Origin of the Sikh Power in the Punjab, and Political Life of Muha-Raja Runjeet Singh: With an Account of the Present Condition, Religion, Laws and Customs of the Sikhs

G.H. Huttmann, 1834 - 235 pàgines

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Pàgina 70 - In the event of a violation of any of the preceding Articles, or of a departure from the rules of friendship on the part of either State, this Treaty shall be considered to be null and void.
Pàgina 197 - The rules of succession to landed property in the Sikh States are arbitrary, and are variously modified in accordance to the usages, the interests and prejudices of different families, nor is it practicable to reduce the anomalous system to a fixed and leading principle.
Pàgina 214 - ... of changing the route, and conveying the goods through the possessions of one who has the power to protect, and the inclination to encourage, the transit of traffic through his domains...
Pàgina 201 - Manjhee families, are obviated. " The Malwa Singhs, with exception to the Bhaees, sanction and admit the usage of kurawa, thereby opposing a bar to disputed succession between the brothers, nephews, and the widows of a deceased chief.
Pàgina 199 - ... widows become competitors. According to the Shasters (if they may be considered applicable to public property and chiefships,) the prior title of the widows is held ; but the Sikhs, with a view to avoid an open and direct violation of a known law, have a custom termed kurawa, or...
Pàgina 199 - Lawsf and acts as a counteractive to the many evils attendant on female rule. If the free will of the widow were consulted, it is scarcely to be doubted, she would prefer the possession of power, and the charms of liberty, to the alternative of sacrificing her claims to her brother-in-law, and taking her station amongst his rival wives. Judging from the masculine disposition, — want of modesty, and of delicate feeling, which form the characteristic feature of...
Pàgina 196 - ... and required to refund ; and, when they have satisfied the cupidity of their superior, they are generally permitted to resume their functions, honoured with the shawl, as a mark of favour. Capital punishment is very seldom inflicted. The most incorrigible culprits are punished with the loss of either one or both hands, and deprivation of nose or ears ; but mutilation is rare, for whoever has the means to pay, or can procure a respectable security to pay for him within a given time, may expiate...
Pàgina 159 - Lahore showed great desire for the meeting, but some difficulty was at first started in respect to the etiquette of a previous return mission, Runjeet Singh having paid his Lordship the compliment of sending one, similarly composed to that which waited on Lord Amherst. The mission had been received by Lord William Bentinck in April, soon after his arrival at Simla : its members were the Dewn Mootee Ram, son of Mohkum Chund, Huree Singh Sirdar, and the secretary, Fukeer Uzeezooddeen.
Pàgina 201 - When the country, overrun by the Sikhs, had been parcelled out into new allotments, the former divisions into districts, as established during the reigns of the Delhi emperors, and recorded by the kanoongoes, or rule-tellers, became void, and much angry litigation arose in respect to the village boundaries and waste-lands.
Pàgina 72 - Government on this subject, by a general proclamation, rather than by entering into any separate engagement with the numerous chiefs affected by the measure. Accordingly on the 6th May 1809, an Italanama, or general declaration, was circulated to the Sirdars, intimating to them as follows. First. That the territories of Sirhind and Malooa, (the designation assumed by the Sikhs of Puteeala, Naba, Jheend, and Kythul) had been taken under British protection, and RUNJEET SINGH had bound himself by treaty...

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