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ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

ARMY AND NAVY.
See DISTRICT COURTS, JUDI Commander-in-chief of. 101
CIAL POWER, &c.

Power of raising and equipping 154

Necessity and extent of power 156
ADMISSION OF STATES.

Restrictions on the states re-
Power of admitting new states 262 lating to them . .. . ib.
Construction given to it. . 269

upon Congress 157
ALIENS.

. ARSENALS AND FORTS.
Who so termed

See LOCAL JURISDICTION.
Inducements for them to be

ARTS (USEFUL).
come citizens .

See SCIENCE.
Mode prescribed .
Rights acquired thereby . . ib.

ATTAINDER.
See NATURALIZATION.

See BILLS OF ATTAINDER.
ALLEGIANCE.

AUTHORS AND INVERTORS.
Nature of that due by citizens

See SCIENCE
of the United States . . 232

AUXILIARY Powers.
. AMBASSADORS.

Power to make laws “neces.
By whom appointed

. 104 | sary and proper" to execute
In what courts they may sue

other powers . . . 305
and be sued .

. 123-130 Foundation and meaning of it ib.
Power of sending and receiving 159 Judicial construction of it. . 312
Infringements on their rights, Implied powers, how delegated 314

how punishable , . . 195 See PowerS OF GOVERNMENT.
AMENDMENT OF CONSTITUTION.

BANK.
Necessity of such power . . 267 See CORPORATIONS.
Mode of exercising it. . . 268

BANKRUPTCY.
Restrictions upon it.

ib.
Amendments adopted

Power to establish uniform sys-
Their nature and design. . 270 tem
Effect and construction of one ib.

Why vested in National Gov:
ernment . . .

26.
APPEALS.

Object of bankrupt laws
See JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME How distinguished from
COURT, &c.

vent laws

Bankruptcy defined.
APPOINTMENTS.

To what persons confined ib.
Power of, where vested . . 104 Nature of power relative to it ib.
Vacancies, how supplied .105 Power retained by states 237
What vacancies intended . ib. State laws cannot discharge

from contracts, except in cer-
ARBITER.

tain cases . . . . 238
Seo JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME Why no uniform system now in
COURT, &c.

force .

and of sending

their rights, 195

See

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BILLS OF ATTAINDER.

COMMERCE.
Prohibited to states . . . 273 Power of regulating it with for-
Definitions of

b. eign nations. .
To what cases confined. ib. Where and how vested . . ib.

Its nature and necessity.
Bills of CREDIT.

To what it extends. .
Their issue prohibited to states 273 With what exception .
Reasons therefor

:

. ib. Judicial construction of it
Judicial construction of the How far it comprehends navi-
power of Congress in relation

gation within a state..
to them . . . . . 2 To what vessels it extends
BORROWING MONEY.

How far it authorizes sale of

imported articles . .
Power of, where vested. 179

States, how far restricted from
How conferred

preventing such sale
Extent and construction . . ib.

Extends incidentally to other
CAPTURES.

and what objects.

Applied to protection of domes-
Rules concerning .

tic industry .. . ..
Power of Congress to make

. :

To prohibition of slave-trade 208
them

Power of regulating commerce
Nature and extent of the power

among the states . . . 211
Judicial construction of it

Its general objects and extent
CIRCUIT COURTS.

How far restricted . . . 213

What commerce reserved t
Organization and sessions 140

states . .
Legislative regulations of their

When power of Congress may
proceedings

. . 141

be exercised within a state 21
Original and exclusive jurisdic- **

Judicial construction of this
tion .

power.
In regard to crimes and offences

Applied to incidental objects : ib.
Original and concurrent juris-

Restrictions on states
diction . . . . . ib. Power of regulating Indian "
In civil suits

. . ib.

trade
Jurisdiction as to copy-rights

How vested and interpreted .
and patents.

Extent of its operation . .
In cases where

Trade and intercourse with In-
are parties . .

dians by individuals, how re
Appellate jurisdiction

strained . . . . . ib.
In what sense "Inferior Courts"

See INDIAN TRIBES.
Proceedings, how to be inter-
preted . . . . . 143

Common ARBITER.
CITIZENS.

See JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME

COURT, &c.
Who are citizens of U.S.
Who native citizens

COMMON LAW.
Persons born within the U.S. How far established in the col-
who are not citizens . . 233

onies . . .
Persons born abroad, who are ib. Benefit of, claimed by Congress
See ALIENS, ALLEGIANCE, NAT Protects absolute rights.
URALIZATION, &c.

Regulated relative rights of col-

onists .
COASTING LICENSE. Punished offences againsi pub-
See COMMERCE.

lic justice .

How far adopted by states
COIN AND COINING.

Basis of their laws
See MONEY, POWERS OF Gov State Constitutions made i
ERNMENT, &c.

erence to its validity .

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Its existence presupposed by How to be examined

Constitution of U. S. . . 52 CONSTITUTIONAL Law defined 42
Referred to for explanation of

CONSTITUTIONS (STATE).
its powers and provisions .

Foundations, how laid . .
How far Common Law in force
under the Constitution of U.

Source of their authority .

On what principle founded . ib.
S. . . . . . . 26.

Powers of Government, how
CONGRESS.

vested and distributed by
How constituted . . . 62

them .

. . . 49
Disabilities of members.

Former civil and municipal in-
Their privileges and powers.

stitutions, how far retained 50
Elections, returns, and qualifi-

Natural and moral rights se-
cations . . . . .

cured . . .

. 31
In what manner these powers See STATE GOVERNMENTS,
are exercised

STATES, &c.
Quorum of each House . .
Adjournments and journals. i. ConsulS AND VICE-CONSULS.
Freedom of debate.

By whom appointed . . 104
Time and manner of assem In what Courts they may sue
bling . .

and be sued or prosecuted 128-9
Time and manner of adjourning 81

See JUDICIAL POWER.
Period of dissolution

CONTRACTS.
See LEGISLATIVE POWER,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTA See LAWS IMPAIRING CONTRACTS.
TIVES, SENATE, &c.

COPY-RIGHT.
CONSTITUTION.

See SCIENCE.
Definition of one

CORPORATIONS.
Origin of them. .

Grants, of irrevocable . . 262
Where they may exist .

Are Contracts within the mean-
When derived from act of ti

ing and protection of the Con-
Government . . . . 43

stitution
When from written compact. 10.

Creation of, incident to sover
Different modes of framing one

.

eignty

ib.
Which most practicable .

. . . . .

Nature and extent of power il
Which preferable .

See AUXILIARY POWERS, LAWS
How obtained . .

IMPAIRING CONTRACTS, &c.
Theory of a Republican C nsti-
tution . . . .

44

COUNTERFEITING.
Advantages of a written one. ib.

Power of punishing . . . 227
Evils of a traditionary one .45

To what objects it extends . ib
Reasons for preferring one writ-

Nature and necessity of power ib
ten . . . . . ib.

See POWERS OF GOVERNMENT.
CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES.

Courts.
On what foundation erected . 47

See IMPEACHMENTS,
On what principles formed . ib.

JUDICIAL POWER,
From what materials .

CIRCUIT COURTS,
In what manner adopted

DISTRICT COURTS,
For what objects designed

STATE COURTS, and
Effect of its adoption on the

MAGISTRATES, and
states .

SUPREME COURT.
Effect of its adoption on
former Confederation .

DEBTS.
Principle of representation, how

See TENDER LAWS.
applied in it.
Powers of Government, how DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCA
delegated by it

55 I See INDEPENDENCE.

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How far admitted by State Con **

:* ". 233

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DISTRICT COURTS.

Objects of this department
How organized

Extent of discretionary power 82
Stated and special terms

Obligation to obey and enforce
Exclusive jurisdiction

laws . . . .
Original jurisdiction

Requisite qualities.
Admiralty jurisdiction

Power apportioned to it. . 84
Concurrent jurisdiction with

Advantage of its unity . . ib.
Circuit Courts

Evils of its division or plurality 85
ourts . .
Jurisdiction exclusive in certain

How vested by Constitution of

U.S.
cases of State Courts. .

. . . . .
With respect to patents. .

See PRESIDENT OF U.S.
Power of judge at chambers, il

EXPATRIATION.
See JUDICIAL POWER.

Right of, denied by English
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

law

How regarded by writers, on
Seat of Government

public law
Courts organized therein
Privileges of its inhabitants .

stitutions
Their disabilities

How far settled in Courts of
See LOCAL JURISDICTION.

U.S. -
Dock YARDS.

See NATURALIZATION, &c.
See LOCAL JURISDICTION.

Ex POST FACTO LAWS.
DOMESTIC INDUSTRY.

Prohibited to states
Encouraged by protecting du-

Definition and meaning, .ib
ties

.
. .
. . . . 173
.

FELONIES (ON THE SEA).
Upon what construction . . 174
By whom question of Constitu-

Power to define and punish . 191
tionality must be decided 176 To what they amount in effect 193
Commercial restrictions applied

To what extent declared piracy,
to the purpose . . . 197 and punished as such, . ib.
To what extent, and upon what

Power, how far exclusive 194
ground of construction. . See PIRACY.
How point must be decided .

FLEETS.
See COMMERCE, POWERS OF

GOVERNMENT, and TAXA See Army AND Navy.
TION and TAXES.

FORTS,
DUTIES.

See LOCAL JURISDICTION
See IMPOSTS AND DUTIES, TAX-

GOVERNMENT.
ATION AND TAXES, &c.

Different forms of .
ELECTORS (OF PRESIDENT AND Powers of, how divided
VICE-PRESIDENT).

How far distinct
How chosen .

Separate departments
Number in each state .

Provincial governments,
Requisite qualifications, .. ib. How organized .
At what time to be chosen

See CONSTITUTION OF U.S.,
Time for their assembling , ib. CONSTITUTIONS (STATE),
Mode of their proceeding

POWERS OF GOVERNMENT,
election.

STATE GOVERNMENTS.
Datius subsequent to election ib.

GUARANTEES.
See PRESIDENT OF U.S.

Nature, terms, and effect of the
EYECUTIVE POWER.

guarantees to the states 265
Qeneral functions. . . 44 | Their necessity and extent ib.

176 To what exten

301

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Republican form of Govern Judicial construction
ment .

5 See POWERS OF GOVERNMENT,
Protection from invasion

TAXATION, AND TAXES.
- from domestic vio-
lence.

INDEPENDENCE.
: : . .
When to be enforced

Effect of its declaration

As to persons born previously 231
HABEAS CORPUS.

As to citizenship . . . ib.
Benefit of writ secured . . 51 As to British subjects . . 232
By whom to be allowed. 140

INDIAN TRIBES.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Intercourse with, regulated .215
How constituted .

What relations acknowledged 216
On what principle of represent Those residing within limits of
ation

U.S., how considered . . 217
Members, how chosen

How distinguished from “for-
For what term

eign nations" . . . ib.
Qualifications of electors

Relations with European dis-
- of members

coverers, how determined . 219
How apportioned among the How far same principle adopted
states . . . .

by U.S.
Number of representatives

Practical results . : : 220
Ratio of representation . . How considered in treaties and
Exclusive powers of House

laws . .

. . ib.
Representatives . . . 71

Their territory, how regarded ib.
Money bills .

. 72 See COMMERCE, JUDICIAL POWER
When to choose President of

&c.
U.S. .
Mode of conducting election .

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.
See CONGRESS, LEGISLATIVE Right of appropriating money
POWER, &c.

for, claimed under what pow-

er.
IMPEACHMENTS.

How far admitted
Nature of power, and where

See COMMERCE, POSTOFFICES,
vested

AND POSTROADS, &c.
Court of Impeachments.

INTERPRETATION OF CONSTITU-
Impeachments, whence derived ib.
Senate, why selected as court.

TION.
Objects of the jurisdiction

Right of interpreting Constitu-
Causes of impeachment.

tion, where vested
Persons liable thereto .

Final interpreter provided :
Construction of Constitution in See JUDICIAL POWER,
relation to them .

SUPREME COURT,
Quorum of the court . . ib.

SUPREME LAW.
President of the court
When chief-justice presides.

JUDICIAL POWER.
Power of presiding officer . General functions and objects. 44
See JUDICIAL Power, SENATE, Nature of the power

. 110
&c.

Effect of its omission

111
How far auxiliary to executive ib.
IMPLIED POWERS.

How far it partakes of legisla-
See AUXILIARY POWERS, Pow-

tive power . . . .
ERS OF GOVERNMENT, &c.

Objects of this department . ib.

Coextensive with legislative
IMPOSTS AND DUTIES.

power.
Ilow far prohibited to states, How recognised in Constitution i

reason and necessity of 300 How vested

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