Imatges de pÓgina


wooden cups.


birih :

case !


at last.


A relic is still preserved of this custom at the horse." I have received your horse," present time at St. James's on this day,when answered he, “ who is not over handit is customary to feast as many men and a some, but a good creature; for he is free like number of women, as the King is years from all mortal sins, save gluttony and old. The bounty dispensed to each per- laziness.” son by the Sub-Almoner, consists of cod, salmon, red-herrings, pickled herrings, and four loaves, which is presented to When this worthy Judge, was at Harthem in a wooden bowl, to which is after rowgate, a year or two ago, he had occawards added three pounds and a half of sion to write to town. Before dating his letbeef, and an additional loaf. After this ter, remembering that Harrowgate is spelt distribution, which takes place in the both with and without the w, he called morning, has been gone through, the the waiter, and in his usual hesitating health of the King is drank by all from manner, said, “Pray, waiter,-is there

-in Harrowgate?” “Oh, Sir," In the afternoon, the ceremonies and said the moral waiter, astounded at such a additional bounties are resumed in the

query from a grave old gentleman ; “ Oh Chapel, when the service is read, and a

Sir, we never allow any such doings in distribution of money and clothing takes this house !" place. When the dispensation is ended, an appropriate thanksgiving is pronounced by the Chaplain.

WEDLOCK.-(Translation.) The ceremony commences by a proces

A man and his wife are one flesh upon earth,

But in heaven they return to the state of their sion of eight Yeomen of the Guard ; and a Yeoman Usher, one of the former carry- How happy for many, if this were the place ing on his head a gold dish, in which is a Out of one, to be two-when divorce is the

P. num' er of Red and White bags, containing a portion of money, and as many new

TIME'S PACE. two-penny, three-penny, and four-penny Man overtakes Time, when he's living too silver pieces, as will together amount to as many pence as the King is years old. But the sluwest-paced Time, overtakes him The dish is placed on a table in front of the altar. The Sub-dean of the ChapelRoyal, the Sub-Almoner. The Lord

EARTH'S POSITION.-(Translation.) High Almoner's Secretary, the Groom of King Solomon says, that “the earth stands the Almonry, and two boys and two girls

But Ovid's belief that she sits,--this denies : selected for their good behaviour from St. If she stands and she sits ;a third sophist, Margaret's School, each decorated with

as clever, muslin scarfs and sashes, close the pro

Concludes between both, that she-lies, P. cession. After the first lesson has been

SIR WALTER RALEIGH AND QUEEN read, the above distribution takes place. After which, the persons who form the

The following relates the circumstance procession, with those who performed the service, and the partakers of the royal vancement in the Queen's favour : it is

which was the occasion of Raleigh's adbounty, drink the king's health in claret the original of the piece of gallantry, from wooden cups, and the ceremony concludes.

which Sir Walter Scott has worked into It may not be amiss to add, for the in- his Kenilworth. Raleigh found the queen formation of our readers, that the word taking a walk; and a wet place incomMaunday, is derived from the hand-bas- moding her royal foot-steps, he imme. kets or Maunds, from which the King diately spread his new plush cloak across and heads of the Clergy in their different the miry place. The Queen stepped caudioceses anciently distributed provisions to tiously on it, and passed over dry ; but not the poor. The day is also called in Latin without a particular observation of him dies Mandati, or the day of the Com

who had given her so eloquent, though mand.

silent a flattery

Shortly afterwards, from Captain Ra

leigh, he became Sir Walter Raleigh, necdotiana.

and rapidly advanced in the Queen's favour.


A wag speaking of the embarkation On many occasions, evinced a consi- of troops, said, “ notwithstanding many of derable degree of humour. Archbishop them leave blooming wives behind they Warham once made him a present of a go away in transports."

for ever!”



APREL. APRIL was the second month of Romulus's year, which consisted only of ten months, March being the first. It was ordained the fourth month of the Year by Numa, who divided the year into twelve months, beginning with January. The word April is derived from Aprilis, of Aperio, I open; because in this month, the flowers begin to bloom, and the earth to produce vegetation. Our Saxon ancestors termed this month Oster-monat, from the Goddess Oster,or Eoster, or Eastre, or because the winds were found to blow mostly from the east this month. The Zodaical sign is Taurus, which signifies, that at this season of the year, the Sun, in passing through that sign, increases incessantly in force and heat. The Romans dedicated this month to Venus, and among the Festivals and Solemnities which they observed in its duration were the following :-On the first day, or the Calends of this month, the Roman ladies were crowned with Myrtle, and washed under the same tree, offering up a sacrifice to Venus. On the same day, the maids who were marriageable, offered sacrifices to the Goddess Fortuna Virilis, praying her to conceal the defects of their body from those who had a wish to marry them. On the fifth, the day of the Nonės, the Festival of Megalesia, held in honour of the Mother of the Gods, commenced, and lasted for eight days. On the eighth, Games were appointed to celebrate the victory obtained by Julius Cæsar, over Juba and Scipio. The ninth and tenth were devoted to celebrate the Games of Ceres in the Circus, called Ceralia.

On the thirteenth, the day of the Ides, sacrifices were offered to Jupiter Victor, and Liberty, because on that day their two Temples were dedicated at Rome, one by Q. Fabius, and the other by T. Gracchus. On the fifteenth, was kept the Festival of the Fordicalia, at which they offered in sacrifice, thirty Cows with calf: on the same day, the calves were taken out and burnt by the Governess of the Vestal Virgins, and a perfume was made with their ashes, which the Romans perfumed themselves with, on the day of the Palilia, or the foundation of Rome. On the eighteenth, the Equiria or horse-racing took place in the Great Circus, when they amused themselves by tying a quantity of straw to a number of Foxes, which was set on fire, and the animals then made to run to afford them diversion. On the twentieth, was celebrated the Feast of Palilia, in honour of Pales, the Goddess of Flocks, to intreat her to preserve them from disease, and make them fruitful. On the twenty-seventh, they had the Feast called Robigalia, from Robigus, the God of Mildew and Hoar-frost : and on the twenty-ninth, the Floralia Festival, held in honour of Flora, the Goddess of Flowers, was kept: and on the last day, sacrifices were offered to Vesta, upon the Palatine Mount. The distinguishing characteristic of this month, is fickleness, for we often find that the most lovely sun-shiny days are succeeded by others, which, by the force of contrast, often seem the most unpleasant of any in the year, the bright green of the leaves, and the delightful view of newly opened flowers, is too frequently obscured by clouds, and chilled by rough wintry blasts.

A portion of Rosalind's Song, in Shakspeare's “ As you like it,” may be viewed as a striking illustration of fair nature's appearance at this season

“ Now daisies pied, and violets blue,
And lady-smocks all silver white,
And cuckow buds of yellow hue

Do paint the meadows with delight;
The euckow now on every tree,

Sings cuckoo--cuckoo.—” The month of April may be considered as presenting the most perfect image of Spring : no production is yet come to maturity, and the vicissitudes of warm gleams and gentle showers, have the most powerful effect in hastening that universal springing of the vegetable tribes, whence the season derives its appellation.

The poet Thompson, in his beautiful poem, the Seasons, has forcibly described, in the following lines, the unsettled state of the weather, at this immature period of the year :

As yet the trembling year is unconfirm’d,
And Winter oft at eve resumes the breeze
Chills the pale morn, and bids his driving sleets
Deform the day delightless ; so that scarce
The bittern knows his time with bill ingulpht
To shake the sounding marsh ; or from the shore,
The plovers when to scatter o'er the heath,
And sing their wild notes to the listening waste.

At last fron Aries rolls the bounteous Sun,
And the bright Bull receives him. Then no more
Th’expansive atmosphere is cramp'd with cold,
But full of life and vivifying soul,
Lifts the light clouds sublinie, and spreads them thin,
Fleecy and white n'or all.currounding heaven,"

Diary and Chronology.






March 29 Satur, St. Mark, (Pope) Mar. 29 St. Mark succeeded Sylvester in the papacy, in the Sun ris, 39m af. 5

year 366, and is said to have died the same year. -sets 23m af, 6

1461. A sanguinary battle was fought on this day, High Water,

between Towton and Saxton, two villages near 26m af. O moin,

York, by the adherents of the houses of York 33m af. 0 even,

and Lancaster, when the party of Edward the IV.
entirely defeated the army of Henry VI. who es.
caped with great difficulty into Scotland.
wards of 38,000 human beings were left dead on

the field, of which 28,000 were Lancasrians. 1751. Died, Capt. Thomas Coram, AT, 84, the

projector of that excellent institution the Found

ling Hospital 80 SUN, Palm Sunday.

30 1807. On this day Dr, Olbers discovered the planet 1 LESSON for the


Palm Sunday is denominated in the Missals, Domi9 e. of Exodus

nica in ramis Palmarum, or Palm Sunday; it was 2d. 26 c. Matt.

so turmed from the distribution of palm branches morning.

and green boughs which took place on this day, Ist. 10 c. Exodus.

in commemoration of our Saviour riding to Jeru2nd. 5 c. Hebrews

salem. The ancient usage of decorating churches, to v. 11, even,

houses, &c. with evergreens, is still retained in st. Zozimus.

most parts of the kingdom. Full Moon,

St. Zozimus was bishop of Syracuse, and died 18m af. 10 morn

A. D. 660. 1824. Expired, the Rev. T. Maurice, BT. 70. Mr.

Maurice was assistant-keeper of the MSS. at the British Museum, and author of the Indian Antiquities, and the history of Ancient and Modern #indostan, as well as several other produce tions, all of which display talent of the highest

order. 31 Mond. St. Benjamią, 31 St. Benjamin suffered martyrdom by order of Va. Deacon and Mar

ranes, King of Persia, who was a fierce and im tyr,

placable enemy of the early Christians about the Sun ris. 85m af. 5

year A. D. 422. --sets 25m af. 61

1596. On this day was born at La Haye, in Tou.

raine, Rene Des Cartes, the celebrated French philosopher and mathematician. The philosophy of Des Cartes met with, in his time, an extensive reception, though attended with considerable op. position, it is now sunk into contempt as being

founded on mere supposition. 1654. A prohibitiou against the barbarous custom of cock-fighting was issued on this day by Oliver

Cromwell. 1827. On this day died at Vienna, L. Von Beetk

oven, the celebrated composer. He is said to have left not fewer than 120 performances, the greater part of which are esteemed as produc.

tions of the highest order. APRILI Tues St. Melito.

April 1 St. Melito was bishop of Sardis, in Asia. He is High Water,

said to have composed several works, of which 46m af. 2 morn

only a few fragments remain. He died A. D. 175. 4m af. 4 even

Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso) the celebrated Latin

Poet was born on this day at Sulmo, in Italy, 43

years B.C. |1810. On this day Napoleon espoused Dsaria

Louisa, Arch-duchess of Austria. 2 Wed. St. Francis.

2 St. Francis was born at Paulo, in Calabria, in 1416. Sun ris, 31m af. 5

He was the founder of the order of the Minims, -sets 27m af, 6

and is said to have died in a convent built for him and his monks, by Charles VIII. of France, A. D. 1507. He was canonized by Pope Leo X.

in 1519. 1578. Born on this day, at Folkestone, in Kent,

the celebrated physician, William Harvey. He is famed for being the ürst discoverer of the circu.

lation of the blood, 1802. The capture of the Danish Navy effected by

the lamented Nelson. He also on this day bom.

barded Copenhagen. 3 Richard del 3 St. Richard was born at Wiche, near Worcester, Wiche.

and consecrated bishop of Chichester in 1245 Maunday Thurs, il

He died at Dover, A. D. 1253, BT 56.

[graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small]



THE FOREIGN EXECUTIONER, fell, my brethren, the first of the Jewish

Monarchs, after a reign of about thirty

nine years, in a valley by Mount Gilboa, Extracted from the Manuscripts of the first mortally wounded by his own hand, Reverend CePHAS GODWIN. and then despatched by the weapon of an

Amalekite. But it is time now to turn ANNO 1716.-In the January of this from the mighty who fell, to him by year, it was my singular fortune to meet whose hand his death was hastened. If, with a certain event, which was remark- then, there be a crime which is abhorred able not only as a most astonishing me- by all nations universally, the law of morial of retributive Providence, but also whose condemnation is written by the

an illustration of that, concerning finger of the living God upon the heart which many have received erroneous of every man, whether civilized or savage, impressions, or have deemed it to be for at the commission, and the sight, and even ever lost in Oblivion. The unsettled the very thought of which, the foulest state of Scotland had led me to enforce hearts and the most hardened conscienupon the minds of my hearers, the beauty ces have shrunken dismayed ; whose of loyalty and good order in the sight of power and effect are such, that one God; and the detestation with which the glance, of but one moment's continuance, Almighty looks upon

anarchy, rebellion, will flash such terror into the breast of and warfare against the sovereign. The the perpetrator that it will not leave him ground of my discourse was the history through eternity ;-—that crime is murder ! of Saul's death ; vide II. Samuel, chap- Oh! may none of you ever feel the ter 1, verses 1 to 16; and in concluding dreadful horrors of great darkness, and the subject, my words, as well as I can the keen knawings of that worm which remember,-for my Sermons have since even death cannot kill, awakened in your been destroyed,

-were as follow :-“ So breasts by the commission of that most Vol. I 0

13-SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1828.

accursed of sins. It is sufficient to dye liad imparted the stain of his infamy to with the deepest sorrow, and the most the whole world. Oh! say, can such alarming terrors, a life which is sutroun- an one be at rest ? can his soul ever posded by all that humanity esteems valua- sess that ' peace which passeth all underble, or delightful, or rich, or honour standing ? No!-even though he might ble, or glorious. It is like that distem- put away the sword of the avenger, yet per which gives to every thing around would he not be delivered from the conus, whether the splendid productions of tinual fear and power of death. His art, or the yet more beautifully variega- mind would still be filled with all the ted face of nature, a nauseous yellow or terrors of dissolution ; there would be the sable stain ; for believe me, ever after cold damps upon his brow, the icy chil. the blood of a fellow creature hath im- liness in his veins, the fairest scents would bued your hands, all things will speak of be to him turned into the loathsome 'smell it, and all places will display it. The of mortality,' the green sod on which he ruddy tints of the rose will show to the walked would constantly bring the grave sight of a murderer deeper with his sin; to his remembrance, and for him, even the fair and beautiful snow will seem this living world would be full of death. marked and spotted with sanguine pollu. This indeed is horrible ; but yet even tion; the sun cannot set gloriously in this crime may be wrought into one that the West, nor rise again in the East, can neither be increased nor diminished, without the lovely colours which it spreads when the hand of the rebel, or of the around, reflecting back the hue of guilt assassin,--I place them together for they unto his eyes and conscience;--for him are even as one,-is raised against his the moon shall nigbtly be turned into Sovereign, as was the Amalekite's in my hlood, and the fires of the stars shall text. How !' says David, evidently shine with a crimson light, as if his crime amazed at the enormity of the crime, at had roversed the beauties of nature, and which he shrank back as it were in terri

« AnteriorContinua »