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procession with four triumphal cars, on mixed natures, and being pure elements, the four Sundays immediately preceding as that earth which contains a body of Lent; the first with bread, the second water becomes unusually heavy, and that with flesh, the third with vegetables, and containing - salt, light, salt possessing the fourth with fish. These provisions the properties of fire in an eminent degree are piled up very high, with musicians as the air which is in contact with dense placed at the top, and guarded by armed or subtle bodies parlake of their respecmen, tiil they are given up to be pillaged tive natures. by the populace. But that which draws MINERALS, &c.-Stones partake chiefly the greatest concourse to Naples, is the of the nature -of earth, and lead of fire, castle built according to the rules of for- yet lead is well known to be of a greater tification, and faced all over with pieces weight, and the reason is that stunes are of beef, bacon, hams, geese, turkeys, and of a porous nature, and contain a great other provisions. This welcome spectacle quantity of air, and some stones will float is exhibited once a year, and on each side on the surface of water, as the pumice, of the castle is a fountain running with &c. so that it is the density of lead that wine during the whole day. A party of distinguishes it, gold is known to be soldiers is posted to restrain the ardour heavier than lead, it is of course of a still of the populace till the viceroy appears greater density, although gold contains in his balcony, which is the signal for the a greater quantity of fire, it was said by assault, and it rarely happens that the the ancients to emit rays of light by night, fortress long withstands the united efforts thus Pindar in Olym: 1. of so many active assailants. H. B.

Αριστον μεν ύδωρ" ο δε

Χρυσός αιθόμενον πυρ
A PORTION OF THE PROBLEMA

Ατε διαπρεπει νυ-
OF ERASMUS,

κτι μεγάνορος έξοχα πλόυτου Translated for the Olio, by G. M. Motion.—(motus animalis) To animal is contained in oil, and®“ omnium pin

It is also the quantity of fire which motion these situations are peculiar :

guim” that causes them to float upon the forwards, backwards, right, left, and surface of water, though they are of a circular motion, in the beginning of animal greater weight than the body which supmotion, strength gives celerity, and spes* ports them, and it is only when heat iz perveniendi continues it.

produced by forced or artificial means, Motus Natvus-natural motion apper- that it can be subdued by water as heated, tains to inauimate bodies, those which iron when immersed in water. are heavy descend, and those of sufficient

Density, &c.—There was shown to lightness ascend. Motus violentus.-Forced motion in its ning the lightness of a reed, and the dura

me once a piece of wood (aloen) combi progress becomes less slow than at first .bility of iron, but on being immersed in as an arrow from a bow; this motion is

a fluid descended with the force of leadt in contradistinction to natural motion, in this instance it could not be attributed which is demonstrated by a stone falling to density, but to a certain unrevealed from an eminence.

nature in things which can never be dis-' ELEMENTS.—Fire is lighter than air, covered, as some bodies attract others, and water is heavier than earth, as Ovid and some repel, as the magnet attracts says, ignea convexi vis et sine pondere steel, and the vitis repels the brassica and coeli emicuit, summaq locum sibi legit in the fire will attract naptha, although they arce; proximus est aer, &c.

appear of different natures, all kinds of Clouds, although they contain much metal will float on quicksilver except water, are supported by air, yet this is gold, I this cannot he accounted for unless owing to the attractive quality of the

it was ordained that the one was made to and consequently their combination with detect the other, to these and many other fire, is the cause of their lightness, -and phenomena no answer can be given, or their fall is occasioned by the too great why the Arethusian waters which are of density of water, destroying the agency of the sun.

a greater weight float upon the surface of Air is sometimes lighter than fire, and + This statement few of the admirers of earth heavier than water, owing to their Erasmus believed.

That great progress has been made in natu. * The definition is somewhat metaphysical,

ral philosophy since this self acknowledgment a characteristic feature in the writings of the

of ignorance is indisputable since there are few

or none of the members of our modern me. philosophers of his time, when the peculiarus chanical institutes that could not give a satis. et occula in rebus cognatio," could not be divined.

factory answer to this phenomenon.

sun,

ANECDOTE OF MAHOMM&D.

the Sicanian stream,+ or why no animal would be a good subject for his purpose. can live in the lake of Asphaltites. I Foote went and heard Mr. Wesley with Quid si 'coelum ruat, &c.

The an

great attention. It happened to be at a cients considered the heavens a dense body time when Mr. Wesley had considerable which is exemplified by this and the fol. liberty in preaching, and, on those occalowing expression :-“ Fiat Justitia, ruatsions, his friends used to say he excelled Caluin," and Homer expresses it :

himself. χαλκοβατον δω

When Foute again met with his friends Some have endeavoured to prove that they inquired

him whether he intended Homer and Hesiod in their writings re.

to take off Mr. Wesley. His reply was, ferred to the color of the heavens, and not “ How is it possible to take off perfecto their density, but the Latins pursuing tion." the same path as the Greeks, more expressly apostrophise it as a dense body, and EFFECT OP MUSIC ON A MANIAC. indeed the verb itself employed ruo, very The following anecdote of Madame physically supports this observation. Camporese is related by Mr. Ebers in his

“ Seven years of the King's Theatre,'

which does great honour to that highly Anecdotiana.

talented lady, and speaks volumes in praise

of the kindness of her disposition, and the A poor man once went to Mahommed, goodness of her heart. who was sitting in an assembly of learned “ An intimate acquaintance waited on men, and cried, “ Oh Prophet, I am Madame Camporese one morning to make poor!”, Mahommed replied, “ Poverty a request. In the hospital for the insane is my glory!" Presently afterwards ano

a man was confined, literally fanatico ther man came, saying, " Oh Prophet, i per musica, he had lost his senses on the am poor.” Mahommed replied, “ Pover- failure of an opera, in which the labour ty makes men blush in both worlds. You of the composer was greater than the exare surprised, my friends," said he, turn- cellence of his music. This unfortunate ing to his companions, " at my giving had by some accident heard of Camposuch contradictory answers to these two rese, whose fame filled the City of Milan, beggars; but the fact is, the first is a and immediately conceived an ungoverpious man, who for religion's sake has nable wish to hear her. For awhile his left the world, but the other is a man representations passed unnoticed, he whom the world has deserted.”

grew ungovernabl and had be fastenH. Bm ed to his bed. In this state Camporese's

friends had belield him. She was dressMr. D'Israeli, in a note to his life of ing for an evening party when this repreCharles I. states that the following bitter sentation was made to her. She paused piece of wit he recovered from its manu. a moment on hearing it. Then throwing script state, the nature of it shews the

a cloak over her shoulders, said, 'Come treatment a political family may meet with then,' Whither ??

. “To the Ospedale.' when the furor of parly rages. It turns on • But why ? there is no occasion to go the family name of the Clarendons :

now-to morrow, or the next day. To When Dido landed, she bought as much

morrow,-no, indeed, if I can do this ground, As the Hyde of a lusty fat bull would sur

poor man good, let me go instantly.' And round;

they went. Being shewn into a room But when the said Hyde was cut into thongs separated from that of the maniac only by A city and kingdom to Hyde belongs, a thin wall, Camporese began to sing one So here in court, church, and country, far and wide,

of Haydn's melodies. The attendants in Here's nought to be seen, but Hyde! Hyde! the next room observed their patient sudHyde!

denly become less violent, then composed Of old, and were law the kingdom divides, 'Twas our Hydes of Land, 'tis npw Land of at last he burst into tears. Hydes !

now entered, she sat down, and sang

again. When she had concluded, the When Foote the actor was in the habit poor composer took from under the bed of iaking off, as he called it, upon the a torn sheet of paper, scored with an stage, all the popular men of his day, air of his own composition, and handed it being in company with some of his asso to her. There were no words, and nociates, one of them reminded him of the thing in the music; but Camporese rupRev. John Wesley, observi that he ning it over, sang it to some words of

Metastasio, with such sweetness, that the + This fiction is thought by some to be music seemed excellent. Sing it me once misplaced in so mechanical a controversy.

more,' said the Maniac.

She did so, # For an impressive description of this

and departed accompanied by his prayers lake and the surrounding country, see the last

and the tears of the spectators.”

LAMPOON ON HYDE LORD

CLARENDON.

The singer

FOOTE THE MIMIC.

Eclectic Review,

Diary and Chronology.

DATE. DAYS.

DIARY.

DATE

CORRESPONDING CHRONOLOGY.

July 9 Wed. St. Ephrem. July 9 St. Ephrem was a deacon of the church of Edessa Suo ris. 5)m af. 3

in Syria. The death of this saint is said to have sets 3m.-8.

happened A, D. 378. 1540. Lord Cromwell Earl of Essex, was arrested on

this day, in the council chainber, for heresy and treason. For these alleged crimes he was behead. ed on Tower-hill, on the 23th of this month. The ruin of this nobleman was principally caused by the union of Henry VIII. with Ann of Cleves,

which match he projected. 10 Thurs. St. Felicitas and

10 This saint and her seven sons were martyred at Sons

Rome in the time of the Emperor Antonio'is, in High Water

the 2nd Century. 39m.-0-morn

1723 Born in London the learned English judge, 6m-1-even

Sir William Blackstone, author of the Commentaries, and other valuable works on the jurispru. dence of England. Besid-s having a sound knowledge of the laws of his country, he anderstood fully the science of architecture, and was

an able cultivator of poesy in his early days. I Frid. St. James of Ni

St. James.—This Saint was a native of Nisibis, in sibis

Mesopotamia, of which place he was promoted Sun ris, 53 aft. 3.

to the bishopric. It is said of him that he wrought - sets 7 8.

many miracles in Persia, and that he chose the highest mountains for his abode. His death happened A, D. 361, 1797. Died Charles Macklin, the celebrated come.

dian and dramatic writer, AT 107, his fame rests upon the admirable and correct portrait he drew of the unrelenting Shylock in Shakspeare's Merchant of Venice, which comedy he caused to be acted upon the stage in its present form, his last attempt at performing of the above arduous character took place at C. G. T. at his own benefit, in 1790, when his memory failed him, so that he could not go through with his part. it is dramatic productions are the Comedy of the Man of the World, and Love A-la-Mode a farce, both of which

are satires upon the Scotch. 12 Satur. St. John Gualbert 12j1543. On this day Henry VIII married his sixth Abbot, died A.

and last wife, Lady Katharine Parr, relict of Lord D. 1073, RT 74.

Latimer and a protestant. She was not without New Moon

her chance of the axe, a warrant having been 29m. aft. I mo.

issued to apprehend her for heresy, but the intention of the capricious monarch, who laboured

under a bad leg, was for this time diverted. 13 SUN. Sixth Sunday aft. 13 St. Eugenius was bishop of Carthage, while filling Trinity.

this office, he underwent many persecutions, and LESSONS for the

was twice banished, the first time into the de. DAY

sert county of Tripolis, and the last into Lan. 2 c. Sam 12 v, m

guedoc, during which exile he died in a monas19 v. ev

tery at Viance built by himself, A. D. 505, St. Eugenius

1783. Died John Dunning, Lord Asbburton, RT High Water

52, this great man was the best common lawyer, 56m. aft 2 m.

as well as the best orator of his aay. Though 43m. 3 ev.

Lord Ashburton died at an early age, he left behind him a fortune of 180,000, the reward of his industry, talents, and integrity. He is one of the many persons to whom Junius's letters

have been attributed, 14 Monu. St. Bonaventure, 14:602. Born at Piscina in Italy, Julius Mazarin, Bishop of York

known better by the appellation of Cardinal died A. D. 1274.

Mazarin, this great statesman was the friend of Sun ris. 56in af. 3

Richelieu, and at his demise was appointed Mi. - set 4 -8

nister of State to Louis XIII, be managed the affairs of government duriug the minority of Louis XIV, but became unpopuler so that he was compelled to leave France, à price being set on his head. He afterwards regained his power and rendered the state many important

services; The Cardinal died in 1661, 15 Tues. St, Swithin,

15 This saint flourished in the ninth century. He

was appninted bishop of Winchester in 852, and died in 863

12 c.

TIM BOBBIN.

never buried the calf; but sold her at

Oldham that morning, for twopence halfTais famous Lancashire pastoral—for penny a pound ! such it is—has been just reprinted, with

Mary. Say! why by my troth, it an interpretation. The new edition con was fair cheating ; but it's just like their tains, besides, some poems of the whimsi- rascally tricks; for there's not an honest cal author of Tim Bobbin,' and is orna

bone in the hide of never a greasy tyke of mented by five plates from the pencil of 'em all. Mr. George Cruikshank, of which anon.

Tho. Indeed, Mary, I am of thy Of the author of " Tim Bobbin 'not much mind; for it was right wrong; but I is known, but a brief account of him will think in my guts, that rascals in the world be found in ' Aikin's Manchester.' His are as thick as wasps in a humble-bee's name was John Collier, and he was born nest.” in Lancashire, on the 16th of December,

It is impossible not to assent to the truth 1708. The exact place of his birth is not of this last assertion. It is as good as anyascertained,--for both Warrington and thing in Rabelais. Mottram claim that honour-so we must

Tom is next the victim of a waggish be content to leave it in the same predica- trick, played on him by some boys, who ment as the native city of Homer. His persuade him to go owling with them ; father was a clergyman, in humble cir- but

his misfortunes soon thicken. To uncumstances, and he was bred a weaver. derstand what follows, our readers must But, speedily becoming disgusted with know, that a bandyhewit is a pass-word such an employment, and being a man of in Lancashire, given to a dog, when a respectable education, he gave it up, and trick is about to be played upon his owner. opened a small school at Rochdale, in When a gull, on April day, for instance, Lancashire, where he died on the 14th of has been persuaded to offer a bandyhewit July, 1786, in his 78th year.

These are

for sale, the person to whom he applies, the principal events of his noiseless life. sends him to another, and so on. He was a good-bumoured, clever, and convivial fellow, and was much liked and

“ Scene III.-The First of April. i respected in his own little circle.

- Thomas and Mary. The subjoined extracts from his - Tim Bobbin, we think will be relished by most 5 Tho. Misfortunes come on me a of our readers, and prove that Tim was a thick as lightning. man of considerable powers of humour, Mary. Odsblood ! not through Nip, and one whose relations are capable of egad! setting the table in a roar.

'". Tho. Through Nip!-aye, through The work • Tim Bobbin,' is a dialogue Nip: and I would her neck had been in seven scenes, between a Lancashire broken in nine places when she was whelclown, servant to a farmer, and a female ped for me, (God forgive me, the dumb fellow-servant, in which poor Tom Wil- creature does not hurt neither,) for I had liams details a series of most hapless ad- not decently washed and dressed, and ventures which had befallen him. The limped into the lane again, but I met a day before yesterday, he informs us, he fattish-looking fellow in a blackish wig : had been sent with a cow and calf to and he stood and stared at Nip: quoth he, Rochdale, and, as ill luck would have it, honest man, wilt thou sell thy dog ? Said he took his dog, Nip, with him., When I, my dog's a bitch, and so is never a dog. he got within a mile of Rochdale, he in the town; for, by my troth, Mary, I' stopped at an ale-house door, when a was as cross as two sticks. mare kicked the calf in the head and kill

Mary. Egad, but you were bobed it. He succeeded, after some difficulty bersome, and answered roughly too in selling the hide to a butcher, for thir. much. teen pence, and contrived, by much per Tho. But dog or bitch, said the felsuasion, to get the person, to whom he low, if I had known of her three days was sent, to agree to take the cow off his since, I'd have got thee twenty shillings hands, without the calf. The villany of for her, for I see she's a right staunch the butcher must be related in his own bandyhewit, and there's a gentleman that words :

lives about three miles off, that wants one or Tho. I went and bought two pounds just now. Now, Mary, to tell the truth, of salt and an ounce of black pepper for I'd a mind to cheat, (God forgive me !) our folks, and went towards home again. and sell him my sheep-cur for a bandy

Mary. With a fearful heavy heart, hewit ; though'I no more knew than the I'll uphold you.

man in the moon what a bandyhewit was. Tho. Aye, aye, that's true but Why, said I, she's primely bred, for her what will you say, when I tell you he mother came from London, though she VOL. I. 2 F

28--SATURDAY, July 19, 1828.

was whelpt at my master's; and though hear you want one, sir. Humph! said she's as good as any in Englandshire, I'll he-a bandyhewit!—Prithee, let's look at sell her if my price comes.

it? Aye, said I, and I pulled the handMary. Well done, Thomas !—What kerchief from off' her, stroked her down said he then ?

the back, and said, she's as fine a bandy. Tho. Why, quoth he, what dost ask hewit as ever ran before a tail. for her? She's worth a guinea and a Mary. Well done, Thomas-you half in gold, said I; but a guinea I'll could not have mended that, if you had to have for her : quoth he, I gave a guinea do it again ; but you're fit to go out in for mine, but I would rather have thine faith. by a crown ; but if thou’lst go to the " Tho. She's a fine one, indeed, said justice-justice hem-let me see,-But I the justice ; and it's a thousand pities but forget how he's named (but a great mat I'd known of her yesterday. for a fellow ter on him, for I think he's a piece of a came, and I bought one not so good as this rascal as well as the rest) he'll be glad of by half a guinea ; and I'll uphold you, the bargain.

you'll take à guinea for this. And that Mary. That was clever indeed, was i'll have, if I could light of a chapman, it not.

sáid I. She's richly worth it, said he, Tho. Aye, middling. Then I asked and I think I can tell thee where thou him what way I must go ? And he told may part with her, if he is not fitted me; and away I set, with my heart as already. light as a feather, and carried Nip under " Mary. Dear me, but that was a my arm ; for now, thou must understand good-natured justice--was he not ? I was afraid of losing her, ne'er doubting Tho. Aye, Mary, thou talk’st like a but I should be rich enough to pay my silly dunce : for, takė my word for it, master for the calf, and have somewhat to nothing that's good for any thing can come spare.

of it when a man deals with rascally folk; Mary. Odds-fish! but that was but, as I was telling thee, he' named brave ; you are in no ill luck now, fellow that lived about two miles off him, Thomas.

(but the devil forget him, as I do); 50 I Tho. But thoul'st hear : it was a must go back again to Rochdale. So I weary way to it; however, I got there by got Nip under my arm again, made a three o'clock; and before I opened the scrape with my foot, and bid the justice good door, I covered Nip with the rag I dry my night, with a heavy heart thou may'st be nose with, to let him see how I stored sure; and, but as I thought I could as her. Then I opened the door, and what well sell her in this other place, it wonla the deuce do'st think, but three little tiny certainly have broken. bandyhewits, as I thought them, came Mary. Lord bless us !' it was like to barking as if the little stinkers would have trouble you mightily !" worried me, and after that swallowed me While on this sage expedition poor Tom alive. Then there came a fresh coloured fell into a stream, by missing his footing woman as stood as stiff as if she'd swal- oni à slippery plank, that supplied the lowed a poker, and I took her for the she place of a bridge across it ; and indepenjustice, she was so mighty fine; for I dent of the fright and the wetting, lost his heard Roger Jackson tell my master, that salt and pepper, which sadly annoyed his the she-justices always did most of the person, by making it smart * os if foive work. However, I ask'd her if Mr. Jus- hundurt pissmotes wur eh me breechus, tice was at home, she could not open her [as if five hundred pissmires were in my mouth to say aye or no, but simpered and breeches.] By this time night was comsaid, Yes! (the dickens yes her, and him ing on, and he did not well know his way, too.) Said I, I would you to tell him I which was pointed out to him by a gen? would fain speak to him.

tlemian, with a name plus quam His* Mary. Egad, but you was bold; Į panic. should have been timorous; but let's know Up spoke 1-Who's that ? A lad's how you went on ?

voice answered in a crying din, Aye, Tho. Why, well enough, for they lawk, do not take me ! do not take me!" may nip and cheat as bad as any other No, said I, I'n not take thëė, by Our clerks, and they'll not meddle with thee; Lady; whose lad art thou ?

Why, said but thou must not cross nor teize them, for he, I'am John's o’Lall's o'Simmy's, o’they ar’nt to be vexed.

Matrion's o' Dick's o’Nethön's, o' Lall's " Mary But how went you on? Was o'Simmy's 'in the lanes, and I am going the justice at home?

home. Odds, thinks I to myself, thou'st Tho. Aye; and came slap, and a long name in thee: and here, Mary, I asked me what I wanted ? Why, said I, could not but think what long names some l've a very fine bandyhewit to sell, and I of us have, for thine and mine are niode

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