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tion to educating the bodies of their small with the week-day seminaries in the pious subjects, if they can only be as well paid work of destruction. Dolorosus, are all for it as for educating their intellects. your small neighbors hard at work in But, until recently, they have never been committing to memory Scripture texts for allowed to put the bodies into the bill. a wager, — I have an impression, howAnd as charity begins at home, even in ever, that they call it a prize, --consisting a physiological sense,--and as their own of one Bible ? In my circle of society children's bodies required bread and but- the excitement runs high. At any teater,— they naturally postponed all regard drinking, you may hear the ladies disfor the physical education of their pupilscussing the comparative points and prosuntil the thing acquired a marketable pects of their various little Ellens and value. Now that the change is taking Harriets, with shrill eagerness; while their place, every schoolmaster in the land husbands, on the other side of the room, gladly adapts himself to it, and hastens are debating the merits of Ethan Allen to insert in his advertisement, “ Especial and Flora Temple, the famous trottingattention given to physical education.” horses, who are soon expected to try their But what good does this do, so long as speed on our Agricultural Ground.” parents are not willing that time enough Each horse, and each girl, appears to should be deducted from the ordinary have enthusiastic backers, though the tasks to make the athletic apparatus avail- Sunday-School excitement has the adable,- so long as it is regarded as a mer- vantage of lasting longer. From inquiit in pupils to take time from their plays ry, I find the state of the field to be about and give it to extra studies, – so long as as follows:- Fanny Hastings, who won we exult over an inactive and studious the prize last year, is not to be entered child, as Dr. Beattie did over his, that for it again ; she damaged her memory s exploits of strength, dexterity, and by the process, her teacher tells me, so speed" " to him no vanity or joy could that she can now scarcely fix the simbring," and then almost die of despair, plest lesson in her mind. Carry Blake like Dr. Beattie, because such a child had got up to five thousand verses, but dies before us? With girls it is far worse. had such terrible headaches that her “Girls, during childhood, are liable to no mother compelled her to stop, some diseases distinct from those of boys,” says weeks ago ; the texts have all vanished Salzmann, “except the disease of edu- from her brain, but the headache unforcation.” What mother in decent society, tunately still lingers. Nelly Sanborn has I ask you, who is not delighted to have reached six thousand, although her anxher little girl devote even Wednesday ious father long since tried to buy her and Saturday afternoons to additional off by offering her a new Bible twice as tasks in drawing or music, rather than handsome as the prize one : but what did run the risk of having her make a noise she care for that? she said; she bad handsomewhere, or possibly even soil ber some Bibles already, but she had no indress ? Papa himself will far more read- tention of being beaten by Ella Prentiss. ily appropriate ten dollars to this addi- Poor child, we see no chance for her; for tional confinement than five to the gym- Ella has it all her own way; she has nasium or the riding-school. And so, made up a score of seven thousand one beset with snares on every hand, the hundred texts, and it is only three days poor little well-educated thing can only to the fatal Sunday. Between ourselves, pray the prayer recorded of a despairing I think Nelly does her work more fairly ; child, brought up in the best society,– for Ella bas a marvellous ingenuity in that she might “die and go to heaven picking out easy verses, like Jack Horand play with the Irish children on Sat- ner’s plums, and valuing every sacred urday afternoons.”
sentence, not by its subject, but by its And the Sunday Schools coöperate shortness. Still, she is bound to win. “ How is her health this summer ?” I the severest quality of study for boys or asked her mother, the other day. girls ; — while their brains work, let them
“ Well, her verses weigh on her,” said work in earnest. But I do object to this the good woman, solemnly.
immoderate and terrific quantity. Cut And here I pledge you my word, Do- down every school, public and private, lorosus, that to every one of these state- to five hours' total work per diem for the ments I might append, as Miss Edge- oldest children, and four for the younger worth does to every particularly tough ones, and they will accomplish more in story,—“ N. B. This is a fact.” I will the end than you ever saw them do in only add that our Sunday-School Super- six or seven. Only give little enough at intendent, who is a physician, told me a time, and some freshness to do it with, that he had as strong objections to the and you may, if you like, send Angelina whole thing as I could have; but that it to any school, and put her through the was no use talking; all the other schools whole programme of the last educational did it, and ours must; emulation was the prospectus sent to me,- Philology, Panorder of the day. “Besides,” he added, tology, Orthology, Aristology, and Linwith that sort of cheerful hopelessness guistics.” peculiar to his profession, the boys are For what is the end to be desired ? Is not trying for the prize much, this year; it to exhibit a prodigy, or to rear a noble and as for the girls, they would probably and symmetrical specimen of a human lose their health very soon, at any rate, being? Because Socrates taught that a and may as well devote it to a sacred boy who has learned to speak is not too cause."
small for the sciences, - because Tiberius Do not misunderstand me. The suppos- delivered his father's funeral oration at ed object in this case is a good one, just the age of nine, and 'Marcus Aurelias as the object in week-day schools is a good put on the philosophic gown at twelve, one,
to communicate valuable knowl- and Cicero wrote a treatise on the art of edge and develop the powers of the mind. speaking at thirteen,- because Lipsius is The defect in policy, in both cases, ap- said to have composed a work the day he pears to be, that it totally defeats its own was born, meaning, say the commentaaim, renders the employments hateful tors, that he began a new life at the age that should be delightful, and sacrifices of ten,- because the learned Licetus, who the whole powers, so far as its influence was brought into the world so feeble as goes, without any equivalent. All ex- to be baked up to maturity in an oven, cess defeats itself. As a grown man can sent forth from that receptacle, like a loaf work more in ten bours than in fifteen, of bread, a treatise called “Gonopsytaking a series of days together, so a chanthropologia,"—is it, therefore, indischild can make more substantial mental pensably necessary, Dolorosus, that all progress in five hours daily than in ten. your pale little offspring shall imitate Your child's mind is not an earthen jar, these? Spare these innocents! it is not to be filled by pouring into it; it is a del- their fault that they are your children, icate plant, to be wisely and healthfully so do not visit it upon them so severely. reared; and your wife might as well at- Turn, Angelina, ever dear, and out of tempt to enrich her mignonette-bed by a little childish recreation we will yet eslaying a Greek Lexicon upon it as try tract a great deal of maturer wisdom for to cultivate that young nature by a top- you, if we can only bring this deluded dressing of Encyclopædias. I use the parent to his senses. word on high authority. “ Courage, my To change the sweet privilege of childboy !” wrote Lord Chatham to his son, hood into weary days and restless nights, "only the Encyclopædia to learn !"- to darken its pure associations, which and the cruel diseases of a lifetime repaid for many are the sole light that ever Pitt for the forcing. I do not object to brings them back from sin and despair to the heaven of their infancy,– to banish condition of peculiar impressibility, which those reveries of innocent fancy which renders it morbidly sensitive to every adeven noisy boyhood knows, and which verse influence." are the appointed guardians of its purity Indeed, here is precisely the weakness before conscience wakes,— to abolish its of our whole national training thus far,moments of priceless idleness, saturated brilliant immediate results, instead of wise with sunshine, blissful, aimless moments, delays. The life of the average Amerwhen every angel is near,- to bring in- ican is a very hasty breakfast, a magnifisanity, once the terrible prerogative of cent luncheon, a dyspeptic dinner, and maturer life, down into the summer re- no supper. Our masculine energy is like gion of childhood, with blight and ruin; our feminine beauty, bright and evanes
-all this is the work of our folly, Dolo- cent. As enthusiastic travellers inform rosus, of our miserable ambition to have us that there are in every American vilour unconscious little ones begin, in their lage a dozen girls of sixteen who are very infancy, the race of desperate ambi- prettier than any English hamlet of the tion, which has, we admit, exhausted pre- same size can produce, so the same vilmaturely the lives of their parents. lage undoubtedly possesses a dozen very
The worst danger of it is, that the mor- young men who, tried by the same standal is written at the end of the fable, notard, are “smarter” than their English the beginning. The organization in youth peers. Come again fifteen years after, is so dangerously elastic, that the result when the Englishmen and English women of these intellectual excesses is not seen are reported to be just in their prime, until years after. When some young and, lo! those lovely girls are sallow old girl incurs spinal disease for life from women, and the boys are worn-out men, some slight fall which she ought not to — with fire left in them, it may be, but have felt for an hour, or some business- fuel gone - retired from active business, man breaks down in the prime of his very likely, and just waiting for consumpyears from some trifling over-anxiety tion to carry them off, as one waits for which should have left no trace behind, the omnibus. the popular verdict may be, “ Mysterious To say that this should be amended Providence"; but the wiser observer sees is to say little. Either it must be amendthe retribution for the folly of those mis- ed, or the American race fails;— there is spent days which enfeebled the childish no middle ground. If we fail, (which I constitution, instead of ripening it. One do not expect, I assure you,) we fail disof the most admirable passages in the astrously. If we succeed, if we bring up Report of Dr. Ray, already mentioned, our vital and muscular developments into is that in which he explains, that, though due proportion with our nervous energy, hard study at school is rarely the imme- we shall have a race of men and women diate cause of insanity, it is the most fre- such as the world never saw. Dolorosus, quent of its ulterior causes, except he- when in the course of human events you reditary tendencies. “It diminishes the are next invited to give a Fourth of-July conservative power of the animal econ- Oration, grasp at the opportunity, and omy to such a degree, that attacks of take for your subject “ Health.” Tell disease, which otherwise would have pass- your audience, when you rise to the aced off safely, destroy life almost before customed flowers of rhetoric as the day danger is anticipated. Every intelligent wears on, that Health is the central luphysician understands, that, other things minary, of which all the stars that spanbeing equal, the chances of recovery are gle the proud flag of our common country far less in the studious, highly intellectual are but satellites; and close with a hint child than in one of an opposite descrip to the plumed emblem of our nation, tion. The immediate mischief may have (pointing to the stuffed one which will seemed slight, but the brain is left in a probably be exhibited on the platform,) that she should not henceforward confine kind was born. But the promise must her energies to the hatching of short-lived be fulfilled through unequalled dangers. eaglets, but endeavor rather to educate With the new drop came new intoxia few full-grown birds.
cation, new ardors, passions, ambitions, As I take it, Nature said, some years hopes, reactions, and despairs,-more darsince, - “ Thus far the English is my ing, more invention, more disease, more best race; but we have had Englishmen insanity,--forgetfulness, at first, of the enough; now for another turning of the old, wholesome traditions of living, reckglobe, and a step farther. We need some- lessness of sin and saleratus, loss of rething with a little more buoyancy than freshing sleep and of the power of play. the Englishman ; let us lighten the ship, To surmount all this, we have got to fight even at the risk of a little peril in the the good fight, I assure you, Dolorosus. process. Put in one drop more of ner- Nature is yet pledged to produce that vous Auid and make the American.” finer type, and if we miss it, she will leave With that drop, a new range of promise us to decay, like our predecessors -- whirl opened on the human race, and a lighter, the globe over once more, and choose a finer, more highly organized type of man- new place for a new experiment.
MY DOUBLE; AND HOW HE UNDID ME.
It is not often that I trouble the read- New England. A charming place it was ers of the “ Atlantic Monthly." I should and is. A spirited, brave young parish not trouble them now, but for the impor- had I; and it seemed as if we might have tunities of my wife, who “ feels to insist” all “ the joy of eventful living” to our that a duty to society is unfulfilled, till I hearts' content. have told why I had to have a double, Alas! how little we knew on the day and how he undid me. She is sure, she of my ordination, and in those halcyon says, that intelligent persons cannot un- moments of our first housekeeping! To derstand that pressure upon public ser- be the confidential friend in a hundred vants which alone drives any man into families in the town,-cutting the social the einployment of a double. And while trifle, as my friend Haliburton says, “from I fear she thinks, at the bottom of her the top of the whipped-syllabub to the heart, that my fortunes will never be re- bottom of the sponge-cake, which is the made, she has a faint hope, that, as an- foundation,”— to keep abreast of the other Rasselas, I may teach a lesson to thought of the age in one's study, and future publics, from which they may prof- to do one's best on Sunday to interweave it, though we die. Owing to the behav- that thought with the active life of an aciour of my double, or, if you please, to tive town, and to inspirit both and make that public pressure which compelled me both infinite by glimpses of the Eternal to employ him, I have plenty of leisure Glory, seemed such an exquisite forelook to write this communication.
into one's life! Enough to do, and all so I am, or rather was, a minister, of the real and so grand! If this vision could Sandemanian connection. I was settled only have lasted ! in the active, wide-awake town of Nagua- The truth is, that this vision was not in daviek, on one of the finest water-powers itself a delusion, nor, indeed, half bright in Maine. We used to call it a Western enough. If one could only bave been left town in the heart of the civilization of to do his own business, the vision would have accomplished itself and brought out terity. The eastern profile is the portrait new paraheliacal visions, each as bright of the statesman Franklin, the western as the original. The misery was and is, of Poor Richard. But Dr. Wigan does as we found out, I and Polly, before long, not go into these niceties of this subject, that, besides the vision, and besides the and I failed. It was then, that, on my usual human and finite failures in life, wife's suggestion, I resolved to look out (such as breaking the old pitcher that for a Double. came over in the " Mayflower,” and put- I was, at first, singularly successful. ting into the fire the Alpenstock with We happened to be recreating at Stafwbich her father climbed Mont Blanc,) ford Springs that summer. We rode out -- besides these, I say, (imitating the style one day, for one of the relaxations of that of Robinson Crusoe,) there were pitch- watering-place, to the great Monsonpon forked in on us a great rowen-heap of House. We were passing through one humbugs, handed down from some un- of the large halls, when my destiny was known seed-time, in which we were ex- fulfilled! I saw my man! pected, and I chiefly, to fulfil certain pub- He was not shaven. He had on no lic functions before the community, of spectacles. He was dressed in a green the character of those fulfilled by the baize roundabout and faded blue overthird row of supernumeraries who stand alls, worn sadly at the knee. But I saw behind the Sepoys in the spectacle of the at once that he was of my height, five “ Cataract of the Ganges.” They were feet four and a half. He had black hair, the duties, in a word, which one performs worn off by his hat. So have and have as member of one or another social class not I. He stooped in walking. So do I. or subdivision, wholly distinct from what His hands were large, and mine. And one does as A. by himself A. What in- - choicest gift of Fate in all — he had, visible power put these functions on me, not “a strawberry-mark on bis left arm," it would be very hard to tell. But such but a cut from a juvenile brick bat over power there was and is. ( And I had not his right eye, slightly affecting the play been at work a year before I found I of that eyebrow. Reader, so have I!was living two lives, one real and one My fate was sealed! merely functional,- for two sets of peo- A word with Mr. Holley, one of the ple, one my parish, whom I loved, and inspectors, settled the whole thing. It the other a vagne public, for whom I did proved that this Dennis Shea was a harmnot care two straws. All this was in a less, amiable tellow, of the class known as vague notion, which everybody had and shiftless, who had sealed his fate by marhas, that this second life would event- rying a dumb wife, who was at that moually bring out some great results, un- ment ironing in the laundry. Before I known at present, to somebody some- left Stafford, I had hired both for five where.
years. We had applied to Judge PynchCrazed by this duality of life, I first on, then the probate judge at Springread Dr. Wiyan on the “ Duality of the field, to change the name of Dennis Shea Brain," hoping that I could train one side to Frederic Ingham. We had explained of my head to do these outside jobs, and to the Judge, what was the precise truth, the other to do my intimate and real that an eccentric gentleman wished to duties. For Richard Greenough once adopt Dennis under this new name into told me, that, in studying for the statue bis family. It never occurred to him that of Franklin, he found that the left side Dennis might be more than fourteen of the great man's face was philosophic years old. And thus, to shorten this prefand reflective, and the right side funny ace, when we returned at night to my and smiling. If you will go and look at parsonage at Naguadavick, there entered the bronze statue, you will find he has Mrs. Ingham, her new dumb laundress, repeated this observation there for pos- myself, who am Mr. Frederic Ingham,