' (gth S. xii. 486). -I ask permission to neus left descendants according to the legend. remark that Mr. W. T. Lynn's statement that Henuinus may have been one; but, alas ! the great George Canning's family on the where are the connecting links? The chain father's side had been English for centuries of descent, even if broken at some points, is really misleading, because your correwould be interesting, for it is the male line (although not originally the royal one-that ancestors of the man of genius who was

spondent has forgotten the fact that the came through Rhegaw, King Lyr's daughter, “bred a statesman and born a wit” from Brutus) of the kings of Britain.

settled at Garvagh, co. Londonderry, from CURIOSO.

the time of Elizabeth. Baron Garvagh is the SUPERSTITION (8th S. xii. 88, 158, 212).—“As head of the race, and the lineal descendant the wind blows on Martinmas Eve so it will of the George Canning who received the prevail throughout the winter.” This whim grant of the manor of Garvagh from the is one of a legion in folk-lore all analogous in great queen. I may add that the father of nature. None of them, however, can stand the future Prime Minister of England was the its ground in the view of any one who con- George Canning, an Irishman and author of siders how the adoption of the New Style some poems, who, having been disinherited made all fixed feasts movable-or pushed by his father, Col. Stratford Canning, for them ten days ahead. If the day we now marrying, in 1768, Miss Costello, a beautiful call Martinmas has thaumaturgic power over Irish actress, left his Irish home and settled wind, it either had no such dynamic force in London on an income of 1501. (from the


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colonel). Canning studied for a year, and dog-fish was used for smoothing down the was called to the English bar; but he sub- faces of mahogany and other such woods, sequently became a wine merchant, and died prior to polishing. I was apprenticed in in 1771, a broken-hearted bankrupt, one year Sheffield, 1856-63, and although at that after the birth of his son. His widow, in her period sand-paper was getting to be more misfortune, was only too happy to support generally used, the rough face of dogfish skin herself and her child by keeping a small was still most in favour with the “old hands." school. Mrs. Canning composed the follow

HARRY HEMS. ing loving inscription for her husband's tomb- Fair Park, Exeter. stone in the cemetery in Paddington Street:

When emery, &c., cloth was invented, in Thy virtue, and my woe, no words can tell;

1830, sand-paper was already in extensive Therefore a little while, my George, farewell! For faith and love like ours, heaven has in store

use; but when it was first made I do not know. Its last best gift-to meet and part no more.

The dried skin of the dogfish was at one time HENRY GERALD HOPE. very widely used for polishing purposes.


'IN MEMORIAM,' LIV. (8th S. xii. 387, 469).FEATHERSTONE (8th S. xii. 488). — The cleric I agree with the Hon. LIONEL A. TOLLEMACHE inquired for took his B.A. degree as "Utred in thinking that when Tennyson speaks of Fetherstone" at Trinity College, Oxford, moths and worms he means moths and worms; 1739, and was probably born about 1717. His but when he says that Tennyson hoped there M.A. degree he took as “U. Fetherston-haugh” would be a heaven even for them, I do not at St. John's College, Cambridge, 1747. Of


that he means for them as moths and his descendants I am sorry I know nothing. C. F. S. WARREN, M.A.

worms; but that, as no “life from the Ever Š

Living" (to use Browning's expression) can Longford, Coventry.

die, the life which animates their humble “TIRLING-PIN” (8th S. xii. 426, 478). — I

forms passes through the suffering of their observed in a recent list of “donations and present existence to a higher stage of being, that one of these curiosities had been acquired shall never be attained,

because the attribute additions” to the Kelvingrove Museum here and thus,

consecutively, from stage to stage.

In the progress towards a perfection which --and I have no doubt will now be on ex- of God alone, man and the worm, though hibition.


with a vast lineal interval between, may be

moving along the same asymptote. SAND-PAPER (8th S. xii. 468, 490).---The fish

R. M. SPENCE, M.A. skin referred to was an article of ordinary Manse of Arbuthnott, N.B. trade with wholesale country ironmongers up to within the last thirty years, or even less, Silver spoons were long made in this city, the

LOCAL SILVERSMITHS (8th S. xii. 347, 491).and was usually sold to wheelwrights. The skins were about thirty inches long and

last maker of them, silver

cups, &c., being Tom twelve inches wide in the middle. They the early fifties. The Assay Office for hall

Stone, of High Street, Exeter. He died in appeared to have been dried stretched out, and cost about half-a-crown each. When the marking, was closed here in 1885. I possess a ironmonger

received them they were marked quaint silver brooch; it forms a curious repreinside with a brush into pieces at sixpence (St. Sidwell's), spire and all. Upon the inner

sentation, in miniature, of our parish church or ninepence each, according to the size and shape. Each piece would wear out a quire side is engraved, “Made by Thomas Edward of sand-paper. The skins had no scales, but Talbot Herbert, silvermith, St. Sidwell's, were as rough as a fine rasp, and very durable. Exeter, A.D. 1852.” The only son of this long The demand gradually died out, and eight at present one of the most prominent and

deceased, but expert white-metal worker is years ago I saw half a skin still hanging to a

HARRY HEMS. nail , not having had a piece cut from it for popular men in Exeter.

Fair Park, Exeter. many years. Sand-paper was in use at least a century ago, but is now quite gone out of Teaspoons can be had in Carlisle of difdoors, glass-paper having entirely superseded ferent patterns, some with the arms of the it, being in every respect far superior. city (old and new), and some with roses and

thistles interwoven.

Y. Y. Eastbourne.

STRATHCLYDE (8th S. xii. 488).—The Britons Sand-paper has been in general use fifty or of Strathclyde are noticed in the 'Encyc. sixty years. Prior to that the skin of the Brit.,' xxi. 473, 475, 89. We are there told, as


regards the language-British, called later literary or philological standpoint, upon the services Cymric—that it extended as far north as the of Prof. Wright. . Gratifying in the highest degree Cumbraes, the islands of Cymry in the Clyde. is it to British pride that what is in fact a national Ethelfred and, later, Edwin are said to have enterprise, and happy must be considered the nation severed what is now modern Wales from whose scholars, not content with putting into the British Cumbria and Strathclyde. Facing work their erudition and their trained and disp. 271, vol. viii., is a map showing the divisions ciplined powers, embark in it their fortunes also. of Britain in 597. ARTHUR MAYALL.

Under these conditions, not until to-day fully

realized by ourselves, we appeal uphesitatiogly, to J. S. P. will find a short description of the our readers for further support, without which the Strathclyde Britons in the Gododin' of completion on the scale on which it has been begun Aneurin Gwawdrydd ; also a list of about attained, if attained at all, by imposing upon private

of a work of supreme importance can only be twenty books referring to Strathclyde in the means an indefensible, and it might well be an foot-notes. The above is published by the intolerable strain. Where, indeed, except in N.&Q.,' Cymmrodorion Society.

E. T. where the movement that led to the collection

of materials took rise and the importance of dia. J. S. P. cannot do better than consult lectal speech was first brought within the grasp of Skene's 'Four Ancient Books of Wales,' the general public, should an appeal for augmented 2 vols., and the first volume of his .Celtic support be made ? On the readers of .N. &,' then,

we would fain impress the importance of the underScotland. HERBERT MAXWELL.

taking and the need of their individual support and “Pot LORD” (8th S. xii. 447).—The term not only on their own shelves, but on those of every

of securing that this all-important work shall be put "pot landlord” is occasionally heard in this public institution which includes in its scheme the part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. It is possession of a library of reference. applied to a person who acts as agent or Descending from the general to the particular, we steward for the owner in the management of find that the two parts now issued contain 7,000 house property or land.

J. W. W.

simple and compound words and 875 phrases, illus

trated by 14,572 quotations, with the exact sources Halifax.

from which they have been derived. In addition LEE, EARLS OF LICHFIELD (8th S. xii. 469).—

to these there are 16,642 references to glossaries, to

manuscript collections of dialect words, and to other So far as I am aware, this claim was never

sources, making a total of 31,214 references. If to brought before a Committee of Privileges of these are added the contents of the two previous the House of Lords.

G. F. R. B. parts, noticed 8h 8. x. 107; xi. 59, the result obtained

is 11,861 words, 1,642 phrases, 30,675 quotations, and “CAMP-BALL” (8th S. xii. 425). — This game 28,870 references without quotations, a total of 59,545 formed the subject of a correspondence in references. These figures convey an idea of the vast*N.

& Q.' a few years ago (see 8th S. ii. 70, 137, completeness with which it is being carried ont. In 213), the sum of which made it tolerably clear the compilation of the dictionary and the collection that it was a different game from football, of the references many workers have been con. being played solely with the hands. If a cerped. *N. & Q.' has supplied, as may well be confootball were used, the game was known in ceived, many thousand references. The financial East Anglia as "kicking-camp.” Du Maurier, nearly 1,4001. a year, fall wholly upon Prof. Wright,

responsibilities of the undertaking, amounting to in the opening chapters of The Martian, whose position, so far as we know, is as unique as it makes several allusions to “la balle au camp," is princely. So sinall is the space at our disposal which was a favourite game in French schools for book notices, and so many claims are there upon forty years ago, and which from his descrip- it, that we can call attention to but few of the

hundreds of articles of philological or literary tion seems to have been a kind of rounders.

interest which commend themselves. Blithemeat, W. F. PRIDEAUX.

the meal prepared for visitors at the birth of a child, the use of which is recorded in Scotland,

is unfamiliar to us, though that of groaning malt, Miscellaneous.

associated with it in Carleton's 'Fardorougha,' is NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

known. Many meanings are given to bob. The

first we will supplement by instancing the AmeThe English Dialect

Dictionary: Edited by Joseph rican (?) song, popular near half a century ago, with Wright, M.A., Ph. D. Parts III. and IV. (Frowde.) the chorus, quoted from memory :Not less exemplary than the progress made with the Historical Eoglish Dictionary' is that of the

I'll lay my money on the bob-tailed nag,

And you 'll lay yours on the grey. twin undertaking the ' English Dialect Dictionary,' four parts of which, carrying the alphabet as far as Bobbin in the West Riding and elsewhere

=as is the word chuck, have seen the light within a period said, "a wooden tube or cylinder upon which yarn not much exceeding a year. While, however, the is wound in weaving or spinning.” It has thence *H. E. D.' is splendidly endowed by one of the fore- been transferred to an ordinary reel of sewing most of universities, its no less indispensable sup: cotton. This use is, or was, very common. Bride. plement is a work of purely private enterprise, and ale=wedding feast, and bride-door, for which see depends, from the financial no less than from the the work, have high folk-lore interest. Brief, in connexion with church briefs, may be studied with the light but ten years ago, and deals with events advantage. The use of cot as a verb=vomir is not with which all but the youngest of our readers are confined to Lincolnshire and Warwickshire. Apropos familiar, and it is now issued with no alterations or of canker, many meanings of which are supplied, it additions except a most serviceable index. It has, may be of use to say that there was, and probably is, like the original edition, maps, by aid of which the in Leeds a street called Cankerwell Lane, derived, reader can study closely the progress of what is we fancy, from a chalybeate spring. An interesting called “the thirty days' campaign.' Never, surely, and a valuable article appears on cantrip. Many was a short month fraught with issues so tremendous words for which no authority, can yet be given, and with results, after the full significance of which we some the significance of which is not yet known, are still groping. More knowledge of war than we are included in the prefatory matter. The first can claim is requisite to grasp fully the progress of volume ends at Byzen, and the pages in Part III. events, or the manner in which the French were which are occupied with Care so arranged as to be outwitted, out-maneuvred, conquered, and captured. capable of being detached. The pagination is, how. Very little effort would, however, be necessary to ever, continuous, six hundred double - columned appreciate the scientific beauty of the whole, and quarto pages having appeared. We can but end the story is at least told in a manner that renders with commending once more this poble work to it impossible to quit the work till Sedan has surthe attention and support of our readers.

rendered and the great wind-bag of the Second Reviews and Essays in English Literature. By the Empire has been pricked. Bacon, Swift, Defoe, and Rev. Duncan C. Tovey, M.A. (Bell & Sons.)

Goethe may marvel at the companionship into which FEw and short, for the most part, as they are, these ever, this volume

will be peither the least interesting

they are being brought. To the reading public, how. reviews of the Cambridge Clark Lecturer cover a

nor the least valuable of the “Standard Library.” considerable space in English literature, extending from Sir Thomas More to Coventry Patmore. They Norse Tales and Sketches. By Alexander L. Kiel. are, as a rule, agreeable and readable rather than land. Translated by R. L. Cassie. (Stock.) profound, and the first only, and perhaps the last, On the first appearance of these Heine-like sketches can justly be regarded as brilliant. For this the

we spoke in warm approval of their rather fantastic fact that they were written for a popular publica- teaching and their humour (see gth S. xi, 80). They tion may be held in a great measure responsible. now, in a cheap edition, appeal to and will doubtless Far away the most entertaining and also the most

secure a wider public. slashing is the first paper on the Teaching of English Literature,' for which a species of apology is proffered. This is unneeded. What is said is Gloucestershire, promises by subscription a 'Glos

MR. E. W. PREVOST, Ph.D., of Newnham, mainly just, if vigorously spoken, and our only fault sary of Cumberland Words and Phrases,' issued in is with the title, which seems rather to promise a paper on the lessons to be learnt from English Profs. Wright and Skeat. It consists of a re-edited

connexion with the English Dialect Dictionary of literature than the manner in which it is taught, and enlarged edition of Dickinson's "Glossary of We have read all the papers on More's •Utopia,'| Cumberland Words and Phrases,' first published by Fuller's • Sermons,' Chesterfield's Letters,' &c. the English Dialect Society. Intending subscribers popular and attractive subjects—and find but one sentence which we should like to see removed. may communicate directly with Dr. Prevost. Speaking of Foote's very indecent caricature of the wooden leg of Admiral Faulkner, Mr. Tovey says: “ He was properly punished by an accident which

Notices to Correspondents. led to the amputation of his own (leg].”. This is a

We must call special attention to the following hard saying, and we recommend the excision of the notices : word "properly," which is too presumptuous. Let him remember the words of Hamlet : “ Use every and address of the sender, not necessarily for pub.

On all communications must be written the name man after his desert, and who should ’scape whiplication, but as a guarantee of good faith. ping?"

We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. Mediæval Oxford. By H. W, Brewer. (Builder

To secure insertion of communications correOffice.)

Let FROM the Builder office we have received a finely each note, query, or reply be written on a separate

spondents must observe the following rule. executed and cleverly reconstituted view of Oxford as it appeared in 1510, when it was, as it now is, the slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and

such address as he wishes to appear. Correspondloveliest of cities. It has been designed by Mr. D. Fourdrinier, and a description

and key have been second communication “Duplicate.”

ents who repeat queries are requested to head the supplied by Mr. H. W. Brewer. To lovers of Oxford -and who dares call himself otherwise 1-it will ear- JERMYN (“Man eats the fruit,” &c.).—This is the nestly commend itself, and it is a work which every last line of a poem which appeared in the Spectator, antiquary with wall space would love to procure and 7 Nov., 1891. See ‘N. & Q.,' gth S. ix. 409; X. 19. keep for constant reference. The authorities for

NOTICE. the reconstitution are given in Mr. Brewer's

Editorial Communications should be addressed to pamphlet.

“The Editor of Notes and Queries'"-AdvertiseThe Campaign ng Sedan. By George Hooper. ments and Business Letters to “The Publisher"(Bell & Sons.)

at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, In some respects this work marks a new departure E.C. in “ Bohn's Standard Library.” Good as it is and We beg leave to state that we decline to return admirably as it fulfils its purpose, Mr. Hooper's communications which, for any reason, we do not work cannot yet claim to rank as standard. It saw print; and to this rule we can make no exception.


TWO ESSAYS UPON MATTHEW ARNOLD, with his Letters to the

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