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to keep the expenses separate, and to present the accounts as they were directed by the instructions. The purchase of the Indian rights fell short of the expense contemplated, while the construction of the road far exceeded it. Whether they are justified in diverting the fund from a object for which it was not wanted, and expending it for another object, de committee will not at present decide; but before they will recommend an appropriation to cover the expenses said to have been incurred over and abse the appropriation, they require the vouchers of their account to be presaled, and a particular statement of the number of days each was employed in the service, discriminating as to the particular service performed The follore ing resolution is submitted:
Resolved, That the claimants are not entitled to relief, for the reasons assigned in this report,
Secretary of War to Messrs. Reeves, Sibley, and Menard, Condo
ers, &c. &c.
DEPARTMENT OF WAR,
16th March, 1823
be marked at by
mey are prepare
GENTLEMEN: You are appointed, by the President of the Unite Commissioners, to carry into effect the objects contemplated by Congress, authorizing the President to cause a road to be marker the Western frontier of Missouri to the confines of Mexico; 2 which act is herewith enclosed for your information and go Your commissions will be forwarded to you so soon as they are by the Department of State.
Two preliminary steps are required to be taken before you! definitively, to mark the road. First, the consent of the Indi be procured: and second, an agreement is to be entered into United States and the Mexican Government for continuing the boundary line of the United States to the frontier of Measures have been taken to confirm the latter, the result hoped, will be ascertained in time, and if so, will be communi on your arrival at the boundary line of the United States, so any delay on your part unnecessary. But should any delay you will proceed no further in the survey and marking the roa boundary line of the United States, until you are informed the agreement with Mexico.
Your first step will be to enter into negotiations with the dian tribes, for their consent to the establishment and use of this object, as you will see by the act, twenty thousand dolla priated. The method of assembling the tribes with a view to g sent, is left to your discretion; as is also the mode of compen you may adopt to obtain it. But in no case is the sum apps this object to be exceeded. Your compensation as Commiss branch of your service will be three dollars per day for eac er, whilst actually engaged in holding the treaties, and five for a Secretary, whom you are authorized to appoint; W
ore you can prizes the Indian tribes is D ntered inte between the
linuing the med from lier of New Mexico
l'esult of which it is communicated to FC Pales, so as to renca my delay take place
ng the road than tott hlormed of the restici
Ith the intervening i
a use of the road. It pusand dollars are app
lew to get their a
a missioners to
ay for each comessa s, and five dollars per ppoint; which compete
tions, together with all necessary expenses, wiil constitute an item in the disbursements of the $ 20,000, and to be deducted from that sum, leaving the balance to be disposed of, in your discretion, to the tribes with whom
you may hold treaties, to carry into effect the object contemplated by the 1 act. b. The appropriation will be put at your disposal in any manner which you, may direct, in whole or in part, either by the acceptance and payment of your bills, or by remittance. Should you draw bills, any prenium which you may sell them for will form an item to the credit of the appropriation, and will be accounted for by you in your returns.
You will be careful in keeping separate the disbursements under the two divisions of the duties which are assigned to you, and your returns will be accompanied by your certificate of honor, that the sums which you may have disposed of, have been disposed of as stated in your accounts, and that the time which you may charge for yourselves and Secretary, is that in
which you were actually engaged in carrying into effect the objects conI nected with this branch of your commission.
I have, &c. &c. &c.
GEORGE C. SIBLEY & :
March 16, 1825. GENTLEMEN: The tivo-fold duties which are assigned to you, of treating with Indian tribes, and marking a road from the boundary line of the United States to the frontier of Mexico, will require to be kept distinct in your disbursements in carrying each into effect, with the view of confining to the two branches of this Department the correspondence and the accounts relating to each: to that of the Engineer Department, those which relate to a survey and marking the road, and the disbursements made in the execution of this branch of your trust; and to the Office of Indian Affairs, those which relate to treaties with the Indian tribes, and the disbursement of the appropriation made by Congress for this object. The sum of $10,000 is appro. priated to defray the expenses of surveying and marking the road. Your disbursements under this head of appropriation will embrace your own pay as Commissioners, which is fixed, for this branch of your service, at $5 each per day, whilst actually engaged in surveying and marking the road, and for the pay of a surveyor, chain-carriers, markers, and hunters, and all other necessary expenses. The appropriation is in no event to be exceeded.
*Col. Menard declined accepting, and Thomas Mather was appointed in his place.
The object of the act of Congress is specific: no instructions, in deta: are necessary, therefore, to be given, except in making your report in ful in your field notes and plat of the road, in which you will be ful and explicit in remarking upon the district of country through whieh y may pass, the rivers and creeks which may cross it, &c. &c. The form di making up and vouching your accounts will be the same as is directed to bobserved in my letter of this date, relating to the treaties which you may eter into with the tribes through whose country the road må pass. Yor: compensation as Commissioners will be, as you are informed, Beach, and $5 per day for your Secretary, whilst actually engaged in treatin vith the Indians, and $5 a day for each Commissioner, whilst actually digged in surveying and marking the road.
It is in the meaning of these instructions to allow you $s a dare, whilst engaged in the twofold duties assigned to you, and $5 a day loris cretary whilst engaged in treating with the Indians.
There is no compensation for a Secretary provided for in the estimate on which the appropriation is made for surveying and marking the road.
I have, &c.
GEORGE C. SIBLEY, and
Commissioners, &c. NOTE.-P. Menard having resigned, and Thomas Mather, Esq. ko been appointed by the President in his stead, he will be governed, its ingly, by the foregoing instructions.
THO. L. MCKENNEY
Report of the Commissioners on the road from Missouri to lar Mere
ico. October, 1827.
To the Hon. JAMES BARBOUR,
Secretary of War, Washington City. Sir: The undersigned, Commissioners appointed by the President to a ry into effect the act of Congress, passed on the 3d day of March, 1825, "to authorize the President of the United States to cause a road to be mark. ed out from the Western frontier of Missouri to the confines of New Mexco,” have, after some unavoidable delays, fully completed the duties assig ed them, and now do themselves the honor to lay before you, for the inte mation of the Government, the following report.
Anxious to execute the intentions of Congress promptly, the Conc sioners did not lose a moment, after the receipt of your communication ed the 16th of March, 1825, (announcing their appointment, and corey. ing to them instructions,) in making suitable preparations for the work be fore them, aware that the season would be far advanced before they could collect their men and the necessary equipment on the frontier, and that their would probably be obliged to encounter the extreme heat of Summer, and the still greater inconveniencies of the prairie flies. These apprehensions
were fully realized; for it was not till the 17th of July that the enterprise could set forward from Fort Osage, the point fixed on for the commencement of the proposed road; and the journey, for the first 160 miles, was attended throughout with difficulty and embarrassment, arising chiefly from the annoyance of the green flies of the prairies, which obliged the party to travel much in the night, frequently leaving the direct route in order to find shelter from the flies, during the day, in the small groves that are seen here and there, scattered like little green islands over the plains. This irregular way of travelling not only harassed the horses and mules excessively, but rendered a satisfactory view and survey of the country impracticable at the time, and a subsequent examination necessary. E The only intervening tribes of Indians whose consent it was deemed in
cumbent upon the Commissioners to obtain by treaty to the marking out and free use of the road, were the Great and Little Osages and the Kansas; and, as it was known to be most agreeable to the wishes of the chiefs and head men of those tribes (who were consulted by Mr. Sibley on the subject at St. Louis, in June) to meet the Commissioners at some convenient places on their route from Fort Osage to the Arkansas river, it was believed to be unnecessary to postpone the survey and examination of the route through the territory claimed by those tribes, these being at most preliminary operations, necessary to the ultimate location and marking out of the road.
On the 10th and 16th days of August, the Commissioners met successively, by appointment, full deputations of the chiefs and head men of the Osages and Kansas; and, after carefully explaining the object and wishes of the Government, so as to be perfectly well understood by them, concluded and signed the treaties that have been already reported to, and duly ratified by, the competent authorities.
Having thus completed their negotiations with the intervening tribes of Indians” within the limits of the United States, the Commissioners proceeded with their survey and examination, without any further interruption, to the boundary line between the United States and Mexico, at the point (as nearly as they had the means to ascertain it) where the 100th degree of ongitude West from London intersects the Arkansas river; which point is in North latitude 37° 47' 37"; is distant from Fort Osage by the survey as 20w corrected three hundred and eighty-six and forty-three eightieth and 2 half miles; and which they reached on the 11th day of September.
When the Commissioners set out from Fort Osage, they entertained the expectation of being able to carry their surveys and examinations quite through to the frontier settlements of New Mexico, before the Winter set in, so as to enable them to locate and mark out the road as they returned home early the next ensuing Summer, and to this end were all their preparatory arrangements made, and all their exertions pointed. . And they were fully justified in indulging this expectation, by the assurance of your letter, that measures have been taken to obtain the co-operation or consent of the Mexican Government, which it was hoped would be effected in time to prevent any delay at the boundary line, and by the well founded belief that the Government of Mexico would promptly accede to a measure which was obviously quite as much, if not more to her advantage, than to that of the United States.
Great was the disappointment of the Coinmissioners, therefore, when, on their arrival at the line, they were obliged to suspend their operations for want of the expected authority to proceed through the Mexican Territory.
Nare prorsus lect, brate
They waited until the 20th of September, in the daily hope that they map
This arrangement was considered, at the time it was adopted, the best one that could be made; and subsequent events have pro was the only one that could have been carried into efect, by Commissioners could possibly have completed the road, even as have done it. It has also been the means of reducing the expens that was necessarily attendant on the unlooked for delay ol la Government.
To Mr. Commissioner Sibley was assigned the duty oi pret ta Fé, it being understood that he was to remain in New Mes than 'till the 1st of July, unless he should have substantial na a longer stay.
On the 22d September, the two parties took leave of each ota ceeded on their respective journeys. The returning party com early in November. The other arrived safely at San Fernando, ley of Tau, on the 31st day of October.
Very soon after his arrival, Mr. Sibley inquired of the G Territory, (resident at Santa Fe,) if the Government of Mexie any order in relation to the road; and was answered, that not communicated to him. Mr. Sibley immediately addressed a Poinsett, informing him of the progress already made by the ers, stating the serious inconvenience, and expense of delay, an to obtain the necessary order, if possible, in time to enable the ers to complete the road early the next Summer. This note was a Mexico in a few days, under the Governor's envelope, by the n rier, was duly received by Mr. Poinsett, who answered by retu rier that he had not been able to effect any arrangement wil ment at Mexico for the continuance of the road through the that Government, but entertained hopes that he should so Mr. Sibley also addressed Gov. Narhona on the subject, verbandes
ote, who professed himself to be most favorably inchineau
ud, cren ass 3
ne expense comme
Voi proceding to
New Mexico ao longo stantial reasons to justi
of each other, and is
Fernando, in the red
of the Governor?
What none ha si
le was despesett
by return a ze ment with the Gora Arough the territory
ould soon obtain a lect, verbally, and Inclined towards to