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dura, and thereby obtaining entrance the country in their favour, and to into Cadiz. The assault, however, make a stir, they had little hope of given on the 16th, entirely failed, Ri- final success. This could only be done ego himself being wounded. Notwith. by putting forth, at all hazards, a standing, however, the most rigid pre- moveable column to traverse the neigh. cautions, an attempt was made in their bouring cities and districts. The lot favourio the interior of the city, On the here fell naturally upon Riego, always evening of the 24th, a colonel of the prompt to undertake whatever was haname of Rotalde collected a mixed troop zardous and adventurous. On the 27th of soldiers, Catalonian sailors, and citi- of January, having formed a smallcorps zens, and led them, amid cries of “The of 1500 men, he crossed to Chiclana, constitution for ever !” towards the and proceeded in the direction of Algate of the Cortadura. The soldiers gesiras. At Conil, where he spent the on guard there, however, fired upon first night, his reception was discourahis detachment, which immediately ging; but at Vejer, or Bejer, which dispersed. Several were taken ; but he reached next day, the bells were the colonel himself escaped, and joined rung, and other symptoms of joy mathe army on the Isle of Leon.

pifested on his arrival. Here he spent Meantime General Freyre had esta- three days, somewhat idly, it should blished his head-quartersai Puerto Santa seem, in balls and civic fetes; he ob. Maria, and had assembled a force which, tained a supply of money, not, howincluding militia, was supposed to fall ever, adequate to the wants of the little short of 20,000 men. He made army. On the 31st, the troops left his approaches, indeed, with extreme Bejer ; and, after a very fatiguing caution, and avoiding any close con- march over the mountains of Djer, tact, the effects of which, in the actual reached Algesiras about seven in the temper of his own troops, might have evening. They were received with the been extremely perilous. He merely warmest demonstrations of joy. Riego sought to insulate the insurgents from conceived the most sanguine hopes, the rest of Spain, and to cut off their re- having planned to make Algesiras a sources and supplies. Hesucceeded; and second bulwark of Spanish liberty, and weeks elapsed without any change in expecting to draw from Gibraltar all the position of the contending armies. the supplies of which he stood in need. The insurgent chiefs began to feel that The next day dispelled all these flattheir affairs in this stationary state were tering ideas. The inhabitants, seebecoming insensibly worse. The en. ing no force which could afford prothusiasm inspired by their first suc- mise of ultimate success, adopted a cesses was gradually evaporating; they cautious and guarded system'; while lost that opinion of power which was the governor of Gibraltar, deter:nining necessary to draw multitudes to their to observe a strict neutrality, declined standard ; and though they might be all communication with the insurgent able to maintain themselves, in a mili- force. Some supplies, particularly of tary view, against any force that was shoes, were all the benefits which the likely to be employed on the other army drew from Algesiras. side, the narrow corner within which While these operations were going they were inclosed afforded no means on, General Freyre was not inactive. of obtaining provisions and necessaries, He carefully closed up all the passages the want of which must at length re. by which this adventurous column duce them to extremity. Unless, there. could regain the Isla, and then disfore, something could be done to rouse patched Don Joseph O'Donnell in its 18 own

pursuit. Quiroga, informed of these able him to make head against the removements, sent orders to Riego to peated assaults of a superior enemy: rejoin him immediately. Riego relucto. There appeared "thus no prospect of antly obeyed, and, retracing his steps, safety but by quitting the city, and cut his way through a column of can throwing themselves among the moun. valry that attempted to intercept him, tains of Ronda. From this nonsent On approaching the Isla, however, he their progress presented *teries of adjudged the avenues to be so well guard- venture and privation, of which history in ed, as to make vain any attempt to offers few examples. Destitute of reach it. Swayed probably, moreover, clothes, and particularly of shoes, they by bold and adventurous spi. procured some at Ronda and Anterit, he determined to march upon Ma- guera. At Grazalema they were relaga, and endeavour to.excite a rising ceived by the inhabitants with a welin that city,

stiSA NYC... come so cordial, as rekindled some deThe column proceeded to Malaga gree of hope, and at Moron they were by difficult roads, between the moun. reinforced by 2003 dismounted dra. " tains and the sea, its rear being conti- goons. On the 4th, however, they nually harassed by the cavalry under were attacked there by O'Donnell; O'Donnell. At Marbella it had to and, after a smart conflict, obliged to be sustain a very severe engagement, in yield to superior forces. Closely presswhich it lost 100 men, besides the dis- éd, driven from post to post, and his persion of part of their number. It, small band daily thinned by desertion, however, shook off the pursuing co- Riego saw no longer any safety bat lumn, and advanced upon Malaga. in seeking the height of sché Sietta The governor had collected a few Morena. These could be breached, troops, and taken a position in front however, only by the bridge of Cordoof the city ; but, on the first fire, he va'; and Riego formed the daring re ret:eated, and fell back upon Velez solution of marching the remnant of Malaga. The troops of Riego entered his little band through tharlarge city. Malaga, which exhibited a singular This design was successfully executed and equivocal aspect, The city war il- «These imitators of the Sacred Bands luminated, and acclamations were heard of Thermopyla and Underwaldpalefrom the windows; but every door was ed through the streets, barefooted vand shut, and no one chose to commit him- badly clothed, chaunting the patriotic self in a cause of which such unfavour- hymn. The few troops who were in able omens were already formed, About the city remained neutral the inhatwelve next day, the columns of O'. bitants, assembling in crowds, viewed Donnell were seen approaching. The with wonder and admiration thought attack

was, 600n commenced, and an without taking part can scheir favour obstinate conflict took place in the The party crossed the Guadalquiver streets of the city. The constitution and hastened towards the mountains ; alists succeeded in repulsing O'Don- but at Fuente Vejuna; it was overtanell, who took up his quarters for the ken by the royal troopil and offered night about half a league from Malaga. considerable losse Reduced motoro Notwithstanding this success, Riego, 800, destitute of exerything, elovely in looking round bim, could see no pursued, sand hopelesén of succees; a hope of maintaining himself in his pre- consultation was held, and the resolusent position. No movement whatever tion was formed to disperses and each was made by the inhabitants; and his individual seek safety for himself

. numbers were quite insufficient to en- “Such," says San Miguel, the narra

tor," was the fate of a column, wor- claim that it was a small flying column, thy by its patriotism aod valour of the driven from place to place before a most brilliant triumphs. Where. so pursuing enemy. The enslaved state maay.concurrent circumstances come of the journals, whatever benefits may binedlagainst, uSy it was morally im- u be supposed to arise from it to governpossible for the result to be different. ment in the ordinary state of things, is Proatician on the part of an enemy fatal to it in moments of crisis and always more than triple our number; i alarm. Every thing which it then addismay and timidity in the well affect- mits against itself is considered as only sed; pusillanimity and weakness in chose," a small part of the truth, while what who abandoned us in the hour of dạn- it states on the opposite side obtains sgengahe violation of promises by those no credit. The supposed triumphant who had engaged in the cause ; un---spread of the insurrectionary arms

heard of labour and fatigue in such ra- through Andalusia was sufficient to pid torrents and marehes oight and day, blow into a fame those combustible kdrough a mountainous country, inter materials, with which the peninsula #cted by cravines,--all these circum--Was so amply stored, and to prepare Kances combined, must have disheart. the downfal of a government, which sted the bravest stroops.. Wherever," existed only upon the supposed hope. be added, the column of patriot sol leseness of any attempt to overthrow diere passed, the people applauded it. i wasn't pass

Avem gave them provisions, effects, The first quarter in which the flame be and money but no one joined them ; at broke forth was Galicia, where also it

their departure they wished them suce originated with the soldiery. The fate obes and then proceeded to prepare lod- of Porlier had left here deep recollecgagsfor the troopsthat pursued them," tions, and many of the officers there * The impression produced by these had even been involved with that chief. eventer in the part of Spain in which The explosion took place on the 20th they cook place, was that of deep des- February, the very day that Venegas, pondence with regard to the success 'a 'new governor, arrived at Corunna. of the patriotic cause. The column While Venegas was giving his first auof Riego, which had nevepapresented dience, and receiving the congratulamay very formidable Jaspect, was now tions of the authorities, the cry of " the mimibalated; while the mainbody, una constitution!" was raised in the square. der Quiroga, reduced to 4000 men, A body of the military, headed by the will maintained indeed na defensive colonel of artillery, Don Carlos Espia atitudes and repulsed all the attacks nosa, and seconded by the multitude, made upon them, but, inclosed on all disarmed the guards, entered, and invideos by superior forces, they had no vited the governor to place himself appareat meansof extending their ope- at the head of the undertaking. On ration sodna facth however, the work his refusal, they laid him under arrest, was already done Riego's expedition, and conducted him, with some others however really abortive, made upon who adhered to the same system, to those at a distande an illusory and brila fort San Antonio. The prisons were chat impression. His army, traversing thrown open, and several officers conthe provinces of Andalusia, and enter. fined on account of their share in the ng ebeio capitale, appeared to be in an conspiracy of Porlier were set at liberimposing and triumphant attitude. In ty, his widow was carried through vain did the government journals pro- the streets in triumph ; but the joyful VOL. XIII. PART !

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occasion was stained by the death of a who was shot near Padornelo by some serjeant, who had given information of the militia, whom he was endeavouragainst that unfortunate patriot.2014 ing to gain over to,

A junta was now formedy at the gn In another corner of Spain, events head of which was placed Don Pedro occurred of equally serious portent: Agar, one of the members of the last - Mina, a name mighty and animating Tegency, and then resident at Betanzos. sito the friends of Spanish liberty apThe direction of military operationspeared again in his native Navarre. His was offered to Colonel Espinosa , but partizans crowded round him, and prohe modestly solicited, and obtained, a claimed him general-in-chief of the napreference for Colonel Acevede. A tional army of the north of Spain. At similar change was leffedted-'at Ferrol the same time, an effervescence began to on the 23d, when the inhabitants join--s be felt in Arragon and Catalonia, and ed in proclaiming the constitution. At the govemors of those provinces gave Santiago, the Count de St Roman, a notice that they could moderate and amiable man, called a. answerable for their continued tranquil.

299. Jonger, council to decide on the steps buiteds-lity's pov stravs 1991100'O desa to this ewigency. His own opinion was However heavily, the storm, now in favour of looking only to the de-s lowered on all sides, the King Possessed fenceofthe place. Don Manuel Chantre, still the means of extricating himself however, a canon, started up, and, re- r with honour and safety. Continuing minding Su Romanthat,in consequence to hold the allegiance of the army.ar of the imprisonment of Venegas, he of all the great cities, his position was was now governor-general of the pro- still commanding. Had he come forvince, called upon him to bestir him ward promptly, and fulfilled his

lang self for its defetice, to raise money, and promise of granting a constitution, he to call out the provincial regiments of might, in a great degree, have dictated armed peasantry. The fire of this war-io its forms, and reserved for himself a like ecclésiastic iwas-struckd into the commanding place in it. Only vacilassembly y St Roman, following his lating half-measures were, however, readvice, soon found hitabelf at the dead.. sorted 19.15 An extraordinary Council of upwards of 4000 arhed peasantry. Aof State was called, where strong difHe was unable, however, to maintain ferences of opinion are reported to have Santiago against the patriotic troops, prevailed, even among the princes of which immediately advanced upon it. the royal house. Same gaxe, the most At the same time, the constitution Wiolent counsels; that the King should was enthusiastically proclaimed at quit Spain, and invoke the aid of the Vigo and Portuedrow Although the Holy Alliance s but this recommendatow.ns, however, were now in the hands tion, though anderstood to be support. of the revolutionary party, St Romaned by General Elio, who had been sent continued to maintaip the country pos for from Valencia, was not listened to. sitions, and a little civil war of about An imperfect attempt at conciliation a months daration ensued. The royal was made. The Council of State was troops, though rather more numerous, i divided into seven sections for beinglése

warlike and disciplinedy were mation of a new code of laws and by suecessively driven from post to postal sa royal ordinance, the universities corand their remains finally obliged to take i porations, and even simple individuals, refuge 'within the Portuguese frontier. mere invited to communicate their The only memorable event in this constaviewe cupone this subjectua This pro. test was the death of Colonel Acevedo, ceeding did not pledge the King to

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any thing, and had entirely the aspect the stone of the constitution, and on of a manæuvre to amuse the people, the enterprize being opposed, they detill the present danger laa blown by. Jayed, rather oban renounced its execuIt involved, therefore, 'a confession of tion. The King and his counsellors weakness, without affording any thing became now sensible that nothing was

o'satisfy the calls of the nation. In left to them but to yield. On the fact, the chief confidence was still pla-morning of the 7th, an extraordinary ced in military operations, but while - gazette was published, coayoking the all the generals were suspected, either - Cortes. It was now too late, however, of treachery or capability, the reso

was formed, to call into aetive s nothing was left buto unqualified subservice the Conde de Abisbal, without / mission. The multitude knew their regard to his former equivocal conduct strength, the whole population of Ma

and recerit disgrace. His thilitary ta." drid, soldiers and people, tumultuously "lants and reputation might have power. assembled, tore down the placards, set sful inffgence in this extremity, and the up the constitutional stone and with

setite zeal thewn by his brother, Jo-s louderjes demanded the constitution seph O'Donnell, gave a favourable idea of 1842.?" Great agitation now pre"of the loyalty of the family, wit evailed in the palace. Nothing could

The King could not have made a be a more deep, and entire humiliation more fatal choice. A bisbal wab already to the King, than to restore a, constiIt correspondence with the revolution tution, which he had made it his first bog

ary chiefs, and preparing to put him. act to dissolve, with every mark of re"shelf at the it head. How far he could probation; and he had kept immured postified in using for this purpose for years in dungeons

, all concerned in the power placed in his hands by the rforming and upholding it.. The danKidg, 'we shall not inquire. Certain ger, however, was imminent, Ballasit as, bemg appointed to the command teros, called from his disgrace in this m I was to proclaim the constitution at: have been the person who lixed the

cana, where his brother Alexander King's, wavering resolutions He commanded the Imperial regiment roundly told him that there was not a *** He then went through TembliqueAl moment to lose z that between the ac"magro, Ciudad Realifanid the other ceptance of the constitution and his

towns of La Mancha, everywhere maa dethronement, no alternative was left. Eing similar proclamations, and col The terrified monarch hastily agreed Lecting troops. He had thus soon forms to yield whatever was demanded.ed a lit e army, to which he hoped The following communication was imquickly to add a great part at least of mediatelyissued-roi Les og hlat commanded by Freyrektefluis sed nisi ve 3W 1) Wow

fairs were how come to a crisisoi:10. $ The King our Lord deigns to - The revolution was no longer confined address to his secretaries of all depart

to the nextremities of the kingdom ; it soments the following royal decree:* **** at the door and Madrid, long seksyon To avoid the delays, which might tretly agitated, and viewing with in- take place in consequence of the untense interest the movements in the promis certainties experienced by the council videes, bégán openly to share them in the execution of my decree of yesAn universal ferment prevailed amonga sterday, ordaining the immediate cone the people the soldiers had already Diyocation of the Cortes, and the geneon the 5th made an attempo to raise to rał will of the people having been pro

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