Imatges de pàgina
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THE HISTORY OF

BRITISH INDIA.

FROM 1805 TO 1835.

BY HORACE HAYMAN WILSON, M.A. F.R.S.

MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY AND OF THE ASIATIC SOCIETIES OP PARIS AND

CALCUTTA; OF THE IMPERIAL SOCIETY OF NATURALISTS OF MOSCOW;
OP THE ROYAL ACADEMIES OF BERLIN AND MUNICH, ETC, ETC.;
AND BODEN PROFESSOR OF SANSCRIT IN THE

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.

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LONDON : Printed by S. & J. BENTLEY, Wilson, and FLEY,

Bangor House, Shoe Lane.

CONTENT S.

BOOK II. FROM THE RENEWAL OF THE East India Company's CHARTER,

1813, TO THE CLOSE OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE MARQUIS OF HASTINGS, 1823.

CHAPTER I.

Page

Appointment of the Earl of Moira as Governor-General.—Entrance upon his office. — Financial embarrassments of the Indian Government.—Indications of hostility.- Situation and Extent of Nepal.—Sketch of its history.-Rise of the Gorkhas.--Succession of their Princes. Their Conquests in the Mountains.-Aggressions on the British frontier. - Causes of the War.-Claims on Bhotwal in Gorakhpur.—Commissioners appointed. — Aggressions on the Saran frontier.–Villages in Bettia attacked and annexed to Nepal. -Right of the British Government to Bhotwal established. -Lord Minto's Letter to the Raja.— Military preparations. -Right to Lands of Bettia determined.--Return to Nepal of Gorkha Commissioners.—Disputed Lands occupied. Outrage of the Nepalese.—War proclaimed.Mode of warfare to be adopted.- Plan of the Campaign. -Disposition of the British Troops.—Advance of the Second Division.First attack on Kalanga,-its failure. Second attack, repulsed.- Death of General Gillespie. - Third attack,--defeated.—Bombardment of the Fort.- Evacuation of Kalanga.—March to the Karda Valley.-General Martindell occupies Náhan-besieges Jytak.—Combined attacks by Major Richards and Major Ludlow,—defeated.—Operations suspended.-Proceedings of the first Division. - Nature of the Country.-Gorkha Forts.- Nalagerh evacuated.-General Ochterlony turns the Gorkha Lines at Ramgerh. - Affair with the Gorkhas.-Reinforcements required, and

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Operations of the Third Division.-March from Gorakh-

pur.–Stockade of Jitpur,—attacked,-attack repulsed.-

General Wood falls back, remains on the defensive. — Fron-

tier harassed on both sides.—Return of force to canton-

ments.—Operations of the Fourth Division.— Advanced de-

tachment under Major Bradshaw.—Gorkha posts surprised.

-Parsuram Thapa killed.— Tirai conquered.—March of

main body delayed.--Outposts at Samanpur and Parsa, —

surprised by the Gorkhas,—great alarm among the troops.

- General Marley retreats,—reinforced, leaves his camp.

-General G. Wood appointed to the command.—Defeat of

a Gorkha detachment.-Gorkhas abandon the Tirai.—Divi-

sion broken up, troops cantoned on the frontier.-Success

of Major Latter's detachment.— Alliance with the Raja of

Sikim.- Invasion of Kamaon.—Colonel Gardner's success.

Captain Hearsay defeated and taken. - Lieutenant-Colonel

Nicolls sent to Kamaon.—Gorkhas under Hasti-dal defeated.

-Stockaded hill of Sitauli carried.— Almora surrendered.-

Kamaon and Gerwhal ceded.— Fort of Jytak blockaded. —

Operations against Malaup.-Positions of Ryla and Deo-

thal carried,--the latter strengthened,-attacked by Amar

Sing. – Valour of the Gorkhas, — their repulse.-Bhakti

Sing Thapa killed.-Garrison evacuate Malaun.- Amar

Sing capitulates. The country West of the Jumna ceded to

the British.-Negotiations for peace, --conditions imposed.

-Delays of the Gorkha Envoys.-Insincerity of the Court.

Hostilities renewed. — General Ochterlony commands —

Operations.--Churia-ghati pass ascended.-Action of Mak-

wanpur.–Nepal Envoys arrive.—Peace concluded,-condi-

tions.— Objections to the war,—to the mode of carrying it

on,-considered.-- Votes of thanks.- Results of the War.... 43

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