Imatges de pÓgina
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ON

THE

ACTIVE POWERS

0 F M A N.

By THOMAS REID, D. D. F. R. S. EDIN.

PROFESSOR OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY

IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW.

He bath fewed thee, O Man, wbat is good.

MICAH.

EDINBURGH:

PRINTED POR JOHN BELL, PARLIAMENT-SQUARE,

AND G. G. J. & J. ROBINSON, LONDON.

M.DCC.LXXXVIII.

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C O N T E N T S.
C Ν Τ Ε Τ
Ο

INTRODUCTION,

Page

I

ESSAY I.

OF ACTIVE POWER IN GENERAL.

5
13
22
26

CHAP. I. Of the Notion of Active Power,

2. The fame Subject,
3. Of Mr Locke's Account of our Idea of Power,
4. Of Mr Hume's Opinion of the Idea of Power,
5. Whether Beings that have no Will nor Understanding

may have Active Power ?
6. Of the efficient Causes of the Phænomena of Nature,
7. Of the Extent of Human Power,

33

41

48

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59

Chap. 1. Obfervations concerning the Will,

2. Of the Influence of Incitements and Motives upon the

Will,
3. Of Operations of Mind which may be called Voluntary,
4. Corollaries,

67
78

92

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205
208

215

221

Chap. 1. There are Rational Principles of Action in Man,

2. Of Regard to our Good on the Whole,
3. The Tendency of this Principle,
4. Defects of this Principle,
5. Of the Notion of Duty, Restitude, moral Obligation,
6. Of the Sense of Duty,
7. Of moral Approbation and Disapprobation,
8. Observations concerning Conscience,

227
236
244
252

ESSAY IV.

OF THE LIBERTY OF MORAL AGENTS.

CHAP, 1. Tbe Notions of Moral Liberty and Necesity stated, 267

2. Of the Words Cause and Effect, Aetion, and Active
Power,

275

281
3. Causes of the Ambiguity of those Words,

CHAP.

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ESSAY V. OF MORALS.
CHAP. 1. Of the First Principles of Morals,

369
2. Of Systems of Morals,

380
3. Of Systems of Natural Jurisprudence,

387
4. Whether an Astion deserving Moral Approbation, must

be done with the Belief of its being morally good, 395
5.

Whether Justice be a Natural or an Artificial Virtue, 409
6. Of the Nature and Obligation of a Contract,

445
7. That Moral Approbation implies a real Judgment, 467

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