« AnteriorContinua »
also old and familiar ones. - The land- predecessor, but he has heard and seen lady, in a wonderfully smart cap, looking
Thanks to all those friends who young, comparatively speaking, and as if from time to time have sent their meshalf the wrinkles had been ironed out of sages of kindly recognition and fellowher forehead. — Her daughter, in rather feeling! Peace to all such as may have dressy half-mourning, with a vast brooch been vexed in spirit by any utterance of jet, got up, apparently, to match the these pages have repeated! They will, gentleman next her, who was in black doubtless, forget for the moment the difcostume and sandy hair, — the last rising ference in the hues of truth we look at straight from his forehead, like the marble through our human prisms, and join in tiame one sometimes sees at the top of a singing (inwardly) this hymn to the funeral urn. — The poor relation, not in Source of the light we all need to lead absolute black, but in a stuff with specks us, and the warmth which alone can of white; as much as to say, that, if there make us all brothers. were any more Hirams left to sigh for her, there were pin-holes in the night of her despair, through which a ray of hope
A SUN-DAY HYMN. might find its way to an adorer. — Master Benjamin Franklin, grown taller of
Lord of all being! throned afar, late, was in the act of splitting his face
Thy glory flames from sun and star; open with a wedge of pie, so that his
Centre and soul of every sphere, features were seen to disadvantage for Yet to each loving heart how near! the moment. — The good old gentleman was sitting still and thoughtful. All at
Sun of our life, thy wakening ray once he turned his face toward the win
Sheds on our path the glow of day;
Star of our hope, thy softened light dow where I stood, and, just as if he had
Cheers the long watches of the night. seen me, smiled his benignant smile. It was a recollection of some past pleasant Our midnight is thy smile withdrawn; moment; but it fell upon me like the Our noontide is thy gracious dawn; blessing of a father.
Our rainbow arch thy mercy's sign; I kissed my hand to them all, unseen
All, save the clouds of sin, are thine! as I stood in the outer darkness; and as
Lord of all life, below, above, I turned and went my way, the table Whose light is truth, whose warmth is love, and all around it faded into the realm Before thy ever-blazing throne of twilight shadows and of midnight
We ask no lustre of our own. dreams.
Grant us thy truth to make us free,
And kindling hearts that burn for thee, And so my year's record is finished. Till all thy living altars claim The Professor has talked less than his One holy light, one heavenly flame!
REVIEWS AND LITERARY NOTICES.
The Orford Museum. By llerry W. Ac- forming an essential part of the scheme
LAND, M. D., Regius Professor of Medi- of University studies. For centuries there cine, and John Ruskin, M. A., Honor- had been an “intellectual onesidedness” ary Student of Christ Church. London, at Oxford. It had chiefly cultivated clas1859.
sic learning. But it has now undertaken
to repair the deficiency that existed in this The last ten years have formed a re- respect, and, while still retaining all its markable period in the history of the an- classic studies, it has added to them a full cient and honored University of Oxford. course of training in the knowledge of NaGuided by wise and discerning counsels, ture. “Our object is,” says Dr. Acland, it has made rapid and substantial advance. speaking as one of the professors of the The scope of its studies has been greatly University, our object is,-first, to give enlarged, the standard of its requirements the learner a general view of the planet on raised. Its traditionary adherence to old which he lives, of its constituent parts, and methods and its bigoted conservatism have of the relation which it occupies as a world been overcome, and with happy pliancy it arrong worlds; and secondly, to enable him has yielded to the demands of the times to study, in the most complete scientific and adapted itself to the new desires and manner, and for any purpose, any detailed growing needs of men. Its aristocratic portion which his powers qualify him to prejudices have not been allowed longer grasp.” to confine its privileges and its operations Such an object brings the University into one class alone of the community,- and to full sympathy with the present tendenin identifying itself with the system of cies of education in our own country. With middle-class education, Oxford has won us, scientific pursuits and the study of Nanew claims to gratitude and to respect, ture are receiving greater and greater atand now exercises a wider and more con- tention and engrossing a continually larger firmed authority over the thought of Eng- share of the interest, the time, and the talland than ever before. To us, who take ent of students. There already exists, and pride in her ancient fame, who honor her there is danger of its increase, in many of long and memorable services in the cause our best institutions of learning, and many of good learning, who cherish the memory of our most educated men, an intellectual of the great and good men, the masters of onesidedness of a contrary, but not less modern thought, whom she has nurtured, unfortunate character, to that which long who recall the names of our own fore- existed at Oxford. The temper of our fathers who came out from her and from people, the wide field for their energies, her sister University with will and power the development of the so-called practical to lay the foundations of our state, and traits of character under the stimulus of whom, by her discipline, in the midst of our political and social institutions, the all the refinement of books and the quiet- solitary dissociation of America from the ness of study, she had prepared to meet history and the achievements of the Old and to overcome the hardships of exile, World, the melancholy absence of monupoverty, and labor, in the cause of truth ments of past greatness and worth, -- these and freedom,- to us it may well be matter and many other circumstances peculiar to of rejoicing to witness the fresliness of our position all serve to weaken the genher spirit and the spring of her perennial eral interest in what are called classical youth,- to see her
studies, and to direct the attention of the
most ambitious and active minds far too so famous, So excellent in art, and still so rising."
exclusively to the pursuits of science. And
when to these circumstances peculiar to One of the most marked features of the ourselves is added the influence of those advance that has lately been made is the general causes which have had the effect of full recognition of the Natural Sciences as leading men throughout the civilized world to give of late years more and more of work of Messrs. Deane and Woodward; thought and study to the investigation of and this style was chosen because it was Nature and to the pursuits resulting there- believed, that, “in respect of capacity of from, it is not strange that learning, so- adaptation to any given wants, Gothic has called, should, for the present at least, find no superior in any known form of Art,” – itself but poorly off in America, and that and that, this being so, "it was, upon the the essential value of learned studies for whole, the best suited to the general archi. an even and fair development of the intel- tectural character of Mediæval Oxford.” lectual faculties should be far too little re- “ The centre of the edifice, which is to garded. The danger that arises from a contain the collections, consists of a quadtoo exclusive devotion to scientific pursuits rangle,” covered by a glass roof. The is pointed out by Dr. Acland in a passage court is surrounded by an open arcade of which deserves thoughtful consideration, two stories. “This arcade furnishes ready coming as it does from a man distin- means of communication between the seyguished not more for scientific eminence eral departments and their collections in than for his wide and cultivated intellect. the area.” “Round the arcade is ranged “The further my observation has extend- upon three sides the main block of the ed," he says, "the more satisfied I am that building,”- the fourth side being left unno knowledge of things will supply the place occupied by apartments, to afford means of the early study of letters, - literæ hu- for future extension. Each department of maniores. I do not doubt the value of any science is provided with ample accommohonest mental labor. Indeed, since the dations, specially adapted to its peculiar material working of the Creator has been needs. The building, as it stands at presso far displayed to our gaze, it is both dan- ent, is in its largest dimensions about 330 gerdus and full of impiety to resist its en- by 170 feet. Its erection has formed an nobling influence, even on the ground that epoch not only in the history of Oxford, His moral work is greater. But notwith- but also in that of Gothic Art in England. standing this, the study of language, of It is the first considerable building which history, and of the thoughts of great men has for centuries been erected in England which they exhibit, seems to be almost according to the true principles of Gothic necessary (as far as learning is necessary Art. It is a revival of the spirit and at all) for disciplining the heart, for ele- freedom of Gothic architecture. It is no vating the soul, and for preparing the way copy, but an original creation of thought, for the growth in the young of their per- fancy, and imagination. It has combined sonal spiritual life; while, on the other beauty with use, elegance with convenhand, the best corrective to pedantry in ience, and ornament with instruction. It scholarship, and to conceit in mental phi- has proved the perfect pliancy of Gothic losophy, is the study of the facts and laws architecture to modern needs, and shown exhibited by Natural Science.”
its power of entire adaptation to the reOxford, having thus fully acknowledged quirements of new conditions. In its dethe need of enlarging her system of edu- tails no less than in its general scope it cation, at once set about preparing a home exhibits the recognition by its builders for the Natural Sciences within her pre- of the essential characteristics of the best cincts. The building of the Oxford Mu- Gothic Art, and shows in the harmonized seum is a fact characteristic of the large variety of its parts the inventive thought spirit of the University, and of special in- and the independent execution of many terest from the design and nature of its minds and hands presided over by a single architecture. It is not merely intended will. Gothic architecture in its best defor the holding of collections in the dif- velopment is the expression at once of law ferent departments of physical science, but and of liberty. The exactest principles of it contains also lecture- and work-rooms, proportion are combined in it with the and all the accommodations required for freest play of fancy. Its spaces are divided in-door study. To provide the mere shell mathematically by the rule and the square, of such a building, the University granted its main lines are determined with absolute the sum of £30,000. The design that was precision, – but within these limits of selected from those which were sent for order the imagination works out its free competition was of the Gothic style, – the results, and, because limited by mathematical laws, reaches the most perfect freedom any which are possible in the Oxford Muof beauty.
seum, its builders will never lose their But the system of Gothic decorations, claim to our chief gratitude, as the first “which,” says Mr. Ruskin, “took eight guides in a right direction; and the buildhundred years to mature, gathering its ing itself, the first exponent of recovered power by undivided inheritance of tradi- truth, will only be the more venerated, the tional method,” is not an easy thing to more it is excelled.” revive under new and difficult conditions. Such is the way in which Oxford, having A single example of what has been at- a Museum to build, sets to work. She lays tempted in this way in the Oxford Mu- down a large and generous plan, and erects seum must suffice to show the spirit which a building worthy of her ancient fame, worpervades its construction. The lower ar- thy to increase the love and honor in which cade upon the central court is supported she is held,- - a building that adds a new by thirty-three piers and thirty shafts; beauty to her old beauties of hall and the upper arcade by thirty-three piers and chapel, of quadrangle and cloister. She ninety-five shafts. “The shafts have been does not mistake parsimony for economy ; carefully selected, under the direction of she does not neglect to regard the duty the Professor of Geology, from quarries that lies upon her, as the guardian and inwhich furnish examples of many of the structress of youth, to set before their eyes most important rocks of the British Isl- models of fair proportion, noble structures ands. On the lower arcade are placed, on which shall exercise at once an influence the west side, the granitic series; on the to refine the taste and the sentiment and east, the metamorphic; on the north, cal- to enlarge the intellect. She acknowl. careous rocks, chiefly from Ireland; on edges the claims of the future as well as the south, the marbles of England.” The of the present, and does not erect that capitals and bases are to represent differ- which the future, however it may advance ent groups of plants and animals, illustrat- in constructive power, will regard as base, ing the various geological epochs, and the mean, or ugly. She recognizes the value natural orders of existence. Thus, the to herself, as well as to her sons, of all those column of sienite from Charnwood Forest associations which, through the power of has a capital of the cocoa palm; the red her adorned and munificent architecture, granite of Ross, in Mull, is crowned with shall bind them to her in ties of closer tena capital of lilies; the beautiful marble of derness, and of strong, though most deliMarychurch has an exquisitely sculptured cate feeling. Her building is to have an capital of ferns; - and so through all the aspect that shall correspond to the nobility range of the arcades, new designs, studied of its function,- that shall impress the studirectly from Nature, and combining art dent, as he walks along the hard and dry with science, have been executed by the paths of science, with some sense, faint workmen employed on the building. though it be, of the beauty of that learning
To complete the beauty of the court, which is furnished with so goodly an abode. massive corbels have been thrown out from The influence of a fine building, complete the piers, upon which statues of the great- in all its parts, is one which cannot be esest and most famous men in science are to timated in money, cannot be investigated be, or are already, placed. These shafts by any practical process, but which is nev. and capitals and statues have been, in ertheless as strong and precious as it is great part, the gift of individuals interest- secret, as constant as it is unobserved. ed in the progress and successful comple- It would seem that there could be no tion of such a building. The Queen pre- country in the world where buildings of sented five of the statues ; and her exam- the noblest kind would be more desired. ple has been followed by many of the than in America, for there is none in which graduates of the University and lovers of they are so much needed. But such is not Art in England.
the case. As men who have lived long Mr. Ruskin ends his second letter in the in darkness become so accustomed to the little book before us with these words : want of light as not to feel its absence, so “Although I doubt not that lovelier and the absoluteness of the want of fine buildjuster expressions of the Gothic principle ings in America prevents that want from will be ultimately arrived at by us than being generally felt. Heirs of the intellectual wealth of the past, we have no inheri- correspond with the worth and grandeur tance of the great works of its hands. No of the collections it is to hold and the stud
material heirlooms have been transmitted ies that are to be carried on within it? • to us. We are cut off from any share in What patient thought, what stores of im
the monuments on which the labor, the agination, what happy adaptations do its affection, and the possessions of former walls reveal? These questions are easily generations were expended. The precious answered. Convenience of internal arand enlarging associations connected with rangement has been sought without resuch works, which bind successive gener. gard to external beauty, without considerations of men together with ties of mem- ation of the claims of Art. The architect ory and reverence, stimulating the imagi- has, we must suppose, been obliged to connation to new conceptions, and nerving the form his plans to the most frugal estiwill to large efforts, have nothing to cling mates; but we cannot help thinking, that, to here. The land is barren and naked; generous as the State has been, it would and, moreover, no effort is made to relieve have been more worthy of her, had no such the future from the want which the pres- necessity existed. The building for the ent feels so keenly. With wealth ample Museum is one which can never excite enough for undertakings of any magni- high admiration, never touch any chord tude,—with intelligence, more boasted than of poetic sentiment, never arouse in the real, but still sufficient for the conception student within its walls any feeling save of improvement, we exhibit in our civiliza- that of mere convenience and utility. Its tion neither the taste nor the capacity for bare, shadowless walls, unadorned by car. any noble works of Art. The value of ven columns or memorial statues, will beauty is disregarded, and the cultivation stand incapable of affording support for of the sense of beauty is treated as of lit- those associations which endear every tle worth, compared with the culture of human work of worth, covering it with what are styled the practical faculties. praise and remembrance, as the ivy clings Our wealth is spent in the erection of ex- to the stone, adding beauty to beauty, travagant stores and shops,- in the deco- associations which make men proud of ration of oyster-saloons, hotels, and steam- their ancestors and desirous to equal them boats,- in the lavish and selfish adornment in achievement. The University at Camof drawing-rooms and chambers. In the bridge, just entering on the second quarter whole breadth of the continent there is not of its third century, has not a single builda single building of such beauty as to being that is beautiful, perhaps we might say an object of national pride, and few which none that is not positively ugly; and we alwill have any value in future times, ex- most despair of a future when our people cept as historic records of the poverty of shall become enlightened and magnanisentiment and the deficiency of character mous enough to appreciate noble architecof the men of this generation.
ture at its true worth, as the expression of Our oldest and best endowed University the greatness of national character, as an has, like Oxford, lately engaged in the erec- enduring record of faith and of truth, and tion of a Museum, which, though more as an essential instrument in any system limited in its general object, has yet a of education that professes to be complete. scope of such large and generous proportion as to make it a work of even more
1. Forty-Four Years of the Life of a Hunthan national interest. It is undertaken
ter; being Reminiscences of MESHACH on such a scale as to fit it not merely for
BROWNING, a Maryland Hunter; roughpresent needs, but for the increasing wants
ly written down by Himself. Revised of later times. The State has contributed
and illustrated by E. STABLER. Phila. to it from the public treasury, and private citizens have given their contributions lib
delphia : J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1859. erally towards its support. The building
2. Ten Years of Preacher-Life: Chapters has been rapidly carried forward, and the
from an Autobiography. By WILLIAM portion undertaken is now near comple
Henry Milburn. New York: Derby tion. How does it compare with the Ox
& Jackson. 1859. pp. 363. ford Museum ? What provision has been made that in its outward aspect it shall BENVENUTO CELLINI was right in his
pp. X., 400.