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ACCOUNT OF MOUNT ÆTNA that the lava frequently finds less resist-
ance in piercing the flanks of the mounITS ERUPTIONS.
tain, than in rising to its summit, and has
in this manner formed a number of minor “ This mighty and imposing mountain, cones, many of which possess their reswhich rises in solitary grandeur to the pective craters, and have given rise to conheight of above ten thousand feet, and siderable streams of lava. embraces a circumference of one hundred “ Hence an ancient poet has very hapand eighty miles, is entirely composed of pily termed this volcano the parent of Silavas, which, whatever subordinate dif- cilian mountains, an expression strictly apferences may exist between them, all pos- plicable to the relation which it bears to sess the appearance of having been ejected the hills in its immediate neighbourhood, above the surface of water, and not under all of which have been formed by succespressure.
sive ejections of matter from its interior. 66 In the structure of this mountain, “ The grandest and most original feaevery thing wears alike the character of ture indeed in the physiognomy of Etna, vastness. The products of the eruptions is the zone of subordinate volcanic hills of Vesuvius may be said almost to sink with which it is encompassed, and which into insignificence, when compated with looks like a court of subaltern princes these coulées, some of which are four or waiting upon their sovereign. five miles in breadth, fifteen in length « Of these, some are covered with veand from fifty to one hundred feet in getation, others are bare and arid, their thickness, and the changes made on the relative antiquity being probably denoted coast by them are so considerable, that the by the p rogress vegetation has made upon natural boundaries between the sea and their surface, and the extraordinary differland seem almost to depend upon the move ence that exists in this respect seems to inments of the volcano.
dicate that the mountain, to which they " The height too of Ætna is so great, owe their origin, must have been in a VOL. I, L
10-SATURDAY, March 15, 1828.
state of activity, if not at a period antece- at that period tolerably tranquil, and supdent to the commencement of the present posing no eruption to have taken place order of things, at least at a distance of from that time till the age of Homer, it is time exceedingly remote.
by no means unlikely, that in a barbarous “ The silence of Homer on the subject age, the tradition of events so remote may of the eruptions of Etna is indeed often have been in great measure effaced, and quoted in proof of the more modern date thus have never reached the ears of the of this volcano; but to such negative Greek poet. evidence we have to oppose the positive “ The earliest historian by whom the statement of Diodorus Siculus, who notices volcano has been noticed is Thucydides who an eruption long anterior to the age of says,
that up to the date of the Peloponethis poet, as he says that the Sicani, who sian war, which commenced in the year with the exception of the fabulous Cyclops 431 B. C. three eruptions had taken place and Lestrigons, were the first inhabitants from Mount Etna, since Sicily was peoof the island, and who are admitted on all pled by the Greeks. It is probably to sides to have possessed it considerably be one of these that Pindar has alluded in his fore the Trojan war, deserted the neigh- first Pythian Ode, written according to bourhood of Mount Etna in consequence of Heyné, in consequence of the victory the terror caused by the eruptions of the obtained by Hiero in the year 470 B.C. volcano.
It may be remarked that this poet parti“ This is confirmed by Dionysius Hali- cularly speaks of the streams of lava carnassus, who states that the Siculi, who which if we may judge from Vesuvius, passed over from Magna Græcia about are less usual concomitants of the first eighty years before the Trojan war, first eruptions of a volcano. took possession of that part of the island - Diodorus Siculus mentions an erupwhich had been deserted by the Sicanians tion subsequent to the above, namely in so that it is probable that the mountain was the 9th Olymp or 396 years B. C.
which stopped the Carthaginian army in and in 1302 there was an eruption of their march against Syracuse The Mount Epemeo in Ischia. From 1329 to stream may be seen on the eastern slope 1719 there were forty-two eruptions of of the mountain near Giarre, extending Etna, not quite one to a century. Vesuover a breadth of more than two miles, vius gave in the same time, or rather and having a length of twenty-four from from 1306 to 1822, forty-two eruptions ; the summit of the mountain to its final the ratio of time a little more. termination in the sea.
The spot in ques
“ It appears from this table that the tion is called the Bosco di Aci; it con nearest coincidence between the eruption tains many large trees, and has a partial of the two volcanos was in 1694 and in coating of vegetable mould, and it is seen 1811, when they occurred within a month that this torrent covered lavas of an older of each other, and that on eight several date which existed on the spot.
occasions an interval of less than half a “ Four eruptions are recorded to have year elapsed between them, viz. that of happened between this period and the Vesuvius December 2, 1754, was followed century immediately preceeding the Chris- by one of Etna on March 2, 1755 ; Vesutian era, during which latter epoch the vius August 3, 1779, by Etna May 18, mountain seems to have been in a state 1780; Vesuvius October 31, by 'Etna of frequent agitation, so that it is noticed July 28, 1787; Etna June, 1788, by by the poets among the signs of the anger Vesuvius February, 1799 ; again followed of the gods at the death of Cæsar. by one of Etna in June, same year ; Etna
“ After this for about a thousand years March 27, 1809, by Vesuvius December its eruptions are but little noticed, but 10, 1809, Vesuvius October 12, 1811, during the last eight centuries they have by Etna October 25, 1811 ; again folsucceeded each other with considerable lowed by Vesuvius December 31, same rapidity. Referring however to the chro- year ; Vesuvius May 27, 1819, by Etna, nological list of the eruptions of the November 25, same year." mountain for a specification of these, I shall here merely allude to such as have produced some remarkable change in the character of the country.
Laconics; - In the meinorable eruption of 1669,
Or, a rent twelve inches in length took place on the flank of the mountain above Nico Pithy Remarks and Maxims, collected
from various Sources. lise, about half-way between Catania and the summit, and from this fissure descended a torrent of melted matter, which continued flowing for several miles, destroyed seldom extinguished.
Is often hidden, sometimes overcome,
Force maketh a part of Catania, and at length entering nature more violent in the return, docthe sea, formed a little promontory, serves to arrest the fury of the waves in trine and discourse maketh nature less im
portune, but custom only doth alter and that quarter, at the same time the accu
subdue nature. mulation of matters ejected, raised on the mountain two conical hills called the Monti Mossi, which measure at their base, about two Italian miles, and are This passion predominates in every in height more than three hundred feet mind, till it has been suppressed by freabove the slope of the mountain, on which
quent disappointments. they are placed.” Ferrara.
The earliest eruption of Etna that is recorded, was about 480 years before
In great place are thrice servants, serChrist, and there were nine others before
vants of the sovereign or state, servants that epoch, besides one of the Eolian Isles of fame, and servants of business, so as and one of Ischia. Vesuvius had no erup- they have no freedom, neither in their tion during this period, nor is any pre- persons, nor in their actions, nor in their vious one known, although it is certain times. that there must have been eruptions more ancient than any that are recorded of Etna, and the same remark may be made of Etna itself.
He that sinks to a familiarity with From the birth of Christ to 1824, there persons much below his own level, will were only six eruptions of Etna; in the be constantly weighed down by his base mean time there were nine of Vesu- connexions; and though he may easily
plunge still lower, he will find it almost In 1198, the Solfaterra was inflamed, impossible ever to rise again.
This knight, before, by thirst of glory fir'd, Is a state between gaiety and uncon
With other warriors to the fight aspir'd; cern, the act or emanation of a mind at Mix'd with the throng that to attend him came:
And yielding then to Tancred's nobler claim, leisure to regard the gratification.
But when he thus th' enamour'd youth beheld,
Less swift the tiger's or the panther's speed ! Is like a vast sea, mankind like a ves
Against the mighty Saracen he press'd, sel sailing on its tempestuous bosom. Our Who sudden plac'd his ponderous spear in prudence is its sails; the senses serve us
rest. for oars, good or bad fortune are the Saw fearless Otho to the fight advance :
But Tanered now, recovering from his trance favourable or contrary winds, and the Forbear ! the field is mine? (aloud he cries)judgment is the rudder.
In vain he calls, the knight regardless flies.
He blush'd another should defraud his name, Is the tax, a man pays to the public for And reap th' expected harvest of his fame. being eminent. It is a fõlly for an eminent And now Argantes, from his valiant foe,
Full on his helm receiv'd the mighty blow. man to think of escaping, and a weakness
With greater force the Pagan's javelin struck ; to be effected by it.
The pointed steel thro' shield and corslet
Prone tell the Christian thundering on the Proceeds from much reading and little sand; *
Unmov'd the Saracen his seat maintained ; understanding. A pedant among men And, from on high, infam'd with lofty pride, of learning and sense, may be likened Thus to the prostrate knight insulting cry'd: to an ignorant person giving an account Yield to my arms ! suffice the glory thine
To dare with me in equal combat join. of a polite conversation.
Not so (cried Otho) are we fram'd to yield,
Nor is so soon the Christian courage quell'd; SOCIETY
Let others with excuses hide my shame, Is cemented by laws, upheld by reli- 'Tis mike to perish, Gravenge my fame i
Book VI, gion, endeared by manners, and adorned by arts.
REJECTED LOVE. The feeling excited by mystery, is, a union of wonder and curiosity, and when
For the Olio. the mystery is deep, becomes a sublime, and at the same time, a humbling emotion. Blow, blow, ye winds, thy mighty power Having its foundation in a principle of Farewell for aye, thou lovely flower, order, it necessarily involves the higher I ne'er shall see thee more. powers of intellect, and affords, what philosophers have sometimes been at a loss to Rage on, rage on, consuming fre,
Pierce deep, thou rancorous dart, find, a ground of distinction between man
And deeper still, I court your ire, and the brutes. We may therefore esteem
Though deadly is thy smart. it, notwithstanding it implies ignorance, an evidence of our dignity. It is obvious Welcome to me, thy dying glow, also, that it must most frequently arise in
And welcome, death, thy mace;
Gladsome I greet the kindly blow, contemplative and philosophic minds.
That, creeping, comes apace.
Still in my wayward fickering dreams,
That seraph form I see,
A ray of love on me.
SUBJECT OF THE ILLUSTRATION
But transient are those dreams, alas! Discovers the rencontre of Argantes the
And falsely shines that ray, bold and courageous Saracenic leader, In mockery's guile, from me they pass,
Like fairy-love, away. and general challenger of the chieftains of the Christian army, with Otho one of I met her in her halls of pride, its leaders.
Amid the mazy throng, The point of action is were Argantes I saw her in her bowers glide has subdued the valiant Otho, and charges
With careless step, along. him to yield to the force of his all-con
Burn on, burn on, thou ruin'd wreck, quering arms.
Drink deep of sorrow's brine, While Tancred lost in deepest thought ap. Encompass'd is that envied neck, pear'd,
By happier arms than thine. Nor saw the Pagan, nor his challenge beard, Impetuous Otho spurr'd his foaming horse, * See the Embellishment, illustrative of the And enter'd first the list with eager course. above, page 145.
I saw her in her bride's array,
amiable a couple, jogging through the And lovely was her mien, And peerless did she look that day,
storms of life, and combatting care, is not And happy was I ween.
to be found in every circle. It is singular
that Daniel never used the razor, but that Yet once methought, mine haggard eye Sarah shaved. But their taste was similar, Encountered her sweet gaze,
and, their love of news gave indisputable And then she beam'd, and breath'd a sigh, No time will e'er erase.
evidence of it. Daniel would sit and read
the whole of a newspaper, while Sarah Where'er I shift my wand'ring sight, listened remarked and digested. Then she Whatever scenes I flee,
would read it to him, while he argued the That farewell look, by day and night,
disputable points which came in contact Still languid gleams on me
with his moralities and politics. And I did see her since that day,
Not a hundred yards from the bridge When years had ran their course,
under which the river Avon runs,-in the And infants smil'd their mother's ray, straggling but improved village of ChrisAnd bless'd my sorrow's sourse,
tian Malford, stands a neat and large disBlow, blow, ye winds, thy mighty power,
senting meeting-house. This was formerly Adieu ! my native shore;
a Malt-house, which retains the original I've never seen her since that hour,
white and curdled cement floor. At the Nor e'er shall see her more.
cottage adjoining this structure, Daniel W, MORLEY. and Sarah resided. Before the door, ra
ther on the ascent, was a tiled porch, on which sun-green moss and yellow stone
crop grew, in company with the wallCAMERONIAN WAR SONG.
flower. Sarah here kept a shop, as a thin, For the Olio.
narrow, licensed, strip of board, briefly
indicated. Daniel supplied the commoLet the banner of truth to the breeze be dities from an extensive dealers, in Sutton
unfurl'd, Let the hated of God to perdition be hurl'd;
Benger. Under the meeting-house pulpit Give the children of Baal to the edge of the is an old arm chair, perhaps less remarkable sword,
than Gay's or Bunyan's, and, certainly less The watchword shall be 'Our God is the Lord. important than Edward's or Macbeth’s. Arise ye and spare not, he who sitteth on high, In this chair, as it was with that of Dr. Shall ight in your cause ; he who ne'er knew Johnson, Daniel in worship times, regu
larly sat. His sunday clothes, which chănHath said ye shall conquer, go on in your ged not with the biting-tooth of the moth, might,
nor the slakeless thirst of time, was of the Cry victory, victory of God is the fight.'
old cut, and the old school. His coat was Remember your home shall the wicked pre.
a double-milled light drab, with cuffs and
collars. There were silver buttons with Remember your birth--o'er hill and o'er dale, his initials D. B. engraved, two on each O'er land and o'er sea shall be shouted the cuff, and a shining row down the front,
word, To • victory, to victory, our God is the Lord.' with six to each pocket behind, and two
to each pocket at the side, well covered with flaps as large as the lid of a salt-box.
He wore a calf-skin waistcoat, with deep DANIEL AND SARAH: pockets and parted off in front. His leather OR, A
inexpressibles were, like a razor-strop, SKETCH OF A COUNTRY COUPLE. smooth and glossy, and crimped flaps re(For the Olio.)
posed at the knee, and, as the gills of a cock, hung over his red garters and spec
kled worsted stockings. Then his shoes Content, In the low vale of life."--COW PER'S SOFA.
with a famous pair of silver buckles, that
gave the tongue a sidelong lap over the Daniel and Sarah lived more than half shoe, clean and supple with currier's oil ; a century together. That love which Day and Martin's Blacking had not then united their hearts in youth, remained reached the village; and country prejuwith them to the ed of their travel. Da- dices in Daniel's time were strong against niel was tall, thin, and fair : Sarah was the use of any substance tu leather but oil. short, stout, and dark. His voice was His watch with a steel chain and brass shrill and goat-like : her's was deep and seal, was silver and turnip-shaped ; his strong. He sang a counter-tenor: she buckle that fastened his plaited' shirt at sang a full diapason bass. The disposi- the breast, was formed like a heart, and tion of their sexes seemed changed. What his wedding accepted token. The studs at she inherited, he did not possess. Yet, so his wristbands were impressed in glass