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Making the total amount of revenue, from 1789, to April 1, 1829, - -
26,001,792 Total amount of expenditures,
Total amount of balances in favor of the Department,
Of this amount of balances in favor of the Department, there
have been paid into the Treasury, at sundry times, The total amount of losses during the above period of 40 years,
from bad debts, counterfeit money, notes of broken banks,
and in the transmission of moneys, estimated at Leaving at the disposal of the Department, due from Postmasters
and others, including deposites in different banks, on the 1st of April, 1829, the sum of
Interrogatory 2. “ How much, and under whose administration, have moneys been paid into the Treasury?
There have been paid into the 'I reasury the following sums, viz:-Under the administration of Timothy Pickering,
$47,499 Joseph Habbersham,
363,310 Gideon Granger,
291,579 Return J. Meigs,
387,209 John McLean,
Interrogatory 3. “Have there been, at any tiine, drawn by the Department, any moneys deposited in the Treasury; if so, by whom?"
There have not, at any time, been drawn by the Department, any moneys from the Treasury, which it has deposited there. All the expenses of transportation, and others incident to the Department, have been defrayed by its own resources, without any appropriation, at any time, to meet them, from the Treasury
Interrogatary 4. • Is the condition of the Department such, at this time, that it could meet, and put into operation, the many new routes proposed, without inconvenience and embarrassment?”
The expenses of the Department for the first half of the last year, were $50,000 more than the whole amount of the revenue; and as the responsibilities of the Department were incurred by contracts entered into before the close of 1828, it was not in the power of the Department, in that good faith which it ought to observe, to prevent a continuation of the depression; so that the expenses of the Department for the year 1829, were not less than $100,000 greater than its current revenue for the same period. Under these circumstances, it must be obvious, that the greatest possible frugality is necessary in the management of the concerns of the Department, and without any considerable improvement in mail facilities, for, it is believed, at least three years to come, to make the Department sustain itself in its present operations,, without any increase of the number of mail routes. The new routes proposed, amount to upwards of 200 in number, varying greatly in their length, and in the expense which they would occasion. It is difficult to estimate the expense with accuracy; but, from a comparison of them with others of similar magnitude, which have been formerly established, it is believed the amount would not greatly vary from $86,000 a year. During the first year of their operatioa, they would add very little to the revenue; probably not much beyond the expenses incident to the establishing of the Post Offices which they would require, and the procuring of th: necessary mail bags, locks, keys, &c. which would be necessary for their operation. Many of the proposed routes are highly important, and most of them would be found convenient to the districts of country immediately interested in them; but if the law shall pass for their establishment, the only means by which the Department can avoid the highest degree of embarrassment, will be to curtail the facilities which are now given upon existing routes, by diminishing the frequency of trips, and by substituting horse for stage transportation. It is not, however, apprehended, that the existing state of the Department, and a continuation of the accommodations already in operation, though its expenses, for the present, greatly exceed its current income, will require any assistance beyond what will arise from its progressive increase of revenue; but, as before stated, with adequate vigilance, the resources of the Department are believed to be equal to its present exigences.
Interrogatory 5. " Are there not numerous applications to the Department for additional accommodations, which it would be proper to grant? if so, to what extent, and what amount, in addition to the receipts of the Department, would, in your opinion, be necessary to effect those objects?”
There are numerous additional accommodations loudly called for, which, under other circumstances, it would be highly proper to grant. Among the most important are the following:
A more frequent and speedy communication between the seat of government of Vermont, and those of the other New England States.
A daily stage communication between the seat of Government in Pennsylvania and the seat of the General Government.
More direct and frequent communications between the Western parts of Pennsylvania and the Western parts of Virginia.
A daily communication, by stages, between Lake Erie, through the State of Ohio, and Wheeling, on the Ohio river, in Virginia; and also, an increased facility of intercourse between Chillicothe and the mouth of the Sciota river, in the State of Ohio.
A speedy and frequent communication, by stage, of the seat of Government of Indiana, with Columbus and Cincinnati, in Ohio, Frankfort, in Kentucky, and Vandalia, the seat of Government of Illinois, extending thence to St. Louis, in Missouri.
A regular and frequent stage communication from Lexington, in Kentucky, and from Knoxville, in Tennessee, uniting at Newport, in Tennessee, and continuing to Ashville, in North Carolina; thence branching to the seats of Government of the States of North Carolina and South Carolina, thus connecting the Southern and Western States by an easy and certain intercourse.
A stage communication between places of business in the Eastern parts of North Carolina, especially between Newbern and Wilmington, and thence to Georgetown, in South Carolina.
A communication, by stage, through the gold region, between Salem,
Statesville, Morganton, and Rutherfordton, in North Carolina, and Greenville, in South Carolina.
More frequent and expeditious communications, by stage, between Charleston, in South Carolina, and the Northwestern parts of that State.
A communication, by stages, between Athens, in Tennessee, and Athens, in Georgia, to render the connexion more complete between Georgia and the Western States.
An extension of the regular stage communication between the seats of Government of Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, through Huntsville, to the seat of Government of Alabama, and through Florence, to the seat of Goverment of Mississippi, and to Natchez, on the Mississippi river.
A communication by stages from the seat of Government in Alabama, to Montgomery, and by way of Cahawba, to Mobile.
The establishment of a steam boat mail between Memphis, in Tennessee, and New Orleans, in Louisiana, to supply all the intermediate post offices on both sides of the Mississippi.
A communication, by stages, between Mobile, in Alabama, and Pensacola, in Florida, and between Pensacola and Tallahassee.
A more frequent and direct.communication between the seat of Government in Georgia, and Tallahassee, the seat of government in Florida.
A more frequent and direct communication, by stages, between Sarannah and Macon, in Georgia.
If all these improvements were made, together with some of minor consideration as to expense, which are, nevertheless, quite important, the expense would amount, by estimate, to about $ 85,000.
The advantages to the public would unquestionably be very great. Individual accommodation would be promoted. Business would be facilitated. Intelligence would be more extensively diffused. The bonds of affection between distant parts would be strengthened by the more speedy and frequent intercourse.
But whether these benefits would be sufficient to countervail the expense, the Legislative authority will determine.
I have the honor to be,
Your obedient servant,
W. T. BARRY. Hon. HENRY W. CONNER, of the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads,
House of Representatives.