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PROSE ESSAYS IN ENGLISH,
Nantglyn, near Denbigh, who was 1819. Cambridge. placed in the bardic chair, according Members of the Senate, 1495 to ancient custom. There were four
on the Boards, 3698 teen competitors for this prize; ele. 1820. — of the Senate, 1558 ven for the second prize, on “ The
on the Boards, 3395 Cambrian's Attachment to his Native It appears from the Eighth Report Land,” adjudged to Mr Evan Evans; of the National Society, that there are and forty-nine for the third poetic 1467 schools on Dr Bell's system ; and garland, conferred on Mr James, the from the Fourteenth Report of the harper, for the best Englyn, or son- British and Foreign School Society, net, on “ What is Poetic Genius ?” that there are 297 schools upon the (Pa beth yw Awen.)
Lancasterian plan ; making a total, upon the new system, of 1764 schools.
At the sale of the late Mr Bindley's 1. On the Notices of Britain, under library, at Evans's, in Pall-mall, a col. whatever name in ancient Authors ; lection of single poems and ballads, containing Extracts from the Origi- published at about a halfpenny or one nals, with translations and comments. penny each, bound in eight volumes, The Rev. W.T. Rees, A. M. Rector sold at the immense price of L.837. of Cascob, Radnorshire, and Preben. The commercial world will learn dary of Brecon.
with satisfaction that a plan has been 2. On the History and Character of commenced, under the auspices of the the real Arthur, King of the Britons, British Government, for determining and the fabulous Character of that the relative contents of the weights and name, whether of Romance, or of My- measures of all trading countries. This thology. Mr John Hughes, of Bre- important object is to be accomplished con, author of Horæ Britannicæ, in by procuring from abroad correct cotwo vols. *
pies of Foreign standards, and compaThere were ten competitors for the ring them with those of England at his honour of the silver harp, which was Majesty's Mint. Such a comparison, awarded to R. Roberts, a blind man. which could be effected only at a moThe meeting concluded with an ad. ment of universal
has never been dress from Chas. W. Wynne, Esq. attempted on a plan sufficiently general and some poetic effusions from the or systematic ; and hence the errors Rev. Walter Davies, the chief of mo- and contradictions which abound in dern bards.
tables of Foreign weights and mea
sures, even in works of the highest It appears by a summary of the authority. In order, therefore, to reMembers of the Universities of Ox- medy an inconvenience so perplexing ford and Cambridge in their Calendars in commerce, Lord Castlereagh has, by for 1819 and 1820, that the following the recommendation of the Board of is the number :
Trade, issued a circular, dated March 1819 Oxford.
16,1818, directing all the British ConMembers of Convocation, 1874 suls abroad to send home copies of the
on the Books, 3984 principal standards used within their 1820. of Convocation, 1873 respective consulates, verified by the
on the Books, 4102 proper authorities, and accompanied
• Printed for Ogle and Co. London,
1814. 1815. 1816 446,551 449,033 452.635
13,614 10.897 5443 5075 6013 4763 8021
2713 3551 2613 2311 2035 3636 6470
by explanatory papers and other do- the use of the poor,—that is, one tenth cuments relative to the subject. Most part of the receipts. The following is of his lordship's orders have been al- the produce of the duty in francs for ready executed in a very full and sa. three years, 24 francs to a pound ster. tisfactory manner. The dispatches and ling. packages transmitted on the occasion are deposited at the Royal Mint, Theatres where the standards are to be forth: Fetes Publiques 13,383 with compared. The comparisons are to be made by Robert Bingley, Esq. Soirees Amusantes 2341 the King's Assay Master of the Mint, Panoramas and the calculations by Dr Kelly, of Petits Spectacles Finsbury-square, who originally submitted the plan to government ; and
485,137 491,826 497,358 who will publish the results of those comparisons and calculations, as soon
The French actors form a kind of as they are completed, in the second joint stock company, and a committee edition of his “ Universal Cambist.” of six, with a commissioner named by
A report was this year made to the government, is appointed to ma. the Society of Education at Paris bynage the interests of the society. The M. Jomard, from which it appears, committee, however, have little power, that the number of schools already the principal authority being vested in established for boys is 41, and for the commissioner. The receipts of the girls 22. These schools are capable of theatre are divided into twenty-four affording accommodation to about equal parts; one part is set aside for 6600 scholars. The whole number of unexpected demands; one half part is schools in France is said to be upwards given to the pension or superannuated of 1000; of which 360 are included fund; another half part is assigned to in M. Jomard's report. Of these 45 the decorations, scenery, repairs
, &c. are instituted for girls ; and the whole The other twenty-two parts are dis of them might instruct 40,600 scho. tributed amongst the actors, none relars, or about 115 per school. On ceiving more than one part, nor less July 1, 1818, there were under in- than one-eighth of a part. The actors, struction 19,175 children. There is on entering this society, contract an also another description of schools, engagement to play for twenty years, established by " the Brethren of the after which they are entitled to a reChristian Faith.” These, in the course tiring pension of 4000 francs per asof three years, have increased from 60 num, (about 1701.) These pensions are to 142 ; and, in the year 1818, they payable, half out of an annual allow. had 25,000 pupils.
ance of 100,000 francs (about 42001) The theatres in France have long made by government to the theatre
, been under the immediate control of and the other half out of funds raised the government, and various regula- out of the receipts and contributions tions have at different periods been of the actors. made respecting them. In November, Les Annales des Lagides, publish1796, a decree was passed, and which ed at Paris, announced a fact that still continues in force, enacting, that the learned in general were not ac. a decime on every franc of the price quainted with. The number of reigas of admission at all places of public of the Greek Egyptian kings, succesamusement, should be collected for sors to Alexander the Great, has been
generally fixed at ten; but proof is polemical Journal in the Greek lan. here adduced, that they amounted to guage, entitled Calliope, the object of twenty.one. This work was crowned which was to deprecate the taste for last year with the particular sanction Literature and the Arts beginning to of the Royal Academy of Inscriptions revive in Greece. The ostensible ediand Belles Lettres, at the competition tor is M. Athanasius of Stagyra, but for prizes ; and it has been justly re- the real editor is a soi-disant Athenian, commended in various French periodi. whose name is odious to all Greeks cal publications, as one of the most that are lovers of liberty. The sevenimportant that have appeared on an- teenthnumber contained a libellous and cient history for many years,
offensive diatribe, levelled at the meIt contains, in fact, the history of thods of Pestalozzi, which, by an inEgypt under the Ptolemies, from excusable ignorance, were confounded Alexander to Augustus; and, as those with the philosophy of Kant. Inveckings had a share in almost all the tives the most outrageous and abusive great events that occurred either in were lavished upon the venerable Coray, Europe or Asia for about three cen. the most illustrious of modern Greeks, turies, a chronological synopsis of their who, by all the intelligent men of that history serves also to illustrate that of unhappy nation, is hailed as the rethe princes or states that were their former, the father, and the benefactor contemporaries. A number of chrono- of his country. logical tables are annexed, with two A Geographical Society was estacuts, or plates, of medals. The authorblished at Vienna, the object of which is M. Figeac.
was to facilitate the execution of difGERMANY.-The Emperor Francis ferent labours projected in the intepublished an edict, ordaining that rior of the Austrian monarchy, and the work entitled, “ Jus Criminale to concentrate various means of inforHungaricum, or the Criminal Laws mation relating to geography and staof Hungary,' published by M. Vuche- tistics. M. the Baron de Schwitzen, tich, Professor of the Roman Civil counsellor of state, was occupied in Law, &c. in the University of Pesth, the formation of this Board, which is be considered as the standard and guide placed under the immediate direction by which all the lectures on law in the of the Council of State. Universities of Hungary shall be mo- There was recently discovered in delled. His Majesty has ordered the the Ambrosian Library at Milan, sum of 3000 forins to the author.
a manuscript copy of the Iliad of The number of students in the Uni- Homer of the fourth century, with versity of Leipsic increased to upwards sixty pictures, equally ancient. The of a thousand. Many that were at the characters are square capitals, accord. University of Jena, and which they ing to the usage of the best ages, were obliged to quit, repaired to Leip. without distinction of words, without sic, where their conduct was unblame- accents or the aspirates; that is to able. At Jena, there were thirteen say, without any sign of the modern Greeks, seven of whom are now at Greek orthography. The pictures are Leipsic, where others of their coun- upon vellum, and represent the princitrymen had previously been prosecu. pal circumstances mentioned in the ting their studies. A number of Cour. Iliad. M. Angelo Maio, professor landers and other Russians were also at the Ambrosian College, caused in that University.
the manuscript to be printed in one There was published at Vienna, a volume, with the engravings from the
pictures, and the numerous scholia at. tion; the first and second books, contached to the manuscript. These new taining epistles to M. Aurelius, were scholia fill more than thirty-six pages published from the Milan MS. ; that in large folio ; they are all of a very now found in the Vatican contains the ancient period, and the greater part of third, fourth, and fifth books, as well chem are by authors anterior to the as the supplement to the second, and Christian era and to the school of some other works by Fronto, Latin Alexandria. The authors quoted are
and Greek. 2. The fine commentary one hundred and forty in number, of the ancient inedited scholiast on whose writings have been lost, or are Cicero, begun to be published by me entirely unknown. The manuscript, at Milan, and now to be increased by however, does not contain the Iliad five other orations, with the supple. entire, but only the fragments which ments to those already printed at Mirelate to the pictures.
lan. 3. A fragment of an oration, by A letter, dated December 23, 1819, Q. Aurelius Symmachus, with the from A. Mai, the principal librarian supplement of two by the same auof the Vatican to the Pope, giving an thor, already published by me. 4. account of Cicero's Treatise de Re- The supplements to the homily, or publica, excited great expectation. Gothico. Ulphilan commentary, a por
• I have the honour and satisfac. tion of which was also found at Milan, tion,” says M. Mai, in his letter to together with an essay of Ulphilas the Pope, “ to inform your beatitude, These valuable works, mixed into two that in two re-written Codices of the volumes, which were taken for writing Vatican I have lately found some lost parchment in the middle ages, were works of the first Latin classics. In sent partly to Rome, and partly to the first of these MSS. I have disco. Milan, from the Convent of St Colum. vered the lost books De Republica of banus at Robbio. They will now be Cicero, written in excellent letters of again united in a Roman edition of the best time, in three hundred
them, which I shall lose no time in each in two columns, and all fortu- publishing. nately legible. The titles of the above (Signed) " Angelo MAL" noble subject, and of the books, ap- The public have been already appear in the margin ; and the name of prised of the publication, in the Ar. Cicero, as the author of the work, is menian language, of the Chronicle of distinctly legible. The other re-writ. Eusebius ; to which may be added, ten codex presents various and almost that Doctor Zobrab, who brought equally precious works. It is singular the manuscripts to Constantinople, that this Ms. contains some of the has been an assistant to M. Majo in same works which I discovered and the Latin translation, and in the pubpublished at Milan, and I have here lication, by augmenting it with a cofound what was there wanting. I per- pious preface, with notes, and with ceived this at first sight, not only from the Chronicle of Dr Samuel, an Ar comparing the subject, but also from menian writer, who lived in the thir. the hand-writing, which is precisely teenth century: the same as that of the Milan MS. Baron de Niebuhr, Prussian Am
“ The contents are-1. The corre- bassador to the Holy See, discover. spondence between Fronto and Marcus ed and published several MS. works Aurelius before and after he was Em- hitherto unknown. They are chiefs peror. This is an instructive, affec- fragments of Cicero's Orations ProM. tionate, and very interesting collec. Fonteio and Pro C. Rabirio; a fragment of the 01st book of Livy; and It comprises, 1. " The Gazette of two works of Seneca.
Madrid.” 2. “ The Ancient Journal The Abbé Amadeus Peyran, pro- of Madrid.” 3. “ La Miscellanea,” fessor of Oriental Languages in the published every fortnight: it opposes University of Turin, discovered some religious intolerance and political prefragments of Cicero in a manuscript judices. 4. “ Le Constitutionnel,' in from the monastery of St Colom- the same spirit. 5. “ The Law,” in ban de Rabbio, a town on the Tre. support of legal authority. 6. “ The bia, in the dominions of the King of Publicist," supports the constitution Sardinia. This MS. presents impor. and opposes despotism. 7. “ The tant new readings of orations alreadyCourier, political and literary :" its known, and confirms the identity of contents are more miscellaneous than several texts that have been tortured those of the other journals ; which, by indiscreet critics. It contains also however, do not wholly lose sight of fragments of the orations Pro Scauro, literature. 8. « The Bee-hive, or Pro M. Tullio, In Clodium, orations Colmena,” exerts itself in favour of unfortunately lost.
the unhappy and oppressed, in firm It appears from a report made on and determined language. 9. “ The the 1st of June, by M. Scovazzo, di- Spanish Minerva.” 10. “ The Narector, that a school, on the plan of tional Minerva.” 11. “ The Pallamutual instruction, was established, dium, or Patriotic Journal of the Sowith every prospect of success, at cieties of St Sebastian, and of the Ins Palermo, in Sicily. It was opened for of Malta.” This paper takes its tone 250 children ; the progress was ra- from the Societies it represents : it is pid, and the jury of monitors proved now less furidusly patriotic than it was very
useful. Such was the ardour for formerly. 12. “ The Zealous Citithis mode of instruction, that holi- zen.” 13. “ The Aurora :" this jourdays were suppressed, and there were nal records the proceedings of patrio. no interruptions but the Sunday and tic societies ; it has been extremely certain grand festival days. A general personal, but is now less violent. 14. enthusiasm prevails for the new me- " The Conservator," constitutional thod. There had also been a similar and loyal. 15. “ The Vigilant." 16. school for about three months at Mes. “ The Sun” records accurately desina. Others were to be opened at Tra. crees and edicts. 17. “ The Chronicle pani, Mazara, Agrigento, Syracuse, of the Arts." 18. « The Universal Termini, &c. and no obstacles what- Observer” is distinguished by imparever occur to the dissemination of this tiality and moderation. 19. “ The method throughout Sicily. Even the Messenger.” 20. “ The Economic Jesuits have adopted it in their col- Library,” or Annals of Arts, Agrilege of Alcamo, and before the ex- culture, and Commerce. Publications piration of two years, there would not of this description have been for some be a village without a school of mu- time past popular in Spain : the pretual instruction.
sent has been well received. 21. SPAIN.- Before the late Revolu- “Correspondence between two Friends tion in Spain, there was at Madrid of Liberty:" this paper discusses subbut one Gazette, with another Jour. jects too elevated for the popular mind. nal or two, occupied in annunciations 22. “ Letters by a poor little Pre. of ecclesiastical holidays, processions, tender," was a work intended to tell &c. or the price current. At present, truth ironically: the attempt supposes the list is little short of formidable. the author to possess much taste,