Imatges de pàgina

arrives with a message from the nameless general, for as he does not make his appearance during the whole piece, except to be killed, the author has not thought proper to be at the expence of finding him a name. He only tells us, that he inay be certain he is not of English birth, for that

• Humanity adorns the English foldier;
It is the wholefcme gale that ventilates
Their heart, from the low subaltern up to
The royal youth who now in Gallia leads

His valiant band.' And adds that he was formerly a Norwegian pirate. The message is in the following words:

Attend! (reads aloud.)
Complaints have reach'd me from my court, as if
I linger'd in subjecting your proud town:
To these complaints ftrong menaces are added!
I therefore fummon you to surrender,
Or else your fons fall rue your stubbornness :
I will erect two pilars near the tower

From whence your crowding arrow's gall us most;
- To these tivo pillars Thall your sons be chain'd;
: Expos’d to the whole tempest of the war.'

Sir Alexander fends for answer, that he is resolved to do his duty, and Ethelberta reproaches him with more of bitterness in the words, than real passion in the manner. While they are talking, to their great surprize, and probably that of the audience, the sons return, but for no other reason that we can learn, than to say that one of them must go back again to meet his fate. This produces a conflict of generosity, which concludes with their determining both to facrifice themselves, and they march of hand in hand like the two kings of Breniford. Archibald. Agreed -- We'll haften to our mutual doom,

Co-equals at the hallow'd shrine of danger.
Valentine. Will not the spirit; of our valiant ancestry

Leon from their golden thrones on high, well pleas'd
While thus

(Encircling his brother.)
we niarch unduunted to our fate.
One heart
Archibald. One cause--
Valentine. One ruin, ard one fare!'

When Ethelberta, in the beginning of the third act, finds out that they are gone, the proposes to her confidant, which confidant, according to laudable culon, has no other business

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in existence than to hear what her mistress has to fay, to con, sult a sorceress concerning the fate of her sons, but, recollecting herself, she expreffes her scruples upon applying to this witch, who must certainly come at her knowledge by dealing with the devil, on which the said confidant very wisely observes :

< This deep reflection will avert

Your anxious mind from its new-formed purpose.'
It does avert her purpose, however, and the reader must be
content to know nothing more of this witch, than that she fits
in a church yard, upon a seat of cbony, Spread with skulls.
Ethelberta then resolves to go to the camp to endeavour to
soften the enemy, and the representation of the dangers of her
project, answers by the following simile, which we give bes
cause it is really beautiful :

! Talk not to me of dangers, I despise them.
Say, haft thou not beheld the bold sea-eagle,
When her dear young one from the rock hath fall’n,
Descend undaunted to the roaring main, . .
Dash with her throbbing breast the waves asunder,

To snatch the nestling from the ravenous shark !' Ethelberta, however, receives no favour from the general, but a repetition of the permission to take back with her one of her sons ; but she likewise, very absurdly, and unnaturally in our opinion, prefers the loss of them both to the invidious office of making a choice; and the third act concludes with leaving them tied to the pillars. In the fourth act, which is also the last, the truce expires, the archers are commanded to shoot, and fir Alexander sallying forth, repulses the troops and kills the general. The parents then advance to the pillars, expecting to find thcir sons llain, they are not there, but soon enter unhurt with a party of their own troops; to the question how they escaped, they answer:

• Beneath the spreading canopy of danger

Still-did we remain untouch'd.' As this is a fingular canopy to afford shelter, Ethelberta explains it by saying,

• Some hovering angel with benignant hand,

Averted from your breast the crowding darts.' Such is the plot of the play, a very meagre one, and answerable enoug! to the tameness of the execution. The ver. lification also is extremely defective, which must proceed merely from negligence, as Mr. Jerningham.certainly under


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stands better the structure of our blank verse, than to suppose such lines as the following are not faulty :

• That would distract her'tis my duty, my
• Could I but raise my finking mind to the
Faint hope.'
• Your commands have been attended to, and
Now the town is disencumber'd of its

Numbers—The wide northern gate recoiling.' If this is verse, a man might speak it all his life-time, as Mr. Jourdain did prose, without knowing the difference. That we may not conclude with what is so unpleasant as censure, we present our readers with a simile, which is equally apt and elegant, and, we believe, new : Alexander. - Alas! I fear, good father,

I have not virtue equal to the talk.' . Anselm. Virtue is ever found superior to

The rugged talk; and like the water plant,
Ascends still higher than the swelling flood.'

A Gazetteer of the Netherlands. Containing a full Account of all the Cities, Towns, and Villages, in the Seventeen Provinces, and the Bishoprick of Liege ; with the relative Distance of the Cities and great Towns from each other, and from Paris'; and the Distances of each Village from the nearest City or Town in their respective Provinces. Embellished with two new Maps, neatly coloured; one of the Seven United Provinces ; the other of the Catholic Netherlands. 8vo. 45. Boards.

Robinsons. 1794. IT is a sufficient commendation of this work to observe, that

it appears to be executed with the same accuracy and fidelity as the Gazetteer of France, which was lately publiihed by the same author, and the character of which is now completely established. It has the further merit of being particularly seasonable at this period, as it is scarcely possible to read and understand a common newspaper, at present, without some such help at our elbow. As a specimen of the manner in which this little volume is executed, we shall select our author's account of one of the most important places, which offer themselves as subjects of conversation in the present state of affairs.

Amsterdam, the capital of Holland, and indeed of all the United States, is situated on the river Amstel, at its conflux with the river Ye, or Wye, which iorms a port capable of receiving a thouse fand large refie's, about two leagues from the Zuyder Sea. It takes its name from Amiel and Dam, being, as it were, the dam or dike of the Anfiel. In the beginning of the thirteenth century, it was the roidence only of a few lishermen ; but soon after growing populous, the earls of Holland gave it the title and privileges of a city; and in the year 1490, it was surrounded by a wall of brick, by order of Jlary of Burrundy, to defend it from the incursions of the inhabitants of Utrecht, who had quarrelled with the Hollanders. It was neurly burned Hown by an accidental fire soon after it was ualled. In 1912, it w's begeoci by the reople of Guelderland, uho let fire to tiie vesiels in the harbour, but failed in their design of taking the city. In the year 1525, Jon of Leyden, the prviendid king of Nunítcr, got into the city in the night-time, attacked the town-house, and defeated those who made a resistance; at length, however, the inhabitants recovering from their consternation, in which they were at first thrown, barricaded the avenues to the markct-ilace with pocks of wool and hops, which put a stop to ineir fury till day appeared; when the insurgents, to the amount of about six hundred, retireil to the town-house, ard were there almost to a wan put to death. About ten years after there was another tu. mult raised by a parcel of fanatics, men and women, who rin about the streets naked, and attemped to make themselves inasters of the town-house; their shricks and lovings alarmed the inhabitants, who foon seized the greater part, ard Charteu chcin as they deserved. It vas one of the last cities that joined the confederacy, and embraced the reformed religion; and wien it was behieged by the Hollanders in 1573, one article of the capitulation was, a free exercise of the Konan Catholic region; but this was not obferved, for soon after the Protestants drove away tie popilli clerk', monks and nurs, from the city, broke dowon the images, and destroyed the altars. It has been frequently enlarged, particularly in the years 1593, 1595, 161, 1612, 1650, and 1675; at which last date it was extended to its present fize, and íurrounded by a wall, and a large ditch, eighty feet wide, full of running water; the walls were fortified with twenty-fix bastions: there are eight gates towards the land, and one towards the water. The city at present is supposed to contain 250.000 inhabitants; and is, without doubt, one of the richest and most tlourishing cities in the world : being situated in a marshy country, t'ie foundation of the whole is laid on piles of timber driven into the earth, close to each other, and clamped together with iron; the form is semicircular, the streets are in general well paved. There are three prodigious sluices, and a great number of stone bridges over the canals, which cross the city in many parts, and render the streets clean and pleasant; the canals are deep, their fides are lined with newn itone, and have generally rows of trees planted on each side. The finest canal is called the Ammarack, which is formed by the waters of the Ainstel, into wirich the tide flows, and


on the sides are two large quays; this canal bras several brides; the principal is that next the fei, called Pont-Neuf, or New Bridge, six hundred feet long, and feverty broad, with iron balustrades on each fide; it has thirty-fix arches, and from it is an excellent prospect,

both of the city, the port, and the lye. The port is about a mile · and a h If in length, and above a thousand paces in brcadih, and al

ways filled with: a multitude of vessels; towards the fides of the haven, the city is inciofed by large piles driven into the grounci, joined by beans placed horizontally; and lying low would be constantly liable to inundations, if they had not fecured themselves by dikes and fluices. The stadthouse, where public business is conducted is efieemed one of the finest structures in the universe; it is a square building of free-stone, whose front is 282 feet long, the depth of its fides 255 feet; go fee: high in front, and 16 to the top of the cupola. Oni rirbie pediment in the front, is carved in relievo, a woman holling the arms of the city, and supported by two lions, with an olise-branch in her right hand; on each side are four fea'nymphs, who present her with a crown of palm and laurel, and two others presenting a variety of fruit; besides, there is a Neptune with his trident, accompanied with tritons, a sca-unicorn, and a seahorie. On the top are three statues in bronze, representing Justice, Fortitude, and Plenty; the tower, which rises fifty feet above the roof, is adorned with statues, and a fine chime of beils. It has no hondsome gate, but seven doors to answer the number of provinces. The great hall is particularly magnificent; on the floor are represented a celestial and terreftrial globe, each twenty-two feet in diameter, made of black and white marble, inlaid with jasper and copper; there are three moft beautiful pieces of sculpture in white marble, reprelenting the judgment of Solomon between the harlois ; Seleucus loting one of his eyes to prefcrve one of his son's, ivho had fosteited both tor adultery ; Brutus witreffing the death of his sons;

there are the work of Artus Quellin of Antwerp; indeed all the chimbers, in general, are adorned with beautiful sculptures' by the best maiters, and paintings by Rembrandt, Reubens, Vandyke, &c, Undu the fiadthouse is an excentive vault, wherein are kept the riches of the bank of Amierdam, the doors of which are said to be c?rinen-proof, and are never opened but in the presence of one of the burgomasters. At the bottom of the stadthouse are the prifons, both for criminals and debtors; and the guard-room for the citizens, where the keys of the city are locked up every night. At the end of the great hull is the chamber of the echevins, or schepens, where civil causes are tried; bendes there, are the burgomaster's chimber, the chamber of accounts, &c. In the second story is a large magazine of arms; and on the top of the building are fix large citerns conítantly filled with water, that by means of pipes, can be conveyed into any room in the house, in case of fire; to prevent which the chimnies are lined with copper. This iminense tabric,

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