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In Britain, exertions for the propa. king of the Burgher oath, yet the anigation of Christianity continued to be mosity between them was observed, as made on the same extended scale as often happens, to be more intense than before. This will sufficiently appear between sects having much broader from the following statement of the points of distinction. By degrees, amount of the principal Religious however, the improvements of knowCharities for the year ending 31st ledge, liberal views, and Christian March, 1820 :
charity, and not a little, perhaps, the Brit. and For. Bible Society . £93,033 habit of meeting in associations for the Church Missionary Society
diffusion of religious knowledge, intro
30,076 London Missionary Society
25,409 duced a milder spirit. Coming to Society for Conversion of Jews 8,950 know and esteem each other as indivi. Prayer Book and Homily Society 1,987 duals, they became ashamed of those Hibernian Society
4,683 narrow distinctions which had kept Naval and Military Bible Society 2,162 them at so unsocial a distance ; and a
plan was at length formed, of a union Total £166,300 between the two churches. After a To these should be added the estimated Receipts of those So
number of discussions, it was at length cieties who do not make their
agreed to by all the clergy of both deaccounts at Lady-Day, taken on
nominations, with a
very the scale of 1819, which will
tions. This meritorious issue was conbe rather under than overrating
summated on Friday the 8th, in Bristhem.
to-street Meeting-house, Edinburgh, Society for Promoting Christian
-the spot on which, seventy-three Knowledge.
53,700 Methodist Missionary Society
years before, the separation took place. 24,000
The two Synods met in the morning Moravian Missions
5,000 Baptist Missionary Society 16,000
of that day--the General Associate Society for Propagating the Gospel 13,800 Synod in their Synod-house, Nicolson National Society for Education 2,500 Street, and the Associate Synod in the Religious Tract Society . 6,180 Rev. Mr Lothian's Meeting-house, Collection on the King's Letter Portsburgh ; and after having finished for the Society for the Propa
the business that had been submitted gation of the Gospel-nearly 50,000 to them severally, adjourned, constitu
ted, to Bristo Street, at halfpast 12 Total of one year £337,482 o'clock, walking in regular order to One of the most remarkable reli- the place of meeting ; first the minigious features of the present year, con
sters, then the elders, probationers for sisted in the union of the two branches the ministry, and students of divinity. of the Scottish Secession Church, After the two Synods were seated in called by the public the Burgher and a part of the meeting house which had Anti-burgher, and by themselves, the been railed in for their reception, and General and Associate Synod. Al- in alternate pews, so that they were though the difference did not consist completely intermingled, the two Mo in any essential point of doctrine or derators in front of the pulpit, and the church discipline, but in some minor two clerks at a little distance on the political questions, particularly the ta- right and left, the senior Moderator
gave out a Psalm, in which the Synods this was done, the senior Moderator and the whole attending multitude stood up and said, “ I declare, in the joined. The senior Moderator (the name of the General Associate Synod, Rev. Dr Jamieson, Edinburgh, belong. whom I represent, that the General ing to the General Associate Synod) Associate Synod is henceforth one then rose, and called on the clerk of with the Associate Synod ;" and the the Synod whom he represented to junior Moderator, in like manner, rose read their last minute. After the clerk and said, “ I declare, in the name of had done so, the junior Moderator, the Associate Synod, whom I repre(the Rev. Mr Balmer of Berwick, be- sent, that the Associate Synod is longing to the Associate Synod,) in henceforth one with the General As. like manner, called on the clerk of the sociate Synod.” The two Moderators Synod whom he represented to read immediately gave each other the right their last minute. The minutes read hand of fellowship, in which they were by the clerks in succession, were near. followed by all the ministers and elders ly in the same words, and to the fol- belonging to both Synods. lowing effect :
The United Associate Synod no - The General Associate Synod called the senior minister present in having accepted the Basis of Union, the house to take the chair, and and having, by the good hand of God officiate as Moderator. Accordingupon them, now finished all their own ly, the Rev. David Greig of Lochbusiness, and all preparatory arrange- gelly took the chair, gave out a ments, this Synod, with fervent grati. psalm, and constituted the Court by tude to God for having led them thus prayer. He was succeeded by the Rev. far, and in humble dependence on his Dr Pringle of Perth, and the Rer. grace, to bless the solemn and interest- Dr Hall of Edinburgh, the two next ing step which they are now about to in seniority of the ministers present. take, and to enable them to improve The former led the devotions of the the privileges, and discharge the duties Assembly. After the devotional exwhich are about to devolve upon them ercises were finished, the roll of the in consequence of it-do resolve, and United Associate Synod was called by hereby record their resolution, forth- the former clerks, and business adwith to repair to the appointed place, journed till Tuesday at 11 o'clock. that they may unite with their bre- The multitude who witnessed this thren of the other Synod, to be known event, memorable in the history of the by the name of · The United Associate Secession, was immense. But, notwithSynod of the Secession Church,' com- standing the pressure of the great posed of the Associate (commonly crowd, eager to gain admittance, the called Burgher) Synod, and of the whole was conducted with the greatest General Associate (commonly called order. Anti-Burgher) Synod, that they may henceforth walk with them in the fear An uncommon interest was excited of God, and in the comfort of the this year in Scotland by the proceedHoly Ghost, striving together for the ings of the National Assembly of the faith of the gospel, for the purity of Church. By order of council, a form divine ordinances, and for the enlarge- of prayer for the Royal Family had ment of the Church of Christ."
been transmitted to the Moderator of The articles which form the basis of the Church of Scotland ; and which union were then read, the whole mem- was chiefly remarkable by the omisbers of both Synods standing.--After sion of the Queen's name. This, how
ever, was generally considered as an ir- fending it, he set out with the princiregular mode of dictation to a church ple that the Church is altogether inwhich acknowledges no supremacy in dependent of the civil power-a privithe Sovereign ; and the order was dis- lege for which our forefathers bled, regarded by several clergymen, parti- and which no power had yet taken cularly the Rev. Andrew Thomson of away from them. In justification of St George's Church. Mr Thomson this order of council, an act of Queen followed up this step, by making the Anne was referred to, which enjoined following motion in the next General the ministers of Scotland to pray for Assembly :
the branches of the Royal Family by " That it be declared by the Gene.
But this act was necessary at ral Assembly that no civil authority that time, as many of the clergy of can constitutionally prescribe either Scotland prayed for the Pretender, forms or heads of prayer to the mini- under the general name of Sovereign, sters and preachers of this Church ; which made it proper to ordain that and that the orders in council which the names of the Royal Family should have been issued from time to time re- be used, that there might be no such specting prayers for the Royal Fami- evasion. Besides, this was a statute, ly, are inconsistent with the rights and not an order-a statute, for the disprivileges secured by law to our eccle- obedience of which, punishment could siastical establishment. But that as be inflicted; whereas no clergy man of these orders appear to have originated the Church of Scotland could be comin mistake or inadvertence, and not in pelled to obey this order ; nor did the any intention to interfere with our act authorize the Privy Council to as. modes of worship, the General As- sume a similar power, which shews the sembly do not consider it to be neces- two to have no connexion with each sary to proceed farther in this matter other. The next act on which this orat present. And the General Assem- der is said to proceed, is the 32d of bly embrace this opportunity of decla. Geo. III. ; but this act contains an inring the cordial and steady attachment junction upon the Episcopal Commu. of the Church of Scotland to their nion, not the established Church of most gracious Sovereign, and to all the Scotland ; and their obedience to it was Royal Family; and of farther express- a condition of their receiving certain ing their unqualified confidence, that, immunities. He was aware of no other actuated by the same principles of loy. act which could afford precedent for alty and religion which have hitherto this order of council. It was said that guided them, her ministers and preach- this is not an imperative order, but oners will never cease to offer up, along ly a recommendation ; but does not the with their people, their fervent suppli- very title of it refute this idea ? Is it cations to Almighty God, in behalf not refuted by its imperative language, of a family, to whom, under Provi- and the note affixed to it by the blank, dence, we are indebted for so many namely, “ that the same order be intidistinguished blessings, both sacred and mated to the clergy, that due obedience civil."
be given to it.” It has likewise been This motion having been opposed urged, that there is no form of prayer by the Procurator, Mr Thomson ob- prescribed in this order ; but if not, served, he was sorry he was now redu- for what end are the words of the ced to the necessity of defending his prayer put in inverted commas? Does motion. He fondly hoped it would not this intimate, we are not to depart have met with no resistance. In de from the words there laid down ? It is
maintained there was an order similar feel affection or respect for you, when to this given at the death of the Queen, you abandon the very principles on enjoining prayers to be no longer made which these are founded? while dis. for her. It is urged, that orders have senters, seeing us abandon tamely and often been issued to the Church alrea- servilely the principles for which our dy, and submitted to without opposi- fathers bled, will say to those within tion ; but this is the very thing com- the pale of the Church, “ You see plained of. Many practices and usages, what clergymen you have got, who persevered in for a long time, have can part with all that should be held turned out in the end to be mischievous. dear in the constitution of the Church It may be asked, where was the evil of without a sigh.”. 3dly, This order af. submitting to this order? This ques- fects the authority of the Crown; a tion he would answer, by observing, consequence in which all must feel first, that it vitally affects the integri- deeply interested. An order of the ty and safety of the Church of Scot. King in Council ought to be obeyed; land. It may be said, there is no in- it ought to meet with respect and des tention on the part of the Privy Coun- ference from all classes, unless when cil to encroach on the rights of the it is contrary to law, as in the present Church. This he was far from sus- case ; and it is a fact, that many clerpecting. He believed there was no gymen do not obey this order. Now, , intention of invading the privileges of what is the result ? the people will atthe Church of Scotland; but who can tribute this conscientious mode of act. say but another government may form ing to disloyalty in the ministers; and a system of encroachment from what will, from their example, be led to im. they reckon the precedents of this bibe the same spirit-an effect which, one? Were there an apparent inten- in these turbulent times, ought pecution to encroach on the Church's rights, liarly to be guarded against ; and, fiit would be better than as it is, for then nally, if this order be approved of, will there would be less danger of the it not throw an unmerited obloquy upon Church being tamely and unsuspect. many sincere and worthy clergymen, ingly deprived of their rights, as every who, from motives of conscience, do member of it would instantly rise up not, and will not, conform to it, by in arms to repel the open invasion of which means their usefulness and rethem ; but while he did not wish to spectability will be materially injured? impute such an intention on the part The reverend gentleman concluded an of the Crown, he certainly did think able speech, by reading again his mo. this order would never have been is- tion, and reserving to himself the l. sued, had there not existed, in some berty of answering to any thing that quarter or another, an inattention to might be urged against it. the rights and honour of the Church The motion having been seconded of Scotland. He could not forget that by Mr James Moncrieff, all the evils which had ever happened to The Solicitor-General rose and obthe Church originated from orders of served, that although he differed en. council; and that if such encroach. tirely from the reverend gentleman, he ments were not resented, our national must do him the justice to say, that he Church would soon come to an end. had treated this delicate subject with a 2dly, This order affected the attach- decree of temper, decorum, and proment of the people of Scotland to the priety, which he could not but comChurch. How, they will say, can we mend. (Hear! hear!) At the same