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the ancient notions of magnificence. The Aymery comes to the king, and humbly hall where the coronation took place is an desiring pardon, promiseth to handle the oblong chamber, or rather a chapel, such matter so as shall be to the king's advan as we find in moderate country mansions tage, and therupon is sente back to Callice of Great Britain. The worn-out like- The king, the night before the time of nesses of the emperors, the more ancient agreement, arrives with three hundred men of whom have visibly been renovated at at armes, and six hundred archers. Mon various times, and the scene of desolation sieur de Charmy sets out likewise the same which reigns throughout, are true repre- night from St. Ömer's with his forces, and sentations of the present state of the holy sent a hundred men before with the crownes Roman Empire.

to Aymery. The men are let in at a The country between Frankfort, and postern gate, the crownes received and Leipsic, if we except the Fichtel moun assured to be all weight : which done the tains and a dozen small residences of gates of the town are opened, and out Saxon princes, is of little interest. We marches the king before day to encounter visited at Leipsic the spot where the gal- Monsieur de Charmy, who perceiving himlant Poniatowsky fell, the hope and the selfe betrayed, defended himselfe the best idol of his countrymen. Fanciful and he could, and put king Edward to hard enthusiastic as they are, it was no wonder bickering, who for that he would not be they once clung with fondness to the hope known there in person, put himselfe and of seeing him seated on the throne of the the prince under the colours of the lord Sobieskys and Casimirs. A very curious Walter Manny, and was twice beaten down circumstance respecting the fate of this on his knees by Monsieur de Riboumont, interesting prince, and one authenticated a hardy knight, (with whom he fought by several of his friends, is the following. hand to hand) and yet recovered, and in He was about six years before his death, the end took Riboumont prisoner. Charon a visit to a relation of his in Silesia, my was likewise taken, and all his forces with a numerous party. They were defeated. King Edward the night after assembled in the pavilion of the coun- (which was the first of the new year) try seat, when a plaintive but melodious feasted with prisoners, and gave Ribouvoice was heard before the gate. It came mont, in honour of his valour, a rich from a gipsey, who was called in to pro- chaplet of pearl which himself wore on his phesy the fate of each person. The first head (for a new year's gift) forgave him who stepped forth was Prince Poniatow

his ransome,

and set him at liberty.sky. The gipsey took his hand, looked Amongst the prisoners who were taken on attentively at it, then at him, and mut this occasion, were Geffrey Charney, and tered in a low voice, “ Prince, an Elster his son, Edward de Renty, Robert Danwill bring you death.” As Elster in the quil, Otto de Gulo, the baron Mactingham, German language denotes both the river Baldina Saylly, Henry de Piees, Garinus Elster and a magpie, the company made Baylose, Peter Renell, Peter Dargemole, merry, wrote the prophecy down, wit- Estace de Riplemount, and many other, nessed and sealed it. It is still extant. — lords, knights, and baronets, who were Austria as it is.

chased and ranne away with their auncients, as the lord de Mounmarice, also

Laundas, who maryed the ladie Saint ILLUSTRATIONS OF HISTORY. Paul, countess of Pembroke, in England;

also the lord Fenas, the L. Planckes, and another Eustace de Riplemount. There

were slaine in the skirmish, the lord Henry The following account of this transac- de Boys, the lord Archiband, and many tion we have collected from the pages of others, whose names the conquerers were one of our early chroniclers; to us it ap- not able to certify." pears to be the super-structure on which The late Mr. Henry Neele founded his highly interesting tale of the Chaplet of ANCIENTLY, when any matter of imporPearls, which we inserted in our fourth tance was brought before the justices, number, from his Romance of History. which could not be proved by witness,

In the year 1349, the 23 of Edward combat was granted ; and in this case, if the Third, Geoffry de Charmy, captain of the accused was vanquished, he was conSt. Omer, agreed with Aymery of Pavia, victed of the crime he was accused of; whom King Edward had left governour of and if the accuser, he was punished as a Callice, to render it up for twenty thou- perjured man and a false witness. The sand crownes; whiche king Edward hear- culprit was then executed (if he was not ing of, sent to Aymery, and charged him slain in the combat) without any further with this perfidiousness; whereupon examination.—This was the case between

THE ATIEMPT TO SURPRISE AND TAKE

THE CASTLE OF CALAIS.

DUELLING PERMITTED BY SOVEREIGNS.

apa

cess,

was

two esquires in the reign of Richard the motion, two or three tiers of rings would Second. The one of Navarre accused an be set a-dancing about the cheeks, was English esquire, called John Welch, of very agreeable to the baby taste of the treason; for trial thereof a day was Asiatics. pointed for a combat, which was to be From a very early age, the ears of performed in the king's palace at West. Hebrew women were prepared for this minster. Accordingly being met, there load of trinketry; for, according to the was a valiant fight betwixt them ; but at Thalmud, II. 23, they kept open the last the Englishman was the conqueror, little holes, after they were pierced, by and the vanquished Frenchman was des- threads or slips of wood : a fact which poiled of his armour, drawn to Tyburn, may show the importance they attached and there hanged for his untruth.

to this ornament. The order of the combat, with the pro Nose-RINGS, at an early period, be

as follows :—The accused, came a universal ornament in Palestine. strongly denying the fact alledged against We learn, from Biblical and from Arabic him, threw down his gauntlet, or any authority, that it was a practice of Patriarother gage, calling the accuser a lyar, and chal descent amongst both the African and thereby challenging him to combat; then Asiatic Bedouins, to suspend rings of the other took up the gage of the accused, iron, wood, or braided hair, from the and threw down his own, declaring his nostrils of camels, oxen, &c.--the rope willingness to prove by battle the truth of by which the animal was guided being his assertions : the gages were then seal. attached to these rings. It is probable, ed, and delivered to the marshal, and leave therefore, that the early Hebrews who to combat demanded of the king ; which dwelt in tents, and who, in the barrenif he granted, a day and place was then ness of desert scenery, drew most of their appointed, by which time a scaffold was hints for improving their personal embelerected for the king and his attendants lishment from the objects immediately (the earl marshal, and high constable of about them, were indebted for their nose England) who were to see that no undue rings to this precedent of their camels. advantage might be taken by either party; Sometimes a ring depended from both and the lists were railed round. This nostrils; and the size of it was equal to method of trial was not often put in exe- that of the ear-ring; so that, at times, its cution

compass included both upper and under lip, as in the frame of a picture; and in the age succeeding to Solomon's reign,

we hear of rings which were not less than CUSTOMS OF VARIOUS three inches in diameter. Hebrew ladies COUNTRIES-No. X.

of distinction had sometimes a cluster of

nose-rings, as well for the tinkling sound ON THE ORNAMENTS OF THE GREEKS, which they were contrived to emit, as

for the shining light which they threw “ EAR-RINGS of gold, silver, inferior off upon the face. metals, or even horn, were worn by the That the nose-ring possessed no unimHebrew women in all ages; and in the portant place in the Jewish toilette, is flourishing period of the Jewish kingdom, evident, from its being ranked, during the probably by men; and so essential an nomadic state of the Israelites, as one of ornament were they deemed, that in the the most valuable presents that a young idolatrous times, even the images of their Hebrew woman could receive from her false gods were not considered becomingly lover. Amongst the Midianites, who attired without them. Their ear-rings were enriched by the caravan commerce, were larger, according to the Asiatic even men adopted this ornament; and taste ; but whether quite large enough to this appears to have been the case in the admit the hand, is doubtful. In a later family to which Job belonged, [chap age, as we collect from the Thalmud, xli. 2.) Under these circumstances, we Part VI, 43, the Jewish ladies wore should naturally presume that the Jewish gold or silver pendants, of which the courtezans, in the cities of Palestine, upper part was shaped like a lentil, and would not omit so conspicuous a trinket, the lower hollowed like a little cup or with its glancing lights, and its tinkling pipkin. It is probable also, that, even sound : this we might presume, even with in the oldest ages, it was a practice out the authority of the Bible; but, in amongst them to suspend gold and silver fact, both Isaiah and Ezekiel expressly rings, not merely froin the lower but also mention it amongst their artifices of atfrom the upper end of the ear, which was traction. perforated like a sieve.

The tinkling Judith, when she appeared before the sound, with which, upon the slightest tent of Holofernes in the whole ponip of

her charms, and appareled with the most thread : and it was not unusual for a elaborate attention to splendour of effect, series of them to ascend from the wrist to for the purpose of captivating the hostile the elbow. From the clasp, or other general, did not omit this ornament. fastening of the bracelet, depended a Even the Jewish Proverbs show how delicate chain-work or netting of gold ; highly it was valued ; and that it con and in some instances, miniature festinued to be valued in later times, appears toons of pearls. Sometimes the gold chain from the ordinances of the Thalmud, II. work was exchanged for little silver bells, 21, in respect to the parts of the female which could be used upon occasions, as wardrobe which were allowed to be worn signals of warning or invitation to a on the Sabbath.

lover. The Hebrew women of high rank, in This bijouterie for the arms, naturally the flourishing period of their state, wore reminded the Hebrew lady of the ANKLENECKLACES composed of multiple rows of BELLS, and other similar ornaments for pearls. The thread on which the pearls the feet and legs. These ornaments conwere strung, was of flax or woollen,- sisted partly in golden belts, or rings, and sometimes coloured, as we learn from which, descending from above the ankle, the Thalmud, VI. 43; and the different compressed the foot in various parts, and rows were not exactly concentric ; but partly in shells and little jingling chains, whilst some invested the throat, others which depended so as to strike against descended to the bosoin, and in many clappers fixed into the metallic belts. cases, even to the zone. On this part The pleasant tinkle of the golden belts in of the dress was lavished the greatest collision, the chaitis rattling, and the expense ; and the Roman reproach melodious chime of little silver anklewas sometimes true of a Hebrew fa- bells, keeping time with the motions of mily, that its whole estate was locked the foot, made an accompaniment so agreeup in a necklace.

Tertullian com- able to female vanity, that the stately plains heavily of a particular pearl daughters of Jerusalem, with their sweepnecklace, which had cost about ten ing trains flowing after them, appear to thousand pounds of English money,

have adopted a sort of measured tread, by as of an enormity of extravagance. "But way of impressing a regular cadence upon after making every allowance for greater the music of their feet. The chains of proximity to the pearl fisheries, and for gold were exchanged, äs luxury advanother advantages enjoyed by the people ced, for strings of pearls and jewels, of Palestine, there is reason to believe which swept in snaky folds about the that some Hebrew ladies possessed single feet and ankles. péarls which had cost at least five times This, like many other peculiarities in that sum.* So much may be affirmed, the Hebrew dress, had its origin in a cirwithout meaning to compare the most cumstance of their early nomadic life. lavish of the ladies of Jerusalem with It is usual with the Bedouins to lead the those of Rome, where it is recorded of camel, when disposed to be restive, by some elegantes, that they actually slept a rope or a belt fastened to one of the with little bags of pearls suspended from fore feet, sometimes to both; and it is their necks, that even when sleeping, they also a familiar practice to soothe and to might have mementos of their pomp. cheer the long suffering animal with the

But the Hebrew necklaces were not sound of little bells, attached either to always composed of pearls, or of pearls the neck or to one of the fore legs. Girls only_sometimes it was the custom to are commonly employed to lead the camels interchange the pearls with little golden to water, and it naturally happened, that bulbs or berries, sometimes they were with their lively fancies, some Hebrew blended with the precious stones ; and at

or Arabian girl should be prompted to other times, the pearls were strung two repeat, on her own person, what had so and two, and their beautiful whiteness often been connected with an agreeable relieved by the interposition of red impression in her mute companions to coral.

the well. Next came the Bracelets of gold or · It is probable, however that afterwards, ivory, and fitted up at the open side with having once been introduced, this fashion a buckle or enamelled clasp of elaborate was supported and extended by Oriental workmanship. These bracelets were also jealously. For it rendered all clandestine occasionally composed of gold or silver movements very difficult in women; and

by giving notice of their approach, it had

the effect of preparing men for their pre* Cleopatra had a couple of that value, and

sence, and keeping the road free from all Julius Cæsar had one,

which he gave to Ser. spectacles that could be offensive to fevilia, the beautiful mother of Brutus.

male delicacy.

MAGNETISM.

From the Hebrew Bedouins, this cus serve for sticks to support the climbing tom passed to all the nations of Asia, vegetable. Medes, Persians, Lydians, Arabs, &c. Young girls were employed in making and is dwelt on with peculiar delight by beds of fine black mould : on these beds the elder Arabic poets. That it had they spread the seeds of gourds and sunspread to the westernmost parts of Africa, flowers, and kindled around them fires of early in the Christian times, we learn green wood, for the purpose of acceleratfrom Tertullian, who cannot suppress his ing germination by means of the smoke. astonishment, that the foolish women of The sachems and sorcerers presided over his time should bear to inflict such com- these operations, while the young men pression upon their tender feet. Even as roved round about the common field, and early as the times of Herodotus, we find drove away the birds by their shouts. from his account of a Lybian nation, that the women and girls universally wore copper rings about their ankles. And

Science and Art. at an after period, these ornaments were so much cherished by the Egyptian ladies, that, sooner than appear in public without their tinkling ankle-chimes, they pre

Eaton's Proposed Improvement on ferred to bury themselves in the loneliest

Magnetic Needles. apartments of the Harem.

Professor Amos Eaton proposes that Finally, the fashion spread partially compass needles should be tipped with into Europe, to Greece even, and to silver, brass, &c. This not only preserves polished Rome, in so far as regarded the points from rust, but withdraws the the ankle-belts, and the other ornamental poles from any attractive power in the appendages, with the single exception of brass, whether it arises from hammering, the silver bells; these were too entirely or from any particle of steel or iron, which in the barbaresque taste, to support them- may have been accidently left in the brass. selves under the frown of European cul- –Edinburgh Journal. ture.-Blackwood's 's Mag

METALLIC ALLOY FOR PLATING IRON HARVEST OF THE SAVAGES.

AND PROTECTING IT FROM RUST. It has been asserted and believed that This invention is the discovery of a the 'Savages derive no benefit from the gentleman at Leghorn, the friend of T. soil ; this is an error. They are princi- Appleton, Esq. the American consul pally hunters, it is true, but all of them there. It is easily and cheaply applied, apply themselves so some kind of culture, forms an amalgam with the iron, peneand all know how to employ plants and trates to some depth, and effectually protrees for the purposes of life. Those who tects it from rust. It derives this property occupied the fine country now forming the from its refusing to unite with oxygen at states of Georgia, Tenessee, Alabama, and common temperatures, or even when artiMississipi, were in this respect more ci- ficially heated. It is formed out of many vilized than the natives of Canada.

metals. It does not increase the hardness Among the Savages all public labours of the article to which it is applied, nor are festivals.

When the last frosts were does it efface the finest lines on the surpast, the Siminole, Chickasaw, and Nat- face. . It does not injure the temper of ches women, provided with spades of wal- knives. Four ounces of this composition nut-tree wood, lifted upon their heads is sufficient to cover an iron bedstead, and baskets containing compartments filled twelve ounces are valued at a dollar and a with the seeds of maize, water-melons, half. beans, and sunflowers. They repaired to A company is already formed at Bologthe common field, for which was usually na, with a capital of 100,000 dollars for chosen a situation easy to be defended, coating iron-work, and they are such as a neck of land between two rivers, drawing out plates which can be united to or a spot surrounded by hills.

one another by heat, without any injury At one end of the field the women ran to the coating.--Edinburgh Journal. ged themselves in a line, and began to break up the earth with their spades moving backwards.

Anecdotiana. While they thus freshened the old soil without forming any trench, other women followed them, sowing the space prepared UPON being told by Fulco, a French by their companions. The beans and the Priest, that he kept three eyil daughters maize were thrown together on the ground; with him, viz. “ Pride, Covetousness and the stalks of the maize being intended to Lechery, which would be sure to procuro

now

RICHARD COUR DE LION.

LASH

THE PROFLI

GACY OF

BY

THE TWELFTH CENTURY.

POPE SIXTUS V.

him the wrath of God, if he did not rid Mr. Bacon, in Gray's Inn Walks, asked himself of them speedily, replied, " That him, whose that piece of ground next he would soon give his three daughters in under the walls was? He answered theirs. marriage. The Knights Templars (said Then she asked him if those fields beyond he) shall have my eldest, Pride, the the walls were theirs too? He answered White Monks of the Cisteaux order, shall “ Yes, Madam, those are ours, as you are have Covelousness; and as for the third ours, to look on, and no more. daughter Lechery, I dont think I can do better than bestow her upon the Prelates LANDING OF WILLIAM III, AT BRIXHAM of the Church, who in such pleasures

QUAY, TORBAY. take the most felicity.

On the landing of King William, he

was met by the Magistrates, headed by the LINES WRITTEN TO

Mayor, whom « the gods had made THE STUDENTS OF ST. AL- poetical.” It had been settled that the BAN'S ABBEY,

JOHN HANVILLE A address to his Majesty should be delivePOET AND MONK OF ST. ALBAN'S, IN red by him in verse of his own composi

tion, and it was as follows :'Each comes a blockhead, each departs a fool,

Please your Majestee, Lads of the Nysan, not the Delian school,

You're welcome to Brixham key, Deep draughts they quaff, Lyceus, from thy

To eat buckthorn and drink tea, ton,

Along with me,
Nor snatch one draught from helicon.'

So you be,
An't please your Majestee

King William,
Raised his sister, a wastierwoman, to the

EPIGRAM rank of a Princess. The next day, Pasquino appeared in a dirty shirt.

Why

UPON MR. POPE, THE OPPONENT OF THE this?” he is asked. Don't you know

CATHOLIC CHAMPION, MR. MAGUIRE. my washerwoman has become a Prin 1- A house divided 'gainst itself, cess ?" was the cutting answer. The Pope

“ Must always come to nought."

If this be true, as all will own, was so incensed that he promised one With modern truth 'is fraught. : thousand crowns to the person who would detect the author: none appeared. He

A POPE may now be heard to blame

The rites that Popes direct; repeated the offer, with the promise that

The downfall then of Popes' decrees, no bodily harm should be done if the au From this we may expect, R. JARMAN, thor offered himself.' This stratagem succeeded. The author claimed the thou

EPIGRAM. sand crowns; they were given to him— Tho' Sally's face be spotless fair, his life spared, but his tongue cut out.

As yonder lily leaf;
Though she be sweet beyond compare,

Yet Sally, she's a thief!
HANS HOLBEIN.

The pretty rogue, tho' seeming shy,
A Nobleman, on some provocation, or So

well had learn'd her art, other, having threatened the celebrated That e'er I wist, her soft blue eye Hans Holbein (painter 'to King Henry

Had stolen away my heart. VIII.) with death, the painter immedi

ORIGIN OF THE WORD HONOR. ately went and complained of him to the King, who, sent for the Nobleman, and

(Translated from Owen, lib. 5. ep. 16.) charged him at the peril of his life not to HON,-stands for riches in the Hebrew tongue; meddle with Holbein.

Or, - means the same in French. Whence

HONOR sprung. On this the Nobleman desired his Majesty to consider the difference between

EPITAPH ON A SCOLD. a peer and a painter. The difference, Underneath this slab, my lord, replied the King, is this I can Here lies my wife, Bab: easily of seven ploughmen make seven

When she was living,

She was wondrous for,-giving, nobles, but ont of seven times seven no

The gift of the gab,

P. blemen, I cannot make one Holbein.'

EPITAPH
BEGGAR'S BUSH.

ON PALMER OF OLFORD ESQ. IN JAMES I. being near this place, obser STROTHLAND CHURCH, KENT. ved to his Chancellor, Sir Francis ?

Palmers all our fathers were,
you will soon come to Beggers Bushe, 1 a Palmer liv'd here,
and I may go along with you too, if we And travell'd still, 'till worn with age,
be so Bountiful.

I ended this worlds pilgrimage,
On the blest Ascension day,
In the cheerful month of May,

A thousand with four hundred seven,
A lady walking in the company of And took my journey, hence, to henven

1

P.

MR. BACON.

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