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already to60,000 francs. M. Neophytos Persian, Arabic, and Turkish MSS. Doucas, a learned Greek ecclesiastic, was added at once to the treasures al has contributed himself the sum of ready possessed by the Asiatic Mu10,000 francs.
seum of the Petersburgh Academy, The reigning prince of Wallachia, They were collected in Syria, MesoAlexander Soutzos, who is a Greek potamia, and Persia, by a person ver. by birth, desirous of distinguishing his sed in those languages, namely, M. patriotism by actions, and especially Rousseau, formerly the consul-general by promoting of letters and civiliza. of France at Aleppo, and since at tion, has determined to send to the Bagdad, and taken to France, where most eminent schools of Europe seve- they were immediately purchased for ral young Greeks, who may there fi- Russia before any competition arose nish their studies at his expence, and from other countries. The Asiatic then return home to give their native Museum, which was already distincountry the advantage of the know- guished by its fine collection of Chiledge they have acquired. A plan is nese, Japanese, Mantchou, Mongol, also in forwardness for the establish. Kalmuck, and Tungusian writings, as ment of a grand college at Adrianople. well as of Oriental coins and antiqui. It has been patronized with zeal by ties, had, by this sudden and great ad. Baron George Sakellarios, one of the dition of Mussulman MSS., gained in richest Greek merchants settled in the utility as much as it has acquired in dominions of the Emperor of Austria. higher rank among similar collections
The Baron is a native of Adrianople, in foreign countries. and having opened the list by a liberal The periodical publications under subscription, he has excited the emu- the patronage and sanction of the Ruslation of his compatriots, to whom he sian government were as follows: 1. The has written in strong terms on the sub- Petersburgh Journal, published by the ject. The Archbishop of Adrianople, Academy of Sciences, in the Russian M. Proios, native of Chios, a man of and German languages, is one of the great learning, and who long resided oldest journals in Russia. 2. The at Paris, has employed all his patriotic Moscow Journal, published by the eloquence in behalf of this college ; University. 3. The Casan Journal, and a person unknown has bequeathed compiled by the professors of the a landed estate valued at 10001. By University ; and similar journals are such means, in the first instance, the published at Riga, Wilna, Charkow, Greeks are endeavouring to deliver Astrakan, and at other chief cities. themselves from that state of degra. There are also, Le Conservateur Imdation in which they have been so long perial, printed in French, under the enthralled.
direction of the minister for foreiga Turkey.— For some time there has affairs; the Journal of the Senate, in been printing at Constantinople, in the Russian and German; the Northern patriarchal press, a grand Dictionary Post, or New Petersburgh Journal, of the Greek language, ancient and by the ministry for the home deparimodern, the first volume of which has ment: it comprises news, economy, already appeared. It will consist of technology, manufactures, and commore than six large volumes in folio. merce. The Russian Invalid, or MiliAll the Archbishops and many of the tary Journal, is intrusted to a comArchons of the Phanal, &c. are sub- mittee, and appears daily, containing scribers.
the Emperor's orders of the day, miliRussia.-A collection of nearly 500 tary promotions, with intelligence, as
well political as literary ; and memoirs make researches for the gold and emeof the Admiralty Department, which rald mines that have been buried for contains whatever is interesting to the some centuries, and he has promised a Russian navy.
very great reward to any that shall disThe University of Moscow was re- cover a coal mine in Upper Egypt. built on a better plan, and in a style Pompey's PillaR.—The inscripof greater magnificence than before the tion on the column at Alexandria, conflagration. The Emperor, besides known by this name, which has long his other bounties, consigned the sum baffled the endeavours of the learned, of 400,000 roubles for the erection has at length been completely deci. of an hospital close to the University, phered. It proves that the column for the purposes of a clinical school, was dedicated to Diocletian, by Prowherein, at present, at his charge, are sidius, prefect of Egypt. No tradition 200 medical students, besides others informs us how it gained its old apintended for the Academy of Chirur- pellation. The following is the true gery. The new cabinet of natural his- reading :tory is progressively augmenting, un- ΤΟΝ ΤΙΜΙΩΤΑΤΟΝ ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑder the assiduous direction of Professor TOPA ΤΟΝ ΠΟΛΙΟΥΧΟΝ ΑΛΕΞFischer. During the two last years, ANAPEIAC AIOKAHTIANON TON the collection had acquired a number ANIKHTON HOCIAIOC ENAPXOC of minerals, conchites, and birds, with Airyntor. the rich herbary of Dr Trinius.
“ Posidius, Prefect of Egypt (has EGYPT.—The Pacha sent several erected) the most honoured Emperor, youths to Milan to study the Sciences the guardian deity of Alexandria, and Arts of Europe, under the direc- Diocletian the Invincible.” tion of Sig. Morosi. These young Letters from Canton report the sucEgyptians were charged with the duty cessful prosecution of Mr Morrison's of translating the Gazette of Milan labours, in the printing of his Chinese into Arabic. By this means the Pacha Dictionary. The second part was bewill have the news of Europe, as well gun in April, 1811 ; this volume conpolitical as literary, &c. transmitted to sists of a thousand printed pages, in him, with all speed and convenience: 4to, and contains above 12,000 Chiif he would also reprint this intelli- nese characters, the most in use, with gence at Cairo for the information of numerous examples. In Feb. 1819, the Egyptian people, there is no say. 600 pages, comprising near 8000 cha. ing how soon Egypt might regain its racters, were completed. The printing former eminence for letters, arts, and of all the volumes of this important liberal studies, as well for commerce, work will occupy a space of hardly wealth, and abundance.
less than ten years. It appears by the news from Egypt, At Sydney, in New South Wales, of the 20th of September, that the la- there are, at present, thrée public jour. bours of the canal of Rosetta were pro- nals, and five other periodical publicaceeding with all imaginable activity, tions. A second printing office has and it was then calculated, that the also been established lately at Port waters of the Nile might be introduced Jackson. They now export cattle to into it, by the middle of October. In the Isle of France, and the market at Upper Egypt, some discoveries have Sydney is considered as plentiful in been made of certain iron and lead the different commodities of Europe, mines. Mehemed Ali Pacha has sent as well as of India and China. a number of chemists and miners, to
LOCAL IMPROVEMENTS AND ESTABLISH.
The Regent's Canal, opened for The latter is a capital work, 100 feet business on the 1st of August, 1820, wide, 1600 feet long, and with its comcommences at Paddington, where it modious wharfs covers twenty five joins that branch of the Grand Junc- acres. The tunnel, of more than half tion which is called the Paddington a mile in length, which carries the caCanal, and thus communicates with all nal under a part of the town of Islingthe navigable rivers, &c. in England. ton, and also beneath the New River, From this point it proceeds in a N. E. is seventeen feet and a half in width, direction, and passes, by means of a and nineteen and a half in height. Of tunnel of 372 yards, under Maida-hill; the latter space, seven feet and a half then round the Regent's Park, through are the depth of the water, and eleven Camden-town (where it takes an east. feet and a half remain between the surerly course) and Somers' town, near face of the canal and the roof of the which it enters a second tunnel of 970 tunnel. It is passed, without any aid yards, and penetrates Islington-hill, from towing-lines or poles, in from burrowing below the bed of the New fifteen to seventeen minutes, and is River. It emerges again near Brick- well worth the notice of those whose lane, and continues nearly in the same laudable curiosity and desire of knowdirection through the parishes of St ledge have never been gratified by an Leonard, Shoreditch, and St John's, opportunity of seeing so striking a Hackney, traversing in these districts proof of the powers with which science the King's-land and Hackney-roads, has invested the civil engineer. The and Cambridge-heath. Then entering Regent's Canal is one of the works the parish of Bethnal-green, it bends for which the public are indebted to to the south, passing through the Mr Nash, by whom it was originally fields adjoining Mile-end and Stepney; projected, and under whose direction and crossing both the latter places, as it has been carried on-through a mul. also the Commercial-road, it opens
in- titude of difficulties which could have to a spacious dock formed at Lime- been surmounted only by great abilihouse, which completes the navigation ty, activity, and perseverance-to its by a direct communication with the final completion. It was begun in Thames. The line of canal is nine 1813, and opened on the 1st of August miles, running chiefly west to east, last. The expence, which amounts to over which are thrown thirty-six sub- about 600,0001., has been exceedingly stantial brick bridges ; and it descends swelled by the extravagant price at eighty-six feet to the river by means which the land required has been obli. of twelve double locks, besides a tide ged to be purchased, and by many aclock. Its average breadth is forty- tions which the company of subscrieight feet, and the towing-path is bers were called upon during the protwelve feet, which together occupy gress of the work to defend. The about eighty acres of ground ; inde- average charge, as an example, for pendently of the dock of six acres at conveying manure by this canal, is Limehouse, and the City road basin. tenpeace per ton ; gravel, chalk, lime, bricks, and iron, about one shilling; at Cambridge ; but the probable exa coals, lead, and copper, sixpence. To pence of completing it, requiring a the inhabitants, therefore, of Hamp- sum little short of twenty thousand stead, Kentish Town, Highgate, pounds more than the Fitzwilliam Hornsey, Tottenham, Hackney, &c. fund is competent to defray, an appliand also of the parishes of Mary-le. cation is to be made to the University, bone and Paddington, this mode of to contribute the sum necessary for its communication with the Thames must completion. prove highly beneficial.
Nearly 40001. has been subscribed New Improvements east of Carlton. towards a new Observatory at CamHouse. All the arrangements are at bridge. last formed for the architectural im. The first stone of a free National provements east of Pall-Mall; and in School at Pancras, under the patronthe spring the workmen will begin age of the Duke of Sussex, and presi. pulling down the old buildings, com- dency of the Duke of Bedford, was mencing with Waterloo House. The laid on the 7th August ; it is to conother premises to Suffolk street, inclu. tain 400 boys. ding the west side of that street to An iron bridge, in one span, was Little Suffolk street, and the south lately opened over the river Chalmer, side of the latter, are also to be remo- at Springfield, in the great east road ved ; and a few of the houses in Hay. leading to Colchester, Harwich, &c. Market, opposite the Opera-house, This is the most classically elegant are to be re-built ; Cockspur street, iron bridge ever erected in this kingfrom the east side of Suffolk street to dom. It is of a superb Gothic order, Whitcomb street, is to be widened by and is highly creditable to the taste the reduction of the frontage of the and ability of Mr Dodd, the engineer, houses No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Whit. in making it a flat bridge, similar to comb street will be no longer a tho- his design of the Waterloo : it being roughfare; a high brick wall is to be on the principle of tenacity, it has erected nearly opposite the Mews-gate. room and play for the expansion and The outlet for carriages will be from contraction of the iron, created by the Little Suffolk street.
change of heat and cold. The interesting ceremony of laying A handsome building at Newport, the foundation stone of a literary and called the Isle of Wight Institution, philosophical institution at Bristol, has just been completed, and the Phisately took place, which was attended losophical Society of that place have by numerous persons of the first con- removed thither, and have commenced sideration in the city. The building their winter course of lectures. Sevewill contain a spacious lecture room, ral of its enlightened members have with a laboratory adjoining; a room taken different districts of the island, of noble dimensions destined for a li. for the purpose of more thoroughly brary ; one for an exhibition room, investigating its geology and botany another for a museum ; a reading room during the last summer, and some very for magazines, reviews, pamphlets, &c. interesting papers are expected in the A new line of communication connect. course of the session. ing the Gloucester and Berkeley canal A most admirable institution is about with the Thames, and Severn, and to be established in the county of LanStroudwater canals, was lately opened. caster for the reform of discharged
A site has been fixed upon for the criminals. The design has been taken erection of the Fitzwilliam Museum up with spirit by the wealth and rank
of the county ; and it is under the sanc. in breadth three hundred feet, with a tion of the collective magistracy—the handsome elevation in front. The esLord Lieutenant of the county is pa- timated expence of this work exceeds tron. The philanthropic bishop of the 30,0001. diocese is also active in the formation The counties of Cumberland and of the laudable undertaking. The Westmoreland are now joined by a purposes of the institution are thus an- handsome new cast-iron bridge, erectnounced in their prospectus :—" To ed at the expence of the Earl of Lonsprovide a temporary asylum for per- dale. sons of both sexes, liberated from penal Two new churches are about to be confinement in the several jails and erected at Wakefield; and the founhouses of correction belonging to the dation of a new church was on the 5th county palatine of Lancaster; to fur. of June laid at Harwich. nish them with the means of religious On the 27th October the foundainstruction ; to habituate them to a tion stone of the Jail, for the royal system of moral and Christian restraint; burgh of Jedburgh, and Bridewell for to employ them in various trades of the county of Roxburgh, was laid on profitable labour, qualifying them, du- the Castle-hill of Jedburgh, with great ring their residence in the refuge, for solemnity, by William Hope, Esq. of the future exercises of some honest, Hope House, Provost of the Burgh, industrious, and reputable calling ; by and Acting-Master of the Lodge of mild restraints and reasonable motives St John of Jedburgh, assisted by the to reform the character to the volun- Master of St Andrew's Lodge, the tary exercise of self-government, and Brethren of both Lodges, and by nu. to habits of practical virtue ; and merous and highly respectable depu. when, at length, such progress in tations from Lodges of the district, amendment is made as to justify a re- with the Committee of Commissioners admission to the free intercourse of of Supply for building the jail, and the society, then to furnish recommenda- Magistrates of Jedburgh. tions, (which, it is hoped, the merci. The Edinburgh College Museum ful part of mankind may receive) or to promises to be one of the most valuasecure for them, by other means, such ble and splendid in Europe. The classituations in life as may be suited to sical zoological cabinet of Dufresni of their condition and acquirements." Paris, has been purchased by the Col.
A new market is about to be erect. lege. The sale of Bullock's Museum, ed at Liverpool, which will be the London, was attended by a gentleman completest thing of the kind in Eng. on the part of the University, and he land. It is to be covered all over, and is understood to have made purchases will be in length five hundred feet, and to a considerable amount.