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“ Ah!” interposed the sly old to ask the interval between two tele. Woondouk. “You won't say where graph posts on the line; and then, gunpowder was first made, because you counting the beats of his own pulse, want it to appear that it was in Eng. and making a mental estimate of the land.”
rapidity with which he passed those “ Not at all; the point is a doubtful intervals, he quietly said, “ Yes, we are one. I tell you exactly what I know.” going very fast.”
" Then where were muskets first in- Woondouk. “ Now where was the vented ?"
electric telegraph first discovered ?" "I cannot tell you. The first use Envoy. “I believe the discovery was of cannon on record was by the Eng- nearly contemporaneous in England lish, some five hundred years ago." and America."
Prince. What nation first made Woondouk. “But it must have been steamships ?"
in one place or the other." “ America, your Highness. The Envoy. “In Europe, where men of steam-engine was invented in England, science are engaged in a great variety and an American adapted it to ships.” of studies, and publish their views and
Woondouk. “Those are the people opinions, similar discoveries are fre. who went out from you, and you could quently made about the same time in not govern them, and they set up for different countries.” themselves."
The visits of ceremony to the four Envoy. “Precisely. Just as the peo- Woongyis, and to old Moung Pathee, ple of Aracan, of your own race and the Nan-ma-dau Woon, were marked by religion, settled in that country, and circumstances of peculiar interest. At had a king of their own, and you lost the house of the Magwé Menghi (Great dominion over them.” (Much good-hu- Prince of Magwe), the most intellectual mored laughter at this reply.)
and influential of the Woongyis, the Speaking of the friendly relations be- floor was laid with carpets, and chairs tween England and France, the Envoy for the visitors were set at a long table. explained that communication is kept The large silk curtain which separated up constantly between the two coun- the reception-room from the women's tries by means of the electric telegraph. apartment was partly raised at one (To the Woondouk.) “You have seen corner ; and there, on carpets, were the telegraph in Bengal, and will be seated all the ladies of the family. able to inform his Highness about it.” Breakfast was served, at first in Eng.
Woondouk. “They put a wire on lish fashion, with bread and butter, posts above the ground, or bury it muffins and tarts. But presently the underneath, carrying it over mountains hospitable Woongyi called out cheerily, and through rivers ; and at certain sta- “ Come, come! they know an English tions apart there are magnetic needles, breakfast well enough; let us have which shake to denote the letters of Burmese dishes now." Then came the words of a message that is sent. sweetmeats and dainties of various Thus they converse together, though kinds, and in profusion, – in all, fiftythey are hundreds of miles apart." seven dishes. After the breakfast the
This Woondouk, Moung Mhon, was usual Burmese dessert of betel-nut, a very astute and ingenious man. When
pawn, pickled tea,* salted ginger in he accompanied the old Dalla-Woon on small strips, fried garlic, walnuts witha mission to the Governor-General, he out the shells, roasted groundnuts, &c., was taken on one occasion, by Major Phayre and Colonel Baker, to make a
• Hlapet, or pickled tea, made up with a little oil,
salt, and garlic, or assafoetida, is eaten in small quanshort excursion on the East India Rail- tities by the Burmese, after dinner, as we eat cheese. way. When his attention was called They say it promotes digestion, and they cannot live to the great speed at which they were
in comfort without it. Hlapet is also passed around
on many ceremonial occasions, and on the conclutravelling, he made no remark, exceptsion of lawsuits.
on little gold and silver dishes; and, argue himself unknown. Consequently last of all, cheroots.
a presentation to that Buddhistic demiThe Woongyi led in his wife, and god in bleached and animated Indiawould have her attempt an English rubber was a crowning ceremonial, chair, next the Envoy; but the old essential, in a political as well as relady, after several amiable efforts to ligious point of view, to the success of reconcile herself to the foreign situa- the embassy. He “receives” in his tion, bravely tucked in her scanty robes, “palace," a little to the north of the and doubled her legs under her.
Hall of Audience. On the south are From the Magwé Menghi's they sheds for the vulgar monsters of his passed to the houses of the Mein- retinue, and brick godowns, in which loung, the Myo-doung, and the Pakhán the state carriages, and the massive Menghi, (all Woonghis,) and of the and gorgeous golden litters, are stowed. venerable Nan-ma-dau Woon, – break- Captain Yule says the present white fasting at each. At the residence of the elephant is the very one mentioned by Pakhán Menghi several ladies joined Padre Sangermano as having been the party at table; these were the caught in 1806, — to the great joy of the Woongyi's wife, who had been one of king, who had just lost the preceding Tharawadi's queens, with her mother incumbent, a female, which died after a and two sisters, — all really lady-like year's captivity. “He is very large, and self-possessed, fairer than the gen- almost ten feet high, with a noble head erality of Burmese women, and of deli- and pair of tusks. But he is longcate and graceful figures, though not bodied and lank, and not otherwise pretty. They wore the usual tawein, handsome for an elephant. He is or narrow petticoat of gorgeously striped sickly too, and out of condition, being silk, polka jackets of thin white muslin, distempered for five months in the year, and ornaments of extraordinary bril- from April to August. His eye, the liancy. Their ear-cylinders were gold; iris of which is yellow, with a reddish but instead of being open tubes, as outer annulus, and a small, clear black commonly worn at the capital, they pupil, has an uneasy glare, and his were closed in front, and set with one keepers evidently mistrust his temper. large cut diamond, ruby, or emerald, The annulus round the iris is pointed surrounded by smaller brilliants. The out as resembling a circle of the nine necklace consisted of a narrow chain gems. His color is almost uniform, – of gold, plain, or set with pearls, and about the ground-tint of the mottled or bearing table diamonds in two rows, freckled part of the trunk and ears of one fixed and the other pendent. They common elephants, perhaps a little also wore superb rings, in which were darker. He also has pale freckles on rubies of noble size.
the same parts. On the whole, he is Among the ladies seated on the well entitled to his appellation." ground were two strongly resembling His royal paraphernalia are mag. one another, and with the receding nificent. The driving-hook is three forehead which marks all the descend- feet long, the stem a mass of small ants of Alompra. These were daugh- pearls, girt at frequent intervals with ters of the Mekhara-men, that uncle bands of rubies, and the hook and of King Tharawadi who used to trans- handle of crystal, tipped with gold. late articles from Rees's Cyclopædia The headstall is of fine red cloth, pleninto Burmese, and who assisted Mr. tifully studded with choice rubies, and Lane, a merchant of Ava, in the com- near the extremity are some precious pilation of the English and Burmese diamonds. Fitting over the bumps of Dictionary which bears the name of the forehead are circles of the nine the latter.
gems, which are supposed to be charms For a Kalá at Amarapoora not to against malign influences. know the Lord White Elephant is to When caparisoned, he also wears on VOL. XX.
the forehead, like other Burmese dig- white elephant; but his uncle used to nitaries, including the king himself, a do so frequently, acting as his own golden plate inscribed with his titles, mahout, which was one of the royal and a gold crescent set with circles of accomplishments of the ancient Indian large gems between the eyes. Large kings. silver tassels hang in front of his ears, “ The importance attached to the and he is harnessed with bands of gold possession of a white elephant,” says and crimson set with large bosses of Captain Yule, “is traceable to the Budpure gold. He is a regular estate of dhist system. A white elephant of certhe realm, having a Woon, or minister, tain wonderful endowments is one of the of his own, four gold umbrellas, the seven precious things the possession white umbrellas which are peculiar to of which marks the Maha chakravartti royalty, and a suite of thirty attendants. Raja, 'the great wheel-turning king,' The Burmese remove their shoes on the holy and universal sovereign, a entering his palace. He has an appa- character who appears once in a cycle, nage, or territory, assigned to him to at the period when the waxing and wan“eat,” like other princes of the Em- ing term of human life has reached its pire. In Burney's time it was the rich maximum of an asankhya in duration. cotton district of Taroup Myo.
Hence the white elephant is the ensign The present king never rides the of universal sovereignty."
esting case, and am to be found in bed ring, active person to have to lie still No. 10, Ward II, Massachusetts Gen- and watch myself getting big brown eral Hospital. I am told that I have and yellow spots all over me, like a what is called Addison's Disease, map that has taken to growing. and that it is this pleasing malady The man on my right has consumpwhich causes me to be covered with tion, smells of cod-liver oil, and large blotches of a dark mulatto tint, coughs all night. The man on my such as I suppose would make me pe- left is a Down-Easter, with a liver culiarly acceptable to a Massachusetts which has struck work; looks like a constituency, if my legs were only strong human pumpkin ; and how he contrives enough to enable me to run for Con- to whittle jack-straws all day, and eat gress. However, it is a rather grim as he does, I can't understand. I subject to joke about, because, if I be- have tried reading and tried whittling, lieve the doctor who comes around every but they don't either of them satisfy day and thumps me, and listens to my me, so that yesterday I concluded to chest with as much pleasure as if I was ask the doctor if he could n't suggest music all through, — I say, if I believed some other amusement. him, I should suppose I was going to I waited until he had gone through die. The fact is, I don't believe him the ward, and then I seized my chance, at all. Some of these days I shall and asked him to stop a moment.
* Well,” said he, “what do you the whole world appears to have been want?"
engaged in trotting over mine with as “Something to do, Doctor.”
much certainty as if there were He thought a little, and then re- other standing-room left in creation. plied: "I'll tell you what to do; I I shall be rather brief about my early think if you were to write out a plain life, which possesses little or no interest. account of your life, it would be pretty I was born in Newark, New Jersey, well worth reading, and perhaps would and am therefore what those dreary serve to occupy you for a few days at Pennsylvanians call a Jersey Yankee, least. If half of what you told me last and sometimes a Spaniard, as pleases week be true, you must be about as them best. My father was a respectclever a scamp as there is to be met able physician in large practice, too with, and I suppose you would just as busy to look after me. My mother lief put it on paper as talk it.”
died too early for me to remember her "Pretty nearly," said I ; "I think I at all. An old aunt who took her place will try it, Doctor.”
as our housekeeper indulged me to the After he left I lay awhile thinking utmost, and I thus acquired a taste for over the matter. I knew well enough having my own way and the best of that I was what the world calls a everything, which has stuck to me scamp, and I knew also that I had
through life. I do not remember when got little good out of the fact. If a it was that I first began to pilfer, but it man is what people call virtuous, and must have been rather early in life. fails in life, he gets credit at least for Indeed, I believe I may say that, charithe virtue; but when a man is a ras- tably speaking, which is the only way cal, and breaks down at the trade, to speak of one's self, I was what the somehow or other people don't credit doctors call a kleptomaniac, — which him with the intelligence he has put means that, when I could not get a into the business,- and this I call hard. thing in any other way, I took it. I never had much experience of virtue As to education, I took very little of being its own reward; but I do know that, but I had, notwithstanding, a that, when rascality is left with noth- liking for reading, and especially for ing but the contemplation of itself for light literature. At the age of sixcomfort, it is by no means refreshing. teen I was sent to Nassau Hall, best Now this is just my present position; known as Princeton College ; but, for and if I did not recall with satisfaction reasons which I need not state very the energy and skill with which I did fully, I did not remain beyond the close my work, I should be nothing but dis- of the Junior year. The causes which gusted at the melancholy spectacle of led to my removal were not the usual my failure. I suppose that I shall at foolish scrapes in which college lads least find occupation in reviewing all indulge. Indeed, I never have been this, and I think, therefore, that I shall guilty of any of those wanton pieces of try to give a plain and straightforward wickedness which injure the feelings account of the life I have led, and the of others while they lead to no useful various devices by which I have sought result. When I left to return home, I to get my share of the money of my set myself seriously to reflect upon the countrymen.
necessity of greater caution in followI want it to be clearly understood, at ing out my inclinations, and from that the beginning, that, in what I may have time forward I have steadily avoided to say, I shall stick severely to the the vulgar vice of directly possessing truth, without any overstrained regard myself of objects to which I could show for my neighbors' feelings. In fact, I no legal title. My father was justly shall have some little satisfaction when indignant at the results of my college I do come a little heavy on corn or career; and, according to my aunt, his bunyon, because for the past two years sorrow had some effect in shortening
his life, which ended rather suddenly easily evaded. As to my studies, the within the year.
less said the better. I attended the I was now about nineteen years old, quizzes, as they call them, pretty closeand, as I remember, a middle-sized, ly, and, being of quick and retentive well-built young fellow, with large, dark memory, was thus enabled to dispense, eyes, a slight mustache, and, I have for the most part, with the six or seven been told, with very good manners, and lectures a day which duller men found a somewhat humorous turn. Besides it necessary to follow. these advantages, my guardian held in Dissecting struck me as a rather trust for me about three thousand dol- nasty business for a gentleman, and lars. After some consultation between on this account I did just as little as us, it was resolved that I should study was absolutely essential. In fact, if a medicine.
man takes his teckers, and pays the Accordingly I set out for Philadel- dissection fees, nobody troubles himphia, with many good counsels from self as to whether or not he does any my aunt and guardian. I look back more than this. A like evil exists as upon this period as a turning-point in to graduation; whether you merely
I had seen enough of the squeeze through, or pass with credit, world already to know that, if you can is a thing which is not made public, succeed honestly, it is by far the pleas- so that I had absolutely nothing to antest way; and I really believe that, if stimulate my ambition. I had not been endowed with such a The astonishment with which I fatal liking for all the good things of learned of my success was shared by life, I might have lived along as reputa- the numerous Southern gentlemen who bly as most men. This, however, is, darkened the floors, and perfumed with and always has been, my difficulty, and tobacco the rooms of our boardingI suppose that I am not therefore alto- house. In my companions, during the gether responsible for the incidents to time of my studies so called, as in which it gave rise. Most men also other matters in life, I was somewhat have some ties in life. I had only one, unfortunate. All of them were Southa little sister, now about ten years of ern gentlemen, with more money than age, for whom I have always had more 1. They all carried great sticks, usuor less affection, but who was of course ally sword-canes, and most of them too much my junior to exert over me bowie-knives; also they delighted in that beneficial control which has saved dress-coats, long hair, felt hats, and so many men from evil courses. She very tight boots, swore hideously, and cried a good deal when we parted, and glared at every woman they met as this, I think, had a very good effect in they strolled along with their arms strengthening my resolution to do noth- affectionately over the shoulders of ing which could get me into trouble. their companion. They hated the
The janitor of the College to which I Nawth,” and cursed the Yankees, went directed me to a boarding-house, and honestly believed that the leanest where I engaged a small, third-story of them was a match for any halfroom, which I afterwards shared with dozen of the bulkiest of Northerners, Mr. Chaucer of Jawjaw, as he called I must also do them the justice to say the State which he had the honor to that they were quite as ready to fight represent.
as to brag, which, by the way, is no In this very remarkable abode I meagre statement. With these genspent the next two winters; and final- try, for whom I retain a respect which ly graduated, along with two hundred has filled me with regret at the recent more, at the close of my two years course of events, I spent a good deal of study.
I should also have been of my large leisure. We were what one year in a physician's office as a the more respectable students of both student, but this regulation is very sections called a hard crowd; but