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STATEMENT of the number of Africans seized or taken within and without the limits of the United States, and
their present situation.
PRESENT SITUATION, &c.
NUMBER. | DATE OF SEIZURE.
Captured by the Re- | 184 in the hands of the Marshal of Georgia.
venue Cutter Dallas, 18 liberated by a decree of Court, and ready to be sent to Africa. in the General Rami. rez.
In the hands of the Governor of Georgia. A warrant issued from Court against these
Africans 21st February, 1821; the Marshal has been instructed not to proceed on this
warrant to take the Africans, because they are in the hands of the Governor. | Captured in May and in the hands of the Marshal of Alabama,
S.C. April 9, 1819. J. B. Winn, Esq. United States' Agent to Africa, in January, 1821,
La Pensee, by the
sloppof war Hornet, 1. November 12,1821. !
STATEMENT showing the names and rates of the several vessels ordered to cruise on the coast of Africa for the sur-
Date of depar. | Date of arrival | Date of depar.
Coast of Africa.
NUMBER of CAPTURBS.
Ship Cyane ... 24 | Edw. Trenchard | Jan. 1820 March, 1820 .
Four schooners, viz: Endymion,
Esperanza, Plattsburg, and
Science, sent into New York.
- Brig Alexander, sent into Bos.
Eliza; the J. E. sent into Bos
ton, the rest recaptured. Schooner Shark . 12 M. C. Perry Aug. 7, 1821 Sept. 1821 Nov. 1821 None.
op All the above vessels were ordered to pass through the West Indies, on their return to the United States, for the protection of commerce against the depredations of pirates, as well as the suppression of the Slave Trade.
SEVENTEENTH CONGRESS-SECOND SESSION.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1823.
Mr. Mercer submitted the following resolution which; was read, and laid on the table:
Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to enter u pon and prosecute from time to time, such negotiations with the several maritime Powers of Europe and America, as he may deem expedient for the effectual abolition of the African slave trade and its ultimate denunciation as piracy under the law of nations, by consent of the civilized world.
FEBRUARY 28, 1823.
The House proceeded to the consideration of the above resolution,
The said resolution being read, and debate arising thereon, Mr. Hooks moved that the said resolution be again laid on the table; And the question being taken,
5 Yeas, . . . . . . . It was determined in the negative, 3 Nové
. . 104. Mr. Wright then moved an amendment to the said resolution; and further debate having azisen thereon,
The previous question being called for, and being demanded by a majority of the members present,
The said previous question was put in the form prescribed by the rules and orders of the House, viz: Shall the main question be now put?
And passed in the affirmative.
And passed in the affirmative.
EIGHTEENTH CONGRESS_FIRST SESSION.
JANUARY 26, 1824.
Mr. Mercer laid the following resolution on the table:
Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to communicate to this House such part as he may not deem inexpedient to diyulge, of any correspondence or negotiation, which he may have instituted with any foreign Government since the 28th of February last, in compliance with a request contained in a resolution of the House of Representatives of that date, relative to the denunciation of the African slave trade as piracy.
JANUARY 27, 1824.
The above resolution was adopted by the House, and, in compliance with it, the President, on the 19th March, 1824, transmitted to the House the following message, with the accompanying documents: To the House of Representatives:
I transmit, herewith, to the House of Representatives, a report from the Secretary of State, with the papers therein referred to, in compliance with a resolution of that House, of the 27th January last,
JAMES MONROE. WASHINGTON, 19th March, 1824.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
WASHINGTON, 18th March, 1824. The Secretary of State, to whom has been referred a resolution of the House of Representatives of the 27th of January last, requesting the President to communicate to that House such part as he may not deem inexpedient to divulge, of any correspondence or negotiation, which he may have instituted with any foreign Government since the 28th of February, 1823, in compliance with a request contained in a resolution of the same House of that date, relative to the denunciation of the African slave trade as piracy, has the honor to submit to the President copies of the correspondence requested.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.
List of papers sent. 1. Mr. Canning to Mr. Adams,
29 January, 1823 2. Mr. Adams to Mr. Canning,
31 March, do 3. Mr. Canning to Mr. Adams,
8 April, Mr. Adams to Mr. Canning,
24 June, Mr. Adams to Mr. Nelson, (Extract,)
28 April, Same to Mr. Rodney, do
17 May, 7. Same to Mr. nderson, do
28 July, Same to Mr. Everett, do
8 August, 11. Same to Gen. Dearborn, (Extract,)
14 do 12. Mr. Rush to Mr. Adams, (Extracts,)
9 October, do 13. Mr. Sheldon to same,
16 do 14. Same to same, with two enclosures; correspond
ence with Viscount Chateaubriand,'(Ex-
- 5 November do 15. Mr. Everett to Mr. Adams, with two enclosures;
correspondence with Baron Nagell, (Ex-
20 November do
Mr. Canning to Mr. Adams.
WASHINGTON, January 29, 1823. Sir: To the complete abolition of the African slave trade, Great Britain, as you are well aware, has long devoted her anxious and unremitting exertions: she availed herself, during war, of her belligerent rights and ex. tended dominion in the colonies, to put down the inhuman traffic; in peace, she has spared no labor, and shrunk from no sacrifice, to supply, by a general co-operation of the maritime Powers, whatever has been withdrawn fom her peculiar control by the cessation of hostilities, and the colonial arrangements consequent on that event. It is matter of deep regret to his majesty's government, that the result of their exertions is far from corresponding either to the cause which demands or to the zeal which sustains them. The pest, which they have pledged themselves to destroy, if it be in human power io destroy it, not only survives, to the disgrace and affliction of the age, but seems to acquire a fresh capacity for existence with every endeavor for its destruction.
To whatever fatality it may be owing, that, while the obligation of adopting and enforcing measures for the extermination of the slave trade, is solemnly acknowledged by the civilized world, this great object seems rather to elude the grasp than to approach its consummation. Great Britain perceives, in the post ponement of her hopes, however mortifying for the moment, no reason either to relax from her efforts, or to abandon the expectation of final success. Impelled by the noblest motives to persevere in the cause of abolition, and mindful by what slow laborious steps the present point has been attained, she looks forward, through surrounding obstacles, to that triumphant accomplishment of her purpose, the benefit and glory of which will only be rendered more signal by the difficulties attendant on its progress.
In calling on Europe and America to join with them in the discharge of this sacred duty, his Majesty and his Ministers have appealed, Sir, with the more confidence, to your Government, as the United States have long proclaimed their decided hostility to the slave trade, and are surpassed by no country in the vigor of their legislative enactments for its repression. The identity of principle existing on this subject between the two Governments is distinctly recorded in the treaty of peace; and, in answer to every propo. sal which has since, by his Majesty's command, been addressed to your cabinet, for redeeming that pledge, by a broad and effectual application of the principle, a fresh assurance has been given of the unceasing interest with which the United States continue to promote the cause of abolition. When, to this accord in principle and sentiment, is added the conviction, avowed by both parties, that, in spite of laws and treaties, the accursed traffic still thrives, under the eyes of an indignant world, it would seem impossible that the two Powers should be long prevented from concerting a joint system of measures against the common object of their abhorrence and just proscrip'tion. Whatever circumstances, views, or impressions, may have hitherto defeated this expectation, his Majesty's Ministers are still unwilling to despair of finding the United States at length prepared either to close with the system of concert already offered to their acceptance, or to suggest a plan of equal efficiency in its place. The alternative embraces a duty, for the performance of which both countries are responsible before God and man.