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BOSTON:
TICKNOR AND FIELDS,

135 WASHINGTON STREET.

LONDON: TRÜBNER AND COMPANY.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1859, by

TICKNOR AND FIELDS,
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

PRESS OF
S. CHISM,- FRANKLIN PRIXTIXO HOUSE,

HAWLEY ST., COR. FRANKLIX.

STEREOTYPED BY H. 0. HOUGHTON AND COMPANY.

CONTENTS.

Zelma's Vow, 73, 327.
Zouaves, The, 221.

OBITUARY.
Moses D. Phillips, 523.

ART.

Heart of the Andes, Church's, 128.
Pictures at Seville and Madrid, 634.

REVIEWS AND LITERARY NOTICES.

Aurora Borealis, The, 740.

• Beanty at Billiards, 734.

Birds of the Night, 171.

Books and the Reading thereof, 18.

Chip Dartmouth, 40.

Daily Beauty, 397.

Dog-Talk, 590.

Dramatic Element in the Bible, The, 137.

Eleusinia, The, 295.

Elkanah Brewster's Temptation, 710.

Experience of Samuel Absalom, Filibuster,

The, 653.

First and the Last, The, 614.

Foresti, E. Felice, 525.

Italian War, The, 244.

La Malanotte, 495.

Minister's Wooing, The, 106, 196, 304, 421,

541, 666.

Murder of the Innocents, The, 345.

My Double ; and how He undid Me, 356.

Paine, Thomas, First Appearance of, in Amer-
ica, 665.

-, in England and in France, 690.

Second Appearance of, in the

United States, 1.

Percival, 59.
Professor at the Breakfast-Table, The, 119,

232, 369, 500, 622, 751.

Rifled Guns, 444.

Ring Fetter, The, 154.

Roba di Roma, 207, 483.

Rock, Tree, and Man, 29.

84.

Scheffer, Ary, The Life an Works of, 259.
Shakespeare, William, Attorney and Solicitor,
“Strange Countries for to See," 723.
Trial Trip of the “ Flying Cloud,” 575.
Trip to Cuba, A, 184, 323, 455, 602.
Visit to Martha's Vineyard, A, 281.
Wondersmith, The, 463.

Adam Bede, by George Elliot, 521.
Choral Harmony, The, by B. F. Baker and

W. 0. Perkins, 131.

Collier-Folio Shakespeare, The, 512.

Milch Cows and Dairy Farming, by C. L.

Flint, 266.

Morphy, Paul, Exploits and Triumphs in Eu-

rope of, 519.

lett, 638.

Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant, and Vul-

gar Words, etc., etc., by a London Antiqua-

ry, 638.

English Language, Past and Present, The, by

R. C. Trench, 638.

Essay on Intuitive Morals, An, 260.

Ettore Fieramosca, by M. D'Azeglio, 395.

Farm-Drainage, by H. E. French, 393.

First Lesson in Natural History, by Actæa,

773.

Forty-Four Years of the Life of a Hunter,

being Reminiscences of Meshach Browning,

770.

Glossarial Index to the Printed English Liter-

ature of the Thirteenth Century, by H. Cole-

ridge, 638.

Great Auction-Sale of Slaves, at Savannah,

Georgia, 386.

High Life in New York, 385.

History and Description of New England,

General and Local, by A. J. Coolidge and

J. B. Mansfield, 645.

Iron-Manufacturer's Guide to the Furnaces,

Forges, and Rolling-Mills of the United

States, by J. P. Lesley, 257.

Life and Liberty in America, by C. Mackay,

379.

Love, by M. J. Michelet, 391.

Love Me Little, Love Me Long, by Charles

Reade, 129.

Memoir of Theophilus Parsons, by his Son,

182.

Memoirs of the Empress Catharine II., by Her-

self, 262.

638,

Whitney, Anne, Poems by, 774.

List of Books, 135, 267, 396, 524, 651, 775

THE

ATLANTIC MONTHLY.

A MAGAZINE OF LITERATURE, ART, AND POLITICS.

VOL. IV.-JULY, 1859.—NO. XXI.

THOMAS PAINE'S

SECOND APPEARANCE IN THE UNITED STATES.

“Nay, 80 far did he carry his obstinacy, that he absolutely invited a professed Anti-Diluvian from the Gallic Empire, who illuminated the whole country with his principles and his nose." - SALMAGUNDI.

We lukewarm moderns can hardly Anti-Federalists were made up of sevconceive the degree of violence and bit- eral sects: one branch, sincere republiterness reached by party-feeling in the cans, were fearful that the independence early years of the United States Consti- of the States was in danger, and that tution. A Mississippi member of Con- consolidation would prepare the way for gress listening to a Freesoil speech is monarchy ; another, small, but influenmild in demeanor and expression, if we tial, still entertained the wish for reunion compare his ill-nature with the spiteful with England, or, at least, for the adopfury of his predecessors in legislation tion of the English form of government, sixty years ago. The same temper was ---and, hoping that the dissensions of the visible throughout the land. Nobody old Confederation might lead to some stood aloof. Two hostile camps were such result, drank the health of the Bishpitched over against each other, and er- op of Osnaburg in good Madeira, and ery man in Israel was to be found in his objected to any system which might tent. Our great experiment was a new place matters upon a permanent repubone; on its success depended the per- lican basis; and a third party, more nusonal welfare of every citizen, and natu- merous and noisy than either, who knew rally every citizen was anxious to train by long experience that the secret of up that experiment in the way which home popularity was to inspire jealousy promised to his reason or to his feelings of the power of Congress, were unwillthe best result.

ing to risk the loss of personal conseThe original Federalists of 1787 were quence in this new scheme of centraliin favor of effacing as much as possible zation, and took good care not to allow the boundary-lines of the Thirteen Col- the old local prejudices and antipathies onies, and of consolidating them into a to slumber. The two latter classes of panew, united, and powerful people, under triots are well described by Franklin in a strong central government. The first his “ Comparison of the Ancient Jews VOL. IV.

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