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SNUFFERS.

purchased, with sume miscellaneous articles,

by a person who has no clue .o their former Perhaps there is no implement of domes- possessors, but who rightly imagined that tic use that we are less acquainted with, in an archæological view they would be its old form, than snuffers. I have now acceptable to the Table Book. before me a pair, which for their antiquity and elegant workmanship seem worth altention : the engraving on the other side represents their exact size and construction. After some research, I can only meet

Garrick Plays. with particulars of one other pair, which were found in digging the foundation of a

No. XVIII granary, at the foot of a hill adjoining to Cotton Mansion-house, (formerly the seat

[From “ David and Bethsabe:" further of the respectable family of the Mohuns,)

Extracts.) in the parish of St. Peter, Portisham, about two miles north-east from Abbotsbury in

Absalon, rebelling. Dorsetshire. They were of brass, and

Now for the crown and throne of Israel, weighed six ounces. “ The great differ To be confirm'd with virtue of my sword, ence,” says Mr. Hutchins, “ between these

And writ with David's blood upon the blade. and modern utensils of the same name and

Now, Jove, let forth the golden firmament, use is, that these are in shape like a heart And look on him with all thy fiery eyes, Auted, and consequently terminate in a Which thou hast made to give their glories light. point. They consist of two equal lateral To niew thou lovest the virtue of thy hand, cavities, by the edges of which the snuff is Let fall a wreath of stars upon my head, cut off and received into the cavities, from Whose influence may govern Israel which it is not got out without particular With state exceeding all her other Kings. application and trouble. There are two Fight, Lords and Captains, that yoor Sovereign circumstances attending this little utensil, May shine in honour brighter than the sun which seem to bespeak it of considerable And with the virtue of

my age: the roughness of the workmanship, Make this fair Land as fruitful as the fields, which is in ail respects as rude and coarse That with swee: milk and honey overflowed. as can be well imagined, and the awkward God in the whissing of a pleasant wind ness of the form." There is an engraving

Shall march upon the tops of mulberry trees, of the Dorsetshire snuffers in the history of

To cool all breasts that burn with any griefs ; that county:

As whilom he was good to Moyses' men, The snuffers pow submitted to notice are

By day the Lord shall sit within a cloud. superior in design and workmanship to

To guide your footsteps to the fields of joy : those found in Dorsetshire. The latter

And in the night a pillar bright as fire seem of earlier date, and they divide in the

Shall go before you like a second sun,

Wherein the Essence of his Godhead is ; middle of the upper as well as the lower

That day and night you may be brought to peace, part, but in one respect both pairs are

And never swerve from that delightsome path alike: they are each“ in shape like a That leads your souls to perfect happiness : heart," and they each terminate in a point This ho shall do for joy when I am King. formed exactly in the manner shown by the Then fight, brave Captains, that these joys may fly present engraving. The print likewise shows Into your

bosons with sweet victory. that the box of the snuffers bears a boldly chased winged head uf Mercury, who had more employments and occupations than

Absalon, triumphant. any other of the ancient deities. Whether as the director of theft, as the conductor of Proclaim'd thro' Hebron King of Israel;

Absalon. First Absalon was by the trumpet's sound the departed to their final destination, as an And now is set in fair Jerusalem interpreter to enlighten, or as an office

With complete state and glory of a crown. bearer constantly in requisition, the portrait Fifty fair footmen by my chariot run ; of Mercury is a symbol appropriate to the And to the air, whose rupture rings my fame, implement before us. The engraving shows Wheree'er I ride, they offer reverence. the exact size of the instrument, and the pre- Why should not Absalon, that in his face sent appearance of the chasing, which is in

Carries the final purpose of his God, bold relief, and was, originally, very elegant. (That is, to work him grace in Israel),

These snuffers are plain on the underside, and made without legs. They were

• Jove, for Jehovat,

Endeavour to achieve with all his strength

Alvida. And wilt thou then not pity my estale ! The state that most may satisfy his joy

Cilicia. Ask Inve of them who pity may impart. Keeping his statutes and his covenants sure ?

Alvida. I ask of thee, sweet; thou hast stole my His thunder is intangled in my hair,

heart. And with my beauty is his lightning quench'd.

Cilicia. Your love is fixed on a greater King. I am the man lie made to glory in,

Alvida Tut, women's love it is a fickle thing. When by the errors of my father's sin

I love my Rasni for my dignity: He lost the path, that led into the Land

I love Cilician King for his sweet eye.
Wherewith oui chosen ancestors were blest.

I love my Rasni, since he rules the worid :
But more I love this Kingly little world.

How sweet he looks !-0 were I Cynthia's sphere, [From a “ Looking Glass for England and

And thou Endymion, I should hold thee dear:

Thus should mine arms be spread about thy neck, London," a Tragi-comedy, by Thomas

Thus would I kiss roy Love at every beck. Lodge and Robert Green, 1598.]

Thus would I sigh to see thee sweetly sleep; Alvida, Paramour to Rasni, the Great

And if thou wak'st not soon, thus would I weep : King of Assyria, courts a petty King of And thus, and thus, and thus : thus much I love thee. Cilicia.

[From «

“Tethys' Festival," by Samuel Aloida. Ladies, go sit you down amidst this bower, And let the Eunuchs play you all asleep:

Daniel, 1610.]
Put garlands made of roses on your heads,

Song at a Court Masque
And play the wantons, whilst I talk awhile.
Ladies. Thon beautiful of all the world, we will.

Are they shadows that we see
(Ereunt.)

And can shadows pleasure give? Alvida. King of Cilicia, kind and courteous;

Pleasures only shadows be, Like to thyself, because a lovely King ;

Cast by bodies we conceive ; Come lay thee down upon thy Mistress' knee,

And are made the things we deem And I will sing and talk of Love to thee.

In those figures which they seem.-Cilicia. Niost gracions Paragon of excellence,

But these pleasures vanish fast, It fits not such an abject wretch as I

Which by shadlows are ex prest:To talk with Rasni's Paramour and Love.

Pleasures are not, if they last; Alvida. Tu talk, sweet friend! who would not talk

In their passing is their best. with thee?

Glory is most bright and gay Ok be not cry: art thou not only fair ?

In a flash, and so away. Come twine thine arms about this snow-whit

Feed apace then, greedy eyes, A love-nest for the Great Assyrian King.

On the wonder you behold; Blushing I tell thee, fair Cilician Prince.

Take it sudden as it dies, None but thyself can merit such a grace.

Tho' you take it not to hold : Cilica. Madam, I hope you mean not for tu mak me.

When your eyes have done their part, Airida. No, King, fair King, my meaning is to yoke

Thought must lengthen it in the heart. thee,

C. L.
Hear me but sing of Love: then by my sighs,
My tears, my glancing looks, nr.y changed cheer,
Thou shalt perceive how I do hold thee dear.

Cilicia. Sing, Madam, if you please; but love in jest.
Alvida. Nay, I will love, and sigh at every jest.

ANCIENT AND PRESENT STATE.
(She sings.)

Incidit in Scyllam, cupiens vitare Charybdis.
Beauty, alas ! where wast thou born,
Thus to hold thyself in scorn,

This Latin verse, which has become
When as Beauty kiss'd to wooe thee ?

proverbial, is thus translated :
Thou by Beauty dost undo n.e.
Heigho, despise me not.

He falls on Scylla, who Charybdis shuns.
I and thou in sooth are one,

The line has been ascribed to Ovid ; it is
Fairer thou, I fairer none :

not, however, in that or any other classic Wanton thou; and wilt thou, wanton,

poet, but has been derived from Philippe Yield a eruel heart to plant on?

Gualtier, a modern French writer of Latin Do me right, and do me reason ;

verses. Charybdis is a whirlpool in the Cruelty is cursed treason.

straits of Messina, on the coast of Sicily, Heigho, I love; Heigho, I love ;

opposite to Scylla, a dangerous rock on the Heigho, and yet he eyes me not.

coast of Italy. The danger to which mariCilicia. Madam your Song is passing passion, ate. ners were exposed by the whirlpool is thus

Seylla and Charybdis. .

He says,

described by flomer in Pope's transla- about with great rapidity, without obeying tion:

the helm in the smallest degree. When the

weather is calm, there is little danger; but Dire Scylla there a scene of horror forms,

when the waves meet with this violent curAnd here Charybdis fills the deep with storms; When the tide rushes from her rumbling caves,

rent, it makes a dreadful sea.

there were five ships wrecked in this spot The rough rock roars ; tumultuous boil the waves :

last winter. We observed that the current They toss, they foam, a wild confusion raise, Like waters bubbling o'er the fiery blaze :

set exactly for the rock of Scylla, and Eternal mists obscure the aërial plain,

would infallibly have carried any thing And high above the rock she spouts the main. thrown into it against that point; so that it When in her gulfs the rushing sea subsides,

was not without reason the ancients have She drains the ocean with the refuent tides, painted it as an object of such terror. It The rock rebellows with a thundering sound ; is about a mile from the entry of the Faro, Deep, wondrous deep, below appears the ground. and forms a small promontory, which runs

a little out to sea, and meets the whole Virgil imagines the origin of this terrific force of the waters, as they come out of the scene :

narrowest part of the Straits. The head of That realm of old, a ruin huge, was rent

this promontory is the famous Scylla. It In length of ages from the continent.

must be owned that it does not altogether With force convulsive burst the isle away;

come up to the formidable description that Through the dread opening broke the thund'ring sea :

Homer gives of it; the reading of which At once the thund'ring sea Sicilia tore,

(like that of Shakspeare's Cliff) almost And sunder'd from the fair Hesperian shore;

makes one's head giddy. Neither is the And still the neighbouring coasts and towns divides passage so wondrous narrow and difficult With scanty channels, and contracted tides. as he makes it. Indeed it is probable that Fierce to the right tremendous Scylla roars, the breadth of it is greatly increased since Charybdis on the left the flood devours.

his time, by the violent impetuosity of the Pitt.

current. And this violence too must have A great earthquake in the year 1783 breadth of the channel increased.

always diminished, in proportion as the diminished the perils of the pass.* Thirteen years before this event, which renders rocks that show their heads near the base of

Our pilot says, there are many small the scene less poetical, Brydone thus de

the large ones. These are probably the scribes

dogs that are described as howling round Scylla.

the monster Scylla. There are likewise May 19, 1770. Found ourselves within many caverns that add greatly to the noise half a mile of the coast of Sicily, which is horror of the scene. The rock is near two

of the water, and tend still to increase the low, but finely, variegated. The opposite hundred feet high. There is a kind of coast of Calabria is very high, and the castle or fort built on its summit; and the mountains are covered with the finest verdure. It was almost a dead calm, our ship

town of Scylla, or Sciglio, containing three scarce moving half a mile in an hour, so

or four hundred inhabitants, stands on its that we had time to get a complete view of south side, and gives the title of prince to a

Calabrese family. the famous rock of Scylla, on the Calabrian side, Cape Pylorus on the Sicilian, and the

CHARYBDIS. celebrated Straits of the Faro that runs between them. Whilst we were still some

The harbour of Messina is formed by a miles distant from the entry of the Straits, off from the east end of the city, and sepa

small promontory or neck of land that runs we heard the roaring of the current, like the noise of some large impetuous river the Straits. The shape of this promontory.

rates that beautiful basin from the rest of confined between narrow banks. This in, is that of a reaping-hook, the curvature of creased in proportion as we advanced, till which forms the harbour, and secures it we saw the water in many places raised to

from all winds. From the striking resema considerable height, and forming large blance of its form, the Greeks, who never eddies or whirlpools. The sea in every gave a name that did not either describe other place was as smooth as glass. Our ihe object or express some of its most reold pilot told us, that he had often seen ships caught in these eddies, and whitled markable properties, called this place Zancle,

or the Sickle, and feigned that the sickle of

Saturn fell on this spot, and gave it its form. • Bourn's Gazetteer.

But the Latins, who were not quite so fond

of fable, changed its name to Messina, (from There is a fine fountain of white inarble Messis, a harvest,) because of the great fer on the key, representing Neptune holding tility of its fields. It is certainly one of the Scylla and Charybdis chained, under the safest harbours in the world after ships emblematical figures of two sea-monsters, have got in; but it is likewise one of the as represented by the poets. most difficult access. The celebrated gulf The little neck of land, forming the haror whirlpool of Charybdis lies near to its bour of Messina, is strongly fortified. The entry, and often occasions such an intestine citadel, which is indeed a very fine work and irregular motion in the water, that the is built on that part which connects it with helm loses most of its power, and ships the main land. The farthermost point, have great difficulty to get in, even with which runs out to sea, is defended by four the fairest wind that can blow. This whirl- small forts, which command the entry into pool, I think, is probably formed by the the harbour. Betwixt these lie the lazaret, small promontory I have mentioned ; which and a lighthouse to warn sailors of their contracting the Straits in this spot, must approach to Charybdis, as that other on necessarily increase the velocity of the cur. Cape Pelorus is intended to give them norent; but no doubt other causes, of which tice of Scylla. we are ignorant, concur, for this will by no It is probably from these lighthouses (by means account for al

the appearances the Greeks called Pharoi) that the whole of which it has produced. The great noise this celebrated Strait has been denominated occasioned by the tumultuous motion of the the Faro of Messina. waters in this place, made the ancients liken it to a voracious sea-monster perpetually roaring for its prey; and it has been repre According to Brydone, the hazard to sented by their authors, as the most tremen

sailors was less in his time than the Nestor dous passage in the world. Aristotle gives of song, and the poet of the Æneid, had a long and a formidable description of it in depicted in theirs. «In 1824, Capt. W.11. his 125th chapter De Admirandis, which I Smyth, to whom a survey of the coast find translated in an old Sicilian book I of Sicily was intrusted by the lords of the have got here. It begins, “ Adeo profun- Admiralty, published a “ Menoir" in 1824, dum, horridumque spectaculum, &c." but

with the latest and most authentic accounts it is too long to transcribe. It is likewise of these celebrated classic spots-viz. : described by Homer, 12th of the Odyssey ;

SCYLLA. Virgil, 3d Aneid; Lucretius, Ovid, Sallust, Seneca, as also by many of the old Italian As the breadth across this celebrated and Sicilian poets, who all speak of it in strait has been so often disputed, I particuterms of horror; and represent it as an larly state, that the Faro Tower is exactly object that inspired terror, even when looked six thousand and forty-seven English yards on at a distance. It certainly is not now from that classical bugbear, the Rock of so formidable; and very probably, the vio- Scylla, which, by poetical fiction, has been lence of this motion, continued for so many depicted in such terrific colours, and to ages, has by degrees worn smooth the rug- describe the horrors of which, Phalerion, a ged rocks and "jutting shelves, that may painter, celebrated for his pervous reprehave intercepted and confined the waters. sentation of the awful and the tremendous, The breadth of the Straits too, in this place, exerted his whole talent. But the fights I make no doubt is considerably enlarged. of poetry can seldom bear to be shackled Indeed, from the nature of things it must by homely truth, and if we are to receive be so; the perpetual friction occasioned by the fine imagery, that places the summit the current must wear away the bank on of this rock in clouds brooding eternal each side, and enlarge the bed of the water. mists and tempests—that represents it as

The vessels in this passage were obliged inaccessible, even to a man provided with to go as near as possible to the coast of twenty hands and twenty feet, and immerses Calabria, in order to avoid the suction oc its base among ravenous sea-dogs ;-why casione:d by the whirling of the waters in not also receive the whole circle of mytho. this vortex; by which means when they logical dogmas of Homer, who, though so came to the narrowest and most rapid part frequently dragged forth as an authority in of the Straits, betwixt Cape Pelorus and history, theology, surgery, and geography, Scylla, they were in great danger of being ought in justice to be read only as a poet. carried upon that rock. From whence the In the writings of so exquisite a bard, we proverb, still applied to those, who in at must not expect to find all his representaiempting to avoid one evil fall into another. tions strictly' confined 10 a mere accurate

narration of facts. Moderns of intelligence,

For the Table Book. in visiting this spot, have gratified their

A FRAGMENT. imaginations, already heated by such de scriptions as the escape of the Argonauts, From Cornelius May's “ JOURNEY 14 and the disasters of Ulysses, with fancying it the scourge of seamen, and that in a gale

THE GREATE MARKETT AT OLYMPUS"its caverns 'roar like dogs;' but I, as a sailor, “ SEVEN STARRS OP WITTE." never perceived any difference between the

One daye when tired with worldly toil, effect of the surges here, and on any other

Upp to the Olympian mounte coast, yet I have frequently watched it I sped, as from soul-cankering care, closely in bad weather. It is now, as I Had ever been my wonte ; presume it ever was, a common rock, of

And there !he gods assembled alle bold approach, a little worn at its base, and I founde, O strange to tell I surmounted by a castle, with a sandy bay Chaffering, like chapmen, and around on each side. The one on the south side is The wares they had to sell. memorable for the disaster that happened Eache god had sample of his goodes, there during the dreadful earthquake of

Which he displaied on high ; 1783, when an overwhelming wave (sup

And cried, “ How lack ye?" "What's y're neede?" posed to have been occasioned by the fall of To every passer by. part of a promontory into the sea) rushed Quoth I, “ What have you here to sell ? up the beach, and, in its retreat, bore away

To purchase being inclined ;" with it upwards of two thousand people.

Said one, “ We've art and science here,

And every gifte of minde."

• What coin is current here?" I asked, CHARYBDIS.

Spoke Hermes in a trice,

Industrie, perseverence, toile, Outside the tongue of land, or Braccio And life the highest price." di St. Rainiere, that forms the harbour of I saw Apollo, and went on, Messina, lies the Galofaro, or celebrated Liking his wares of olde ; vortex of Charybdis, which has, with more "Come buy," said he, “ this lyre of mine. reason than Scylla, been clothed with ter I'll pledge it sterling golde ; rors by the writers of antiquity. To the This is the sample of its worthe, undecked boats of the Rhegians, Locrians,

'Tis cheape at life, come buy " Zancleans, and Greeks, it must hare been So saying, he drew olde Homer forth, formidable; for, even in the present day,

And placed bim 'neath my eye. small craft are sometimes endangered by it,

I turn'd aside, where in a row and I have seen several men-of-war, and

Smalle bales high piled up stood ; even a seventy four gun ship, whirled round

Tyed rounde with golden threades of life,

And eache inscribed with blood, on its surface; but, by using due caution, there is generally very little danger or in

· Travell to far and foreign landes ;" convenience to be apprehended. It

• The knowledge of the sea ;" appears

* Alle beastes, and birdes, and creeping thiages. to be an agitated water, of from seventy to

And heaven's immensity;" ninety fathoms in depth, circling in quick “ Unshaken faithe when alle men change." eddies. It is owing probably to the meet “ The patriot's holy heart;" ing of the harbour and lateral currents with

" The might of woman's love to stay
the main one, the latter being forced over When alle besides departe."
in this direction by the opposite point of I ne a. saw things soe strange of forme,
Pezzo. This agrees in some measure with Their names I mighte not knowe,
the relation of Thucydides, who calls it a Unlike aught either in heaven or earthe,
violent reciprocation of the Tyrrhene and Or in the deeps below;
Sicilian seas; and he is the only writer of Then Hermes to my thoughte replied,
remote antiquity I remember to have read, “ Strange as these thinges appeare,
who has assigned this danger its true situa Gigantic power, the mighte of arte
tion, and not exaggerated its effects. Many And science are laide here;
wonderful stories are told respecting this Yeare after yeare of toile and thoughte
vortex, particularly some said to have been Can buy these stores alone;
related by the celebrated diver, Colas, who Yet boughte, how noare the gods is man,
lost his life here. I have never found rea What knowledge is made known
son, however, during my examination of The power and nature of all thinges,
this spot, to believe one of them.

Fire, aire, and earthe, and flood,
Known and made subject to man's will

For evill or for good."

.

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