Imatges de pÓgina
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ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

ARMY ND NAVY.
See DISTRICT COURTS, JUDI- Commander-in-chief of

101
CIAL POWER, &c.

Power of raising and equipping 154

Necessity and extent of power 156
ADMISSION OF STATES.

Restrictions on the states re-
Power of admitting new states 262 lating to them

ib.
Construction given to it

269

upon Congress 157
ALIENS.

ARSENALS AND FORTS.
Who so termed

233 See LOCAL JURISDICTION.
Inducements for them to be-

ARTS (USEFUL).
come citizens

234

See SCIENCE.
Mode prescribed

ib.
Pights acquired thereby

ib.

ATTAINDER.
See NATURALIZATION.

See BILLS OF ATTAINDER.
ALLEGIANCE.

AUTHORS AND INVERTORS.
Nature of that due by citizens See SCIENCE.
of the United States

232

AUXILIARY Powers.
AMBASSADORS.

Power to make laws “neces.
By whom appointed

104

sary and proper" to execute
In what courts they may sue

other powers

305
and be sued

128-130 Foundation and meaning of it ib.
Power of sending and receiving 159 Judicial construction of it 312
Infringements on their rights, Implied powers, how delegated 314
how punishable

195 See Powers of GOVERNMENT.
AMENDMENT OF CONSTITUTION.

BANK.
Necessity of such power . 267 See CORPORATIONS.
Mode of exercising it

268

BANKRUPTCY.
Restrictions upon it .

ib.
Amendments adopted

269 Power to establish uniform sys-
Their nature and design 270 tem

235
Effect and construction of one ib. Why vested in National Gov:

ernment

ib.
APPEALS.
Object of bankrupt laws

ib.
See JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME How distinguished from insol-
COURT, &c.

vent laws

236
Bankruptcy defined

ib.
APPOINTMENTS.

To what persons confined ib.
Power of, where vested 104 Nature of power relative to it ib.
Vacancies, how supplied 105 Power retained by states

237
What vacancies intended ib. State laws cannot discharge

from contracts, except in cer-
ARBITER.
tain cases

238
Seo JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME Why no uniform system now in
COURT, &c.

239

force

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• 197

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BILLS OF ATTAINDER.

COMMERCE.
Prohibited to states

273 Power of regulating it with for-
Definitions of

ib.
eign nations

. 196
To what cases confined : ib. Where and how vested: ib.

Its nature and necessity

id.
BILLS OF CREDIT.

To what it extends
Their issue prohibited to states 273 With what exception

ib.
Reasons therefor

ib. Judicial construction of it ib.
Judicial construction of the How far it comprehends navi-
power of Congress in relation gation within a state

198
to them.
275 To what vessels it extends

203
BORROWING MONEY.
How far it authorizes sale of

206
Power of, where vested

imported articles

States, how far restricted from
How conferred
Extent and construction

preventing such sale
ib.

Extends incidentally to other
CAPTURES.
and what objects

207
Rules concerning

Applied to protection of domes-
153

tic industry
Power of Congress to make To prohibition of slave-trade 208
them

ib.
Nature and extent of the power ib.

Power of regulating commerce

217
Judicial construction of it

among the states
154

Its general objects and extent
CIRCUIT COURTS.
How far restricted

213

What commerce reserved to
Organization and sessions 140

states

ib.
Legislative regulations of their When power of Congress may
proceedin

141

be exercised within a state 214
Original and exclusive jurisdic-

Judicial construction of this
tion

ib.
In regard to crimes and offences ib. Applied to incidental objects

power

ib.
Original and concurrent juris- Restrictions on states

ib.
diction

ib. Power of regulating Indian
In civil suits

ib.
trade

215
Jurisdiction as to copy-rights How vested and interpreted 220
and patents

142
Extent of its operation

ib.
In cases where United States

Trade and intercourse with In-
are parties

ib.

dians by individuals, how re
Appellate jurisdiction

ib.

strained
In what sense “Inferior Courts" ib. See INDIAN TRIBES.

ib.
Proceedings, how to be inter-
preted

143

COMMON ARBITER.
CITIZENS.

See JUDICIAL POWER, SUPREME

COURT, &c.
Who are citizens of U.S. 231
Who native citizens

232

COMMON LAW.
Persons born within the U. s. How far established in the col-
who are not citizens
233 onies

50
Persons born abroad, who are

ib. Benefit of, claimed by Congress ib.
See ALIENS, ALLEGIANCE, NAT-

Protects absolute rights

51
URALIZATION, &c.

Regulated relative rights of col-
onists

ib.
COASTING LICENSE. Punished offences against pub-
See COMMERCE.

lic justice

ib.
How far adopted by states
COIN AND COINING.

52
Basis of their laws

ib.
See MONEY, POWERS OF Gov- State Constitutions made in ref
ERNMENT, &c.

erence to its validity

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Its existence presupposed by How to be examined

65
Constitution of U. S.

52 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW defined 42
Referred to for explanation of

CONSTITUTIONS (STATE).
its powers and provisions 54
How far Common Law in force

Foundations, how laid

47
under the Constitution of U.

Source of their authority 48
s.

ib. On what principle founded ib.
CONGRESS.

Powers of Government, how

vested and distributed by
How constituted

62
them

49
Disabilities of members

66

Former civil and municipal in-
Their privileges and powers ib.

stitutions, how far retained 50
Elections, returns, and qualifi-

Natural and moral rights se-
cations

ib.
cured

51
In what manner these powers

See STATE GOVERNMENTS;
are exercised

67

STATES, &c.
Quorum of each House

ib.
Adjournments and journals . CONSULS AND VICE-CONSULS.
Freedom of debate
ib. By whom appointed

104
Time and manner of assem-

In what Courts they may sue
bling

80

and be sued or prosecuted 128-9
Time and manner of adjourning 81 See JUDICIAL POWER.
Period of dissolution

ib.

CONTRACTS.
See LEGISLATIVE POWER,
HOUSE or REPRESENTA

See LAWS IMPAIRING CONTRACTS.
TIVES, SENATE, &c.

COPY-RIGHT.
CONSTITUTION.

See SCIENCE.
Definition of one

42

CORPORATIONS.
Origin of them.

ib.
Where they may exist
ib.

262

Grants, of irrevocable
When derived from act of the

Are Contracts within the mean-
Government .

43

ing and protection of the Con-

.
When from written compact

stitution

ib.
Different modes of framing one

ib.
Creation of, incident to sover-

315
Which most practicable

eignty
ib.

Nature and extent of power
Which preferable

ib.
ib.
How obtained

ib

See AUXILIARY POWERS, LAWS
Theory of a Republican Consti-

IMPAIRING CONTRACTS, &c.
tution

44

COUNTERFEITING.
Advantages of a written one ib.

227
Evils of a traditionary one

Power of punishing .
45

To what objects it extends ib
Reasons for preferring one writ-

Nature and necessity of power

ib
ten

ib.

See PowERS OF GOVERNMENT.
CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES.

Courts.
On what foundation erected 47

See IMPEACHMENTS,
On what principles formed ib.
From what materials

48

JUDICIAL POWER,
In what manner adopted ib.

CIRCUIT COURTS,
For what objects designed 54

District COURTS,
Effect of its adoption on the

STATE COURts, and

MAGISTRATES, and
states

ib.
Effect of its adoption on the

SUPREME COURT.
former Confederation

ib.

DEBTS.
Principle of representation, how See TENDER Laws.
applied in it

ib.
Powers of Government, how DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCY
delegated by it

55 | See INDEPENDENCE.

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DISTRICT COURTS. Objects of this department 81
How organized
143 Extent of discretionary power

82
Stated and special terms

ib. Obligation to obey and enforce
Exclusive jurisdiction

ib.
laws

ib.
Original jurisdiction
ib. Requisite qualities

ib.
Admiralty jurisdiction

ib.
Power apportioned to it

84
Concurrent jurisdiction with

Advantage of its unity

ib.
Circuit Courts

ib. Evils of its division or plurality 85
Jurisdiction exclusive in certain

How vested by Constitution of
cases of State Courts

ib.
U.S.

ib.
With respect to patents

: 144 See PRESIDENT OF U. s.
Power of judge at chambers ib.

EXPATRIATION.
See JUDICIAL POWER.

Right of, denied by English
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

law

232

How regarded by writers, on
Seat of Government

258
Courts organized therein. ib.

public law

ib.

How far admitted by State Con-
Privileges of its inhabitants
Their disabilities

stitutions

ib.
ib.

How far settled in courts of
See LOCAL JURISDICTION.

U.S.

233
Dock YARDS.

See NATURALIZATION, &c.
See LOCAL JURISDICTION.

Ex POST FACTO Laws.
DOMESTIC INDUSTRY.
Prohibited to states

277

Definition and meaning :
Encouraged by protecting du-

ib
ties

173
Upon what construction .

FELONIES (ON THE SEA).

174
By whom question of Constitu-

Power to define and punish 191
tionality must be decided 176 To what they amount in effect 193
Commercial restrictions applied

To what extent declared piracy,
to the purpose

and punished as such

ib.
To what extent, and upon what Power, how far exclusive 194

ground of construction . ib. See PIRACY,
How point must be decided ib.

FLEETS.
See COMMERCE, POWERS OF

GOVERNMENT, and TAXA- See ARMY AND NAVY.
TION and TAXES.

Forts.
Durirs.

See LOCAL JURISDICTION
See IMPOSTS AND DUTIES, TAX-

GOVERNMENT.
ATION AND TAXES, &c.

Different forms of

42
ELECTORS (OF PRESIDENT AND Powers of, how divided :
VICE-PRESIDENT).
How far distinct

45
How chosen
90 Separate departments

ib.
Number in each state
ib. Provincial governments

47
Requisite qualifications ib. How organized

ib.
At what time to be chosen 91 See CONSTITUTION OF U.S.,
Time for their assembling ib.

CONSTITUTIONS (STATE),
Mode of their proceeding to

POWERS OF GOVERNMENT,
election.

92 STATE GOVERNMENTS.
Datius subsequent to election ib.

GUARANTEES.
See PRESIDENT OF U. S.

Nature, terms, and effect of the
EPCUTIVE POWER.

guarantees to the states 265
Qeneral functions

44 Their necessity and extent ib.

197

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Republican form of Govern- Judicial construction

301
ment

265 See POWERS OF GOVERNMENT,
Protection from invasion

TAXATION, AND TAXES.
from domestic vio-
lence

ib.

INDEPENDENCE.
When
to be enforced
: 267 Effect of its declaration

48
HABEAS CORPUS.

As to persons born previously 231
As to citizenship

ib.
Benefit of writ secured
51 As to British subjects

232
By whom to be allowed 140

INDIAN TRIBES.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Intercourse with, regulated 215
How constituted

66 What relations acknowledged 216
On what principle of represent- Those residing within limits of
ation

ib. U.S., how considered 217
Members, how chosen

ib How distinguished from “for-
For what term
ib. eign nations"

ib.
Qualifications of electors üb. Relations with European dis-
of members

67 coverers, how determined
How apportioned among the

How far same principle adopted
states
68 by U. S.

ib.
Number of representatives ib. Practical results

220
Ratio of representation

69 How considered in treaties and
Exclusive powers of House of

laws

ib,
Representatives

71 Their territory, how regarded ib.
Money bills

72 See COMMERCE, JUDICIAL POWER
When to choose President of &c.
U.S.

93

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.
Mode of conducting election ib.
See CONGRESS, LEGISLATIVE Right of appropriating money
POWER, &c.

for, claimed under what pow-
er

222
IMPEACHMENTS.
How far admitted

224
Nature of power, and where

See COMMERCE, Postoffices,
vested

71 AND POSTROADS, &c.
Court of Impeachments

76

INTERPRETATION OF CONSTITU-
Impeachments, whence derived ib.

TION.
Senate, why selected as court. ib.
Objects of the jurisdiction 77 Right of interpreting Constitu-
Causes of impeachment
ib. tion, where vested

121
Persons liable thereto

ib. Final interpreter provided 333
Construction of Constitution in See JUDICIAL POWER,
relation to them

ib.

SUPREME COURT,
Quorum of the court

ib.

SUPREME LAW.
President of the court

ib.
When chief-justice presides üb.

JUDICIAL POWER.
Power of presiding officer ib. General functions and objects. 44
See JUDICIAL Power, SENATE, Nature of the power

110
&c.

Effect of its omission

111
How far auxiliary to executive ib.
IMPLIED POWERS.

How far it partakes of legisla-
See AUXILIARY POWERS, Pow-

tive power

ib.
ERS OF GOVERNMENT, &c. Objects of this department ib.

Coextensive with legislative
IMPOSTS AND DUTIES.

power

ib.
llow far prohibited to states,

How recognised in Constitution ib.
reason and necessity of :* 300 Hlow vested

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