Stalin's Great Science: The Times And Adventures Of Soviet Physicists
World Scientific, 23 d’ag. 2004 - 384 pàgines
World-class science and technology developed in the Soviet Union during Stalin's dictatorial rule under conditions of political violence, lack of international contacts, and severe restrictions on the freedom of information. Stalin's Great Science: The Times and Adventures of Soviet Physicists is an invaluable book that investigates this paradoxical success by following the lives and work of Soviet scientists — including Nobel Prize-winning physicists Kapitza, Landau, and others — throughout the turmoil of wars, revolutions, and repression that characterized the first half of Russia's twentieth century.The book examines how scientists operated within the Soviet political order, communicated with Stalinist politicians, built a new system of research institutions, and conducted groundbreaking research under extraordinary circumstances. Some of their novel scientific ideas and theories reflected the influence of Soviet ideology and worldview and have since become accepted universally as fundamental concepts of contemporary science. In the process of making sense of the achievements of Soviet science, the book dismantles standard assumptions about the interaction between science, politics, and ideology, as well as many dominant stereotypes — mostly inherited from the Cold War — about Soviet history in general. Science and technology were not only granted unprecedented importance in Soviet society, but they also exerted a crucial formative influence on the Soviet political system itself. Unlike most previous studies, Stalin's Great Science recognizes the status of science as an essential element of the Soviet polity and explores the nature of a special relationship between experts (scientists and engineers) and communist politicians that enabled the initial rise of the Soviet state and its mature accomplishments, until the pact eroded in later years, undermining the communist regime from within.
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2 Socialist or Big Science
3 Freedom Collectivism and Electrons
4 Lev Landaus Wanderjahre or Theoretical Physics in the Context of Cultural Revolution
The Case of Piotr Kapitza
6 To Catch Up and To Surpass
The Mask and Responsibility of Sergei Vavilov
8 Games of Soviet Democracy
Altres edicions - Mostra-ho tot
Academy of Sciences Academy’s administrative Agitprop Aleksandr Aleksandrov Archive atomic bomb Atomnyi authorities band theory became Beria biology Bohr Bolshevik Central Committee chemical colleagues collectivist collectivization Commissariat communist country’s criticism cultural revolution developed Dirac director discussion diskussiia Ehrenfest electrons Emilio Segrè excitation exciton experimental field Fock Frenkel Germany helium ideological important industrial Ipatieff Joffe Kapitza Kharkov kritika i samokritika Kurchatov laboratory Landau later lattice Leningrad letter linguistics liquid Lysenko major Malenkov Marxist mathematical meeting metals military Moscow University Nikolai nuclear official Optical Institute organized oxygen particles party Peierls Petrograd philosophical phonons physicists political politicians problem production proposal purges quantum mechanics quasiparticles regime research institutes revolutionary role Rozhdestvensky Russian Sakharov scientific scientists Sergei Sergei Vavilov social socialist society solid Soviet physicists Soviet science Soviet Union Stalin Stalinist superfluidity Tamm theoretical physics Timiriazev tion UFTI uranium Vavilov Vernadsky Yakov Frenkel Zhdanov