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testimony in its behalf; but if I utter any trusts the whole unimpeded tide of life ever so slight Anti-Muggletonian senti- to the great elemental influences, as the ment, then I become incompetent to form vast rivers of the continent settle their any opinion on the matter. This, you own level in obedience to the laws that cannot fail to observe, is exactly the way govern the planet and the spheres that the pseudo-sciences go to work, as ex- surround it. plained in my Lecture on Phrenology. The divinity-student was not quite up Now I hold that he whose testimony to the idea of the commonwealth, as our would be accepted in behalf of the Mug- young friend the Marylander, for ingletonian doctrine has a right to be heard stance, understood it. He could not get against it. Whoso offers me any article rid of that notion of private property in of belief for my signature implies that I truth, with the right to fence it in, and am competent to form an opinion upon it; put up a sign-board, thus :and if my positive testimony in its favor
KALL TRESPASSERS is of any value, then my negative testimony against it is also of value.
I thought my young friend's attitude He took the young Marylander to task was a little too much like that of the for going to the Church of the Galileans, Muggletonians. I also remarked a sin- where he had several times accompanied gular timidity on his part lest somebody Iris of late. should " unsettle” somebody's faith, - as I am a Churchman,- the young man if faith did not require exercise as much said,— by education and habit. I love as any other living thing, and were not my old Church for many reasons, but all the better for a shaking up now and most of all because I think it has educatthen. I don't mean that it would be faired me out of its own forms into the spirit to bother Bridget, the wild Irish girl, or of its highest teachings. I think I belong Joice Heth, the centenarian, or any other to the “ Broad Church,” if any of you can intellectual non-combatant; but all per- tell what that means. sons who proclaim a belief which passes I had the rashness to attempt to anjudgment on their neighbors must be swer the question myself. – Some say the ready to have it " unsettled,” that is, ques- Broad Church means the collective mass tioned at all times and by anybody,-- just of good people of all denominations. as one who sets up bars across a thor- Others say that such a definition is nonoughfare must expect to have them taken sense; that a church is an organization, down by every one who wants to pass, if and the scattered good folks are no orhe is strong enough.
ganization at all. They think that men Besides, to think of trying to water- will eventually come together on the baproof the American mind against the sis of one or two or more common articles questions that Heaven rains down upon of belief, and form a great unity. Do it shows a misapprehension of our new they see what this amounts to ? It means conditions. If to question everything be an equal division of intellect! It is menunlawful and dangerous, we had better tal agrarianism! a thing that never was undeclare our independence at once; for and never will be, until national and inwhat the Declaration means is the right dividual idiosyncrasies have ceased to exto question everything, even the truth of ist. The man of thirty-nine beliefs holds its own fundamental proposition. the man of one belief a pauper; he is not
The old-world order of things is an going to give up thirty-eight of them for arrangement of locks and canals, where the sake of fraternizing with the other in everything depends on keeping the gates the temple which bears on its front, “ Deo shut, and so holding the upper waters at erexit Voltaire." A church is a garden, their level; but the system under which I have heard it said, and the illustration the young republican American is born was neatly handled. Yes, and there is no such thing as a broad garden. It must what the quarterings of their coats are be fenced in, and whatever is fenced in to the positive orders of nobility. is narrow. You cannot have arctic and The Broad Church, I think, will never tropical plants growing together in it, ex- be based on anything that requires the cept by the forcing system, which is a use of language. Freemasonry gives an mighty narrow piece of business. You idea of such a church, and a brother is can't make a village or a parish or a fam- known and cared for in a strange land ily think alike, yet you suppose that you where no word of his can be understood. can make a world pinch its beliefs or pad The apostle of this church may be a deaf them to a single pattern! Why, the very mute carrying a cup of cold water to a life of an ecclesiastical organization is a thirsting fellow-creature. The cup of life of induction, a state of perpetually cold water does not require to be transdisturbed equilibrium kept up by another lated for a foreigner to understand it. I charged body in the neighborhood. If am afraid the only Broad Church possible the two bodies touch and share their re- is one that has its creed in the heart, and spective charges, down goes the index of not in the head, — that we shall know its the electrometer!
members by their fruits, and not by their Do you know that every man has a re- words. If you say this communion of ligious belief peculiar to himself? Smith well-doers is no church, I can only anis always a Smithite. He takes in exact- swer, that all organized bodies have their ly Smith's-worth of knowledge, Smith's- limits of size, and that, when we find a worth of truth, of beauty, of divinity. man a hundred feet high and thirty feet And Brown has from time immemorial broad across the shoulders, we will look been trying to burn him, to excommuni- out for an organization that shall include cate him, to anonymous-article him, be- all Christendom. cause he did not take in Brown's-worth Some of us do practically recognize a of knowledge, truth, beauty, divinity. Broad Church and a Narrow Church, He cannot do it, any more than a pint- however. The Narrow Church may be pot can hold a quart, or a quart-pot be seen in the ship's boats of humanity, in filled by a pint. Iron is essentially the the long boat, in the jolly boat, in the same everywhere and always; but the captain's gig, lying off the poor old vessulphate of iron is never the same as the sel, thanking God that they are safe, and carbonate of iron. Truth is invariable; reckoning how soon the hulk containing but the Smithate of truth must always the mass of their fellow-creatures will go differ from the Brownate of truth. down. The Broad Church is on board,
The wider the intellect, the larger and working hard at the pumps, and very simpler the expressions in which its knowl- slow to believe that the ship will be swaledge is embodied. The inferior race, the lowed up with so many poor people in degraded and enslaved people, the small- it, fastened down under the hatches evminded individual, live in the details which er since it floated. to larger minds and more advanced tribes - All this, of course, was nothing of men reduce themselves to axioms and but my poor notion about these matters. laws. As races and individual minds I am simply an "outsider,” you know; must always differ just as sulphates and only it doesn't do very well for a nest of carbonates do, I cannot see ground for Hingham boxes to talk too much about expecting the Broad Church to be found outsiders and insiders ! ed on any fusion of intellectual beliefs, After this talk of ours, I think these which of course implies that those who two young people went pretty regularly hold the larger number of doctrines as to the Church of the Galileans. Still essential shall come down to those who they could not keep away from the sweet hold the smaller number. These doc- harmonies and rhythmic litanies of Saint trines are to the negative aristocracy Polycarp on the great Church festival
days; so that, between the two, they were tleman ;- permit me to ask you, what so much together, that the boarders be- makes you think I am not ready for it, gan to make remarks, and our landlady Sir, and that you can do anything to help said to me, one day, that, though it was noon of her business, them that had eyes I address you only as a fellow-man,couldn't help seein' that there was some- said the divinity-student, - and therefore thin' goin' on between them two young a fellow-sinner. people; she thought the young man was I am not a man, Sir!-said the Lita very likely young man, though jest what tle Gentleman.— I was born into this his prospecs was was unbeknown to her; world the wreck of a man, and I shall but she thought he must be doin' well, not be judged with a race to which I do and rather guessed he would be able to not belong. Look at this ! -- he said, and take care of a femily, if he didn't go to held up his withered arm.- See there! takin' a house; for a gentleman and his and he pointed to his misshapen extremwife could board a great deal cheaper ities.-Lay your hand here ! —and he laid than they could keep house ;- but then his own on the region of his misplaced that girl was nothin' but a child, and heart. — I have known nothing of the life wouldn't think of bein' married this five of your race. When I first came to my year. They was good boarders, both of consciousness, I found myself an object 'em, paid regular, and was as pooty a of pity, or a sight to show. The first couple as she ever laid eyes on. strange child I ever remember hid its
To come back to what I began to face and would not come near me. I speak of before, the divinity-student was a broken-hearted as well as brokenwas exercised in his mind about the Lit- bodied boy. I grew into the emotions tle Gentleman, and, in the kindness of his of ripening youth, and all that I could heart, — for he was a good young man,
have loved shrank from my presence. - and in the strength of his convictions, I became a man in years, and had noth— for he took it for granted that he and ing in common with manhood but its his crowd were right, and other folks and longings. My life is the dying pang of a their crowd were wrong, - he determin- worn-out race, and I shall go alone down ed to bring the Little Gentleman round into the dust, out of this world of men and to his faith before he died, if he could. women, without ever knowing the fellowSo he sent word to the sick man, that ship of the one or the love of the other. he should be pleased to visit him and I will not die with a lie rattling in my have some conversation with him; and throat. If another state of being has received for answer that he would be anything worse in store for me, I have welcome.
had a long apprenticeship to give me The divinity-student made him a visit, strength that I may bear it. I don't betherefore, and had a somewhat remark- lieve it, Sir! I bave too much faith for able conversation with him, which I shall that. God has not left me wholly withbriefly report, without attempting to jus-, out comfort, even here. I love this old tify the positions taken by the Little Gen- place where I was born ;-the heart of tleman. He found him weak, but calm. the world beats under the three hills of Iris sat silent by his pillow.
Boston, Sir! I love this great land, with After the usual preliminaries, the di- so many tall men in it, and so many good, vinity-student said, in a kind way, that noble women.- His eyes turned to the he was sorry to find him in failing health, silent figure by his pillow.— I have learnthat he felt concerned for his soul, and ed to accept meekly what has been allotwas anxious to assist him in making prep- ted to me, but I cannot honestly say that arations for the great change awaiting I think my sin has been greater than my him.
suffering. I bear the ignorance and the I thank you, Sir,--said the Little Gen- evil-doing of whole generations in my single person. I never drew a breath made the parable of the Prodigal Son the of air nor took a step that was not a consolation of mankind, as it has been the punishment for another's fault. I may stumbling-block of all exclusive doctrines. have had many wrong thoughts, but I Pray ! - said the Little Gentleman. cannot have done many wrong deeds,- The divinity-student prayed, in low, for my cage has been a narrow one, and tender tones, that God would look on I have paced it alone. I have looked his servant lying helpless at the feet of through the bars and seen the great his mercy; that he would remember his world of men busy and happy, but I long years of bondage in the flesh; that had no part in their doings. I have he would deal gently with the bruised known what it was to dream of the great reed. Thou hast visited the sins of the passions; but since my mother kissed me fathers upon this their child. Oh, turn before she died, no woman's lips have away from him the penalties of his own pressed my cheek,- nor ever will. transgressions! Thou hast laid upon him,
The young girl's eyes glittered from infancy, the cross which thy strongwith a sudden film, and almost without er children are called upon to take up; a thought, but with a warm human in- and now that he is fainting under it, be stinct that rushed up into her face with Thou his stay, and do Thou succor him her heart's blood, she bent over and kiss
that is tempted! Let his manifold infired him. It was the sacrament that wash- mities come between him and Thy judged out the memory of long years of bit- ment; in wrath remember mercy! If terness, and I should hold it an unworthy his eyes are not opened to all thy truth, thought to defend her.
let thy compassion lighten the darkness The Little Gentleman repaid her with that rests upon him, even as it came the only tear any of us ever saw him through the word of thy Son to blind shed.
Bartimeus, who sat by the wayside, begThe divinity-student rose from his ging ! place, and, turning away from the sick
Many more petitions he uttered, but man, walked to the other side of the all in the same subdued tone of tender
where he bowed his head and was In the presence of helpless sufferstill. All the questions he had meant to ing, and in the fast-darkening shadow of ask had faded from his memory. The the Destroyer, he forgot all but his Christests he had prepared by which to judge tian humanity, and cared more about of his fellow-creature's fitness for heaven consoling his fellow-man than making a seemed to have lost their virtue. He
proselyte of him. could trust the crippled child of sorrow This was the last prayer to which the to the Infinite Parent. The kiss of the Little Gentleman ever listened. Some fair-haired girl had been like a sign from change was rapidly coming over him durheaven, that angels watched over him ing this last hour of which I have been whom he was presuming but a moment speaking The excitement of pleading before to summon before the tribunal of his cause before his self-elected spiritual his private judgment.
adviser, - the emotion which overcame Shall I pray with you ?— he said, after him, when the young girl obeyed the suda pause. — A little before he would have
den impulse of her feelings and pressed said, Shall I pray for you ? - The Chris- her lips to his cheek, — the thoughts that tian religion, as taught by its Founder, is mastered him while the divinity-student full of sentiment. So we must not blame poured out his soul for him in prayer, the divinity-student, if he was overcome might well hurry on the inevitable moby thase yearnings of human sympathy ment. When the divinity-student had which predominate so much more in the uttered his last petition, commending him sermons of the Master than in the writ- to the Father through his Son's intercesings of his successors, and which have sion, he turned to look upon him before
leaving his chamber. His face was chang- ly an involuntary muscular contraction ed. — There is a language of the human stole over him, and his terrible dying countenance which we all understand grasp held the poor girl as if she were without an interpreter, though the linea- wedged in an engine of torture. She ments belong to the rudest savage that pressed her lips together and sat still. ever stammered in an unknown barbaric The inexorable hand held her tighter and dialect. By the stillness of the sharpened tighter, until she felt as if her own slenfeatures, by the blankness of the tearless der fingers would be crushed in its gripe. eyes, by the fixedness of the smileless It was one of the tortures of the Inquimouth, by the deadening tints, by the sition she was suffering, and she could contracted brow, by the dilating nostril, not stir from her place. Then, in her we know that the soul is soon to leave its great anguish, she, too, cast her eyes upmortal tenement, and is already closing on that dying figure, and, looking upon up its windows and putting out its fires. its pierced hands and feet and side and — Such was the aspect of the face upon lacerated forehead, she felt that she also which the divinity-student looked, after must suffer uncomplaining. In the mothe brief silence which followed his pray- ment of her sharpest pain she did not er. The change had been rapid, though forget the duties of her tender office, but not that abrupt one which is liable to dried the dying man's moist forehead with happen at any moment in these cases.- her handkerchief, even while the dews The sick man looked towards him.—Fare- of agony were glistening on her own. well, - he said. “I thank you. Leave How long this lasted she never could me alone with her.
tell. Time and thirst are two things you When the divinity-student had gone, and I talk about; but the victims whom and the Little Gentleman found himself holy men and righteous judges used to alone with Iris, he lifted his hand to his stretch on their engines knew better what neck, and took from it, suspended by a they meant than you or I!—What is that slender chain, a quaint, antique-looking great bucket of water for ? said the Markey,—the same key I had once seen him chioness de Brinvilliers, before she was holding. He
this to her, and point-. placed on the rack.— For you to drink, ed to a carved cabinet opposite his bed, - said the torturer to the little woman. one of those that had so attracted my She could not think that it would curious eyes and set me wondering as to take such a flood to quench the fire in what it might contain.
her and so keep her alive for her confesOpen it, — he said, — and light the sion. The torturer knew better than lamp. — The young girl walked to the she. cabinet and unlocked the door. A deep After a time not to be counted in minrecess appeared, lined with black velvetutes, as the clock measures,—without any against which stood in white relief an warning, there came a swift change of ivory crucifix. A silver lamp hung over his features; his face turned white, as over it. She lighted the lamp and came the waters whiten when a sudden breath back to the bedside. The dying man fixed passes over their still surface; the mushis eyes upon the figure of the dying Sa- cles instantly relaxed, and Iris, released viour. — Give me your hand, - he said ; at once from her care for the sufferer and Iris placed her right hand in his left. and from his unconscious grasp, fell So they remained, until presently his senseless, with a feeble cry, — the only eyes lost their meaning, though they still utterance of her long agony. remained vacantly fixed upon the white image. Yet he held the young girl's Perhaps you sometimes wander in hand firmly, as if it were leading him through the iron gates of the Copp's through some deep-shadowed valley and Hill burial-ground. You love to stroll it was all he could cling to. But present round among the graves that crowd each