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Then Gentlemen, Coroner, Clerk of
the Market, of the Peace, Searchers and Sealers of Leather, Toll-gatherers, Overseers of the Poor, and of the Highway, all these are representable by you, for their Neglects in their several Offices.
If Artificers, Labourers, or Servants conspire wbat Wages to take, and not to work under i boje Rates.
if Artificers or Labourers undertake Work, and depart before it be finished.
If Labourers or Servants take any more Wages than the Rates allowed by the Faltices. If
any Servant assault Master or Miftriss. If any refuse to labour in Hay-time or Harvest; these also are presentable by you.
So are Tanners, Curriers, Shoomakers, Butchers, Clorbmakers, Coopers, if they fail to do according to the Law,
And now, Gentlemen, I am to inform you of
Offences against the PLENTY of
the Nation, such as these : If any do buy any sort of Viktuals as it is coming to a Market or Fair, this is Forestalling
If any buy Vi&tuals in a Market, and sell it again within four miles, this is Regrating.
If any buy any dead Vi&tuals, or Corn growing upon the Ground, with intent to sell it again, this is Engrossing
If any Vi&tuallers conffire to sell their Viftuals at unreasonable Prices.
If any destroy Wild-fowls Eggs, or take Wild. fowl, between the last of May and the last of Auguft.
If any not qualified by Law keep Dogs, &c. for destroying of Hares, Pleasants, &c.
But this Law is to be understood and executed with the same moderation as all other Statutes are, for it was never the intention of our Law. makers, that the Law should be expounded otherwife chan according to Equity and Justice; and therefore many Laws are made rather in terrorem, than that they should be executed ftrictly in the words of it ; for there is scarcely any Law, but if executed rigidly, according to che Letter of the Statute, but would rather be Grievous than a Benefit to the Subject; for it is a Maxim in the Law, That Summum jus est summa Injuria : And there. fore puc the case, that a Man has a Gun or Greyhound, if it can't be proved that he has destroyed Game, it will be very hard to bring him within this Law. If a man who lives remote from Neighbors keeps a Gun for a defence of his House, surely it will be severe to judge him an Offender against Law, for every Man's House is his Castle, and the Law will allow us Means whereby we may defend our Selves and Goods againit any Violence that shall be offered. If any fell Pheasants, Partridge, or Hares.
The last Matters that I shall mention to you are,
If any erect a Cottage, and do not lay four Acres of Ground to it, to be occupied with it.
If any continue such unlawful Cottage.
If common Highways be out of repair; or if any Ditches be unscoured or undrest, pobich Mould convey the Water from standing in the Highways.
If the Parishioners have not met at the day appointed to mend the Highways, as the Lan directs.
If any common Vagabonds and Beggars, or Wan. dring Rogues do pass, or be suffer'd to pass, from place to place.
If any prophane the Lord's Day, by travelling that day, or by using Sports and Unlawful Exercises that day.
If any prophanely Swear or curse.
These and the like are by you to be presented.
Gentlemen, I have now gone through the several Heads of your Charge ; many Particulars I have omicted, because I endeavoured to be as short as I could ; those that I have given you, I thought to be the most material and proper at this time ; wherein I have been deficient, I question not but your Experience will be able to inform you.
And And Gentlemen, you must understand thus much in general, That it is required from you not only to present those Offenders that shall come to you by other Hands, that is, by Indictment or Presentment : But, if upon your own Knowledge any have offended in these or the like Cases, you are to Present them upon your own Knowledge.
Gentlemen, There is now an Opportunity put into your Hands, to do a great deal of Good or Hurt : If you (hall duly present all such Offences as shall. come to your Knowledge, you then meric the Good Opini'n and Love of your Country ; but if you Thall conceal any, then you do a great Differvice to your Country, and make your self a Party in the Crimie, by concealing it.
In my Discourse I have in some cases given you my Opinion, and I have done it really and truly from my Heart, out of my fincere Loyalty to my King and Love to my Country; and if I am miltaken, I hope you will rather pardon than blame me, for I have no intention to deceive you.
I wish we were all of one Mind, but it is our Misery that it is otherwise. I know fome parts of my Discourse will not relish with every body, but I cannot help it : This is a time that every Man's Principles ought to be known ; I am not ashamed of mine, and therefore have been the more free with you. I'll trouble you no further, but pray God Almighty direct you in your Work:
My Lady Warrington. H
OW vain is every thing that lives by breath,
And only toyls thaç it may toyl again.
fondly after Baubles run, To seek for Rest, and find himself undone. His Reason often does to Madness grow; His Knowledge does his Scanty Talent show.