Imatges de pÓgina

“six," and compelled to witness an illicit most heartily into the measure.

We feast of hares from his own manor ! We contemplate with singular complacency should not like to see a Jew rabbi upon the possibility of our mortal remnant the counter of a Christian pork-merchant, giving light to a knot of good fellows ; to neither should we like to see a modern have the air about us impregnated with Brummel light bis cigar at a Dr. Franklin. the spirit of wit and humour escaping

Impartially weighing the good with, from the talkers, to bend our flame as it the evil of the melting system, we feel were into a courteous recognition towards convinced that the good must preponde. a late companion, who should solicit us rate. It would, to be sure, throw the with his Havannah; or, still better, to undertakers out of employment; but then witness the studious hours of a friend, it would add considerably to the body of whose hand has scarcely ceased throbbing the tallow-chandlers. The mutes might from our last grasp, to be promoted to his tear their bat-bands into garters, tuck up table, to burn over the volume-perhaps their coat-sleeves, and turn to their new a legacy from ourselves, to witness his trade. Besides, what tracts of church- thoughtful eyes bent steadfastly upon the yard ground might be brought into pro- page, conning more than once some pasfitable cultivation ! We have not yet sage marked by the thumb-nail or the calculated how many quarters of wheat pencil of the dead. Surely, this is to might be raised on land at present cum cheat the worms for something! Is the bered with tombstones. If the relatives reader yet converted to the “new light ?” and friends of the departed would fain If not, we leave him to the melancholy preserve some relict of the dead, they brightness of the lackered coffin-plate, might empty the snuffers into rings and and, as the deep-thoughted “Elia” has lockets, there would be an attractive and it, to the “ angel” and “well-wrought poetic sensibility in this. The custom cramp-irons." We think Falstaff would would also present a continual moral—a have been of our faith. How the old memento mori would ever, at least at knight would have blazed over

a sack candlelight, be with us. One might specu, posset !" But he had too much fat in late whether it was a second or third him to be made into any one candle. Like cousin on the table, and moralize accor- Romeo, he should have been “cut into dingly. In small villages, which would little stars,” and used as flambeaux “ bedoubtless burn their own population, the tweer tavern and tavern.”—Mon. Mag. genealogy of every candle might be accurately retained, and the taper spoken of with becoming respect. Thus, when a light was required, the servant might be ILLUSTRATIONS OF HISTORY. directed to set up another Mr. Jones,” or “put one of Mr. Tomkins on the table"

THE KNIGHTS OF THE TEUTONIC ORDER. And can it be thought that these worthy With the following origin of the Teupersonages, whilst they diffused light, tons, we shall complete our account of the would not also give birth to those serious most celebrated of those orders of knightreflections so fervently advocated by all hood that had their institution through the holy men ? Certainly, they must. On the wars of Palestine. general adoption of the system, that fa This military and hospitable order owes mous line

its origin, which took place in 1191, to

the piety of a German family, who, in “ Out, brief CANDLE !!+

the time of the Holy-war lived at Jerusa

lem, and erected a house for the recepwill have a pointed warning, especially if tion and maintenance of such of his counaddressed to a short, bulky liver.

trymen as resorted to Palestine as pilgrims. We trust the public will think well of To the above house they added an orathis proposition that they will bring to tory by permission of the Patriarch of its consideration a liberal and philoso- Jerusalem which was dedicated to the phic mind. After all we think a candle- Holy Virgin. Soon after, a number of stick, whether of brass or silver, is a genilemen of Germany contributed tomore decent temporary abode than five wards the enlargement of this charity, feet of wet earth. To be sure, some and in 1191, they were joined by several alteration must be made in the Burial others from Bremen and Lubeck, whereService ; but we have bishops all sufficient upon they, at their joint expense, erected for the task. For ourselves, we enter

a splendid hospital at Acre, and assumed

the title of Teutonic Knights, or breth+ In a literal translation of Macbeth into French, the line is thus happily rendered ;

ren of the Hospital of our Lady of Mount • Sortez courte chandelle 13

Sion, under the auspices of Henry, the

then King of Jerusalem, the Patriarch, they passed into Russia, and there estaand a number of Christian Princes. blished the Christian Religion. Whilst

About this time, the Emperor Freder- the Order were performing these feats, ick the 1st, surnamed Barbarossa, under- they received information that the town of took the crusade, to recover the Holy Acre had been taken by the Sultan of Land from Saladin, the Soldan of Egypt. Egypt, in 1291 ; and that the Knights To perfect this undertaking, a vast assem- there had been compelled to return to klage of the nobility and gentry of Ger- Germany. The principal house of the many, offered their services, and in every Order was established at Marpurg, in attack made by Frederick against the in- Hessia, and afterwards translated to fidels, they signalized themselves by their Marienburg, a town of their founding, courage and fidelity, but the Emperor's in Prussia. death happening whilst they were in the The prosperity of the order was now bemidst of their victories, these valiant men ginning to be obscured by dissension, found themselves engaged in besieging The Prussians, thinking themselves tyranAcre, without a leader, they therefore nically oppressed, complained of them to chose Frederick, Duke of Suabia, and Casimir the King of Poland, who for the Henry, Duke of Brabant, for their ge- wrongs they had committed, made the nerals, under whose banners they fought Grand Master, Lewis Erlinsufe, for the with so much bravery, at the taking of future, instead of considering himself Acre, that Henry King of Jerusalem, in a free prince of the Empire, enter into stituted an Order in their favour, and with an agreement to perform homage to himthe Patriarch and other Princes, formed self, as his Lord and Master. The sucthe statutes according to those of the cessors of Lewis considered this act preKnights Hospitalars and Templars. judicial to themselves, and resisted it by

The statutes, set forth that the Knights every means in their power, but without should be well-born; that they should effect, for the King of Poland in spite of defend the Christian Church and Holy their resistance, compelled them to act up Land, and hospitably entertain pilgrims to it, and perform their homage. of their nation; and finally, that they At length Albert, Marquis of Brandenshould call themselves Knights of our burgh, Grand Master of the order, abjurLady of Mount Sion. The Emperor, ed the Roman Catholic religion, for the Henry VI. and Pope Celestin III. ordered doctrines of Luther, and at the same time that they should live according to the rules treated with the King of Poland for the of the regular canons of St. Augustine, absolute mastery of Prussia, offering to and that their mantles and standards should do homage for the same to the crown of be white, having thereon a sable cross, in Poland. After this agreement had been form similar to that of the Knights Hospi- entered into with the King of Poland, he talars. Hereupon the King of Jerusalem abdicated the dignity of Grand Master of by the authority of the Emperor of Ger- the order, subjugated Prussia, and expelmany, created the first knights, to the led all the knights that refused to follow number of forty, making Henry-a-Wal- his example. Upon these reverses, the pot their first grand master. The Order Teutons retired to Mariendal in Franconia. now firmly established, went on, greatly This expulsion, according to some writers, increasing in wealth, caused by the liberal has been looked upon as the dissolution of benefactions they received from Christian the order. Princes. During the mastery of Henry The Teutons when in the fulness of their of Saltza, these Knights rescued John, the strength, were considered the most powerson of Henry, King of Jerusalem, in a ful of all the orders that existed in Europe, battle that was lost by the Christians but at their subversion the order was diviagainst Conradin, King of Syria ; for ded into two branches, the first for Roman which timely service, the above John, Catholics, who take the oath of celibacy, granted to be borne by them the proper and have a house at Mergentheim in Gerarms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. After many, wherein to transact their affairs. this the Duke of Masovia, in Poland, The ensign worn by this branch is a cross granted to them all the lands which they patonce sable, thereon a cross fleury gold, should take from the Tartars in Prussia, over all on the centre an escuteheon gold, which grant was confirmed by the Pope charged with the imperial eagle black. This and Emperor. In this war they was so ensign is worn round the neck, pendent to successful, that a very short period had a gold chain. elapsed before they cleared the country The second branch is for Protestants ; of the Pagans, and possessed themselves they possess a house at Utrecht, in which of Livonia and Courland ; and having all their affairs are transacted, and their founded several churches, towns, and secretary resides. The manner of admiscastles, and planted some German colonies, sion is as follows. If any of the nobles of


Holland propose a son to be a knight, his These first two incisions are turned to name is entered in the register, and a large the south; two similar ones are made tosum of money is paid for the use of the wards the north. These holes are afterpoor maintained by the order , and the wards bored, according as the tree yields person whose name is enrolled succeeds in its sap, to the depth of two inches and a rotation.

half. Upon the death of a Knight, the first on Two wooden troughs are placed on the the list is summoned to attend the chapter, two sides of the tree facing the north and and bring with him proofs of his Nobility south, and tubes of elder are introduced for four generations both on the father and into the holes, to conduct the sap into these mother's side ; if not, he is struck out of troughs. the list.

Every twenty-four hours the sap which The ensign of this branch is a cross- has run off is removed; it is carried into pattee, enamelled white, surmounted with sheds covered with bark, and boiled in a another black; above the cross is a ball, pan of water, care being taken at the same twisted white and black. It is worn about time to skim it. When it is reduced to the neck, pendent to a broad black watered one half by the action of a clear fire, it is ribbon. The same cross is embroidered on poured into another pan, in which it is the left breast of the upper garment of again boiled till it has acquired the coneach Knight.

R. J. sistence of a syrup. Being then taken

from the fire, it is allowed to stand for twelve hours. At the expiration of that

time is emptied into a third pan; but CUSTOMS OF VARIOUS care must be taken not to shake the seCOUNTRIES-No. IX.

diment deposited at the bottom of the li

quor. THE HARVEST OF THE SAVAGES. The third pan is in its turn set upon

charcoal half-burned and without flame. The juice of the maple was and still is, A little fat is thrown into this syrup to collected by the Savages twice a year. prevent its boiling over.

When it begins The first collection takes place about the to be ropy, it must be poured into a end of February, March, or April, accor

fourth and last wooden vessel, called the ding to the latitude of the country in which cooler. A strong female keeps stirring it the sugar-maple grows. The liquor col- round without stopping, with a cedar lected after the slight night-frosts is con- stick, till it acquires the grain of sugar. verted into sugar by being boiled over a

She afterwards runs it off into bark moulds strong fire. The quantity of sugar ob- which give to the coagulated fluid the tained by this process differs according to shape of small conical loaves: the operathe qualities of the tree.

tian is then finished. light of digestion, and of a greenish colour,

In making molasses only the process has an agreeable and somewhat acid ends with the second boiling. taste.

The maple juice keeps running for a The second collection takes place when fortnight, and this fortnight is a continued the sap of the tree has uot sufficient con

festival. Every morning the maple-wood sistency to become sugar. This sap is usually irrigated by a stream of water, is condensed into a sort of treacle or syrup,

visited. Groups of Indians of both sexes which, dissolved in spring water, fur

are dispersed at the foot of the trees; the nishes a cooling beverage during the heats young people dance or play at different of summer.

games, the children bathe under the inspecGreat care is taken to preserve the ma tion of the Sachems. --Chateaubriand's ple-woods of the red and white species.

Travels. The most productive maples are those the bark of which looks black and scabby. The Savages conceive that these appear Science and Art. ances are occasioned by the black redheaded wood-pecked, which pierces such trees in which the sap is most abundant. TROCESS FOR PREPARING INDELIBLE They consequently respect this wood-pec

WRITING ING. ker as an intelligent bird and a good MAKE a saturated solution of indigo and spirit.

madder in boiling water, and in such proAbout four feet from the ground two portions as to give a purple tint, add to it holes are made in the trunk of the maple, from one-sixth to one eighth of its weight three quarters of an inch deep, and bored of sulphuric acid, according to the thickobliquely upward to facilitate the effusion ness and strength of the paper to be used.

This makes an ink which flows pretty

This sugar,

of the sap.

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freely from the pen ;-and when writing day, when Pope Eugenio, IV. was at which has been executed with it is expo- Florence, a lad of ten years old was insed to a considerable but gradual heat troduced to his Holiness, in the presence from the fire it becomes completely black, of the Cardinal. The youth addressed the letters being burnt in and charred by the Pope in a speech, which for gravity the action of the sulphuric acid. If the and wisdom, much exceeded his years, acid has not been used in sufficient quan- “ It is common,

;" observed Angelotto, tity to destroy the texture of the paper and when the rest of the audience praised the reduce it to the state of tinder, the colour oration, “ for young persons endowed may be discharged by the oxymuriatic with premature talents to fall into early and oxalic acids and their compounds, decay of parts.". Then, my Lord Carthough not without great difficulty. When dinal,” replied the lad, “you must have the full proportion of acid has been em- had very extraordinary talents when you ployed, a little crumpling and rubbing of was young.” ihe paper reduces the carbonaceous mat.

EPIGRAM. ter of the letter to powder, but by putting a black ground behind them, they may be latin Epigram written by Godfrey, a

The following is paraphrased from a preserved, and thus a species of indelible prior of Winchester, in the year 1100. writing-ink is procured, (for the letters are in a manner shaped out of the paper) which might be useful for some purposes ; • When Titus disburses in hour convivial, perhaps for the signatures of bank notes.- Large gifts to his guests, they in worth are but Brande's Journal.

trivial, But when in small portions, his wealth he


Tho'triding their bulk, yet their value immense Some of the chemists having chose to

is, adulterate this recent discovered and high- This fashion my modesty suits to a tittle, ly beneficial medicine, by mixing it with

So Titus, be sure that you give me but little.' sugar, the following is a method proposed to physicians and pharmacopolists to detect this new species of fraud. Dissolve

This Pope was so great an admirer of the salt in water, and precipitate the qui- he was often heard to wish for an even

Queen Elizabeth in her young days, that nine by carbonate of potash. Filter the liquid, and evaporate to dryness; the re

ing's conversation with her : “ The prosidue being treated with alcohol, the latter duce (said the sanguine Pontiff) must

have been an Alexander." dissolves the sugar and leaves the sulphate of potash, and the excess of carbonate untouched; on evaporating the alcohol the sugar is obtained quite pure.

A Spanish gentleman, who had but

one eye, used frequently to atlend a tenMEDICAL VIRTUES OF THE SPIDER's web.

nis court, whenever any match of skill Dr. Jackson, in his work on fever,

was played there. One day, tbe ball was pronounces that the web of the spider

so violently struck against the other eye, prevents the recurrence of febrile parox- of it. He bowed to the company, and

as in a moment to deprive him of the use ysms more effectually than bark or arsenic, without apparent emotion, left the court, or any other remedy employed for that purpose. It is administered in pills of saying “ Buenos Noches !” Good night, five grains every fourth or fifth hour, the

gentlemen ? patient being previously prepared by the

EPIGRAMS. usual evacuants. It is said to be useful

(For the Olio.) also in spasmodic affections of various kinds, asthma, periodical head-aches, The head of a sober man governs his feet, and general irritability; also as an appli- And his reason assists him to gain wisdom's cation to ulcerated and irritable surfaces. The web should be that of the black spi- But if, should he, no longer, by reason be led, der, found in cellars, and dark and damp The feet of a tipsy man govern his Head. P. places.

If thou hast foes, direct thy steps so clean,

That nota shadow of the track be seen;

Thou, by Example, wilt their rancour cure,

And by their silence, peace of life insure, CARDINAL ANGELOTTO. This character notorious for the weak ON TOM SMART, A NOTED SLOVEN. ness of his intellect, and the meanness of Thy well known name is ill applied, his disposition, was extremely fond of For, thou art so devoid of pride, detracting from the merit of others. One Thou’rt, any thing but,--smart. P.



seat ;



Diary and Chronology.





March 9 SUN. 3d, Sun. in Lent. March 9 St. Gregory Nyssen, was the younger brother of St. LESSONS for the

Basil, he became bishop of Nyssa, in Cappadocia, DAY.

but was deposed by the Arian faction, He drew up 39 c. Gen, morn.

the Nicene Creed, by order of the Council of Con. 42 c, Gen, even.

stantinople. He died A. D. 400. St. Gregory

1814. Fatal attack of the English on Bergen-opMoon's last quar.

Zoom, under Sir T. Graham. 18m af. 5 morn. 10 Mond. St. Dractovæus 10 1636. Sir Hugh Myddleton died on this day. He died 580.

was a native of Denbigh, and a citizen of London, Sun ris 17m af, 6

to which city he rendered the most important set 43m af. 5

service, iu supplying it with water, by uniting High Water,

two streams in Hertfordshire and Middlesex, and 36m af. 9 morn.

conveying the same through various soil, for a i 4m af, 10 even.

course of sixty miles. The effecting of this junc

tiop took five years to complete. 1792. Expired John, Earl of Bute, a nobleman,

who for some time directed the education of Geo. III. He was prime minister in the early part of

the late reign. 1820. Died, Benjamin West, Esq. the celebrated

historical painter, and president of the Royal

Academy. ÆTAT 82. 11 Tues St. Eulogius.

11 st Eulogius was elected archbishop of Toledo, but

before his consecration he was put to death by the

Saracens at Cordova, in 859. 1544. On this day was born Torquato Tasso, the

celebrated author of Jerusalem Delivered, at Sor.

rento, in the kingdom of Naples, 12 Wed St. Gregory, the

12 st. Gregory was born in 544, He was appointed Great.

prætor of the city of Rome, but being inclined Sun ris 13m af. 6

to a religious life, he retired to the monastery of sets 47m af, 5

St. Andrew, of which he became abbot. On the High Water,

death of Pelagius, in 590, he was elected Pope. 52m af, 10 morn

He died in 604. He sent Austin, the monk to 28m af. Il even

convert the English to Christianity, 1712. Queen Anne annonnced in the Royal Ga.

zette her attention to touch publicly for the evil. 1713. On this day was published the first number

of the Guardian, under the direction of Steele

and Addison. 1825. Died, the Rev. Robert Bland, author of the

Four Slaves of Cythera, a poetical romance, and several other works of a classical nature.

18 Thur. St. Nicephorus

14 Frid. St. Boniface

Sun ris 9m af. 6||

--sets 51m af, 5
High Water,
34m af. 12 morn
4m af. l even

13 st, Nicephorus was Patriarch of Constantinople,

and died A. D, 828, 1791.' Dr. Herschel on this day discovered the

planet called the Georgium Sidus, 14 St. Boniface was a native of England, and sent by

Gregory II, to convert the Germans. He was

slain by some peasants of Friesland, in 754. 1757. The brave admiral Byog shot at Portsmouth

a victim to political persecution. 1799. Died at Bath, ÆT. 89,Wm. Melmoth, author

of Fitzosborne's Letters, and the translator of

Pliny and Cicero's Epistles, 1803. Expired Ær. 80, Frederick Klopstock, the

author of the Messiah. 15 st Zachary was Pope, and died A. D.752, 41, B, C, Julius Cæsar was assasinated by Brutus

and his associates, in the Senate House, at Rome,

in the 56th year of his age, 1784. Expired, Dr. Thomas Franklin, the author

of the Earl of Warwick, a Tragedy, and transla. tor of Phalaris, Sophocles, and Lucian, which performances evince abilities and genius of the first order.

15 Satur. St, Zachary,

New Moon,
38m af. 9 even.

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