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consent Her Majesty has also caused to be his thirtieth. An English contemporary signed under the Great Seal.”

says, “As to the domestic and social asAfter this preliminary, rendered neces- pects of the intended alliance, we are glad sary by the conditions of the Royal Mar- to be assured by more than general rumor riage Act, which provides “ that no je- that it will be one of affection, and being scendant of the body of King George II., in all respects suitable, is likely to lead, as male or female (other than the issue of any far as the promise of human affairs may be.. princesses who had married or may there- trusted, to happiness; and there does not after marry into foreign families), shall be seem to be any probability of any cow plicapable of contracting watrimony without cations of a political kind arising to disturb the consent of His Majesty, his heirs or their wedded bliss." successors, under the Great Seal, and de- The wedding looked upon as so auspiclared in Council, and that every such cious is to take place at St. Petersburg, in marriage otherwise contracted shall be March next, and we here with present our void," the way appears to be clear for the readers with faithful portraits of the bride future bride and bridegroom, who would and bridegroom elect, who are lo comseem to be well suited to each other as far mence housekeeping with the aid of a libas age and rank are concerned.

eral allowance from Parliament. The Shakspeare has said-taught, perhaps, by duchess is to have a dowry of $250,000, and dire experience-that the husband should an annuity of $30,000 a year; while the ever be older than the wife; founding his duke will receive an additional yearly inopinion, doubtless, on the fact that women come of $25,000. grow old faster than men, and that some Looking at the marriage in reference to difference in years is necessary in order its political bearings, it would be difficult that one may not see too great a disparity to imagine a course of events that would from him or herself in the other; for while cause the Duke of Edinburgh to ascend it is not pleasant for a woman to feel her- the throne of England, or confer the inherself faded and gray before her husband, it itance of the Romanoffs on the priucess is not, on the other hand, agreeable to him who is to be his wife. The Duke of Edinto see that the partner of his life is not his burgh is the heir-presumptive to the soveequal in youthful feelings and sprightli- reignty of Saxe-Cuburg and Gotha, it is ness. Burns felt the truth of this when he true; and not very long ago the ruler of wrote:

these little duchies seemed likely to play

an important part in Gerinan politics. But “ John Anderson, my jo John, We clamb the hill thegitber;

so greatly has the aspect of affairs changed And monie a canty day, John,

since then that nothing seems more unWe've had wi' ane anither;

likely than that any of the minor German Now we maun totter down, John,

Slates should grow to be of any great imBut hand in hand we'll go,

portance in European affairs. It therefore And sleep thegither at the foot, John Anderson, my jo."

seems as if, in connection with political

considerations, the marriage of the English In high life and low life the feelings of prince avd the Russian princess is scarcely the heart are apt to be very much the same of greater moment than that of any Engin relation to certain subjects, and whether lish nobleman with a foreign lady of rank. the individual reposes under the purple of But aside from purely political relations royalty, or walks the daily round of hum- there are other influences attendant upon ble life, there is often more difference in the inter-marriage of different nationalities the station and surroundings than in the which sometimes serve to awaken a kindmen. So we may suppose that the young lier feeling between the two. True, such Duke of Edinburgh will be happier with impressions are uncertain, and apt to be his promised bride, and she with him, than broken up by any jar of the existing relaif they were less well matched in years. tions; but they are not without their Prince Alfred, second son and third child effect, and we do not doubt that the Rusof Queen Victoria, was born August 6th, sian princess will do her part to bring Eng1844; the Grand Duchess Marie on Octo- lish men and Russians rearer each other in ber 17th, 1853; and consequently she is sympathy and interest. Such feelings, now in her twenty-first year, while he is in however, are unreliable, and usually give

way whenever interest or emotion prompts est of all European nations, comes to be to a collision; but when the times are reckoned among the most ancient of sovecalm the more friendly element may pre- reignties. No European nation has made vail, and lead the nations to study and un- within the same time anything like the derstand one another more. perfectly. If same progress. When the genius and the the marriage of Prince Alfred and the political system of the French monarchy Grand Duchess Marie Alexandroyna will had reached its very zenith, Russia was promote the peace of the world, surely it peopled nearly by barbarians. Within the has a noble part in the history of the times, memory of living men her governing sysand we wish the favored pair all the happi- tem was one which might have suited the ness and none of the unhappiness usually Amuraths and Solymans. She has now attendant upon royally.

already attained a rank with the foremost In point of brilliancy and eclat the Duke nations of the world, not merely in war

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THE GRAND DUCHESS MARIE ALEXANDROVNA. of Edinburgh has nothing to wish for. The and policy, but in her appreciation of all Russian monarchy is one of the oldest in the various developments of industrial sciEurope. The House of Romanoff itself al- ence, and, at least, her aspiration towards ready ranks among the long-established letters and art. The common expectation families of royalty. Compared with one points out Russia as one of the great naor two other families that of the House of tions of the future, and to the future may Savoy, for example-it may seem but of all these anticipations be consigned, while the day before yesterday. Still, it has seen we look at the happy pair who will enter more than two centuries and a half of ex- upon married life so bountifully provided istence, and dates back a good half century for. We notice by the Russian papers that and more before the House of Brunswick. the preparations for the marriage of the The throne of Russia now ranks nearest to Duke of Edinburgh with the Grand Duchthat of England in point of antiquity. So ess Marie are being rapidly proceeded many revolutions have shaped and un- with, and when the nuptials are celebrated, shaped other dynasties and systems, that St. Petersburg and Moscow will be drunk Russia, practically the youngest and fresh- with joy.

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THE ADJUTANT BIRD, OF INDIA. The adjutant, of India, represented on pears within the capacious mouth and this page, has won its name from the habit pouch. Although such morsels as these it has of marching about upon the parade would suggest the idea of a fit of indigesgrounds of Calcutta, or walking composed- tion, the adjutant is evidently free from all ly along the busy city streets with an air of such ills, and is not troubled by his dinners, ease equal to that of any civilized lounger. be they what they may. Awkward as it As may be seen, its beak is enormous, and appears, and even repulsive, this bird perit finds no difficulty in swallowing a live forms a very acceptable service for man, as cat, whole; indeed, whatever comes in its it completely clears the streets of every way, be it a leg of mutton, or a fowl, or a species of offal that may have been left tortoise, is seemingly acceptable and disap- there, and for this peculiarity it is sometimes called the scavenger bird. It is pro- The factory which was the foundation of tected from destruction by the laws of the the city of Calcutta, in whose streets the city, and to kill it is a serious offence; yet adjutant roams, was built by the English in the young English officers sometimes amuse 1645. At the beginning of the eighteenth themselves at its expense in a very cruel century, the English East India Company manner. They till a marrow bone with was reorganized, and in 1708 it was aug. gunpowder, and attach to it a lighted slow mented by a new party of adventurers who match; this treacherous mouthful they then were admitted to its rights, and privileges. throw to the adjutant, which immediately This organization was destined in less than swallows it and in a few minutes is blown

a century to govern a more extended and to pieces by the explosion of the “infernal powerful empire than was ever possessed machine," while nothing is left that can by the Moguls in India. Beside t'e English, tell the story and serve as a warning to other the Portuguese, Dutch and French had esmisguided and too trustful specimens. It tablished trading companies in India, and is said that on one occasion a stout gentle- there existed the greatest jealonsy between man who ran quickly around a corner was the rival settlements. To the good fortune suddenly brought to a standstill by finding of the English, a physician of the company, himself impaled on the obtrusive beak of Dr. Hamilton, cured the emperor, Ferokan adjutant which was leisurely walking in sheer, of a severe malady which had defied an opposite direction. It may be question the small stock of knowledge possessed by ed which was the most surprised of the two, the native doctor. In his gratitude the at the unexpected posture of affairs. emperor, at Dr. Hamilton's request, gave

The usefulness of this bird is not confined permission to the company to purchase to its offices as scavenger, for it wages war thirty-seven townships in Bengal, beside agaiust snakes and other disagreeable rep- other valuable privileges which established tiles, especially during the inundations, the foundation of Calcutta's future prosperat which time it follows along the course of ity. The condition of India at this time the rising water and devours the reptiles was very unsettled, and the whole vast which are thus driven from their holes.

country was the prey of internal dissensions. We cannot say much for the courage of An eloquent writer has thus described the the adjutant, which is an arrant coward, state of affairs at this time: "A series of frightened into flight by even a bantam nominal sovereigns, sunk in indolence and rooster or a child; yet it is perfectly fear- debauchery, sauntering away life in secludless about attacking the most venomous ed palaces, chewing bang, fondling concuserpents, which it first beats to fragments bines, and listening to buffoonery. A series with its heavy beak, and then proceeds to of ferocious invaders had descended devour with a relish. Having a good appe- through the western passes, to prey on the tite and unsurpassed digestive powers, the defenceless wealth of Hindostan. A Pernumber of snakes and other similar delica- sian conqueror crossed the Indus, marched cies which it disposes of during the day is through the gates of Delhi, and bore away not inconsiderable.

in triumph those treasures of which the The adjutant is very easily tamed, and if inagnificence had astounded Roe and Berkindly treated soon becomes greatly attach- nier; the peacock throne on which the riched to its owner. It is related of one that it est jewels of Golconda had been disposed Was its custom always to take its place back by the most skillful hands of Europe, and of its master's chair during dinner, and among others, the inestimable mountain of there receive its portion of the meal; if un- light. The Afghan soon followed to comobserved, it would quickly snatch a chicken plete the work of devastation which the or boiled ham from the table, thus confiscat- Persian had begun. The warlike tribe of ing rather more than its share of the repast. Rajpoots' threw off the Mussulman yoke.

In our own Southern States the turkey A band of mercenary soldiers occupied buzzards perform very nearly the same of- Rohilound. The Sikhs ruled on the Indus. fices as the adjutant in India. It is from The Jauts spread terror along the Jumpah. the under side of the wings of this bird that The high lands which border on the seathe beautiful Marabou feathers are ob- coast of India poured forth a yet more fortained, and from another very similar spe- midable race--a race which was long the

terror of every native power, and which

cies that inhabits Senegal.

Their cap

yielded only after many desperate and were on the brink of ruin, when the daring doubtful struggles to the fortune and genius courage and military genius of Robert Clive of England. It was under the reign of Au- saved the menaced British settlements with rungzebe that this wild class of plunderers two hundred European and three hundred first descended from the mountains; and Sepoys. He attacked and captured the city soon after his death every corner of his of Arcot, which he held in defiance of all wide empire learned to tremble at the the efforts of his foes. Dupleix was no solmighty name of the Mahrattas. Many fer-, dier, and the control of military operations tile vice-royalties were entirely subdued by was given into the hands of native generals. them. Their dominions stretched across Clive, a soldier by nature though tied to the the peninsula from sea to sea.

civil service, forced his opponents to raise tains reigned at Poonah, at Gaulior, in the siege, and thus was decided the fate of Guzerat, in Berar, and in Tanjore. Nor India. Riding on the full tide of victory, did they, though they had become great the company, from mere motives of expedisovereigns, therefore cease to be freeboot- ency, were prevented from retracing steps ers. They still retained the predatory which had raised them so high, or from rehabits of their forefathers. Every region fusing to take advantage of their opportuthat was not subject to their rule was wast- nities. The French power was entirely deed by their incursions."

stroyed in a few years, and as early as the At this time Dupleix, governor of the year 1760 a partnership of traders in EngFrench settlement of Pondicherry, had con- land had gained the sovereignty of the finceived the ambitious project of uniting the est provinces of Bengal, Bahar, and a part states of Hindostan into one mighty empire, of Orissa, abounding in manufacturing of which he was himself to be the head and towns of immense population and yielding governor. Of course, a scheme like this

a magnificent revenue. Since that time the necessitated the destruction of the British limits of the British empire in India have power, and therefore he proceeded to re- steadily increased with but few reverses, the move the English authorities, at the insti- superiority of disciplined European forces gation of natives secretly promoted by him- over more irregular troops, however brave, self, endeavoring to accomplish his grand being plainly manifest. Well may England object, but always under the cloak of a jealously guard her rich Indian possessions pretence of serving native local interest. from the longing eyes aud ready hands of In these first attempts the French were com- other nations. pletely successful, and the English interests

FRENCH SHEPHERDS.

The department of Les Landes, in the south-western part of France, on the one side bounded by the broad-rolling Atlantic, and bordered by the peaks of the lower Pyrenees on the south, is chiefly remarkable for its sweep of barren sterile plain, and its numerous heatlıs. It has a superficial extent of about 3600 square miles, but has not a proportionately dense population, the number of inhabitants being between two and three hundred thousand.

La belle France, so famous for the beauty of her scenery, the softness of her air, and the richness of her soil, fails to appear in her usual smiling aspect in the department of Les Landes. Indeed, as the district is mostly level, covered with heatlı, and abounding in swamps, it may be questioned if 60 dreary and desolate a spot can be

found elsewhere in the entire country. As the deserts of Africa have their welcome oases of green, where the flowers and grass spring, the fountains murmur, and the fruit trees wave their branches in the sultry air, so at long intervals, in the midst of the dreariness of the Landes, appear fertile spots near to which a little rye may be grown, while all around extends the barren waste dotted with heath, firs, or cork trees. The climate in this unpleasant region is very trying to any but the most robust persons; the summer months are attended by a scorching heat, while heavy and chilling fogs hang thickly over the marshes in winter. It may easily be concluded from this unfavorable picture that life among the low lands of France cannot be any too pleasurable, though doubtless to those who have

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