Imatges de pÓgina



It was



nouses, and taverns in every direction ; The most laudable ambition is to be to which we may add gardens, the prowise; and the greatest Wisdom is to be bable names of which still remain; as good. We may be as ambitious as we Short's Gardens, Brown's Gardens, &c. please, so we aspire to the best things. long since formed into streets. These

being in the neighbourhood of what are

called the Cock and Pie fields, it is likely If a proud man makes me keep my dis. that the house called the Cock and Pie, tance, the comfort is, he keeps his at the was the seat of the hilarity of the times. same time.

Tradition says, that the Cock and Pie

public-house was known in the reign of CHARITY

Henry the Seventh, as a place of pleasant Makes the best construction of things resort for the citizens of London. and persons, excuses Weakness, extenu- afterwards called the Music-house, proates Miscarriage, makes the best of every bably from the celebration of May-day, thing, forgives every body, and serves all. round the may-pole, which stood in the

Strand, nearly opposite Little Drury-lane.

For while apprentices and servants used Like physic, should be so sweetened to dance round the tall may-pole, it is and prepared, as to be made palata- very likely that the citizens of a higher ble ; or Nature may be apt to revolt order met to enjoy the same species of against it.

amusement in a higher degree, at the Cock and Pie; an idea which is justified

by the appearance of the long-room for To a good man, who has wisely spent many years afterwards. This ancient his days, years will steal on him insensibly, ale-house, which was once much more he will grow old by degrees, and without extensive than at present, it appears, feeling it; nay, when he comes to break looked over the Cock and Pic fields to the at last, the house will crumble gently, and westward on one side, and towards the fall down slowly, so as not to give him gardens of Craven-bouse on the other. any great pain.

Even so late as the reign of George the First, many of the houses in Craven-buil. dings had trees before them: and one

also stood at the upper end of Little Drury Londoniana.

Lane, nearly in front of the present Cock and Pie ale-house. The gardens extend

ing along the Strand might also have Some writers have supposed that this been seen formerly from the back of this place was so called from its having been house, the residence of a Sir Thomas Drury, Lewtener's-lane, in Drury Lane, was who had a spacious mansion towards its commonly called Newtener's-lane ; but, northern extremity. At the other end, or the wickedness of its inhabitants having its southern extremity, in the reign of gained as well as some other places near James the First, stood the noble residence it, the appellation of “ Little Sodom," of the Earl of Craven. This caused a they have given it the preferable name of great accession of inhabitants in these parts Charles-street, as appears from a stone of the parishes of St. Clement's Danes, fixed in the front of a house at the eastern and St. Mary-le-Strand. But long before end of it. Whetstone park, running bethis, the Cock and Pie public-house, not tween the south side of Holborn and the a few doors from the end, stood alone, north side of Lincoln's-inn-fields, was also having been built prior to the reigns of a receptacle for Cyprians, and continued Elizabeth and James the First. About highly offensive, to the decent part of the the end of the latter reign, the George community, till they were routed by Inn, which was taken down many years the mob, and the King's life-guard was ago, and some few others, began to be obliged to be called out to suppress the built. In the reign of Charles the First, riot that ensued. Upon the site of Wildthe neighbourhood was further improved court, Great Wild-street, stood Wildby new buildings; and in that of Charles house, which was occupied by a Spanish the Second, Drury. Lane was the centre ambassador, when William the Third lanof gaiety and dissipation, and consequent-ded at Torbay, and was plundered shortly ly, of attraction to the looser and juvenile afterwards by the rabble, of property to parts of the community. That its vicinity the amount of £100,000. Several reswas the haunt of the Cyprian corps, we pectable and well-built old houses in the have the authority of Butler in his Hudi- vicinity of Drury-lane, the approaches to bras. Here were bowling alleys, gaming which are now obscure and unsightly


sufficiently attest the different classes of come hither according to my duty against people that once occupied them, from Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk, a their present inhabitants. Amongst these 'false traitor to God and the king, the is a large house in Brownlow-street many • realm and me.' Then taking the oath years used as a lying-in hospital, and the that his quarrel was just and true, he deremains of a considerable inn in the coal. sired to enter the lists; which being grantyard, &c. It is certain that a house in ed, he sheathed his sword, pulled down Brownlow-street, Drury-lane, formerly his beaver, crossed himself on the fore

nged to the Duke of Lenox. M. head, seized his land passed the barrier, Monconnys, in his Voyage d'Angleterre, alighted, and sat down in a chair of green in 1663, mentions one of the small streets velvet placed at one end of the lists.

He leading into Drury-lane, that was princi- had scarce taken his seat when the king pally occupied by certain females of the came into the field with great pomp,

atlowest description. He had been to visit tended by the lords, the count de St. Pol, Gresin, i. e. Gray's-inn and Great Queen who came from France on purpose to see Street, with which he says he was much that famous trial, and ten thousand men delighted. He afterwards passed through at arms to prevent tumultsand disturbances one of the little streets near Drury-lane, His majesty being seated in his chair of which he conceived was the public bro- state, the king at arms proclaimed, that thel, as being inhabited by women as none but such

as were appointed to mar. disgusting in their appearance as in their shal the field should presume to touch the minds, who were standing at their doors lists upon pain of death. Then another to call in passengers.

To me however," herald proclaimed aloud, Behold here, he observes, they said nothing, rightly Henry of Lancaster, earl of Hereford, judging that I was not one of their game who has entered the lists to perform his or stamp.” At this time some of the " devoir against Thomas Mowbray duke bowling-greens remained, that had dis of Norfolk, on pain of being counted tinguished this luxuriant quarter ; for he false and recreant: Just then the duke says, “ I passed by one of them, where it of Norfolk appeared in arms, mounted on was as agreeable to observe the facility a barbed horse, with a coat of crimson with which the bowl ran over the smooth velvet, embroidered with lions of silver green, as to see persons playing.”Retros. and mulberry-trees; and, having taken Review.

his oath before the constable and mareschal, entered the field, exclaiming aloud,

God defend the right.' Then alighting BIAS.--(Translation.)

from his horse, he placed himself in a

chair of crimson velvet opposite to his anThis man, of seven vise men of Greece, Lived happy with his wife;

tagonist at the other end of the lists. After For, by his name, he gained his peace,

which, the mareschal having measured And kept her Bias all his life.

P. their lances, delivered one to the chal

lenger, and sent a knight with the other to the duke of Norfolk, and proclamation

was made that they should prepare for Ellustrations of History. the combat. Accordingly, mounting their

horses and closing their beavers, they fixed

their lances in rest, and the trumpets ACCOUNT OF THE COMBAT BETWEEN THE sounded the charge. The earl of Here

ford began his career with great violence ;

but before he could join his antagonist, The remarkable quarrel between Henry the king threw down his warder, and the earl of Hereford (afterwards King Henry heralds interposed, and, by the advice and IV.) and the duke of Norfolk, in the latter part of the reign of Richard II. affords a

authority of his parliamentary commisfine specimen of the ceremonies used in sioners, he stopped the combat, and or

dered both the combatants to leave the the trial by combat as it was practised on great and solemn occasions. The circum- timed interference, it is well known, cost

kingdom.” The consequences of this ill stance is thus narrated by an elegant mo

Richard his crown and life. dern writer:

“ Hereford, the challenger, first appeared on a white charger gaily caparisoned, armed at all points, and holding his People living on the East of England drawn sword. When he approached the especially merchants on the Hanstown, in lists the marshal demanded his name and Germany. Our current money, says Baibusiness; to which he replied: 'I am ley, was called sterling, from a coin

Henry of Lancaster, earl of Hereford, there stamped by Richard the First. P,






CUSTOMS OF VARIOUS COUN. their sovereign, and likewise when his TRIES, (No. XIV.)

deputy came annually to administer justice, continued to keep up the custom ;

till it was litterly laid asidē, as tending to A very singular custom, now long promote idleness and create luxury.since disused formerly prevailed, in the times of popery at Lostwithiel in Cornwall. On Low Sunday it was usual for the

Anecdotiana. freeholders of the town and manor, either in person or by their deputies, to assemble in an adjoining field, and from amongst them one was chosen, whom garden, the wall of which was contiguous

A Priest in a village in Spain had a they attired in a most sumptuous manner,

to an altar, on which was placed a crucifix placing a crown on his head, and á sceptre in his hand, and being mounted trived, at the time in which his vine was

that leaned against the wall. He conon a fine horse, a sword of state was carried before him, while all the freeholders the eyes of the crucifix, by means of an

dropping, to introduce a sprig of it into walked in procession through the princi- hole made through the adjoining walls, pal streets, in solemn state to the church. When he arrived at the principal gate of by which contrivance the statue appeared

to shed tears. When the vine ceased to the church, and the curate or other minister approached to meet hiin, dressed drop, the stratagem was carried on by

means of oil. Many superstitious persons in his best robes, and then conducted him to a princely seat in the church to hear crowded to see this prodigy, to which mass. On leaving the church he repaired sight they were admitted on paying a

The trick was for some in the same pompous manner to a house, time very lucrative. At length it was disHere a feast suited to the dignity he had covered, and the priest, with forty other assumed, awaited him and his retinue; accomplices, was executed in the adjacent

town. and being placed at the head of the table, he was served by the principal townsmen, kneeling, with all the marks of respect

EPIGRAM, usually shown to regal dignity. This cere- Translated from the Latinof Sir Thomas More. mony ended with the dinner; the prince A rogue, convicted and condemned to die, being voluntarily disrobed, and descending Had still some hope of safety in his eye ; from his brief exaltation, to mix with com.


fee'd his lawyer, and then ask'd advice

“Your case,” replied the counsellor, “is nice, mon mortals.

'Tis from my books this inference I draw : Various have been the conjectures of Fly from the country, and you'll fly the law.” historians, concerning the origin and meaning of this custom. Mr. Spencer an author and antiquary of some celebrity, A community of nuns with their abbess modestly offers the following expla. were all condemned to the guillotine, nation, which has more the appearance of while the sanguinary fury of the French truth than that of any other writer. revolution was at its height. Many of

“ As Cornwall was long an earldom, these victims were young and beautiful, under the West Saxon Kings, and as and most of them possessed angelic voices, earls were obliged to reside in their own and as they passed to execution, attired in districts, possibly, when a new one was their monastic habits, through the stormy appointed, or a minor arrived at maturity, streets of Paris, regardless of the insults the Sunday after Easter was the time of the ferocious mob, they raised the hymn fixed for his entering upon the office, and of Veni Creator. They had never been taking possession of the estate. But it heard to sing it so divinely, and the celesmay be objected, why did he wear a tial chorus ceased not for a moment, not crown, with other marks of regal dig, when they ascended the steps of the nity ? We answer that long after the scaffold, nor while the work of death conquest, namely, in 1350, Cornwall was going on, though it became feeble was made a duchy of subordinate re as one after the other fell under the guilgality, to be held by the princes of Wales, lotine ; and at last it was sustained but for ever, and at their demise, by the by one voice; which was that of the king. But few of these princes having abbess, but that at length ceased also, visited the country after the death of when she in turn submitted to the fatal Edward III., and the people being ac- stroke. customed to those processions on the arrival of their chief, whom they considered as The first introduction of this excellent




root-into England took place in 1565, it stocking and bandages, when Mr. Aberwas brought from Santa Fè, in New nethy abruptly advanced towards him Spain, by a Captain Hawkins. Sir Wal- and exclaimed in a stentorian voiceter Raleigh planted it soon after on his Halloo! what are ye about there? put lands in Ireland ; but, on attempting to out your tongue man! Aye there 'tis, I eat the apple it produced, he had nearly see it-I'm satisfied- quite enough-quite consigned the whole crop, to destruction enough-shut up your leg, man-shut it for its nauseous and unwholesome taste, up-shut it up. Here take one of these Fortunately, the spade discovered the real pills every night on going to bed.' The potatoe, and the root became rapidly a lawyer put the box of pills into his pocket, favorite eatable. It continued, however, handed over a fee, and was about to leave for a long time to be thought rather a the room, when Mr. A. thus accosted species of dainty, than of provision ; norbim :- Why d– e look here, this is till the close of the 18th century, was it but a shilling. The Barrister sarcastisupposed capable of guarding the country cally replied : Aye, there 'tis, I see where it was fostered, from the attacks of it-I'm satisfied ! quite enough-quite famine.

enough, man !-shut it up!' and hastily

quitted the room." The following anecdotes of the above skilful and eccentric professor of the heal NAPOLEON'S PRESENCE OF MIND. ing art, we take from an unique intelli.

NAPOLEON was so partial to snuff that gent, and cheap little volume, entitled he used it to excess, in general supplying ** Public Characters," which contains well his nasal organs from his waistcoat pocket. and impartially written biographical and characteristic memoirs of twenty six dis. Many reasons have been assigned for his

adopting the pocket of his waistcoat as a tinguished living personages embellished substitute for the article generally used, with their portraits, engraved in a style of and as we have not met with the followart that would not discredit any working before, we venture on its insertion :however high its price, in fact to gain

On the eve of the battle of Waterloo, for this unpretending little work, consider

as Napoleon was ruminating in his tent, able popularity it needs only to be seen, upon what might be the event of the confor the accurate information it affords on

flict about to be commenced, be took his popular subjects, in our humble opinion snuff box off the table and proceeded to will cause it to be highly esteemed:

make use of but so familiar was he “ A gentleman desirous of the advice with the quality of its contents, that as he of Mr. Abernethy, was entering into all took a pinch between his finger aud thumb the details of his complaint, when the he perceived it felt gritty to the finger Doctor, as usual, grew iinpatient, and instead of being as usual, though the difsaid, “Sir, get on, and come to a con

ference was not visible to his naked eye. clusion. The patient was going on again He immediately by way of trying its with his story, when Abernethy hastily genuineness gave some to a dog that was said he was wasting time, and that he lying in the tent. It had an almost instancould not listen any more unless he would

taneous effect on the animal, and in the come to the point at once. Upon this the end deprived it of existence. Buonaparte's patient got up, and locking the door, put suspicions was now confirmed, he saw the key in his pocket, and declared that plainly that an attempt had been made to having travelled a long way for the pur- poison him, but such was his great presence pose of consulting him, he would be heard, of mind that he took care to let none of and that neither of them should leave the the officers composing his staff know of it room until his case was properly consi at such a critical time,-his only precaudered. Abernethy laughed heartily, and tion being to prevent a like occurrence desiting his patient to sit down, listened taking place, was, the substituting of his quietly to the whole story.'

Nor is this the most severe return that waistcoat pocket for his snuff box. T. Mr. A.'s rudeness has provoked, as the following will testify:-"A Chancery

EPITAPH. Barrister having been for a long while an

The following epitaph, in the church noyed by an irritable ulcer on one of his of St. Como, is inscribed on the tomb of legs, called upon Mr. Abernethy for the Francois Treillac, whom nature had deckpurpose of obtaining that gentleman's ed with a horn on his forehead. advice. The counsellor judging of an

In this retired paltry corner, ulcer as of a brief, that it must be seen

Lies a most eccentric horner, before its nature could be understood,

For horned he was without a spouse, was busily occupied in removing his Pray, passenger,

for his repose.

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He was

APRILDI Frid. St. Leo. April 11 Pope St. Leo, surnamed the Great.
High Water,

the successor of Sixtus III, and distinguished lih 47m morn

himself by his zeal against the Manichees. He Oh Om even

died A. D. 461. 1713. The celebrated treaty of Utrecht was con

cluded on this day, between the Allies & French. 1770. Born on this day, the late right Hon. Geo.

Canning, prime minister of England. This celebrated individual was eminent for his oratorical powers. The characteristics of his style of speak ing" was rapid harmony, lucid arrangement, and

freedom from affected phraseology." 12 Satur, St. Julius.

12 St. Julius I. pope, succeeded to the papacy in 337. Sun ris 12m af. 5

He strenuously supported the cause of Athanasets-48m af. 6||

sius, and was eminent for learning and piety.

He died in 352.
A. D. 65. Expired on this day, Seneca, (Lucius

Annæus) the celebrated pbilosopher, a native of
Corduba, in Spain. He was precep'or to Nero,
who ordered him to destroy himself, upon a
charge of having been implicated in the conspire
acy of Piso. The moral writicgs of Seneca bave

secured to his name a lasting fame. 1782. This day is the anniversary of the complete victory gained over the French in the West Indies by Admiral Rodney, who captured the French

Admiral De Grasse. -18 SUN, Low Sunday.

13 For an account of custom practied on this day, LES. for the DAY 26 c. Numb.morn

see present number. 22 c. Numb. even

A. D. 586. St. Hermenigild, a Spanish Prince, son St. Hermenigild.

of Leuvigilde, King of the Goths. He abjured Arianism, which so incensed his father, that he

ordered him to be murdered in prison. 1.814. Expired, Charles Burney, Mus. Doc. the

author of the History of Music, a work of great ability. 147). On this day, Richard Neville, Earl of War.

wick, was defeated and slain at the battle of Bar. - 14 Mond. St. Anthony died

net, by the army of Edward IV. of York.

-_-14 1685.' Expired miserably, Thomas Otway, the A.D. 1342. New Moon, dramatic writer, at a public-house on Tower-hill

, 18m af. 9 morn

of want, by swallowing, after a long fast, a piece Sun ris Sm af, 5

of bread, which charity had supplied. Oiwas -sets 52m af, 6

excelled in touching the tender passions, of which his Orphan and Venice Preserved, are

proofs of his powerful mastery. 1792. The island of Tobago taken by the English,

under Sir John Lafory.
|1814. On this day the Emperor of Austria entered

Paris, and was met at the barrier of the city, by
Monsieur, the brother of Louis XVIII. late king

of France. - 16 Tues St. Peter Gon.

15 1821. Expired, James Bartleman, the eminent zales, or Telm,

bass singer. He was a member of the Chapel died A. D. 1246.

Royal, and other choirs, and a scientific and

erudite musician. 16 Wed. St. Joachim of

16 1825. Expired, at the advanced age of 85 years, Sienna, died

Henry Fuseli, Esq. a painter of considerable A. D, 1305.

eminence. Mr. Fuseli was a native of Zurich, Sun ris 4m af. 5

and a friend of Lavater, the physiognomist, who -sets 56m af. 6

entertained a very high opinion of his powers. 17 Thursst. Anicetus.

17 St. Anicetus succeeded Pius in the papacy, about High Water,

the year A. D. 157. He filled the "See of Rome 57m af. 3 morn

eleven years. 12m af. 4 even

1746. The battle of Cullo den fought between the

armies of the duke of Cumberland and the Pretender. In this conflict upwards of 3000 of the adherents of the unfortunate Pretender slain and

wounded, covered the field of battle. 1785. Died, William Whitehead, RT.70. the au.

thor of several dramatic piece 18 Frid. St. Appolonius.

poet laureate, 1757.

18 St. Appolonius was a member of the Roman Se. Sun ris. 5h Om.

nate, and a man of great eloquence. He was - sets 7h Om.

martyred A. D. 186.

He becaine

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