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animated spirit of devotion, equally free from visionary fancies and enthusiasm. This little work is calculated to give birth to the most falutary reflections in young minds, and to warm the heart, without raising the fancy too high. The philosophy also is in general correct. The only error of importance that we have remarkcd is the opinion that some insects feed on mineral subftances. Remarkable Extracts and Observations on the Slave-Trade; with

Some Confiderations on the Consumption of Weft India Produce. 82mo. id. Darton. 1792.

In other words, horrid stories, ad captandum vulgus — for a penny. A Vindication of the Use of Sugar, and other Produits of the Weft

India Islands. In answer to a Pamphlet entitled, Remarkable Extrails, &c. 8vo. 6d. Boosey. 1792.

The dearness of sugar, probably in part owing to the selfilla Ipeculations of monopolists, has occafioned it to be omitted from among the luxuries of many persons, who have in this way obvi. ated in some measure the design. It is, however, assisted by those who consider the use of sugar as adding to the miseries of the African llaves. This last argument our author endeavours to invalidate with an earneltness which, notwithstanding his assertions, may be fupposed to arise from at least some collateral connections. We candot, however, highly compliment him on his success in fhowing, that the disuse of sugar would be so injurious to the faves, to the commerce of this country, and the health of our countrymen. We may indeed, for his consolation, hint, that its use will not be very materially or permanently lessened. Many will return to it; and from the iocreasing population, as well as export, in consequence of the confusion in the French colonies, the loss of the • sturdy moralists will be scarcely felt. The importation of the maple sugar from America, and of sugar from Bengal, will be a blow to the West Indies much more severe. Memoirs of Mrs. Billington, from her Birth : containing a Variety of

Matter, ludicrous, theatrical, musical, and With Copies of several Original Letters, now in the Polefion of the Publisher, auritten by Mrs. Billington, to her Mother the late Mrs. Weichsel; Sve. 25. Ridgway. 1792.

You make us strange
E’en to the difpofition that we owe,
When now, we think, you can behold fuch scenes,
And keep the natural ruby on your cheeks, ...

While our's are blanched with-horror... i Can such things be! In truth, Mr. Ridgway, you have dashed ake cup with poison; the gilded fpectacle is become a charnel

; house,

house, and the goddess of the grove, on the motion of the wand, loses all her allurements. Original Anecdotes of the late Duke of Kingston and Miss Chudleigh,

alias Mrs. Harvey, alias Countess of Bristol, alias Duchess of Kingston, interspersed with the Memoirs of several of the Nobility and Gentry now living. Written in a Series of Letters to a Gensleman. By Tbomas Whitehead, many Years Servant to the Duke of Kingston, and now Musician at Bath. 12mo. 35. 6d. Bladon. 1792. · Private follies and frailcies improperly held up to public view; the whole, however, seems to be authentic; and we are sorry, for the credit of human nature, that we must give this opinion. Subfiance of the Report of the Court of Directors of the Sierra Leone

Company to the General Court held at London, on Wednesday 0&ober 19, 1791. 8vo. 15. Phillips.

Any method of gradually abolishing the traffic in slaves, while the planters are enabled, by an attention to the heaith of the nea groes and their children, or by the introduction of the plough and other useful machines, to cultivate their ettates by the affiitance which they at present poffefs, must be in every view desireable. In this great undertaking, the establishment of a colony at Sierra Leone is a step of importance: it is, however, but an inconsiderable one, and ought undoubtedly to be pursued with vi. gour and judgment. In the present report, we see no deficiency of either ; but as the whole of the plan is not before us, we cannot form any decisive opinion. Much mult depend on the cordial union of the black and white settlers ; and this is conneEted with temperance, moderation, and a conciliating behaviour in the governors. When the scene is more extensive the danger will begin. A particular Account of the Commencement and Progress of the Infur.

rection of the Negroes in St. Domingo, which began in Auguft, 1991: Being a Translation of the Speech made 10 the National Afsembly, the 3d of November, 1791. 8vo. 6d. Sewell, 1792.

While we have guarded our readers against too readily believing the exaggerated accounts of the cruelty of the planters, we should equally guard them against admitting the dreadful stories recited in this pamphlet. Yet much mischief must have been done; and this publication is highly feasonable. The wanton experiment made by the affected humanity and refined philosophy of the present times has beea succeeded by scenes of horror and devastation in the French colony. If we regard the safety of our friends, of our nearest relatives in the West Indies, we should be cautious of similar attempts, or even of those violent, unguarded, speeches, which the press may convey, and which may be the firit spark of

a dread

a dreadful conflagration. Never perhaps did so much evil result from good motives, wantonly and injudiciously conducted. A Letter to every Housekeeper in London, on behalf of Parochial In.

duflry Schools. From a Citizen of the World. Svo. 6d. Ric vingtons. 1792.

The author of this pamphlet warmly recommends to the inbabitants of the capital the institution of parochial industry-schools, for the benefit of those children who have no other opportunity of receiving any instruction in the several duties of life. The pro. posal is highly political as well as benevolent, and is certainly entitled to due attention. A Letter from a Gentleman in Lancashire to his Friend in the East

Indies, on the Subject of the present War with Tippoo Sultan, - 8.00. 6d. Richardson. 1792.

Ironical remarks on the false intelligence from India, and on the conje&tures relative to the unfavourable issue of the present war.

CORRESPONDENCE. WE congratulate Amicus on the extent of his knowledge: not five new ideas in the work mentioned ! To us, and we have read it attentively more than once, very many of the opinions were new; and if he will look at the corresponding accounts of our Brother Journalists, he will find our praise was tame and moderate, in comparison of theirs. But we need no longer wonder; the Exeter Coffee-house seems to have been the source of his critical know. ledge, and of his information respeaing both works. We have taken some pains to enquire into the fact he has stated, and can add, from good authority, that it is not true. Copies were indeed sold at the price he mentions, but they were a few remaining ones of the second edition. The publisher never lamented purchasing the copy; and the author did not stop the sale.We would advise Amicus, in his next Tour to the Land's End, to be more cautious from whom he receives his information. We give him this advice in serious and friendly terms; for we are convinced that he meant to serve us, as well as the credit of our Journal.

T. C. is right. The supposed effects of Handel's organ, mentioned with applause in our last volume, p. 417, are copied from Dryden-Nemo omnibus horis sapit and for the unsettled account between John Dryden, Cr. with D. Pratt, Reviewers and Co. debtors,' is at last we hope adjusted.

E RR A'T A.
In our last Number, P. So. 1. 24. for experience, r. expedience.

P. 81.1.22. for secellion, r. fucceflion.

THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For MARCH, 1792.,

The Iliad and Odysley of Homer, translated into English blank Verse, by William Cowper, Esq. 2 Vols. 410. 21. 125. 6d.

Boards. Johnson. 1791. : H OW far this long-expected translation of the first of poets

has gratified the fanguine expectations formed by many of Mr. Cowper's admirers, we know not. Ours, we confess, were extremely moderate ; and we have not been disappointed. Let it be understood that our distrust did not originate from any doubt of Mr. Cowper's learning, taste, or poetical abilities."

fi Pergama dextrâ Defendi poffent, etiam hac defensa fuiflent. It proceeded from the nature of the design itself: we never could conceive that a close translation of Homer would do jura tice to the original, satisfy the classical reader, or give the un. learned one a competent idea of its genuine poetical merit. The idioms of a dead and modern language vary so much, that any literal version of a classic Bard, instead of displaying the spirit and meaning of the original, will frequently exhibit the appearance of an intended burlesque. Let any perion try the experiment on an ode of Pindar or Horace, and he will be thoroughly convinced of the veracity of our affertion. Too Itrict an adherence to the original composition will produce the same effect as an ill-constructed mirror does on the human face: the same features will be reflected, but enlarged, diminished, or distorted.

In the following passages, Mr. Cowper's fidelity is unimpeachable : the learned reader must acknowledge the likeness, but he cannot deny that it is an unpleasing one. . . Ye are unjust, ye Gods, and envious past . All others, grudging if a Goddess takes

A mortal man openly to her arms !
So, when the rosy fingered Morning chose
Orion, though ye live yourselves at case,

Yet ye all eavied her,'
Crit, Rev. N. AR. (IV.) March, 1792. S "So,

• So, when the golden-trefied Ceres, urged
By passion, took läsion to her arins
In a thrice-laboured fallow, not un taught
Was Jove that secret long, and, hearing it, .
Indignant, flew him with his candent bolt.
So, also, Oye Gods, ye envy me

The mortal man, my confort.'
Does such language as this correspond with our ideas of a
dix bedwv; of the beautiful, the divine Calypso ? Again, will fide-
lity excuse the following filthy image i

---' from his gullet gush'd the wine With human morsels mingled, many a blast

Sonorous issuing from his glutted maw.' Odys. ix. 535 .
Or this very extraordinary one ?

- swift few the dart
To his right buttock, flipp'd beneath the bone,

His bladder grazed and started through before.'

Mars informs Jupiter that had not his feet stole him from .• battle,' he might have been overwhelmed beneath a heap of carcases :

and if at last I lived, had halted crippled by the sword.' This seems rather the language of a Chelsea pensioner than of the god of battle ; and the answer of the fire of gods and men has as little pretension to fublimity.

• Bafe and side-lifting traitor! vex not me,
Here sitting querulous; of all who dwell
On the Olympian heights, thee most I hate
Contentious, whose delight is war alone.
Thou hast thy mother's moods, the very spleen
Of Juno, uncontroulable as fne,
Whom even I, reprove her as I may,
Scarce rule by mere commands; I therefore judge
Thy fufferings a contrivance all her own.
But soft. Thou art my son whom I begat,
And Juno bare thee. I cannot endure

That thou shouldīt suffer long.' Il. v. 1055.
"To be poetical without rhyme, Mr. Cowper says, is an
argument of a sound and classical constitution in any language.'
We agree with him : but does he take such lines as we have
quoted for poetry? or that such as these support the dignity of
the epopeia?

· Nor

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