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being a favourite epithet; for which it is not easy to find a correspondent one in Homer. We have sturdy sons, a sturdy fpear, sturdy staff, siurdy thighs, a Jiurdy wreitler,' &c. We have, and we believe they are the firit of the kind, a steed • azure-maned,' "a god in disguise,' 17 TFW 9155 LENOS nuavox alty, and an'azurc-crefied nightingale,' zaupnes apdar. Thetis likewife is styled azure haired; but the original is stidos num mons. Δολιχοσκιον, &c. Δολίχτσκιον εγχος is commonly rendered a
long-shadowed spear ;' but we should imagine the reverse was meant, ' a spear that casts a long shadow. Dodevijas is com. monly prefixed to Iris, and translated · storm-wing'd,' ' tempeft-wing’d,' but we believe never, as it imports, with feet of wind.'
Patrimonial amity' is an odd phrase for (ELYO. FITw.01), (hereditary friendship. At least we never met with the word in this fignification before.
• Incontinent' is very often introduced in the same sense - which Milton uses it, as synonymous to immediately. - It is, we imagine, not generally allowed to be naturalised in our language ; and if it be so, it Thould not, likewise, be brought forward according to common acceptance :
. incontinent as fair.' The epithets that follow, marked in Italics, have a foundation in the original, but strangely enfeeble the idea. Mr. Cowper would not have been charged with any want of judgment had he omitted them : the breach would have been as honourable as the observance.
Los neither Peleus thee begat,'
And roaring billows blue gave birth to thee.' In enumerating the different defects which have struck us in Mr. Cowper's version, we must not omit the liberties which he occasionally takes with the auxiliary verbs:' he shall soon, for he will soon;' may we;' for
can we;' never may it be,' for never shall it be' and 'as he might'-as best I may,' are frequently introduced for, as he could,' and ' as I can. Agamemnon tells the shades of the suitors, tbat
- not the chosen youths of a whole town fhould [i. e. could or would] form a nobler band.'-And Ulyiles calls for aslistance,
. thrice loud as mortal may'-i. e. can. It may be objected
be objected to us that, in reviewing this translation, we have been more sedulous in pointing out defects, than in selecting beauties. To this we reply, that they are more numerous; and though we have quoted but few of the latter fpecies,
we have allowed that many others are to be found. And we must observe, that though we have given a pretty long list of the former, yet had we been instigated by malevolence, or impelled - even by a persevering spirit of investigation, we might have enlarged it very contiderably. We have, indeed, produced more instances, than what, in all probability, we otherwise fhould have done, to vindicate the opinion we have always entertained, that a close translation of Homer in blank verse could not do justice to the criginal. Mr. Cowper says, such a tranfdation has been repeatedly and loudly demanded by some of the oeft judges and ableft writers of the present day. Without meaning any offence to those gentlemen, whoever they may be, we have presumed to differ in judgment from them. Opinions in matters of taste will vary; and the superiority of rhyme to blank verse, or vice versà, will ever, in all probability, be a matter of debate. Neither do we contend with any on that subject in general, but as confined to a close version of Homer; and we have scattered through our critique different reafons on which we formed an idea that such an attempt would not sitcceed. Mr. Cowper professes that he has
- no fear of judges familiar with original Homer. They need not be cold that a translation of him is an arduous enter. prize, and as such, entitled to some favour. From these, therefore, I shall expect, and shall not be disappointed, considerable candour and allowance. Especially they will be candid, and I believe that there are many luch, who have occasionally tried their own strength in this bow of Ulysses. They have not found it fupple and pliable, and with me are perhaps ready to acknow. ledge that they could not always even approach with it the mark of their ambition.'
The difficulty he acknowledges we likewise have foreseen; and are ready to excuse what we do not greatly approve; for we cannot look even upon Mr. Cowper as the favoured knight destined to complete an adventure in which all other competitors have miscarried. We respect his abilities; some passages are executed with great taste and spirit, and many that were difficult he has happily elucidated: yet, on the whole, the performance appears to us, considered as a poetical work, Aat, heavy, and uninteresting. "To the illustrious Greek, Mr. C. says, he owes the smooth and easy flight of many thousand hours.' We heartily with, if it would have yielded equal amusement, that he had dedicated those hours to original compofi. tion ; we should then have followed him with more satisfaction, and we doubt not have acquired both pleasure and instruction in the pursuit. In our last, p. 313. seventeen lines from the bottom, omit the word bave.
JANUARY TO MAY 1792.
NORTH AMERICA.. THE address of the president of congress, to both houses of
the federal legislature, presents a pleasing prospect of the rapid advances of the American States in agriculture, manufactures, commerce, and navigation. The treaty with the Indians, mentioned in our last statement, was only partial ; and the war with other favage nations continues to rage on the frontiers of Kentucky. General St. Clair's army has been completely defeated by the favages with the loss, as is averred, of about 40 offices, and 600 privates; eight pieces of cannon, and all the baggage, fell into the hands of the foe. By the latest accounts this defeat has since been avenged on the former vićtors, who were surprised, and routed with great flaughter.
WEST IN DIE S. The disturbances in St. Domingo are far from being appeased; and that unhappy settlement will for a time be lost in the annals of European commerce. We cannot venture on any detail of the events, as the distance of the scene, and the views of party at home, have joined to perplex the narration, The original and chief disputes seem to have arisen between the whites and the people of colour, or mulattoes; but in Tome parts the blacks have arisen against the whites; and the town of St. Marc has, as is said, fallen a prey to the former.
SANDWICH ISLANDS. The cruelty of captain Metcalf, commander of an American veslel, who in revenge for the loss of a boat, and one man, poured a broadside into a numerous assemblage of canoes, to the instant destruction of near a hundred favages, has been deservedly reprobated. Even the slaughter of Cook would not have vindicated such a revenge.
OT AHEITE. Intelligence has been received from captain Edwards, commander of the Pandora, sent in quest of the mutineers against captain Blig', that fixteen have been taken ; but Christian and the other nine, retiring to some distant ille with the Bounty, have not been found. The Pandora has since been wrecked, but the crew is faved.
NEW HOLLAND. The British colony here ftill labours under great disadvantages from the want of provisions.
EAST INDIES. Since our last account no intelligence of much importance has been received. The army of lord Cornwallis was in motion, in the beginning of October. Ouffore, a place of great strength and importance, has fallen into our hands. Tippon had, by the latest accounts, entrenched himself about twelve miles from Seringapatam ; and lord Cornwallis with his grand army was advancing towards hin. General Abercrombie, with the Bombay army, had ascended the Ghauts, and was well supplied with provisions. Our affairs proceeded, however, with a flow prosperity:
The encounter between a French and English frigate occafioned some surprize. · So far as can be judged, from the detail laid before the public, there was rather too much severity and dittrust thewn on our side, and an ill-timed arrogance on that of the French commander, who was apparently a young man,
AFRICA, The empire of Morocco has been lost in intestine commo tions. A battle was fought between the emperor and his brother Ben Afler, in which the latter was defeated and flain, Late accounts bear that the Spaniards had assisted another brother against the emperor, and that the conflict proved fatal to the latter,
RUS RUSSI A.
The final treaty with the Turks, concluded at Jaffy the gth of January, states that the Dniester shall be the boundary; that the cities of Moldavia and Wallachia shall be confirmed in their privileges: that the Port shall guarantee the tranquillity of Grufinia, Georgia, and Caucasus; and all Rulian veffers against the corsairs of Barbary. The empress is improving Oczacow, and rendering it a place of great strength, importance, and commerce.
At the same time Catherine is not negligent of her share in European politics. She has assured the pope that she will support him in the resumption of Avignon; and has published a warm manifesto against the French revolution, and the progress of liberty. But Poland, and its new scheme of government, excite her chief apprehenfions. It is rigble to behold the efforts of freedom compelling monarchs to declare secrets better preserved with dignified filence. Distant must be that period in which a Rulian Nave begins even to form an idea of freedom ; and Catherine herself condemns it, as the popes condemned thefe as heretics who asserted the solar system, the antipodes, and other mathematical truths. It is expected that a Ruffian fleet will assist the efforts of the king of Hungary and Prulña against France.
POLAND. Warm debates concerning the sale of the starosties, which are regal fiefs allotted to individuals in reward of services, or from mere favour, have occurred in the diet. The empress of Russia foments the divisions, and will probably foon take an active part against the new constitution. The elector of Saxony has insulted a people who called him, and his family, to the throne, by demanding the guarantee of Russia.
SWEDEN. A diet summoned by the king to meet at GeMlé, a solitary place on the Bothnic gulf, near seventy miles from Stockholm, excited much attention. Some imagined that the diet might affert the national freedom against a despotic monarch; but Gustavus had guarded against any such design, by his choice of the spot, and by posting his mercenary troops around. He found however some difficulty in gaining his only intention, that of raising money; and was obliged to put up with a part of his demand,