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and the sum of $322,000 will be needed to complete the shaft; while the cost of the whole work, including shaft and pantheon, or base, is estimated to be $1,122,000. Let the present generation at least complete the shaft, and we may then permit those who come after us to finish the whole work.

Your committee have derived this information from the competent officers of the society, its architect, and its agents, who have charge of the work, and who have attended the sittings of the committee, explained the subject, and produced before it their plans, books, accounts, and other evidences of their transactions.

The duties of this society have demanded the constant attention of its members; and it is very gratifying to the committee to state, that neither the president, vice presidents, treasurer, secretary, nor any the managers or members, have, from its institution, received or desired any compensation whatever. Their services have been, and will continue to be, wholly gratuitous.

We unanimously approve the plan of this monument, and of the work that has been already done; and we bear cheerful testimony to the energy, integrity, economy, and patriotic love which have animated and governed the transactions of this society, and especially we commend the design of building this monument by the voluntary contributions of the people of the United States.

We do not intend to disturb this happy arrangement, or to withdraw from the exclusive jurisdiction and control of so faithful a society the completion of a work so well begun and prosecuted; we trust, and doubt not, that it will go on, with continued attention on the part of the board of managers, and of the people of the whole country.

But at the same time, your committee think that a subscription to aid the work is due by Congress. By the faith of obligations which we have before recited, by the fact that his commission as Commanderin-Chief was bestowed on Washington by Congress, and all his glorious military services performed under their orders and authority, and by the further consideration that a sum subscribed by Congress will probably be the only mode by which each and all of the people of the United States can be said to add their share to this grateful memorial, your committee recommend that the sum of two hundred thousand dollars should be subscribed by Congress on behalf of the people of the United States, to aid the funds of the society. This was the sum devoted to the monument ordered by the resolutions of 1799, and voted by the House of Representatives on the 1st of January, 1801.

In making this recommendation we expressly disclaim engaging for any further aid by Congress to the work, on the distinct ground, that whilst it is proper Congress should make a liberal subscription towards it, yet it is both the right and duty of the people of the United States to complete it.

We cannot doubt that their disposition will prove more than adequate to this result, and that this holy work should hereafter be exclusively committed to them—to the several States, cities, towns, and other organized communities, of the whole country.

Assuring them, as we again do, of its noble proportions and beautyof its solid and enduring plan and materials—of the fidelity of the work done of the integrity, economy, energy, and system, that have marked the duties of the members of this society—and of their disinterested and patriotic zeal, we commend to the care of our countrymen this tribute of a republic's love, admiration, and gratitude towards him who, under the providence of God, was the chief author of its freedom, its dignity, and its happiness.

We report herewith a joint resolution, and subjoin the names of the officers and Board of Managers of the Society.

The Officers and Board of Managers of the Washington National Monu

ment Society-August 1, 1854.

FRANKLIN PIERCE, President of the United States,

and ex officio President. ARCH. HENDERSON, First Vice President. *JOHN W. MAURY, Mayor of Washington,

and ex officio Second Vice President. THO. CARBERY, Third Vice President. J. B. H. SMITH, Treasurer. *GEO. WATTERSTON, Secretary.

Managers.

WINFIELD SCOTT,
*N. Towson,
PETER FORCE,
W. W. SEATON,
W. A. BRADLEY,
W. W. CORCORAN,
P. R. FENDALL

WALTER JONES,
Thos, BLAGDEN,
WALTER LENOX,
M. F. MAURY,
T. HARTLEY CRAWFORD,
BENJ. OGLE TAYLOE,
ELISHA WHITTLESEY.

* Now deceased,

2d Session.

No. 95.

AMAZON RIVER.

FEBRUARY 23, 1855.–Laid upon the table and ordered to be printed.

Mr. INGERSOLL, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, made the fol

lowing

REPORT.

The Committee of Foreign Affairs, to which was referred the memorial of

Lieutenant M. F. Maury, United States navy, in behalf of the Memphis convention, and in favor of the free navigation of the river Amazon, have had the same under consideration and beg leave to report:

That the navigation of this river and its tributaries, the settlement of its banks, and the cultivation of its valleys, would, in every point of view, prove highly beneficial to the interests of the United States.

The country through which these waters flow is great in its resources; it possesses diversity of climate ; and its geographical relations to this country are such that, if these resources can be called forth by the energies of the settler, a large and profitable trade between the two greatest river basins in the world would certainly be established. In the language of the memorial :

“The Amazon is the largest river in the world, and the great hydrographic basin, which includes it and its tributaries, is unsurpassed for fertility ; nor is there anywhere, on the surface of the earth, a region of country of the extent which can compete with this, in capacity of production, or vie with it as to the variety, extent, or wealth of its mineral

It teems with animal life; its soil is most prolific; and the display of riches in its vegetable kingdom is truly magnificent."

"The tributaries of the Amazon inosculate with those of the Rio de la Plata at the south, and unite with those of the Oronoco at the north. The Casquiari connects, by a natural channel, the waters of the Oronoco with those of the Amazon, and Count Castelnau saw the head streams of the Amazon and those of the Rio de la Plata running through and watering the same gentleman's garden in Brazil.”

" The country drained by these rivers extends from the parellel of ten degrees of north latitude to that of thirty-six degrces of south latitude."

" In its Atlantic slopes intertropical and extratropical, it therefore embraces all the climates and includes all the varieties of production that are to be found within the range of forty-six degrees of latitude."

resources.

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