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protect them. If the vigor of the American navy has saved its banner from like reproach, it has done much to preserve unsullied its high reputation, and amply repaid the expense charged upon the public revenue by a system of laws to which it has given such honorable effect.
But the conclusion to which your committee has arrived, after consulting all the evidence within their reach, is, that the African slave trade now prevails to a great extent, and that its total suppression can never be effected by the separate and disunited efforts of one or more States; and as the resolution to which this report refers requires the suggestion of some remedy for the defects, if any exist, in the system of laws for the suppression of this traffic, your committee beg leave to call the attention of the House to the report and accompanying documents, submitted to the last Congress by the Committee on the Slave Trade, and to make the same a part of this report. That report proposes, as a remedy for the existing evils of the system, the concurrence of the United States with one or all the maritime Powers of Europe, in a modified and reciprocal right of search on the African coast, with a view to the total suppression of the slave trade.
It is with great delicacy that the committee have approached this subject, because they are aware that the remedy which they have presumed to recommend to the consideration of the House requires the exercise of the power of another department of this Government, and that objections to the exercise of this power, in the mode here proposed, have hitherto existed in that department
Your committee are confident, however, that these objections apply rather to a particular proposition for the exchange of the right of search, than to that modification of it which presents itself to your committee. They contemplate the trial and condemnation of such American citizens as may be found engaged in this forbidden trade, not by mixed tribunals sitting in a foreign country, but by existing courts, of competent jurisdiction, in the United States; they propose the same disposition of the captured Africans now authorized by law; and least of all, their detention in America.
They contemplate an exchange of this right, which shall be in all respects reciprocal; an exchange, which, deriving its sole authority from treaty, would exclude the pretension, which no nation, however, has presumed to set up, that this right can be derived from the law of nations; and further, they have limited it in their conception of its application, not only to certain latitudes, and to a certain distance from the coast of Africa, but to a small number of vessels to be employed by each Power, and to be previously designated. The visit and search thus restricted, it is believed, would ensure the co-operation of one great maritime Power in the proposed exchange, and guard it from the danger of abuse.
• Your committee cannot doubt that the people of America have the intelligence to distinguish between the right of searching a neutral on the high seas, in time of war, claimed by some belligerents, and that mutual, restricted, and peaceful concession by treaty, suggested by your committee, and which is demanded in the name of suffering humanity.
In closing the report, they recommend to the House the adoption of the following resolution, viz:
Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to enter into such arrangements as he may deem suitable and proper with one or more of the maritime Powers of Europe, for the effectual'abolition of the slave trade.
STATEMENT of the number of Africans seized or taken within and without the limits of the United States, and
their present situation.
Captured by the Re- | 184 in the hands of the Marshal of Georgia.
venue Cutter Dallas, 18 liberated by a decree of Court, and ready to be sent to Africa. in the General Rami
In the hands of the Governor of Georgia. A warrant issued from Court against these
Africans 21st February, 1821; the Marshal has been instructed not to proceed on this
warrant 10 take the Africans, because they are in the hands of the Governor. Captured in May and in the hands of the Marshal of Alabama.
S.C. April 9, 1819. J. B. Winn, Esq. United States' Agent to Africa, in January, 1821.
La Pensee, by the
STATEMENT showing the names and rates of the several vessels ordered to cruise on the coast of Africa for the sup
pression of the Slave Trade; the names of their several Commanders; the time of their respective departures from the United States; arrivals on the coast of Africa, and departures therefrom; and the number of their captures.
Date of departure from the United States.
Date of arrival on the Coast of Africa.
Date of depar. ture from the Coast of Africa.
NUNDER of CAPTURBS.
Four schooners, viz: Endymion,
Esperanza, Plattsburg, and
Science, sent into New York,
George C. Reed
Ship John Adams Schooner Alligator
A. S. Wadsworth July 18, 1820
Oct. 4, 1821 Nov. 1821
July, 1821 Dec. 17,1821
Four schooners, viz: Jeune Eu
gene, Mathilde, Daphne, and Eliza; the J. E. sent into Bos
ton, the rest recaptured. None.
All the above vessels were ordered to pass through the West Indies, on their return to the United States, for the protection of commerce against the depredations of pirates, as well as the suppression of the Slave Trade.
SEVENTEENTH CONGRESS-SECOND SESSION.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1823.
Mr. Mercer submitted the following resolution which; was read, and laid on the table:
Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to enter u pon and prosecute from time to time, such negotiations with the several maritime Powers of Europe and America, as he may deem expedient for the effectual abolition of the African slave trade and its ultimate denunciation as piracy under the law of nations, by consent of the civilized world.
FEBRUARY 28, 1823.
It was determined in the negative, Nasse
The House proceeded to the consideration of the above resolution.
The said resolution being read, and debate arising thereon, Mr. Hooks moved that the said resolution be again laid on the table; And the question being taken,
104, Mr. Wright then moved an amendment to the said resolution; and further debate having arisen thereon,
The previous question being called for, and being demanded by a majority of the members present,
The said previous question was put in the form prescribed by the rules and orders of the House, viz: Shall the main question be now put?
And passed in the affirmative.
The said main question was then put, to wit: Shall the said resolution pass? And passed in the affirmative, s Yeas,
EIGHTEENTH CONGRESS_FIRST SESSION.
JANUARY 26, 1824.
Mr. Mercer laid the following resolution on the table:
Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to communicate to this House such part as he may not deem inexpedient to divulge, of any correspondence or negotiation, which he may have instituted with any foreign Government since the 28th of February last, in compliance with a request contained in a resolution of the House of Representatives of that date, relative to the denunciation of the African slave trade as piracy.
it, the President,
JANUARY 27, 1824. The above resolution was adopted by the House, and, in compliance with
on the 19th March, 1824, transmitted to the House the following message, with the accompanying documents: To the House of Representatives:
I transmit, herewith, to the House of Representatives, a report from the Secretary of State, with the papers therein referred to, in compliance with a resolution of that House, of the 27th January last,
JAMES MONROE. WASHINGTON, 19th March, 1824.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
WASHINGTON, 18th March, 1824. The Secretary of State, to whom has been referred a resolution of the House of Representatives of the 27th of January last, requesting the President to communicate to that House such part as he may not deem inexpedient to divulge, of any correspondence or negotiation, which he may have instituted with any foreign Government since the 28th of February, 1823, in compliance with a request contained in a resolution of the same House of that date, relative to the denunciation of the African slave trade as piracy, has the honor to submit to the President copies of the correspondence requested.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.
List of papers sent. 1. Mr. Canning to Mr. Adams,
29 January, 1823 2. Mr. Adams to Mr. Canning,
31 March, do 3. Mr. Canning to Mr. Adams,
do 4. Mr. Adams to Mr. Canning,
24 June, do 5. Mr. Adams to Mr. Nelson, (Extract,)
do 6. Same to Mr. Rodney,
do 7. Same to Mr. nderson, do
do 8. Same to Mr. Rush, with one enclosure; Convention Slave trade, (Extract,)
do 9. Same to Mr. Middleton, (Copy)
28 July, 10. Same to Mr. Everett, do
8 August, do Same to Gen. Dearborn, (Extract,)
14 do do 12. Mr. Rush to Mr. Adams, (Extracts,)
9 October, do 13. Mr. Sheldon to same,
16 do do 14. Same to same, with two enclosures; correspond
ence with Viscount Chateaubriand, (Ex-
5 November do 15. Mr. Everett to' Mr. Adams, with two enclosures;
correspondence with Baron Nagell, (Ex-
20 November do