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Extracts from the Nineteenth Report of the Directors of the British
African Institution, published in 1925. “Sierra Leone may be considered with reference both to its internal condition, and to its effects upon the neighbouring natives.
“Its Internal prosperity will, of course, depend on its healthiness; on the progress made in the settlement of the liberated negroes, and in inducing them to adopt the restraints and habits of civilization; on the state of schools and religion; and on the successful prosecution of agriculture and commerce.
“The mortality of 1823 at Sierra Leone, though of a most distressing nature, has been much exaggerated. The fever which prevailed did not attack a black or colored person; but out of a white population of 110, the deaths were 25. The accounts, during the last year, represent the colony as being very healthy. Serious injury, however, arises to its interests from the occasional prevalence of severe sickness; and in no respect more than by the temporary interruption to which the advancement of education and religious instruction has been exposed in consequence of the death of their principal instructors, among whoin the mortality was unusually great. The effect of these unexpected losses was, that, for a considerable period, both properly qualified schoolmasters and also chaplains had been wanting. But the Church Missionary Society, which has now taken off the hands of Government the burden of supplying to the colony the means of religious instruction, has been making great efforts to supply the requisite number of teachers; and their zeal, and that of their missionaries, has only been rendered more remarkable and praiseworthy by the difficulties with which they had to contend.
"The regular attendance on public worship consists of nearly the whole population of the colony, and the schools are attended by the whole of the young, and even by not a few of the adults; many of whom, nowever, think themselves too old to learn, or object, after the labor of the day, to spending an hour or two in school. The missionaries, who are engaged in the work of instruction occasionally, lament the slow progress by which the human character, when once degraded, can be raised up to take its proper place in society. Yet this rate is usually so very gradual, even under the most favorable circumstances, that it is important, with a view to prevent unreasonable expectations and consequent disappointment, that the fact should be thoroughly understood and acknowledged. The means, however, are in active operation, which alone are proper and competent for promoung the great work of civilization.
“Sierre Leone contains about 18,000 inhabitants; of whom, about 12,000 consist entirely of liberated Africans, who, for the most part, occupy the parishes in the mountains: and nothing can be more gratifying than to know that the almost impenetrablewoods, which were the haunts but lately of wild beasts, have been replaced by villages with comfortable habitations, and surrounded by tracts of ground under cultivation, and containing school-houses for both sexes. In one of these, it is reported that, out of 103 children, 64 can read the Scriptures; in others, that, out of 1,079 scholars, there are 710 persons who can read; and so on in different proportions. The churches erected among them are said to have crowded congregations; one in Regent Town usually assembling a congregation of from 1,200 to 2,000 souls.”
"The missionaries have already more than they can adequately perform in their proper department. They have the superintendence of those schools where the liberated slaves, coming from different countries, and speaking different languages, may, upon their release, make the first beginning towards becoming really members of the same community, by acquiring a knowledge of English as a common tongue. The Church Missionary Society has undertaken the further task of seeking to fix the African language, and prepare elementary books, (which has already been done for the Susoos and the Bulloms,) with the view of training native teachers, as the most efficient instruments for extending the Christian religion among the native tribes.
“In the Sherbro country, two private individuals, educated natives, have collected boys from various places on that part of the coast, and are giving them the rudiments of English education.”
6- The timber trade, in which the natives in the river Sierra Leone have engaged, (with an alacrity and perseverence which show that their industry only wants an object and adequate security in order to develope itself,) in 1823, furnished 15,000 loads for the British market, and, in the last
year, & considerably larger supply. The freight alone on the shipments of last year, would probably amount to £100,000. The invoice value of the
cargoes imported into the colony in 1823, was £121,442 188. lld.; the duty paid on them was £8,483, 3s. 11d. "The exports consisted of shipbuilding timber, camwood, palm oil, elephant's teeth, gold dust, gum copal, beeswax, rice, and Malaguetta pepper. The gum trade has been increasing on the Gambia; and the value of the different articles independent of gum, as hides, beeswax, gold, ivory, and timber, exported from the Gambia during the year, is stated at £125,000.”
List of vessels engaged in the Slave Trade, (or strongly suspected to be
so,) as published in the Nineteenth Report of the Direciors of The British
African Institution, in 1825. N. B. Those marked (8) have been seized and sent in for adjudication, some of which have
heen condemned. Those marked (v) have been visited, and found to tave slaves actual.
ly on board, or to be fitted up for their reception. Vame and description of vessel. Nation. Name and description of vessel. Nation. & Avise, brig Portuguese Bella Dolores, schr.
Spanish v Alerta, brig Spanish s Bum Caminho, brig
Portuguese Anfi riie, schr.
8 Bonn Fim, schr.
do Aitrevida, schr.
v Belizario, ship Aimable Claudine, schr. Netherlands v Bom Successo, smack
Brazil & Arola, schr.
Portuguese v Bella Astrea, schr. r Afra, smack Brazils v Boa Hora .
Rio Janeiro v Auguste, brig French v Belia Umiliana
v Boa Uniao
do 1 Avidor Bahia v Bom Jesus
do v Amizade dos Santos Rio Janeiro v Bella Americano
do v Amelia do : Biscayna, schr.
Spanish v Absymo
Barbarita, sclır. v Amazonia
Brazil v Andorinha, smack Brazil v Conquestador, brig
Spanish v Adolphe, sclır. French Chatica, schr.
do Aimable Henriette, brig
do Aimable Socorro, sch. Spanish Conchita, bark
do Agile, brig French 8 (rrola
Brazil 7 Adam stor
Rio Janeiro v Commerciante * Bella Eliza, schr.
o Conceican, schr.
-ench Spanisli French
co Sranish Frerich
do do do do
do Sp nish
Ind mable, schr.
v Josep ine, Portuguese Jo-eft, schr. do
La Henriette Aimee Dutch
& Les Delix Sælirs, cutter Brazil v Le Louis, brig Portuguese La Espano'a, schr.
do $ Les D:X Nantois, brig
v L beral“, schr.
La Louisa, schr. Spanish s La S.bine, ship do
v l'aimable Henriette, brig do
v La Theonie, schr.
La Rose, schr.
v Lucrecia do
v Ligeiro do
v La Pauline French
v L'Hyppolite, srhr. Spanish v La Caroline, scbr. do
L’Aislante, schr. Ilavana Louise, schr.
La Rose. brig
Liberal, schr. Havana Louisa, schr.
v La Daphne, schr. Portuguese Morgana, brig Spanish & Mine va, schr.
do v M ria de la Gloria, brig
& Magico, hrig
& Maria La Luz, schr. Spanish Minerva, ship
v Maria, schr. Brazils v Martiniquien, schr.
v Mercantil Spanish
v Marquez do Piimbal
do v Noan Despique
do v Nympha di Brazil
N ura Francisca, schr.
do v Osdens Amigos Rio Janeiro v Orphee, ship
do & Piccaninny Mena, schr. boat French Paulta, schr. Span sh v Paquete de Rin, schr.
do v Paquete de Bahia, brig
v Pastora de Lima
1. Principe Real
do Portuguese Spanish
do French Rio Janeiro
do Spanish French
do do do
do Portugiese Frenca
San Jose, brig
brig o Sokil, brig o Sabine
Sans Soucie, sloop → Santo Anto. Flor de Loanda u Santa Rosa . Santo Antonio v Seno: a GILA n San Jose Diligente u San Antonio Destimido v San Rafael, schr. .
$ Two Brazilian Friends,
do Portiguese Rio Ja eiro French
TWENTIETH CONGRESS-FIRST SESSION.
FEBRUARY 25, 1828.
Mr. McDUFFIE, from the Committee of Ways and Means, to which the
subject had been referred, reported the following bill:
A bill to abolish the Agency of the United States on the Coast of Africa, to
provide other means of carrying into effect the laws prohibiting the slave trade, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, after the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, the Agency of the United States on the coast of Africa, established under the authority of an act of Congress of the 3d of March, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, entitled " An act in addition to the acts prohibiting the slave tradc," shall be abolished. • Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States bc then authorized to convey to the Agents of the Colonization Society on the coast of Africa all the houses and other property belonging to the Agency of the United States on that coast: Provided, the said Society will agree to receive, on the terms hereinafter stated, the negroes who may be recaptured and sent to Africa, under the acts for the suppression of the slave trade.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States be authorized to pay to the Colonization Society, or their Agents on the coast of Africa, a sum not exceeding, fifty dollars for the support of each recaptured African negro delivered to the Agents of the said Society. Provided, the said Society, or their Agents, will agree to receive them on the terms specified in this and the preceding section.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the sum of thirty thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any unappropriated money in the Treasury, for carrying into effect the aforesaid provisions, and also for the purpose hereinafter stated.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Navy be authorized to pay, out of the sum herein appropriated, the claim of the administrator of the state of Taliaferro Livingston, late United States' Marshal for the District of Alabama, for the maintenance of sundry Africans, captured in one thousand eight hundred and eighteen: Provided, the said administrator shall produce satisfactory evidence of the reasonableness of the charges for the said maintenance; and that the sums received by the said Livingston for the hire of the said Africans, be accounted for, and deducted.
Note.-In the course of the proceedings on this bill, the 1st, 2d, and 3d sections were stricken out, leaving the 4th and 5th sections only, which were passed into a law, and received the approbation and signature of the President of the United States on the 24th of May, 1828.
THURSDAY, MARCH 4, 1828.
Mr. Mercer moved the following resolution; which was read, and laid on the table, viz:
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be directed to lay before this House such intelligence as his Department may supply, respecting the present condition and probable annual expense of the United States' Agency for recaptured Africans upon the coast of Africa; and to comprehend therein any information possessed by the said Department, illustrative of the present circumstances of the settlement of free colored people at Liberia, and of those liberated Africans who have been restored to that continent in pursuance of the act of Congress of 1819.
This resolution was adopted by the House on the day after its introduction; and the Secretary of ihe Navy, in obedience to its requirements, communicated to the House the following:
11th March, 1893.
Sir: In answer to the resolution of the House of Representatives of the 3th instant, directing the Secretary of the Navy to lay before the House “such intelligence as his Department may supply, respecting the present condition and
probable annual expense of the United States' Agency for recaptured Africans upon the coast of Africa ; and to comprehend therein any information possessed by said Department, illustrative of the present circumstances of the settlement of free colored people at Liberia, and of those liberated Africans who have been restored to that continent in pursuance of the act of Congress of 1819,” the Secretary of the Navy has the honor to