Imatges de pÓgina

Between the acres of the rye,

With a bey, and a ho, and a bey nonino,
Thefe pretty country-folks would lye,
In the fpring time, &c.

The Carrol they began that hour,

With a bey, and a bo, and a bey noning,
How that a life was but a flower,

In the fpring time, &c.

Clo. Truly, young gentleman, though there was no great matter in the ditty, yet the note was very (a) untimeable.

1 Page. You are deceiv'd, Sir, we kept time, we loft not our time.

Clo. By my troth, yes: I count it but time loft to hear fuch a foolish Song. God b'w'y you, and God voices. Come, Audrey.

mend your




Changes to another Part of the Foreft.

Enter Duke Senior, Amiens, Jaques, Orlando,
Oliver, and Celia.

Duke Sen. DOST thou believe, Orlando, that the boy

Can do all this that he hath promised?

Orla. I fometimes do believe, and sometimes do not;
As those that fear their hap, and know their fear.


As thofe that fear THEY HOPE, and know THEY fear.]

This ftrange nonsense should be read thus,

As thofe that fear THEIR HAP, and know THEIR fear. i. e. As those who fear the iffue of a thing when they know their fear to be well grounded.

[(a) untimeable. Mr. Theobald-Vulg. untuneable. ]


Enter Rofalind, Silvius and Phebe.

Rof. Patience once more, whiles our compact is urg'd:

You fay, if I bring in your Rofalind, [To the Duke. You will bestow her on Orlando here?

Duke Sen. That would I, had I Kingdoms to give

with her.

Rof. And you fay, you will have her when I bring her? [To Orlando. Orla. That would I, were I of all Kingdoms King. Rof. You fay, you'll marry me, if I be willing.

[To Phebe. Phe. That will I, fhould I die the hour after. Rof. But if you do refufe to marry me, You'll give your felf to this moft faithful shepherd. Phe. So is the bargain.

Rof. You fay, that you'll have Phebe, if the will? [To Silvius. Sil. Tho' to have her and death were both one


Rof. I've promis'd to make all this matter even; Keep you your word, O Duke, to give your daughter; You yours, Orlando, to receive his daughter: Keep your word, Phebe, that you'll marry me, Or elfe, refufing me, to wed this fhepherd. Keep your word, Silvius, that you'll marry her, If the refufe me; and from hence I go

To make thefe doubts all even. [Exeunt Rof. and Celia. Duke Sen. I do remember in this fhepherd-boy Some lively touches of my daughter's favour.

Orla. My Lord, the first time that I ever saw him, Methought, he was a brother to your daughter; But, my good Lord, this boy is foreft-born, And hath been tutor'd in the rudiments Of many defperate studies by his uncle;


Whom he reports to be a great magician,
Obfcured in the circle of this foreft.

[blocks in formation]

Jaq. There is, fure, another flood toward, and thefe couples are coming to the Ark. s Here come a pair of unclean beasts, which in all tongues are call'd fools.

Clo. Salutation, and greeting, to you all!

Faq. Good my Lord, bid him welcome. This is the motley-minded gentleman, that I have fo often met in the foreft: he hath been a Courtier, he fwears. Clo. If any man doubt that, let him put me to my purgation. I have trod a measure; I have flatter'd a lady; I have been politick with my friend, fmooth with mine enemy; I have undone three taylors; I have had four quarrels, and like to have fought one.'

Jaq. And how was That ta'en up? Clo. 'Faith, we met; and found, upon the seventh cause.

Jaq. How the seventh cause?

like this fellow.

Duke Sen. I like him very


the quarrel was.

good my lord,

Clo. God'ild you, Sir, I defire of you the like: I prefs in here, Sir, amongst the rest of the country

5 Here come a pair of VERY STRANGE beafts, &c.] What! frange beafts? and yet fuch as have a name in all languages? Noah's Ark is here alluded to; into which the clean beaits entered by Sevens, and the unclean by two, male and female. It is plain then that Shakespear wrote, here come a pair of UNCLEAN beafts, which is highly humourous.

6-I defire you of the like:] We fhould read, I defire of you the like. On the Duke's faying, I like him very well, he replies, I defire you will give me caufe that I may like you too.


[ocr errors]

copulatives, to fwear, and to forfwear, 7 according as marriage binds, and blood breaks: a poor virgin, Sir, an "ill-favour'd thing, Sir, but mine own; a poor humour of mine, Sir, to take That that no man elfe will." Rich honefty dwells like a mifer, Sir, in a poor house; as your pearl, in your foul oyfter.


Duke Sen. By my faith, he is very swift and fententious.

Clo. According to the fool's bolt, Sir, and fuch dulcet difeafes.

Jaq. But, for the feventh caufe; how did you find the quarrel on the feventh caufe?



Clo. "Upon a lie feven times removed; (bear your body more feeming, Audrey) as thus, Sir; "I did diflike the cut of a certain Courtier's beard; "he fent me word, if I faid his beard was not cut "well, he was in the mind it was. This is call'd "the Retort courteous. If I fent him word again, "it was not well cut, he would fend me word, he cut it to please himself. This is call'd the Quip "modeft. If again, it was not well cut, he difabled my judgment. This is call'd the Reply churlish. If again, it was not well cut, he would anfwer, I fpake not true. This is call'd the Reproof valiant.

[ocr errors]



7 according as marriage binds, and blood breaks :] The conftruction is, to wear as marriage binds. Which I think is not English. I fufpect Shakespear wrote it thus, to fwear and to forfwear, according as marriage BIDS, and blood BIDS break.

8 as thus, Sir; I did diflike the cut of a courtier's beard ;] This folly is touched upon with high humour by Fletcher in his Queen of Corinth.

Has be familiarly

Diflik'd your yellow ftarch, or faid your doublet
Was not exactly frenchified?.

or drawn your fword,

Cry'd 'twas ill mounted? Has he given the lye
In circle or oblique or femicircle

Or direct parallel; you must challenge bim.

If again, it was not well cut, he would fay, I lye. "This is call'd the Countercheck quarrelsome; and fo, "the Lye circumftantial, and the Lye direct.

Faq. And how oft did you say, his beard was not well cut?

Clo. "I durft go no further than the Lye circum"ftantial; nor he durft not give me the Lye direct, "and fo we meafur'd fwords and parted."

Faq. Can you nominate in order now the degrees of the Lye?

Clo. 9 O Sir, we quarrel in print, by the book; "O " as you have books for good manners. I will name

66 you

9 O Sir, we quarrel in print, by the book;] The Poet has, in this fcene, rallied the mode of formal dueling, then fo prevalent, with the highest humour and address; nor could he have treated it with a happier contempt, than by making his Clown fo knowing in the forms and preliminaries of it. The particular book here alluded to is a very ridiculous treatise of one Vincentio Saviolo, intitled, Of honour and honourable quarrels, in Quarto printed by Wolf, 1594. The firft part of this tract he intitles, A difcourfe moft necessary for all gentlemen that have in regard their honors, touching the giving and receiving the lye, whereupon the Duello and the Combat in divers forms doth enfue; and many other inconveniences, for lack only of true knowledge of honor, and the RIGHT UNDERSTANDING OF WORDS, which here is fet down. The contents of the feveral chapters are as follow. I. What the reafon is that the party unto whom the lye is given ought to become challenger, and of the nature of lies. II. Of the manner and diverfity of lies. III. Of the lye certain, or direct. IV. Of conditional lies, or the lye circumftantial. V. Of the lye in general. VI. Of the lye in particular. VII. Of foolish lies. VIII. A conclufion touching the wrefting or returning back of the lye, or the countercheck quarrel fome. In the chapter of conditional lies fpeaking of the particle IF, he fays-Conditional lies be fuch as are given conditionally thus-IF thou haft faid fo or fo, then thou lieft. Of thefe kind of lies, given in this manner, often arife much contention, whereof no fure conclufion can arife. By which he means, they cannot proceed to cut one another's throats, while there is an IF between. Which is the reason of Shakespear's making the Clown fay, I knew when seven juftices could not make up a quarrel: but when the


« AnteriorContinua »