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service where there was no Liturgy, bited the disgrace of England in the but where, he was happy to state, it sight of foreigners. She might have had been rightly and universally dis. behaved like the most degraded of obeyed. He would ask Lord Castle. human beings, and nothing would reagh, first, whether the order in have been alleged against her. But council was as he had stated it to be? her coming to England was a crime secondly, whether it had not been which demanded instant inquiry and frequently violated? and, lastly, whe, punishment. The Queen was ready ther any of those who had violated it to meet the charges against her. Of had ever been, and how, punished ? that readiness, and of her innocence, Let the Queen be innocent, or let she had given the most decisive proof her be guilty, he thought it incum, by her immediate appearance in Engbent upon the House to place her, land. This had been universally acand he therefore called upon them knowledged; and yet, in the very now to place her, in the Liturgy, from same breath, she was praised for the which she ought never to have been boldness with which she had met her displaced, not even for a moment. accusers, and advised to give up the His lordship concluded with moving, right for which she was contending. " That this House, sensible of the Her Majesty was content to reside objection the Queen must feel at the abroad ; but, in going abroad, she relinquishment of any points in which wished to have her innocence fully her dignity and honour are involved, and definitely established-establishis of opinion, that the insertion of her ed in such a manner as it could only Majesty's name in the Liturgy would be established by the restoration of be, under all the circumstances of the her legal rights. case, the most expedient and most Mr Bankes strongly supported the effectual mode of sparing this House," original motion. He would ask any &c.
reasonable man, how ministers could Mr Denman strongly repelled the have vindicated themselves, either to charge, that the Queen's legal advi- the Sovereign or to Parliament, if sers had been guilty of tergiversa. they had come down to the House tion, declaring, that they had kept to with the insertion of the Queen's the last the ground and attitude they name in the Liturgy-the ink still wet had at first assumed. He endeavour, in one hand, and the papers ed to shew, that the Queen had the sation which they had received against clearest right to be prayed for by her in the other? Of the contents of
He enumerated various in. these papers he knew nothing; he stances of ill treatment which she had hoped to know nothing of them; and experienced. It was very singular, as to their truth or falsehood, would that these charges, collected a year offer no opinion. He wished to see ago in the north of Italy, should ne- the Queen placed exactly in the same ver have been heard of till they were situation as if she had never taken now laid on the
crime was the imprudent step of landing in Engher coming to England. If she had land. He gave credit to her Majesty lived abroad, either as Princess of for the readiness which she expressWales or as Queen of England, she ed to meet inquiry; but he doubted might have conducted herself as she if her advisers were benefiting their pleased, and there would have been client by professing, on the one hand, no accusation. She might have wan- a wish for conciliation, and making, dered over the continent, and exhin on the other, that point a sine qua
non, the resignation of which would they told her, that if she continued be no derogation from her character. to live abroad, she might with impu
Mr Williams endeavoured to prove, nity act in such a manner as to bring that ministers 'had acted improperly disgrace on the King and country and unwarrantably upon this occa- but if she came to England to trouble sion.
them, then it would be imperative OR Sir Francis Burdett attacked the the noble lord, as an honest man, to conduct of ministers in his usual style bring down a green bag. He felt of unmeasured invective. He applau- some parliamentary difficulty in the ded the conduct of the Queen in ha- extraordinary mode of proceeding ving triumphed equally over their which was proposed. They were callbribe and their threat. She had adopt- ed on to address the Queen; and if ed a course of conduct so magnani- she was to be treated with that remous, as to raise her in all men's spect, it was not, surely, too much minds, and which afforded such pre- to ask ministers to withdraw the stigsumption of her innocence (to use the ma which they had cast upon her expression of the honourable member character; let either the green bag below him,) as rendered it as doubt- or the present motion be witidrawn. less as the valour of the Duke of How any man could hold the bag in Wellington. Let the House look at one hand, and vote for this motion the treatment which this illustrious with the other, he was at a loss to lady had experienced from her first conceive. What, if her Majesty should arrival in this country-cut off from not choose to receive the address ; the protection of those whose duty it and, in fact, should not comply with was to protect her-deprived of that it? She had always been anxious to control which she had a right to ex- do what was wished by the House ercise-allowed no intercourse with of Commons; she had thrown her her family or with her child; and if, life and her honour on them; and under such circumstances, when goad. therefore there could be no doubt of ed by insult, and driven almost to her confidence in the integrity of the madness, she had acted improperly, House, or of the deference which she no man who harboured a principle of was disposed to pay to its opinions. honour in his breast would not shed But he would say for her in the words a tear for her misfortunes—but he of the poetwould not at the same time pursue her with the arm of vengeance, un- 146 To the liege lord of my dear native land, der the mask of mercy. There was
I owe a subject's homage ; yet even him, much apology for the King, whose
And his high arbitration, I reject. ear had doubtless been poisoned by Honour, sole judge and umpire of my con
Within my bosom reigns another lord, spies and go-betweens; but there was duct." none for ministers, who ought to have undeceived him, and given him sound This point she could not concede; advice. It ought to have made no especially, when the House asked it difference in their minds, whether the in order to get ministers out of a Queen remained abroad or not; they scrape-to enablethem to sneak away were bound by their duty to the King, with their green bag. The honouraand to the country, to pursue a steady ble baronet remarked on the great course, without any alteration of their difference between Lord Castlereagh, views in consequence of her presence who pursued the Queen for her vices or her absence. But, on the contrary, and bad qualities, and Mr Canning,
his colleague, who wished to punish he thought it not inconsistent with her for her virtues and good quali- the strongest feelings-(if in saying ties. Her amiable disposition and so he did not use an improper exfascinating manners, he said, would pression)-the strongest private feelrender her the tool of faction; but ings of admiration and regard for the he would beg to know, of what facillustrious individual—for any person tion she had ever been the tool, ex- holding a public situation, and discept that to which the right honoura- charging public duties, to say beforeble gentleman belonged?
hand that he would use every effort Mr Canning declared, that he to prevent the agitation of a fruitshould not be challenged or provoked less question, unless a possible event to enter into any recrimination. This should occur to make it necessary. was not the time for ministers to en- That event had unfortunately occur. ter into a justification of their con- red, and he was not prepared to say duct; when that time came, they that there was any alternative but to would be inost fully prepared. Mi proceed to the inquiry. Mr Canning pisters had been forced into this ques- expressed his astonishment at the new tion-forced by those advisers, who, and exaggerated importance which in an ill-fated hour, had induced her had been attached to the affair of the Majesty to return to this country. Liturgy. If indeed it were a point of There were charges, as to the truth such importance, not merely as a or falsehood of which he did not mean worldly matter, but as a religious obto say a word; but they existed. Mi- servance, what was to be thought of nisters, in the exercise of a sound dis- those negociators for the Queen who cretion, would most gladly have als postponed it to the questions of resilowed them to sleep, but no choice dence, patronage, and income, and was left to them. There could be no who, when they did introduce this desire-desire! how could he say de- awful heavenly point, of exclusion sire, or how suppose that there should from the ceremonial of the church, be in the mind, he would not say of did it in the way of commutation for any honourable man, but of
hu- an equivalent? If it were to raise her man creature with the feelings of a Majesty, on the aspirations of millions, man,-how could there be any other to the presence of her Creator, what wish or feeling but that inquiry should was to be thought ofthose advisers who be avoided? If there had been any postponed it to a point of etiquettechoice left to ministers, he would to a question what sort of introduchimself have considered their conduct tion her Majesty should obtain at most unwarrantable if they had not some petty court, like those of Knipsacrificed every personal or private hausen and Hohenzollern, where the feeling to a sense of public duty, by single minister of state was out at abstaining from all proceedings in this elbows, and the pomp of military pacase ; but the unfortunate return of rade was kept up by three whiskerthe illustrious personagehad left them ed grenadiers and the fraction of a no option. The honourable baronet drummer? Mr Canning concluded, had described the language in which with expressing his entire concurrence he himself upon another occasion had to the motion of Mr Wilberforce. spoken of that personage as extrava- Some explanations were given by gant. If that language had procured Mr Brougham and Mr C. Hutchinhim any credit with the House for son, chiefly relative to the conduct of sincerity, he hoped he might in the Lord Hutchinson. same spirit of sincerity declare, that Mr Wilberforce made a short re
ply, which was followed by a few ex- Wilberforce read the resolution of planatory observationsfrom Lord Cas- the House. The Queen then returnilereagh.
ed the following answer : The vote, after many loud calls, was now taken, when there appear- “ I am bound to receive with graed,
titude any attempt on the part of the
House of Commons to interpose its For the original motion, . 394 high mediation, for the purpose of Against it,
124 healing those unhappy differences in
the Royal Family, which no person has Majority for the resolution, 267 so much reason to deplore as myself
And with perfect truth I can declare, On the same day, the House of that an entire reconcilement of those Lords, with a good deal of dissatis- differences, effected by the authority faction, agreed to defer the sitting of of Parliament, on principles consistthe Committee till Tuesday next. ent with the honour and dignity of
On the following evening, an ex- all the parties, is still the object dearplanation was given by Mr Brougham, est to my heart. from which it appeared, that the “I cannot refrain from expressing Queen, immediately on being inform- my deep sense of the affectionate laned of the omission of her name in the guage of these resolutions ; it shews Liturgy, had addressed a complaint the House of Commons to be the faithon the subject to one of his Majesty's ful representative of that generous ministers.
people, to whom I owe a debt of graAfter the passing of the resolution titude that can never be repaid. in the House of Commons, Mr Wil. “ I am sensible, too, that I expose berforce, Sir T. Acland, Mr Bankes, myself to the risk of displeasing those and Mr Stuart Wortley, were ap- who may soon be the judges of my pointed, as a deputation, to wait upon conduct; but I trust to their canthe Queen and present it to her. dour, and their sense of honour, conThe expectation of this event excited fident that they will enter into the an extraordinary interest in the pub- feelings which alone influence my delic mind, and all the streets border- termination. ing on her Majesty's residence were “ It would ill become me to quescrowded to excess. The disposition tion the power of Parliament, or the shewn by this multitude was such as mode in which it may at any time be altogether tended to confirm her Ma. exercised; but, however strongly 1 I jesty in the resolution which she was may feel the necessity of submitting supposed already to have formed. As to its authority, the question whether the carriages conveying the mem- I will make myself a party to any bers of the deputation appeared, hoot- measure proposed must be decided ing and hissing, with cries of " No by my own feelings and conscience, address,” were raised to a great ex. and by them alone. As a subject of tent. The four gentlemen having the state, I shall bow with deference alighted, were received by the Queen --if possible, without a murmur-to in the drawing - room, with Mr every act of the sovereign authority; Brougham and Mr Denman on each but, as an accused and injured Queen; side, and attended by Lady Anne Ha- I owe it to the King, myself, and ail milton. The members having knelt, my fellow-subjects, not to consent to and kissed her Majesty's hand, Mr the sacrifice of any essential privilege, or withdraw my appeal to those prin- original right was greatly strengthenciples of public justice, which are ed by his Majesty's having voluntaalike the safe-guard of the highest rily come down, and thrown himself and the humblest individual."
upon their judgment. To him, there
fore, advice could be tendered with The deputation, having received the very best possible grace; while this reply, made their obeisance and the offering it to the other party, was retired; while the multitude, on re- going out of the regular course of ceiving notice of what had passed, tes- Parliament, and not very compatible tified their concurrence by the loud- with its dignity. What was still more est acclamations.
important, counsel addressed to the Such was the unfortunate issue of regular quarter would have been all this attempt, made with the best in- but imperative; while in the other tentions, to avert the evils impending case, its acceptance depended upon upon the House and the public from the will, perhaps capricious, of an this inquiry. We do not hesitate to individual, from whom they had no say, after considering all the circum- room to expect the exercise of any stances and issues, that the Queen peculiar discretion. The resolution would have acted a wise part in seizing might equally, in this case as in the this opportunity of retiring, with a other, have given it to be understood, good grace, from the conflict. Still that the concession was asked merely se question whether the plan of pa- for the sake of peace, and did not imcification adopted was altogether hap- ply any sacrifice or change of opinion. py or promising. It should seem, ac- Its success, we think, can scarcely cording to the views already given, be doubted, especially as there could that the other side was the quarter to be little anxiety to open a cause in which Parliament might most natu- the face of such a torrent of popular rally have looked to close the contest, opinion, the impossibility of stemming either by arbitration or concession. which, by almost any proof or process, The Parliament is constitutionally must have been already foreseen. the King's great council; and this