« AnteriorContinua »
tion, it is to us a source of much consolation, that our distresses have excited the compassion of the more opulent classes in the community; and that, though they have by no means been entirely removed by their humane exertions, they have at least been so far mitigated, as to be rendered less pressing and insupportable. Persuaded that murmuring and discontent, accompanied by riotous and disorderly proceedings, could only aggravate the evils we deplore, we have all along endeavoured to bear our misfortunes with the submissive patience that becomes us as men and as Christians; abstaining from all political discussions, and resting in the hope that the government of our country would devise such measures as in its wisdom might seem best calculated to revive the national industry, open up new channels of commerce, and restore to a suffering people those blessings which are the fruits of honest labour and regular employment. Above all, we consider it to be our duty, on the present occasion, to express our utter abhorrence at the dissemination of profane and blasphemous publications, the obvious tendency and design of which is to subvert the influence of our holy religion, and, by weakening the obligations of morality, to dissolve those sacred bonds, without which human society could neither exist nor be an object of desire."
EDINBURGH, Jan. 22.-The Court of Justiciary met in order to proceed to the trial of George Kinloch, Esq. of Kinloch, charged with the crime of sedition. This gentleman, who is a Commissioner of Supply and Justice of the Peace for the county of Perth, presided some months back at a meeting of radical reformers at Dundee, where he delivered a speech, which, it is alleged in the indictment, contained the most inflammatory, mischievous, and seditious expressions, "calculated to degrade and
bring into contempt and detestation the government and legislature of this realm, and to withdraw therefrom the confidence and affections of the people, and to fill the realm with trouble and dissension." Upon the diet being called, Mr Kinloch failed to appear, and he in consequence was outlawed, his bail bond declared forfeited, and all his moveable goods and gear escheated for his Majesty's use.-The Lord Justice Clerk spoke as follows-" Gentlemen of the Jury-I am extremely sorry that you have had occasion to be summoned here, and that there are no further proceedings upon that summons. You must be sensible this is not the fault of the Public Prosecutor. He has done his duty in preferring this charge of sedition against this person, who was regularly cited; but, as he has failed to appear, it remains only for us to pronounce sentence of fugitation against him. In the absence of the Lord Advocate and Solicitor-General, I think it right to state to the Crown Counsel now present, in reference to the person who has this day been fugitated, that the Court trusts especial care will be taken that he do not remain within any part of this realm, but that the Public Prosecutor will use the power of the law to bring him to justice, and to answer to the very serious charge that has this day been exhibited against him." The Solicitor-General here came into Court
"I have just stated, Mr SolicitorGeneral, that the Court relies upon the Public Prosecutor taking steps to have the person who has just been fugitated apprehended, if found remaining in any part of his Majesty's dominions."-The Solicitor-General replied-"I presume it is not necessary for me to assure your Lordship and the country, that, in as far as his Majesty's Advocate, and those bound to concur with him in the performance of the public duty, are concerned, no exertions shall be wanting to bring to
justice the individual who has now fled from the laws of his country, and to prove that the law will be inflexibly administered to all conditions of the people, and against the highest as against the meanest of his Majesty's subjects." Mr Kinloch, we are informed, is possessed of a landed estate in the county of Perth, amounting to upwards of L.5000 per annum. He left Edinburgh for the continent on the morning of the 21st.
DEATH OF THE DUKE OF KENT.
"Sidmouth, Jan. 23, half past one o'clock, p. m.
"It is with the deepest regret we announce the death of his Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, which event took place at ten o'clock this morning. We have only time to add the following bulletin, and that MajorGeneral Moore is going off express, with the dispatches for the Prince Regent :
"Sidmouth, Jan. 23.
"We have great satisfaction in being able to announce, that notwithstanding the most unremitting attention to his late Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, during the whole course of his illness, her Royal Highness is as well as we could possibly have expected, after so great a degree of anxiety and exertion. (Signed) "J. WILSON, M. D. "W. G. MATON, M. D." Prince Leopold, Captain Conroy, and Generals Weatherall and Moore, were present to afford consolation and support to the Duchess, at the awful and trying event. The Royal Duke bore his affliction and illness with the greatest composure and resignation.
The melancholy event was brought to town this morning by General Moore, who arrived in London at half-past eight o'clock, and drove to Carlton-house in a chaise and four. Carlton-house was soon after closed, as a token of respect to the demise of
the Regent's brother. General Moore then proceeded to York-house and Clarence-house, to communicate the death of their beloved brother to the Dukes of York and Clarence, and the Duchess of Clarence. The General soon after proceeded to Windsor, to communicate the dismal tidings to the Princesses.
The complaint which has thus so suddenly terminated the life of his Royal Highness, was an inflammation of the lungs, with cough, attributed, we understand, to a neglected cold, which he caught from sitting in wet boots after a walk in the environs of Sidmouth, with Captain Conroy. In the morning of Thursday last, his Royal Highness was reported to be in imminent danger; but towards the middle of the day he rallied again in consequence of a little refreshing sleep which he had been enabled to obtain. Towards evening, however, all the alarming symptoms returned again with increased vehemence, and continued so till towards Saturday morning, when a kindly remission of them took place. This, however, proved to be only that fatal relief which so commonly occurs before death ensues.
The situation of his amiable and afflicted Duchess will excite the sympathy of every heart. She was most indefatigable in her attentions upon her departed consort, and performed all the offices of his sick bed with the most tender and affectionate anxiety. She did not even take off her clothes for five successive nights, and all the medicines were administered by her own hands. These mournful duties, though they could not snatch their object from the grave, must at least have smoothed the passage to it; and the recollection of them will be among the strongest consolations of her widowed heart, when the lenient hand of time shall have soothed the keener pangs of sorrow.
27th.-AYR.-The period has now
arrived when men of all ranks have combined their means, and assembled themselves together, to do the homage that is due to their supremely gifted countryman, Robert Burns. On Tuesday last, the anniversary of his natal day, there was laid, near the place of his birth, the foundation-stone of a monument to his memory. Consider ing the manner in which this has been done, the distinguished characters who officiated at the ceremony, the numerous and respectable witnesses of the scene, and the many and ennobled men, as well at a distance as at hand, who have contributed to this grateful undertaking, a very high honour has indeed been paid to his name, a splendid memorial reared to future ages of our conception of his genius, and another and powerful incentive raised for the emulation of talent. The substructure or base is to be of a triangular form, having allusion to the three districts of Ayrshire; is to be constructed in such a manner as to admit of a circular apartment of seventeen feet in diameter, and is to rise to the height of twenty feet. The superstructure is to be a circular temple of nine Corinthian columns, thirty feet in height, supporting an entablature and cupola, surmounted by a tripod, one of the distinguishing emblems of Apollo. In a niche in one of the three sides of the basement it is proposed to place either a statue of the poet, or an appropriate subject from his works; and tablets with suitable inscriptions are to occupy the other sides. The whole edifice will be upwards of sixty feet high. The situation we have already described. It is in the south-west corner of Alloway-croft, on the top of the bank, fronting, and about equi-distant from the two bridges of Doon and Alloway-kirk, and about a furlong from the cottage where Burns was born. The surrounding scenery has been so often and so glowingly de.
scribed, and is, indeed, so familiar to the bulk of our readers, that it needs not our aid to make it the pride of the natives, and the admiration of strangers. The expense of the monument and its pertinents is estimated at 1800l. nearly the whole of which, we believe, has been subscribed. The architect, who spontaneously and gratuitously tendered his services, is Mr Thomas Hamilton, jun., of Edinburgh, an artist of celebrity; and the builder, Mr Connel, is the superintendent of the county buildings, and the builder of the ornamental tower at Kilwinning.
Where so many exalted characters have contributed to this grateful work, and where each man, from the prince to the peasant, has "cast his stone to the cairn," it may probably be wrong to distinguish one more than another. But the enthusiasm, perseverance, liberality, and personal attention, of Mr Boswell of Auchinleck, has been so marked and so excessive, and his nature evidently so congenial to the task, that he falls unquestionably to be characterised as its first, best, and steadiest friend. The personal exertions and individual liberality of our countryman, Sir James Shaw, likewise bear a prominent part in this good work, and cannot be forgotten.
physicians in attendance at this melancholy period.
"I am, my Lord, ever yours, most sincerely, (Signed) "FREDERICK." "The Right H. V. SIDMOUTH," &c. "Windsor Castle, Jan. 29. "It has pleased the Almighty to release his Majesty from all further suffering. His Majesty expired, without pain, at 35 minutes past 8 o'clock this evening.
(Signed) " HENRY HALFORD,
"For his Royal Highness the Duke of York."
It was not till several days had elap. sed from the publication of the bulletin of 1st January, that his late Majesty's symptoms became a source of peculiar anxiety and solicitude to his medical attendants. At that period his disorder returned with greater violence, and, in despite of the utmost skill of his physicians, several of whom remained in constant attendance, continued from day to day to make visible inroads on the health and strength of the Royal Patient. To the inhabitants of Windsor, who had opportunities of observing the increased vigilance that pervaded all the movements about the Castle, the suspicion still infused itself that an unfavourable change had taken place in the health of his Majesty. The lords in waiting, who were Lord St Helens and Lord Henley, were noticed to remain longer at their post, and to quit their charge for shorter periods than usual. His Majesty, in the early access of his second attack, rejected animal food. The most nourishing diet, in every form that could be devised to tempt his appetite, was prepared for him, but seemed to fail in its purpose of sustaining or recruiting exhausted nature. A few
days before his death he became reduced almost to a skeleton. The general decay to which his constitution was now subjected shewed itself in the usual symptoms. It was evident that his blood was becoming torpid and chilly; for though artificial means were used to raise the temperature of his apartments, yet he continued to manifest increasing suffering from cold. Among other distressing proofs of his debility and approaching dissolution, he lost his remaining teeth; he also lost his appetite, which had been previously so hearty, that it had been usual to medicate his food in order to procure digestion and prevent any injury from the tendency to excessive indulgence. It was not, however, till within two days of his decease that he kept his bed entirely, though for several days past he had not risen at his accustomed early hour. On the night of Friday last the symptoms became so alarming, that Sir Henry Halford came express to town very early on Saturday morning, and had an immediate audience of the Duke of York. The consequence was, that his Royal Highness's carriage was immediately order. ed, and without a moment's delay he set forward with post-horses for Windsor-castle. His Royal Highness appeared agitated as he got into the coach; and there was an air of mystery and hurry in the whole affair, which gave but too much reason to anticipate the distressing nature of Sir Henry Halford's communication. At ten o'clock on Saturday morning, the medical attendants, and the lords in waiting, felt assured that the last hour of the venerable sufferer was approaching, and that the day must terminate his mortal career. As the evening advanced, his Majesty became gradually weaker and weaker, but apparently without the slightest pain, till nature was quite exhausted; and, at 35 minutes past 8 o'clock, he breath
ed his last, without suffering even a struggle. The decay, though rapid, was unaccompanied with any violent and sudden changes; so that none of that physical excitement had occurred which sometimes, in cases of mental derangement, restores to sufferers in their last moments a transient use of their understanding, and embitters the parting hour with a consciousness of their late dreadful situation.
At the moment of his dissolution, there were present, besides the usual attendants, his Royal Highness the Duke of York, Lord Henley, Lord Winchelsea, all the physicians, and General Taylor. In the Palace were the Duchess of Glocester, the Princesses Augusta and Sophia, and some reports add the Duchess of York. Immediately after the decease, the Duke of York retired and dispatched General Cartwright with the mournful and important intelligence to the Prince Regent. His Royal Highness did not himself leave the Castle till yesterday morning. The Duchess of Glocester proceeded to Bagshot about half an hour afterthe death of her Royal parent; her sisters remained behind. Though all the physicians were present at the dissolution of the King, yet up to Friday those only were in attendance on whom that duty devolved in regular rotation; if we except the occasional journeys during the last week, made to and fro by Sir Henry Halford, for the purpose, as was supposed, of communicating authentic information to the Prince Regent.
ACCESSION of GEORGE THE FOURTH.
Whereas it hath pleased Almighty God to call to his mercy our late Sovereign Lord, King George the Third, of blessed memory, by whose decease the Imperial Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is solely and rightfully come to the high and mighty Prince, George Prince of Wales; we, therefore, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of this realm,
being here assisted with these of his late Majesty's Privy Council, with numbers of other principal gentlemen of quality, with the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and citizens of London, do now hereby, with one voice and consent of tongue and heart, publish and proclaim, that the high and mighty Prince, George Prince of Wales, is now, by the death of our late Sovereign, of happy memory, become our only lawful and rightful Liege Lord George the Fourth, by the grace of God, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Faith. To whom we do acknowledge all faith and constant obedience with all hearty and humble affection, beseeching God, by whom Kings and Queens do reign, to bless the Royal Prince, George the Fourth, with long and happy years to reign over us.
Given at the Court at Carlton-house, this thirtieth day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty.
GOD SAVE THE KING.
LEOPOLD, Prince of Saxe Coburg.
W. S. Bourne