The Chemists' War: 1914-1918

Portada
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 - 342 pàgines

Within months of the start of the First World War, Germany began to run out of the raw materials it needed to make explosives. As Germany faced imminent defeat, chemists such as Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch came to the rescue with Nobel Prize winning discoveries that overcame the shortages and enabled the country to continue in the war. Similarly, Britain could not have sustained its war effort for four years had it not been for chemists like Chaim Weizmann who was later to become the first president of the State of Israel.

Michael Freemantle tells the stories of these and many other chemists and explains how their work underpinned and shaped what became known as The Chemists' War. He reveals:

• how chemistry contributed to the care of the sick and wounded and to the health and safety of troops;
• how coal not only powered the war but was also an important source of the chemicals needed for the manufacture of explosives, dyes, medicines and antiseptics;
• how Britain's production of propellants relied on the slaughter of tens of thousands of whales;
• how a precious metal played a critical role in the war;
• how poisonous chemicals were used as weapons of mass destruction for the first time in the history of warfare and how chemists developed gas masks for protection against these weapons;
• how the British naval blockade of Germany imperilled agricultural production in the United States.

The book will appeal to the general reader as well as the many scientists and historians interested in the Great War.

 

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Continguts

Chapter
1
Navvies Tunnellers and Chemists
15
Chapter
18
Care of the Sick and Wounded
29
21
41
Chapter 4
42
References
57
A Serendipitous Discovery
71
The Father of Modern Chemical Warfare
168
References
184
Mass Production Mass Slaughter
197
Smell of Mustard Oil Taste of Horseradish
211
After the War
221
References
234
References
247
The Potash Crisis
260

The Development of the Machine Gun
84
Chapter 7
93
Acetone from Ethanol
110
Whale Oil from Blubber
125
Germanys Desperate Plight
139
An Element of War
150
Friends Become Foes
274
The Manifesto of the NinetyThree
276
One Building Two Memorials
290
The Silvertown Explosion
303
Bibliography
325
Copyright

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Sobre l'autor (2015)

Michael Freemantle is a science writer who has written numerous books and articles on chemistry, the history of science and related topics.

Informació bibliogràfica