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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 3, 1875,
Registers of the Church of Scotland from 1560 to 1616, presented them, in 1737, to the library of Sion
College, London Wall, under such conditions as might effectually CONTENTS.- No 79,
prevent them from becoming the property of the Kirk of NOTES:- Fire ! 1-French Vanity, 2-Shakspeariana, 3-St. Scotland. “Disregarding the opinion of the legal advisera, Augustine and Sophocles, 4-Double Diminutives – Dr. who declared that the deed of gift prevented their being Wolcot and Ozias Humphrey, R.A., 5-A Legislator-Co- parted with, the Committee of the House of Commons, median-Jamaica-Epitaph-Norwich Cathedral-Milton's
in its omnipotence, insisted on their being produced, and Sixteenth Sonnet, 6.
on the 5th of May, 1834, they were laid on the table of QUERIES:-Library of Augustine Friars at Naples-Graves- the Committee. It does not appear that the production end and Milton-Báb-ul-Mandab-Old MSS. ---Statutes and thus unjustly compelled furthered the slightest end of Ordinances of the Long Parliament and Cromwell - Alexander the pig-headed (sic) Committee, but it was fatal to the Davizon, St. James's Square-The Australian Wattle-Tree- Records. They were consumed in the fire which Bird's Eye View of Imperial Rome, 7–Peter or St. Peter- destroyed the Houses of Parliament on the 16th of Zaphnath-paaneah-T.Tucke : Curtis—The Bishops' or October, 1834.” It ought to be mentioned that the Prayer-Book Version of the Psalms-R. E. “medicum Governors of Sion College, recollecting the obligations insignem"-"Quis cætera nescit ?”—The Late M. Lévy, they were under, expressed a hope that the Committee German (Children's) Stories –“Religio Clerici," 8-Bishop would not compel them to part with the custody of the
Atterbury--Superstition about Soap-Daniel Defoe, 9. MSS. in express violation of their trust." The remonREPLIES :-Bedca : Bedford, 9-Rev. Dr. Phanuel Bacon- strance was in vain. See The Book of Bon Accord, a The Holy Roman Empire, 11-"Beautiful Snow," 12-The
Guide to the City of Aberdeen, said to be written by the Counts of Lancastro : Foreign Titles of Nobility, 13-Princes
late eminent antiquary, Dr. Robertson, of the Record
Office, Edinburgh. and Princesses-Knighthood -Arms of the Scottish SeesTravels of Josephus Indus, 14- Illustrators of Popular 1731 ; removed to the British Museum in 1753. Many of
The Cottonian Library was partly destroyed by fire in Works-Petrarca-"A Defence of Priestes Mariages""Ard-na-murchan"-R. W. Buss, 15-Dr. Martin Lister
the MSS. have been carefully restored by Sir F. Madden. Bishop Hall's “Satires "-Albericus Gentilis“ Conversa- in 1874, by which many volumes, chiefly historical, were
A fire broke out at the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, tion" Sharpe—St. Abb, 16–“Jaws of Death."--- Early destroyed before it was extinguished. In 1709, the Printing in Lancashire-Walking on the Water-"All Lom- library narrowly escaped destruction by fire. bard Street to & China orange "--Portraits of Erasmus Literary Labour and its Reward, 17—Richardsons of Hull liams, in Red Cross Street, Cripplegate, were many
It is stated that, in the library founded by Dr. Wiland Sherriff Hatton—Milton's "rathe primrose" -- Unsettled MSS. which were burnt, and among them the pompous Baronetcies-Upping Steps or Stocks-Queen Elizabeth or and curious book of the ceremonies of the coronation of Dr. Donne ? 18.
the Kings of England. Notes on Books, &c.
The destruction of books by the Great Fire of London was immense. The works of Sir William Dugdale and
Sir H. Spelman's Glossary and Councills suffered greatly, Notes.
but the chief victims were the booksellers in St. Paul's
Churchyard. The greater part of the folio ShakFIRE!
speare of 1644 was also destroyed, and consequently The following list has been jotted down just as copies of it are very scarce. Some papers also of Hor. the items of it presented themselves to the collector rocks, the young astronomer, are said to have been
in the fire. The late Dr. Bliss was very assiduous for in the course of his reading, without regard to many years in collecting books printed in London in the chronological order, and may serve, in their being three years immediately preceding the Great Fire, in so brought together, to make a deeper impression, which many of the copies are presumed to have been and excite to greater care and watchfulness, on the destroyed ; and a list of these books is contained in the part of all who have the custody of 'similar catalogue of the second and remaining portion of Dr. treasures :
Bliss's library, which was sold by auction by Messrs.
S. Leigh Sotheby & John Wilkinson, in August, 1858. Audubon, J.J. His library of works on natural his. There is also a list of works relating to the Plague (all tory was destroyed by a fire, which broke out, after his printed in 1665) and to the Great Fire. death, in the house of a female relative in America. The destruction of the library of the city of Strasburg,
A fire broke out in 1716) in Spring Gardens, by during its bombardment, is so recent as a melancholy Charing Cross, London, and burnt down the chapel and instance, that little need be said about it, except to the library belonging to it.
rejoice in the generous efforts everywhere made to repair Dr. Roxburgh made large collections of plants in the the loss as far as possible. Some particulars regarding Carnatic, but had the misfortune to lose them all, with the losses then sustained will be found in “ N. & Q." for his books and papers, in an inundation.
Sept., Oct., Nov., 1870, by the present writer and others. All the ancient records of the Commissary or Con- The destruction of books and MSS. during the Reign sistorial Court of the County of Aberdeen perished by a of Terror was incalculable, not only in Paris, but in the lamentable fire on the 30th of October, 1721. “Alas !" | provinces, and is a lesson for all time,--a lesson which writes a contemporary witness (the Tom Hearne of his the prophetic insight of Burke read to all the world who day), “what can supply the grievous hurt which the would listen to him. gentle lovers of antiquity sustained in the destruction of The tire (elsewhere alluded to) which consumed the a treasure 80 inestimable, so rich in illustrations of Houses of Parliament, in 1834, destroyed also great part genealogy, ecclesiastical history, biography, old manners, of the library; but a curious collection of historical and forgotten usages, and scandal-fascinating scandal- political pamphlets, from the reign of Elizabeth to delightful, although obsolete, and only then innocent ?" | George II., was partly saved, with the books and docu
The Hon. Archibald Campbell, chosen Bishop of Aber-ments that could be got at in the intense excitement that deen in 1721, having obtained possession of the original then prevailed.
In a review of Grant's Central Provinces of India (in I have heard it said, without having ever believed it the Edinburgh Review for Jan., 1872), it is said, that that the hours spent in conversation with me are “in 1862 the Indian navy ceased to exist; and previously, passed at least as quickly, as those with any other in 1860, the materials for its complete history were person, and that, in what is serious, my opinions were destroyed at the India House.” Query, why destroyed, not bad to adopt. by what means, by whom? Was it a fire ?
" As regards my disposition-with which I ought to J. MACRAY. finish to make myself known-I will say, with sincerity,
as I have done of the rest, what I think of it. I love
praise too much; and it is that which has caused me to FRENCH VANITY.
repay it with usury to those from whom I have received it. The French have often been most unjustly re- My heart is proud and disdainful ; yet I do not cease prached with personal vanity ; for it is precisely in opinion from anybody, yet it is no less true that in
to appear mild or to be polite. I never differ openly the warmth with which they express their ad- teriorly I seldom adopt theirs in prejudice to my own. I miration of that which pleases them in other can say, with truth, that I was born prudent and people, or in themselves, that renders them such modest, and that pride always takes care to maintain in agreeable companions.
me those two good qualities. I am idle, and I am very An amusing instance of this is to be found in vain; and these faults produce others in me, for they
are the cause that I seldom flatter any person or make the description of herself by Madame de Bregy, advances to them, so that, for fear of doing too much She was one of the “beaux esprits” at the French in that respect, I often do not do enough. This is also Court early in the latter half of the seventeenth the reason why I do not even seek pleasure or divercentury; and I will endeavour, in translating her sion; yet, when others take more trouble than I do to letter, to do “la Comtesse” as full justice as she procure them for me, I feel indebted to them, and I did herself. She says :
appear very gay, although in reality I am not too much
I take great pains never to offend anybody unless “However closely I may adhere to truth in form. they oblige me to do so by an offensive proceeding. ing this picture, and whatever care I may take that the And although I can, perhaps, give an agreeable turn to fidelity which a copy owes to its original be accurately raillery, no one ever hears me do it. I have taken an maintained, I do not pretend to avoid the criticisms of aversion to ridicule, because I find that people begin it those who may examine it. I shall, nevertheless, always with their enemies and finish it with their best friends. remain satisfied with the agreeable impression which it Although I do not possess a mind given to intrigue, if I has produced upon myself ; since, if my enemies might re. embarked in an undertaking I think I could carry it present me as having more faults, my friends might out with some tact. I am persevering even to obstinacy, depict me as possessing more charms. Thus, as this and guarded even to excess ; and, in that which I am portrait might have been produced by an impartial hand, going to say, I consess myself to be one of the most un
can without shame admit that it is mine, and that just persons in the world-namely, in wishing harm to it is from myself you will learn the good and the evil those who do not do that which I wish, and in not being which are to be found in it.
able to decide upon making them know it. In order to “My person is of those which may be said to be rather become intimate with me, it is necessary to make all large than small. My figure is of the best proportioned; the advances; but I repay well that trouble by what and there is in it a certain fascinating and easy carriage follows, for I serve my friends with all the ardour which which has always convinced me that I was one of the it is usual to display only for our own interests. I most beautiful figures of my size. My hair is brown, praise them, I defend them, without ever admitting any. and my complexion clear-brown, but very agreeable. thing which is against them; and thus being to them The form of my face is oval, all the features are regular; more faithful than flattering, I often serve them better my eyes are fine, and of such a mixture of colours as than they themselves see how much I love them. Time, renders them very brilliant; my nose is of a pleasing which almost always effaces the impressions produced shape; the mouth is not of the smallest, but it is by things, only engraves them more deeply in my agreeable both by its shape and colour ; and as to the memory. I am not covetous, but also I am not a dupe"; teeth, they are as white and regular as the finest teeth and although I do not choose my friends because they in the world could be. My bosom is handsome, and the may be useful to me, if fortune places them in a position arms and hands can be shown without shame. All to become so, and they are not, I cease to love them, this is accompanied by a lively and refined air, and my because they do not deserve it. I am not sufficiently looking-glass has often made me believe that it showed virtuous to be devoid of a desire for wealth and honours, me a thing which was well worth all I could see else but I am too much so to follow some of the roads that where. I appear as young as any one, although there are lead to them. I act in the world according to what it many persons who are more so than I am. Behold, as ought to be, too little in acccordance with what it is, pearly as may be, my outward form. As to my mind, I and I blame myself for wishing to have the advantages imagine that others can judge of it better than I can which are found in it, and not employing the means by myself, because there is no mirror in which it can be which they are procured. To tell the truth, I am seen faithfully represented. Nevertheless, it seems to neither so good nor so bad as it would be useful to me that there is an intimate connexion between my me to be. I am not devout; but all my life I have mind and my body. I believe that the former is deli- been eager to become so, and, not having been able to cate and penetrating, and even tolerably solid; for render myself more so, I await the result
. I am very reason, wherever I find it, has more power over me sensible of the merit of others, and, by the way, I than any other authority. My natural intelligence is may, perhaps, have too good an opinion of my own; yet well fitted to judge correctly of things, although I have my presumption affects rather my mind than my heart. not acquired any; and I am so little able to use the I am too long in deciding, but, when I have done so, riches of others, that my own sense is of more service it is very difficult to make me abandon what I have to me than the rules of art, so that I must adhere to chosen. I am of all persons in the world the one who that which was born with me. Notwithstanding this, adheres the most religiously to that which I have once
promised, and who endures with most impatience the against the villain who had poisoned the ear of epposite omission. I am too easily discouraged, and as Leontes, and, from the way in which damned in to things which must be obtained by prayers
, I prefer the previous clause, “who will be damned for it,"
"I send yon this one, which is an effort of my esteem, him accordingly.”
“ Landan, lantan, rantan, are used by some GlouNone but a Frenchwoman could have drawn correcting to some purpose, and also of rattling or
cestershire people in the sense of scouring or such a charming, and probably true, portrait of rating severely." —Dean Milles's MS. Glossary in herself.
RALPH N. JAMES.
Halliwell. The true formation of the word is seen
for the beating of a drum. H. WedgwOOD.
MR. SKEAT assumes that I connected the SKEAT is
, perhaps, too thorough-going in his con- Swiss Landamman with the Latin damnare. In demnation of guessing ; for how could any But suppose I were to connect Landamman with
point of fact I did not ; but, if I did, why not? emendation be accomplished without it? or where the German Verdammen, meaning to judge, to can the line be drawn between well-founded guess- condemn, to damn ; and suppose I were further ing and rational conviction ? No doubt there are many guesses in “N. & Q.” which do little credit to connect together verdammen, landamman, to the judgment of their authors, who might often damn, and damnare, why not? I beg to say to with advantage lend an ear to MR. SKEAT'S MR. SKEAT that I have no superstitious veneraexhortations to consult the ordinary sources of tion for Germans, and I do not blindly accept information, before offering for publication their what they may say any more than what a Frenchown crude suggestions on the subject. But, after man may say. Englishmen differ about the derivaall , much of the great popularity of “N. & Q." tion of English words ; do Germans infallibly
The question with me, after arises from the variety of speculation it offers to its know the truth? readers on all sorts of subjects; and, in the very
anything is said by any one—be he Scotch, number in which Mr. Skeat declares his belief in English, Irish, German, or French-is, Is it true ? the uselessness of guessing at the meaning of dammen, landamman, damn,
and damnare, I may
And as to the derivation of these words, verland-damn, appears an explanation of the term which was before enounced by Halliwell in his remark that I may, perhaps, by dint of study, have Dictionary, and now, supported by the information seen, and see, something that neither Mr. SKEAT adduced by THORNCLIFFE, to me, at least, carries por his German friends see. But, perhaps, accordcomplete conviction. The name of landan, we are holds a Scotchman to be, and that he can only be,
ing to the philological cant of the day, MR. SKEAT told, was given in the Midland counties to a charivari of rough music by which country people entirely different opinion. And on the point in issue,
nothing compared with a German. I am of an were accustomed, as late as forty years ago, to I would ask whether, considering the cognate words express their indignation against some social crime, above referred to, amman is not = damman, in such as slander or adultery, which was not likely to meet with its deserts from the arm of the law. the same way as the ancient English word eme was "When any slanderer was detected, or any parties MR. SKEat will bear in mind, with reference to
= deme or deem, the d being dropt in both cases? discovered in adultery, it was usual to landan them. This was done by the rustics traversing from house to his phrase "extraordinary suggestions,” that it house along the country side, blowing trumpets
and beat- has passed into a proverb that “truth is strangeing drums or pans and kettles.”
stranger than fiction.” In the passage before us, Antigonus uses the THORNCLIFFE's note is interesting, and points, figure of landanning to express his indignation as it seems to me, in the same direction as my
explanation. Our forefathers (and, I am sure, all springing afresh, of sweet and bitter love-thoughts, other sensible persons) never approved of mob law, a crop in repute for quick and thick growth; the and I think it more than likely that the custom he self-sown of the moment, and perplexing its refers to had originated under the authority of a botanist with variety novel without ending. judge.
HENRY KILGOUR, “ To chew the cud,” for “to revolve in the
mind,” is a figure that might, I conceive, be termed Sir Walter Scott, in Peveril of the Peak, even idiomatic to the speech of the country. The chapter xlii., gives a derivation of the word lambe illustrative criticism of the text under dispute beat, kill.
Sir Geoffrey Peveril and his son, asks instances of the “chewing” without the after their acquittal at Westminster for complicity "cud.” For a start, Shakspeare enriches us with in the Popish plot, on their way from the ball to one high in place (Julius Cæsar, Act i. sc. 2). their lodging, are beset by a violent mob, “and Cassius has moved Brutus towards conspiring the word began to pass among the more desperate, against Cæsar, and Brutus, having promised a ‘Lambe them, lads ; lambe them!'-a cant phrase time for giving him a determinate answer, goes of the time, derived from the fate of Dr. Lambe, on :an astrologer and quack, who was knocked on “ Till then, my noble friend, chew upon this: the head by the rabble in Charles I.'s time.”
Brutus had rather be a villager
H. A. KENNEDY. Than to repute himself a son of Rome, Waterloo Lodge, Reading.
Under these hard conditions as this time
Is like to lay upon us.' The following is another example of the word Brutus here supplied to Cassius fresh food for lam, to beat. It seems to be intended for an chewing. Americanism. The extract is from an old song How at home the metaphor is in the English entitled “Bow, wow, wow,” “as sung by Mr. mind is shown in the curious fact that the oral Hooke at the Anacreontic Society." The allusion tradition of our educated society has usurped is to one Trimmer Hal, who seems to have been possession of the verse, turning “food" into “cud." a friend of Billy Pitt and Daddy Jenky
Engage ten persons of literary cultivation with the “This Harry was always a staunch friend to Boston, elder brother's disclosure of the younger's reverie, His bowels are soft, for they yearned for Indostan; and, if the world is as it was, nine will, I expect,
Ι If I had him in our township I'd feather him and tar pledge their scholarship to that reading of this
him, With forty lacking one, too, I'd lam him and I'd not read. With a step back into the world as it
text which, on the page of Shakspeare, they have scar him.” Is this song, with its allusłons to Boston, well was, you have wonderfully Sir Walter Scott in known ?
W. H. PATTERSON.
example. Look to the place referred to by S. T. P.
in the Introduction to Quentin Durward, where Belfast.
the author, unless my memory greatly deceives In reply to THORNCLIFFE, I may state that in me, deliberately alleges "cud” for the universal Lincolnshire and Notts I always heard the old reading of the books more than a generation ere custom alluded to by him called randan, and one of them had it. See also Measure for Measure, not landan. In corroboration of W. T. M., I Act ii. sc. 4, 1. 4, and Henry V., Act ii. sc. 2, 1. 56. have a son fresh from Marlborough College, and
EREM. his expression for a sound thrashing or jacketing is invariably “a good lambing.” J. T. M. Sr. AUGUSTINE AND SOPHOCLES.—If St. Au
gustine had not the following passage of Sophocles “ CHEWING THE ” (5th S. iii. 103.)-- If in his mind, when writing thus to St. Jerome, the S. T. P. can lay hand on Howard Staunton's As parallel is very striking :You Like It, 1864, or Alexander Dyce's second “Ne de vobis ea conscribendo spargatis, quæ quanedition, 1866, he will, I am sorry to say, see that doque concordantes delere non poteritis, qui nunc conhe desires to see,--to wit, in the verse,
cordare - nolitis; aut quæ concordes legere timeatis, ne
iterum litigetis." "Chewing the food of sweet and bitter fancy,"
_ cud” for "food.” Mr. Staunton's justifying note each other which, should a reconciliation come
“Do not write and publish such things against “The old text has food, undoubtedly a misprint. To unable to cancel or recall, or which you will after
about, you, who now do not desire it, may be chew the cud,' metaphorically to ruminate, to revolve in the mind, is an expression of frequent occurrence in our wards be afraid to read-having made up your old authors."
quarrel—lest they should provoke a renewal of it." The “cud” is identically the “chewed." There Sophocles makes Ajax say is, then, a chewing that is not of the cud, but of έγων έπίσταμαι γαρ αρτίως, ότι the fresh food, which, become so a cud, is laid by ο τεχθρός ημίν ες τοσόνδ' έχθραντέος for re-chewing.
ως και φιλήσων αυθις. Orlando chews no cud, but the food, ever
Ajax, 11. 678-680.