Imatges de pàgina

recognized me as a citizen of that State by electing me by acclamation a member of the National Democratic Convention. I did not attend the convention at Charleston for the reason that it commenced sometime in April, when I was about to get married ; and I was married to a native of North Carolina on the first of May that

year. That was a good reason in my mind why I should not attend that convention. I did, however, attend the convention at Baltimore. That I think ought to make me out a citizen of North Carolina. I have lived among those constituents ever since the capture of that place by General Butler. I had previously been residing in the first district.

Question. How long have you resided in the second district ?
Answer. Seven months.
Question. Is your family there?

Answer. My family is in the first district. It is not requisite in order to make me eligible from the second district that my family should be there.

Question. Does not the law of the State require that ?

Answer. No, sir ; it is entirely silent upon that subject, and it has been held by the Committee of Elections of the House of Representatives and ratified by the action of the House itself in many instances that no State has the power to affix any qualifications additional to those imposed by the Constitution of the United States itself, which requires that a representative shall be an inhabitant of the State from which he is elected and shall be 25 years of age.

Question. So far as you know, has it been common in the State of North Corolina to elect persons to Congress who were not residents of the district they were elected to represent?

Answer. It has been a very common thing within my knowledge to elect members to the North Carolina legislature who were not residents of the districts they represent.

Question. How has it been in reference to the election of members of Congress ?

Answer. I do not know.

Question. Can you refer to any instance in which it has been done either in North Carolina or any other State ?

Answer. I do not know of any other instance.

Question. Is the first congressional district of North Carolina within the jurisdiction of our government now, or is it under the confederate rule ?

Answer. The island of Roanoke is the only portion of the first district which can be considered to be under the control of the national government.

Question. How many inhabitants are there?

Answer. About 1,500. I was there several weeks ago, and visited nearly all the people at their houses. I found them unanimously loyal to the government. They belong, however, to the first district, and not to the second.

Question. In which district is Edenton ?
Answer. In the first district.

Question. In which district is Newbern?

Answer. In the second. In Newbern the secession sentiment is strong, even among those who remain there. The oath of neutrality only was administered to some few men who were suspected.

Question. Has there been any Union meeting or demostration at Newbern?

Answer. A demonstration was proposed to be made by the citizens, who invited me to address them. The Massachusetts 25th regiment were to attend the meeting with their band, and the carpenters were detailed to build a platform. General Burnside, however, suddenly prohibited the meeting, a proceeding for which I was not at all responsible.

Question. On what ground did he prohibit the meeting ?

Answer. The grounds were recited in a letter, which was addressed to me, in which he apprised me of the fact, of which I was previously aware, that Newbern was under martial law, and that he could not allow officers or soldiers to organize political assemblages. That is the reason why no demonstration was made in Newbern.

Question. Have you anything else you desire to offer to the committee?

Answer. I wish to say, in reference to a new election, that if such a one was ordered it would expose the people there to a great deal of danger, unnecessarily, as we have already the substance of an election. If the people should be summoned together to vote again, it would simply be collecting them as so many sheep for the slaughter. The forces of General Burnside are not competent to protect the people of North Carolina, who have already declared themselves for the Union; and I think it is contrary to his policy to encourage any demonstration beyond those already made. I will state in this connexion that a gentleman who participated in one of the meetings which was held at Swift's Branch, fifteen miles from Newbern, was taken iuto the woods by the rebels, who cut his throat and hung him up by his heels for the crime of participating in such meeting. If this Congress should send me back there for a new election, and Governor Stanley was to order another election, it may easily be imagined that additional murders and outrages would be committed. Humanity would suggest that this should not be done.

Question. Do you mean to be understood that there would be greater danger than there has been in previous elections ?

Answer. I claim that there would be additional danger. That country is debatable territory, so that a prudent man would hardly dare say his soul is his own. I contend, also, that my constituents are the best loyal men in the State of North Carolina, inasmuch as hitherto they have had no complicity with the rebellion. Furthermore, they are ready to do military duty for the government, and to pay their proportion of taxes to sustain the war. They claim the right of representation. They consider themselves as American citizens, and that they are entitled to be recognized as such. Under the circumstances of hardship in which they are involved, they need representation more than any constituency in the entire north. They

have done everything they could towards having a representative. The fact that a rebel governor of North Carolina has issued no writs of election, and has given no certificate, is not their fault.

The governor of Tennessee issued no writs of election for the voting which was done in Tennessee on the first of August last, on which day Mr. Maynard and Mr. Clements received the votes by virtue of which they hold their seats in this House. The preliminaries were dispensed with in those cases. They had no certificates from the governor. The simple fact of the voting was proved.

I claim that in this case there is a substantial election, and all that ought to be asked of that people up to this time. There has been no expression for any one but myself; and I have come up to this city in pursuance of a duty which I felt myself invested with by the action of those constituents, citizens of the State of North Carolina, which is my adopted State, and in which I intend to reside perma. nently in the future. I wish it understood that the fact of my northern birth I have always considered as a badge of honor rather than a stigma and disgrace. I have been recognized by those men there as a faithful citizen of that State, and I know I can vindicate myself to the people of that State at any time. I have never had any residence elsewhere since my emigration to that State, and I intend to stand by my constituents and do the best I can for them; of course, that is my bounden duty.

Question. Is there anything else you desire to submit to the committee?

Answer. I believe I have fully submitted to the committee all I desire to.

2d Session.

No. 119.


[To accompany Senate bill No. 241.)

June 16, 1862.-Ordered to be printed.

Mr. WASHBURNE, from the Committee on Commerce, submitted the



The Committee on Commerce, to whom was referred Senate bill No. 241,

changing the location of port of entry for Puget Sound collection district from Port Townsend to Port Angelos, report :

Your committee, referring to the accompanying letter of the Secretary of the Treasury, recommend the passage of the accompanying bill. They would state that the efficient delegate from Washington Territory (Colonel Wallace) appeared before your committee, and urged reasons why the change should not be made, but the committee think the public interest would be promoted by such change.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, April 22, 1862. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a letter from the Committee on Commerce under date of the 17th instant, transmitting a copy of "An act to change the location of the port of entry for the Puget Sound collection district from Port Townsend to Port Angelos," and requesting my views in regard to the same.

The proposed measure has my approval, inasmuch as it appears from information on file at this department that Port Angelos is much better adapted to the purposes of a port of entry than Port Townsend, on account of its superior location, being much nearer the ocean and commanding the Straits of Fuca, and the shipping to and from Victoria, and also on account of its better harbor, there being no good and safe accommodation for vessels at Port Townsend. In my opinion, the interests of the government will be promoted by the change. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Secretary of the Treasury. Hop. E. B. WASHBURNE,

Chairman Com. on Commerce, House of Reps.

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