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abilities. He had taken a resolution, he amends for it when they come to land ;) says, never to part with that piece under and what with his fiering and smoking, or such a price, but she has the power of talk- smokie fiering, in that his narrow lobby, ing bim out of his goods beyond anybody his herrings, which were as white as whalehe ever sold to: he protests that he loses bone when he hung them up, nowe lookt by his silk, but seeing that she has a fancy as red as a lobster. It was four or five for it, and is resolved to give no more, dayes before either hee or his wife espied rather than disoblige a lady he has such it, and when they espied it, they fell an uncommon value for, he will let her have downe on their knees and blessed themit, and only begs that another time she will selves, and cride, 'A miracle, a miracle ! not stand so hard with him. In the mean and with the proclaiming it among their time the buyer, who knows that she is no neighbours they could not be content, but fool and has a voluble tongue, is easily to the court the fisherman would, and prepersuaded that she has a very winning way sent it to the King, then lying at Burrough of talking, and thinking it sufficient for the Castle two miles off.” sake of good breeding to disown her merit, The same facetious author, in enumeand in some witty repartee retort the com- rating the excellences of herrings, says, pliment, he makes her swallow very con “A red herring is wholesome in a fros ientedly the substance of every thing he morning : it is most precious fish-mertells her. The upshot is, that with the chandise, because it can be carried through satisfaction of having saved ninepence per all Europe. No where are they so well yard, she has bought her silk exactly at the cured as at Yarmouth. The poorer sort same price as anybody else might have make it three parts of their sustenance. It done, and often gives sixpence more than, is every man's money, from the king to the rather than not have sold it, he would have peasant. The round or cob, dried and taken.

beaten to powder, is a cure for the stone. Rub a quart-pot, or any measure, round

about the mouth with a red herring, the We have copied the above from Mande- beer shall never foam or froath in it. A ville's “ Fable of the Bees," Edition 1725. red herring drawn on the ground will lead How far, and in what way, the practice hounds a false scent. A broiled herring is between the same parties differs at this good for the rheumatism. The fishery is a day, we respectfully leave to our fair shop- great nursery for seamen, and brings more ping friends, of this present year 1827, to ships to Yarmouth than assembled at Troy determine.

to fetch back Helen.” L.

At the end of what Nash calls “The Play in Praise of Red Herrings,” he boasts of being the first author who bad written

in praise of fish or fishermen: of the latter CURING OF HERRINGS. he wittily and sarcastically says,

For

your seeing wonders in the deep, you may From the Works of Thomas Nash, 1599.

be the sons and heirs of the prophet Jonas; “ It is to bee read, or to bee heard of, you are all cavaliers and gentlemen, since howe in the punie shipe or nonage of Cer- the king of fishes chose you for his subdicke sandes, when the best houses and jects; for your selling smoke, you may be walles there were of mudde, or canvaze, or courtiers ; for your keeping fasting days, poldavies entiltments, a fisherman of Yar- friar-observants; and, lastly, look in what mouth, having drawne so many herrings town there is the sign of the three marihee wist not what to do with all, hung the pers, the huff-capped drink in that house residue, that hee could not sel nor spend, you shall be sure of always.". in the sooty roofe of his shad a drying; or Should any one desire to be informed to say thus, his shad was a cabinet in decimo what farther medicinal and culinary pursexto, builded on foure crutches, and he poses red herring may be applied with had no roome in it, but that garret in ex- advantage, Dodd's Natural History of the celsis, to loage them, where if they were drie Herring may be consulted. If what is let them be drie, for in the sea they had drunk there collected were true, there would be iso much, and now bee would force them doo little occasion for the faculty, and cookery penance for it. The weather was colde, would vo longer be a science. and good fires hee kept, (as fishermen,

Norwich.

G. B. what hardnesse soever they endure at sea, will make all smoke, but they will make

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Poetry.

LADY WALLIS AND M2. DIARRIS.

Mr. Harris, patentee of Covent-garden TO JOVE THE BENEFICENT.

theatre, having received a very civil mesFor the Table Book.

sage from lady Wallis, offering him her Oh thou, that holdest in thy spacious hands

comedy for nothing, Mr. H. observed, The destinies of men I wbose eye surveys

upon his perusal, that her ladyship knew Their various actions ! thou, whose temple stands

the exact value of it.*
Abore all temples I thou, whom all men praise !
Of good the author I thou, whose wisdom sways

SMOKY CHIMNIES.
The universe ! all bounteous I grant to me
Tranquillity, and health, and length of days;

A large bladder filled with air, suspendGood will t'wards all, and reverence unto thee ; ed about half way up the chimney by a Alicwance for man's failings, of my own

piece of string attached to a stick, and The knowledge; and the power to conquer all placed across a hoop, which may be easily Those evil things to which we are too pione fastened by nails, will, it is said, prevent Malice, hate, envy-all that ill we call.

the disagreeable effects of a smoky chimTo me a blameless life, Great Spirit! grant,

ney. Nor burden'd with much care, por narrow'd by much want

S. R. J.

OLD ENGLISH PROVERB.

An ounce of mother wit is worth a Caria.

pound of learning," seems well exemplified

in the following dialogue, translated from WILSON AND SHUTER.

the German :

Hans, the son of the clergyman, said to When Wilson the comedian made his

the farmer's son Frederick, as they were début, it was in the character formerly sup walking

together on a fine summer's evenported by Shuter; but upon his appear. ing, “ How large is the moon which we ance on the stage, the audience called out

dow see in the heavens ?for their former favourite, by crying, “ Off,

Frederick. As large as a baking-dish. off-Shuter, Shuter !" Whereon Wilson,

Hans. Ha! ha! ha! As large as a bike turning round, and with a face as stupid as art could make it , and suiting his action to ing-dish? No, Frederick, it is full as large

as a whole country. his words, replied, “ Shoot her, shoot her?"

Frederick. What do you tell me? as (pointing at the same time to the female large as a whole country? How do you performer on the stage with him,)" I'm sure

know it is so large? she does her part very well.” This well

Hans. My tutor told me so. timed sally of seeming stupidity turned the

While they were talking, Augustus, scale in his favour, and called down re

another boy, came by; and Hans ran peated applause, which continued during laughing up to him, and said, “Only hear, the whole of the performance.*

Augustus ! Frederick says the moon is no

bigger than a baking-dish.” KITTY WHITE'S PARENTHESIS. “No ?” replied Augustus, The moon

Kitty White, a pupil to old Rich, the must me at least as big as our barn. When comedian, was instructed by O'Brien, of my father has taken me with him into the Drury-lane, how to perform Sylvia, in city, I have observed, that the globe on the “ The Recruiting Officer.” The lady re top of the dome of the cathedral seems like citing a passage improperly, he told her it a very little ball; and yet it will contain was a parenthesis, and therefore required a three sacks of corn; and the moon must be different tone of voice, and greater volu a great deal higher than the dome." bility. “A parenthesis !” said Miss White, Now which of these three little philoso“ What's that?” Her mother, who was phers was the most intelligent ?-'I must present, blushing for her daughter's igno- give it in favour of the last ; though Hans rance, immediately exclaimed, “Oh, what was most in the right through the instrucan infernal limb of an actress will you tion of his master. But it is much more make! not to know the meaning of 'pren- honourable to come even at all near the tice, and that it is the plural number of truth, by one's own reasoning, than to give 'prentices !"

implicit faith to the hypothesis of another.

Monthly Mirror

• Monthly Mirror..

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OFFICE OF LORD HIGH ADMIRAL. they did, it was the only advantage secured

to France by the expedition of St. An engraving of the great seal of Charles

Lewis.* Lord Howard of Effingham, as high admiral Still, however, whether the French amira. of England, with another, his lordship’s comes from the Saracen admirante is doubt. autograph, are presented to the readers of

ful; and though the title occurs in French the Table Book from the originals, before

history, before we discover admiral in our the Editor, affixed to a commission in the

own, it is also doubtful whether we derive first year of that nobleman's high office, it from our neighbours. The Saxons had granting to sir Edward Hoby, knight, the

an officer, whom from his duties they called vice-admiralty of the hundred of Milton, in “ Aen-Merc-all, that is All upon the sea :"! the county of Kent.*

this title therefore of our ancient ancestors It will be remembered, that the lord

may reasonably be presumed to have been Howard of Effingham, afterwards created

the etymon of our admiral. earl of Nottingham, was the distinguished admiral of the English fleet, which, in conjunction with the winds of heaven,

William de Leybourne was the first dispersed and destroyed the formidable

Englishman that had the style of admiral. Spanish armada for the invasion of England in 1588, during the reign of queen

At the assembly at Bruges in 1297, (25 Elizabeth. These engraved representations

Edward I.) he was styled Admirallus Maris therefore are no mean illustrations to a

Regis, and soon after the office became short account of the office of lord high titles of admiralty of the north and of the

tripartite. We subsequently meet with the admiral, which, after having been in com

west, and in 1387 (10 Richard II.) we find mission upwards of a century, is revived in

Richard, son of Allan, earl of Arundel and the person of the heir apparent to the throne.

Surry, denominated Admirallus Anglia : this is the earliest mention of that style.

Charles, lord Howard of Effingham, the It is commonly said, that we have ob illustrious high admiral of Elizabeth,held the tained the term admiral from the French. office eighteen years under his heroic mis. The first admiral of France, or that ever

tress, and was continued in it fourteen years had been there by title of office, was

longer by her successor James I. In 1619 Enguerrand de Bailleul, lord of Coucy, who

he was succeeded in it by George, marquis was so created by Philip the Hardy in 1284, (afterwards the first duke) of Buckingham, and under that title appointed to command

who held the dignity till 1636, (temp. Car. a fleet for the conquest of Catalonia and I.) when it was in commission for a week, other Spanish provinces from Peter of

and then conferred on Algernon, earl of Arragon.

Northumberland, and afterwards, by the The French are presumed to have gained parliament, on Robert, earl of Warwick. He the term in the crusades a little before this surrendered his commission in 1645, under period, under St. Lewis, who instituted the

an ordinance that members should have no order of “the ship," an honour of knight- employment, and the office was executed hood, to encourage and reward enterprise by a committee of both houses, of whom against the Turks. The collar of this order, the earl was one. In 1649, the commisat the lower end whereof hung a ship, was

sioners of the admiralty under the Commoninterlaced on double chains of gold, with

wealth were allowed three shillings each per double scallop-shells of gold, and double diem. crescents of 'silver interwoven, which figured the sandy shore and port of Aigues • " This good prince being dead of a dysentry at Mortes, and, with the ship, made manifest the camp of Carthage in Africa, the fifth day of August declaration that this enterprise was to fight

One thousand two hundred threescore and ten, his body

was boiled in wine and water, until that the flesh was with infidel nations, which followed the neatly divided from the bones. His Aesh and entrails false law of Mahomet who bare the cres

were given to the king of Sicily, monsieur Charles of cent.”+ The chief naval commander of the

France, brother to the king, who caused them to be in.

terred in the monastery of Mont Reall, of the order of Saracens is said to have been called the St. Benedict, near to the city of Palermo in Sicily: admirante, and from him the French are

But the bones, wrapped up worthily in seare cloth and

silks, excellently embalmed with most precious per. conjectured to have gained their amiral : if fumes, were carried to St. Denis in France : and with

them those of his son, monsieur John of France, count

of Nevers, dying in the camp and of the same disease." # For the loan of this document, the editor is in. Favine. debted to his valuable and valued correspondent J. J. K. + Maitland, Cok. Just. p. i. Favine, b. iii, cu

Godolphin's Admiralty Jurisdiction, 1746.

578

At the restoration of Charles II. in 1660, ships, impresses mariners, pilots, masters, his brother James, duke of York, was ap- gunners, bombardiers, and any other perpointed lord high admiral; but on the pass sons wheresoever they may be met with, as ing of the test act in 1673, being a Roman often as the naval service may require.* Catholic, he resigned, and the office was put Formerly, in common with other admirals, in commission, with prince Rupert as first he wore a whistle suspended by a gold lord, till 1679. It remained in commission chain, with which he cheered his men to till the end of that reign.

action, but which has now descended to James II. (the duke of York just men the boatswain.t tioned) on his accession declared himself, in council, lord high admiral, and lord

The powers of the commission from the general of the navy, and during his short lord Howard of Effingham, high admiral of reign managed the admiralty affairs by Mr. England, to sir Edward Hoby, may further Secretary Pepys.

illustrate the nature and extent of this high Throughout the reign of William III., the office. The deed itself is in Latin, fairly admiralty was continued in commission.

engrossed on parchment, with a large and Queen Anne, in 1702, appointed her fine illumination, eatirely filling the side consort, prince George of Denmark, lord and bottom margins, representing a branch high admiral of England; he executed

of white roses tinged with red, entwined the office under that style, with a council, with a branch of honeysuckle, the leaves till 1707, when, on account of the union, he and flowers in fair and proper colours. was styled lord high admiral of Great

This commission empowers “ sir Edward Britain, and so continued with a council as

Hobbie, knight,” to take cognizance of, and before. He died October 28, 1708, and proceed in all civil and maritime causes, the queen acted by Mr. Secretary Burchel, contracts, crimes, offences, and other till the 29th of November, when her ma

matters, appertaining to the jurisdiction of jesty appointed Thomas, earl of Pembroke, the English admiralty of the queen in the lord high admiral of Great Britain, with a hundred of Milton in the county of Kent, fee of 300 marks per annum. In November, and the maritime parts thereof, and thereto 1709, the admiralty was again put in com adjacent, and to hear and determine the mission, and has been so continued from

same: And to inquire by the oath of good that time till April 1827, when the duke of and loyal men of the said hundred of all Clarence was appointed lord high admiral traitors, pirates, homicides, and felons, and of Great Britain.

of all suicides, and questionable deaths and

casualties within such admiralty jurisdiction, The lord high admiral has the manage and of their estates, and concerning whatever . ment and controul of all maritime affairs, appertains to the office of the lord high and the government of the royal navy. He admiral in the said hundred. And of and commissions all naval officers, from an ad- concerning the anchorage and shores and the miral to a lieutenant; he takes cognizance royal fishes, viz. sturgeons, whales, shelland decides on deaths, murders, maims, fish, (cetis,) porpoises, dolphins, rigge and and all crimes and offences committed on

grampuses, and generally of all other fishes or beyond sea, in all parts of the world, whatsoever, great and small, belonging to on the coasts, in all ports or havens, and

the queen in her office of chief admiralty of on all rivers to the first bridge from the sea. England : and to obtain and receive all He appoints deputies for the coasts, coro

pecuniary penalties in respect of crimes ners for the view of dead bodies found at

and offences belonging to such jurisdiction sea, or on the waters within his jurisdiction, within the said hundred, and to decide on and judges for his court of admiralty. To all such matters : And to proceed against him belongs all fines and forfeitures arising all offenders according to the statutes of the from the exercise of his office, the goods queen and her kingdom, and according to of pirates, &c. maritime deodards, wrecks, the admiralty power of mulcting, correctsalvage, sea-prize, waifs and strays, por- ing, punishing, castigating, reforming, and poises, and other great sea-fishes, called imprisoning within the said hundred or its royal fishes, whale and sturgeon only ex, jurisdiction : And to inquire concerning cepted.* He is conservator of rivers and

nets of too small mesh, and other contrivpublic streams, and of all ships and

ances, or illicit instruments, for the taking of fisheries, with power to reform unlawful fish : And concerning the bodies of persons nets and engines; and he arrests and seizes

Cowel, &c.
+ Fostroke's Ency. of Antiquities.

• Beatson.

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