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HARDY TREES, SHRUBS, AND

HERBACEOUS PLANTS.

LOX DOX: PRINTED BY SPOTTISWOOD. AND CO., NEW-STREET SI'ARB

AXD PARLIAMEXT STRFET

*

HANDBOOK

OF

HARDY TREES, SHRUBS, AND

HERBACEOUS PLANTS.

CONTAINING

DESCRIPTIONS, NATIVE COUNTRIES, ETC. OF A SELECTION

OF THE BEST SPECIES IN CULTIVATION,

TOGETHER WITH

CULTURAL DETAILS, COMPARATIVE HARDINESS, SUITABILITY

FOR DIFFERENT SITUATIONS, ETC.

BASED ON THE FRENCH WORK OF

MESSRS. DECAISNE

AND NAUDIN

(MEMBERS OF THE INSTITUTE OF FRANCE)

ENTITLED "MANUEL DE L'AMATEUR DES JARDINS,
AND INCLUDING THE ORIGINAL WOODCUTS BY RIOCREUX AND LEBLANC.

BY

W. B. HEMSLEY,

FORMERLY ASSISTANT AT THE HERBARIUM OF THE ROYAL GARDENS, KEW.

LONDON:

LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

All righis reserved.

Re 42

H37

PREFACE.

THE PRINCIPAL OBJECT of the compiler of this volume is to furnish something between a mere dictionary of names and a scientific treatise containing nothing beyond technical descriptions of plants. No attempt has been made to treat the subject in a popular, gossiping style, for this would involve considerable discursiveness, and consequent additional bulk, without enhancing the usefulness of the work; but only those technical terms in general use, and familiar to almost everybody engaged amongst plants, have been employed. It is, in fact, impossible to describe plants, or any series of objects presenting slight modifications of the same characters, without using special terms of a certain and defined signification. To obviate any difficulty that might arise from ignorance on this point, and to have the explanations at hand, a concise glossary is given of those words which do not carry their meaning with them. But the most superficial knowledge of Systematic Botany will be sufficient to render all the information this work contains intelligible, and only those who have some idea of the subject are likely to consult it. Although considerable space is devoted to Practical Gardening, greater prominence has been given to descriptive garden Botany, because it is believed that this branch of horticultural literature is still far behind all others. It is not supposed that the present work will at once supply the deficiency aimed at, as it is necessarily very imperfect; but as the first of its kind it may serve to smoothe the way for a more elaborate one, and be the means of clearing up some of the errors generally current, as well as leading to the discovery of others. The arrangement of the technical portion according to the natural system appears to be justified by the fact that

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