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It has been surveyed by Captain Gunnison, Lieutenant Heth, and Major Cady; is very level, and in point of directness almost an airline-supplying also the requisites for trains or caravans, in an abundance of wood, water, and grass.

The other road, from Fort Riley to Bridger's Pass, in the Rocky mountains, would give a new and very direct route from the Missouri to Utah and California. It would follow the "divide” between Solomon's fork and the Republican, (see Stansbury's map,) to the source of the latter; thence by intervening lakes to the south fork of the Platte ; thence by an affluent in a direct course to Bridger's or Stansbury's Pass, where it would join the road to the Salt lake, surveyed by Captain Stansbury, and now much used by emigrants from Texas and Arkansas. This route is equally easy with that through the South Pass, and more direct-saving a distance between Fort Leavenworth and the Salt lake of one hundred miles. Connecting this with the new route surveyed by Lieutenant Beckwith, from the Salt lake to the Sacramento, the distance from the Missouri to California will be shortened two hundred and fifty miles, and the whole would, in my opinion, be decidedly the best wagon route that could be selected between the western frontier and California.

In order, however, that the utmost benefit should be derived from this line of direct communication with California, settlements should be encouraged, by gifts of land to actual settlers, along the road west of Fort Riley. And from my impression of the character of the soil, and supply of timber, water, and grass, on the route, I am satisfied that the settlements, encouraged in the way I have suggested, would soon be so nearly continuous, as to afford every desired facility for the march and supply of troops, or the immense overland transit travel between the Atlantic and Pacific. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

E. A. OGDEN,

Brevet Major and Assistant Quartermaster. Hon. JEFFERSON DAVIS,

Secretary of War.

2d Session.

No. 37.

FORT SCOTT RESERVE.

JANUARY 29, 1855.- Laid upon the table, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. FAULKNER, from the Committee on Milit4ry Affairs, made the fol

lowing

REPORT.

The Committee on Military Affairs, to wl om was referred House bill

No. 666, granting Fort Scott Reserved to the Territory of Kansas, for school purposes, have, according tc order, had the same under consideration, and submit the following report:

It is evident that the bill was based upon the supposition that the reserve mentioned therein is a military reserve. This is not the case; it is not a military reserve, but has otily been held, by occupation, as a part of the Indian territory, and has been abandoned for military purposes. In addition to this, the committee have been informed by the War Department that orders have been given for the sale of the building on the site, which the bill also proposes to grant, which sale will probably be consummated before a bisl contemplating such a grant could be enacted.

The committee, therefore, ask to be discharged from the further consideration of the subject.

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington, January 27, 1855. I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 24th instant, submitting House bill No. 666, granting “Fort Scott Reserve” to the Territory of Kansas, for school purposes, for the consideration of this department.

In reply thereto, I have to state that the site of Fort Scott, which is not considered a military reserve, has been held, by occupation, as a part of the Indian territory, and has been abandoned for military purposes, and there is no objection in this department to the grant being made.

Orders have been given for the sale of the buildings on the site, which will probably be executed before the bill can become a law. The bill is herewith returned. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JEFF'N DAVIS,

Secretary of War. Hon. C. J. FAULKNER,

Chairman Committee Military Affairs, Ho. of Reps.

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2d Session.

No. 38.

MILITIA OF NEW MEXICO,

January 29, 1855.—Laid upon the table, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. FAULKNER, from the Committee on Military Affairs, made the

following

REPORT.

The Committee on Military Affairs, to whom was referred a resolution of the House instructing it to inquire into the expediency of providing for the payment of certain militia of the Territory of New Mexico, called out by the acting governor of said Territory, in the summer of 1854, for the suppression of Indian hostilities, have, according to order, had the same under consideration, and respectfully report:

That no satisfactory evidence has been adduced to enable the committee to judge of the necessity of the calling out of the said militia, the actual time it was in service, or of the amount of money necessary to defray the expenses thereof.

The committee report the accompanying papers received from the War Department relative thereto, being all the information which they have been enabled to obtain upon the subject, and, without expressing any opinion as to the justness of the amount asked for by the governor of New Mexico for the present, beg to be discharged from the further consideration of the subject.

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington, January 27, 1855. Ste: I have received your letter of the 25th instant asking for all information in this department relative to the calling out of a military force, by the (acting) governor of New Mexico, for the suppression of Indian hostilities in that Territory during the last summer, and in reply have the honor to transmit you a copy of a letter from Governor D. Meriwether, dated 28th July, and of the answer of this department thereto, dated 11th September last; also, extracts from two letters from Brevet Brigadier General John Garland, commanding the department of New Mexico, to the headquarters of the army, dated June 5th and 30th last.

These letters contain all the information this department is in possession of on the subject. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JEFF'N DAVIS,

Secretary of War. Hon. C. J. FAULKNER,

Chairman Committee on Military Affairs, Ho. of Reps.

[Extract.]

HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF NEW MEXICO,

Fort Thorn, June 5, 1854.

COLONEL:

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The acting governor of the Territory has deemed it necessary, in my temporary absence, to call out several companies of volunteers. This step is much to be regretted. Of its necessity I cannot well judge until my arrival at Santa Fé, to which place I am now hastening Most respectfully, I am, Colonel, your obedient servant,

JOHN GARLAND,

But. Brig. Gen. Comd'g. Lieut. Col. L. THOMAS,

A. A. General, Army Headquarters, New York.

[Extract.]

HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF NEW MEXICO,

Santa , June 30, 1854. COLONEL: By request of the acting governor of this Territory, Mr. Messeny, I hastened to this place to confer with him about our Indian relations, which had become somewhat threatening during my temporary absence at El Paso—so much so as to induce his excellency to call out some two hundred of the militia of the county of Rio Arriba. These troops succeeded in making prisoners of about thirty-nine Apaches, men, women, and children, most of whom have subsequently escaped ; several were, however, shot in making the attempt. The Indians are now driven to such extremity by the regular troops, as to have caused his excellency to dispense with this force, retaining, perhaps, a company as minute-men. I am, Colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOHN GARLAND,

But. Brig. Gen. Comd'g Dep't. Lieut. Col. L. THOMAS,

A. A. General, Headquarters of the Army, New York.

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