Imatges de pàgina
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“What do you think that can be, has a home, for it does not look starved, mother?

and there is a blue ribbon round its neck.” " It sounds like a dog, Minnie. You can As she reached out her hand to examine open the door and see."

the ribbon, the dog suddenly rose up on its Minnie quickly ran to the door, and as bind feet and held out one pas in friendly she opened it, in ran a little dog, which recognition. Mrs. Carlton was conquered trotted up to the fire, and then put its fore- by this cunning act, and she began to look paws up on Minnie's apron and looked at upon the little creature with some favor, her in a very appealing way.

notwithstanding her dislike for dogs in "O, the poor little thing, mamnia! See, general. Minnie saw her advantage, and he is shaking with cold, and he is hungry felt that the batile was two-thirds won, for

she had determined to keep the dog, if her a very nice-looking lady, accompanied possible.

by a little girl about her own age who was When Mr. Carlton came home from bis carrying a tiny snow-white poodle. Sudstore that evening he found Minnie seated denly Schneider began to give little short contentedly with her visitor asleep in her barks of delight, and ran past her, while lap, and looked to liis wife for an explana- the little girl exclaimed: tion; but Minnie eagerly began to give an “ Why, there's Comfort !" account of the “grand event," as she called Schneider, on his part, wagged his tail the dog's appearance. Mr. Carlton was a and danced about as if frantic, while Minvery kind-hearted man, and the idea that nie's beart sank as she thought, “O dear! the little animal had come to them cold now I shall lose him! What shall I do?" and half famished had some influence with And her eyes filled with quick tears. him; he perceived that Mrs. Carlton did “Where did you get Comfort ?” said the not oppose Minnie's delight, and when he city child to Minnie, as she caressed him saw how gratefully the dog licked her hand with one hand and the poodle with the as her caresses awoke it, he smiled and be- other, while Schneider's joy began to subgan to read his daily paper.

side, and he at last actually snapped at the Minnie went to bed that night in a state wbite bit of a dog that had usurped his of supreme satisfaction, for though nothing foriner place in his mistress's arms. had been said, she felt sure that she could Thus addressed, Minnie told how the keep her new pet, and she lay awake for dog had come to her, how she had named some time trying to decide what she should it Schneider, and last of all how much she call it. The next day, after much anxious loved it; but here her voice broke down, tbought, she announced that she had and Schneider, seeming to understand her named the dog Schneider, for she had been grief, ran to her and began to show his to see Rip Van Winkle, and thought it a affection in every way possible for a dog. nice naine. Only one thing troubled her; The lady who had witnessed this little and that was a fear that the owner of the scene was touched by Minnie's sorrow, and dog might come for it and she be forced to

turning to her daughter, she said: part with it. This was rather selfish in “Lilla dear, this little girl feels as badly Minnie, but very much the way that most to think she bas got to give up her pet as children would feel in such circumstances. you did last fall when we lost him on our

Days and weeks passed, and still Minnie return to the city. Now, since papa las kept her Schneider, for no one appeared bought you pretty Fido, can't you let her to claim hiin, and she confided to her keep Comfort ?” friend Alice that she never was so happy Minnie's heart gave a great hopeful in all her life, for Schneider was

such a

bound, and her face was all smiles and treasure.” He was really a very intelli- tears as generous-hearted Lilla replied: gent little dog, and Minnie had no trouble Yes, mamma, I suppose I ought to, she in teaching him several cunning tricks be- has taken such good care of him, and side those he had already learned. He thinks so much of bim. Besides, I think would shake hands, beg for his dinner, and I shouldn't know how to sbare things beif Minnie approached with some dainty tween two dogs, and I couldu't give up Fido." morsel in her fingers, he would mount a 0, how good you are!" cried Minnie. cushion, assume the position represented “I thank you so very much!" And then in the engraving, and hold the savory bit she hugged Schneider as if he were, inbalanced on his nose until a certain motion deed, as she had often told him, “the very of her fingers, when presto! the morsel dearest dog in the worid.” disappeared with almost lightning-like ra- The result of it all was that Minnie and pidity. He was also very affectiouate, and Lilla spent many happy hours together quite a jealousy existed between bim and that suinmer, each attended by her dog, the parrot, Polly often having long stories and when Lilla returned to her home in to tell about the naughtiness of Schneider. the city Minnie had promised to visit her

The summer came again, and with it the duriug the winter. So Schneider not only usual number of visitors from the city. gave Minnie pleasure himself, but was the One day as Minnie was walking out fol- means of introducing her to those who lowed by Schneider, she saw approaching proved to be true and pleasant friends.

POISONS AND POISONOUS PLANTS. Among the many dangerous plants which been the conium maculatum, a wild plant it is well to be able to recognize and avoid from five to ten feet high, with fernlike is the Jamestown weed—sometimes called leaves and greenish-white flowers, naturalthe “ Jimpson weed "-otherwise Peruvian ized in the United States, and possessing Thorn Apple, and classed in botany as the highly narcotic properties. According to Datura Stramonium. Its blossom has a dis- others, it was the cicuta virosa, a plant agreeable smell, and its purple pallor and somewhat resembling the former in appeargenerally unattractive look make it less ance and effect, but much more dangerous. likely to injure as a poison than a more Another poisonous plant, illustrated on beautiful plant, but children sometimes die page 11, is henbane, or aconite, so called from the effects of eating its seeds. It from Acone, in Bithynia, a place celefurnishes a powerful medicine that is found brated for its poisonous herbs. Many spevery useful in spasmodic cases, but which is too dangerous to be made use of by any but experienced physicians. This plant is so well known and grows so luxuriantly on commons and other spaces, that we have not thought it necessary to add illustration to this description.

A poisonous plant not so well known as the above, since it grows in more retired situations, is the Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade, the subject of our first engraving, whose round, black, shiny berries, which grow singly, are very poisonous, while all parts of the plant are dangerous. From it is derived the extract of belladonna, which possesses the peculiar property of causing the muscles to relax when they are contracted by disease, and for this reason it is a valuable aid to the doctor in many cases. It is used with comparative safety on the skin, but it is dangerous if taken internally except in minute doses. Young ladies who have more vanity than wisdom rub it on their eyelids to make the eye expand, and for such an absurd use of it they pay for it in a few years by a wrinkled look about the eyes; the fibres called

BELLADONNA, OR DEADLY NIGHTSHADE. on so often to dilate under a stimulant fin- cies of this plant have long been known ally lose all flexibility, and the devotee of for their dangerous properties, and several fashion acquires a look of premature old are cultivated in our gardens, where they age. It is far better to leave the use of

are designated by the familiar names of such dangerous productions to physicians. wolfsbane, monkshood, etc. The latter The roots of the belladonna have been mis- term indicates the distinguishing mark of taken for parsnips, and we hardly need add the class, which is the form of a helmet that the mistake is a perilous one.

that is shaped by the overhanging cup and The hemlock, seen in our second engrav- petals. The roots and leaves of the aconiing, is a vegetable, the extract of which is tum napellus are used for the preparation of nearly as powerful as prussic acid. It was some powerful medicines, which act as much used by the ancient Athenians for drastic purgatives, and which are also exthe exccution of criminals, and is famous ternally applied as an anodyne remedy in as the means eruployed for putting Socrates various disorders. The juice of the leaves to death. It is supposed by some to have taken internally soon proves fatal, and even the perfume affects some sensitive The winter aconite is a plant of another persons with faintness and dimness of vis- class, which grows without stem, and bears ion. The poison acts upon the brain and in early spring bright yellow cup-shaped nervous system, and produces frenzy; so flowers. It has smooth pale-green leaves, virulent is it that one-fiftieth of a grain of is only a few inches high, and singleaconita taken internally has endangered flowered. Horseradish has somewhat the the life of an adult. In preparing the ex- appearance of monkshood, and fatal cases tract, the operators are sometimes power- of poisoning have occurred from the root fully affected by the vapors, and therefore of the latter being taken by mistake for great care is necessary in t:is process. The the former. In one of these cases, which most effectual antidote in case of poisoning occurred at Bristol, England, it appears from aconite is the stomach-pump or warm that not more than one-twentieth of a water administered till it produces vomit- grain of aconita could have been contained ing; after this stimulant remedies should in the roots eaten. The aconite roots have be applied internally and externally. Lin- little or no resemblance to those of the


horseradish, and the scrapings differ from them in assuming a pinkish brown color on being exposed to the air.

The name of arsenic is now applied to the white oxide of arsenic, or arsenious acid; but in ancient times it was a reddish-colored mineral compound of arsenic and sulphur to which this name was given-a substance in use then as a medicine, and also in painting. Metallic arsenic occurs native in veins in the crystallized rocks and older slates, and is also prepared by a certain process. Many modern chemists do not regard it as a metal, but it is commonly treated as such, and it is remarkable as one of the most volatile, and one of the most combustible of the metals. It readily combines with other ores as an alloy, and renders them more fusible and brittle.

Arsenious acid, or white arsenic, is the most common combination of this metal. It is the sublimate, which escapes when

arsenic is heated in the open air. This TUE HEMLOCK.

sublimate, after exposure, forms a wbite næus said this plant is rendered harmless powder, but may be collected in glassy by simply boiling it and adding a little fat transparent cakes, or eight-sided crystals. or butter. The alcoholic extract is the It is partially soluble in boiling water, and only valuable preparation of aconite except less so in cold water, the solution being that made by sulphuric ether. The pro- slightly acid. cesses are expensive, owing to the danger Arsenious acid is manufactured on a attending them, and the great quantity of large scale at Altenburg, and Reichenstein, the plants required to produce a small in Silesia, from the ore called arsenical quantity of the extract. The pure article iron. In many other places it is obtained is consequently held at prices almost fabu- as a secondary product in the treatment of lous. Probably the aconitum serox, from cobalt ores, and of other metallic ores with which the bish root of Nepaul in India is which arsenic is associated. The process obtained, possesses the most deadly quali- consists in roasting the ore in large muffles, ties. This was used by the natives to poi- ten feet long and six wide, in charges of son their wells on the advance of the Brit- nine or ten hundred weight each, and colish armies into their territories during the lecting the vapors, as a sublimate, upon last war.

the walls of a succession of chambers, ar

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ranged in a tower through which they pass,
and from which the incondensable gases
escape by a chimney. The muffles are
placed inclining upward from their mouth,
and are left open for the passage of heated
air to aid in subliming the arsenic and con-
verting it all into arsenious acid. A charge
is worked off in about twelve hours, and is
immediately followed by another. Char-
coal is the fuel used, as very little more
beat is required than what is evolved by
the chemical changes. The quantity con-
sumed is very small. The purest arsenic
is found in the flues and chambers nearest
the furnace; in the upper chambers it is
intermixed with the condensed sulphur-
ous vapors, and to purify it for market it
is all sublimed again. It is placed in
cast-iron or porcelain pots, which hold
between three and four hundred weight
each, and these are set vertically in a
furnace. They open above into sheet-
iron drums, which serve as condensers,
and which are connected by a funnel
with the condensing chamber. The fire
must be carefully regulated to maintain
the proper temperature for the acid to
subline in the form of a glassy cake. If
the heat is too high, metallic arsenic is
apt to be sublimed and mixed with the
acid, appearing in dark spots, which
must be picked out, or the whole sub-
limed over.

The preparation of arsenious acid is a
inost dangerous occupation. The work-
men employed generally die before tho
age of forty; indeed, their average term
of life is stated to be only from thirty to
thirty-five years. Dunias states that they

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The more familiar we become with the can be suggested than the carefully and traits and habits of those portions of crea- neatly built home of a pair of those feathtion that are dependent upon instinct rather ered warblers which delight our eyes by than reason for their guidance, the more their beauty and ears with their we are led to wonder at the unerring intu- melody. ition which brings about results that would The nest selected for illustration, on page seem to be based on the nicest calculation. 12, is that of the long-tailed titmouse, and Aware of their own peculiar needs and is remarkable even among others of its dangers they seem to be, and the dwellings class for its singular construction. This fashioned by bird or beast are suitable variety of bird is scarcely larger than a both for the comfort and defence of the

wren, and is almost constantly in motion, inhabitants. Examples illustrating this

making use of countless precautions to infact will rise to the mind of every reader,

sure the comfort, safety and concealinent but no pleasanter object for contemplation of its home. The nest is shaped like a

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