Imatges de pÓgina



pre-supposes that the elements forming Rev.

the Rev. a whole are separately visible, or are Role

the part. being contemplated. Hence, we think, Roughs

one would say "the aggregate shipRowdies

ments of tea," but not the "aggregate Seaboard

sea coast. Section

district, region.

export of tea." Sensation noteworthy event.

“Artiste.” Vile word, say the purists. Spending

passing. But it and other vile words have someStandpoint

point of view. thing to say for themselves. It is said Start

begin, establish. that you may not write: State

say. Stopping staying or sojourning.

artiste for artist, Subsequently


official for officer, Taboo

scientist for man of science, Take action

act or do.

lengthy for long, Talent

talent, or ability. Talented.

as if "artiste," "official," "scientist" Tapis Tarifi schedule of rates.

and "lengthy" were vulgar synonyms Telegrams

despatches. for “artist," "officer,” “man of science" The deceased

and "long.” They are not; and it is Those wanting those who want. the fact that many words, which apTranspire


pear to be corruptions of other words, Try an experiment make an experi

are really rude but healthy offshoots,

ment Vicinity

neighborhood. doing special duty. It is idle to conWharves

wharfs. tend that "artist" ought to be used in Which

in "which man." all cases where "artiste" is heard. Would seem

seems. “Artist" is one of the least precise

words in the language, yet, with all its Although this list is interesting and

breadth, it can rarely be trusted to in. helpful, it may be compared to a bag dicate the commonest types of artist filled with bones of contention and

-persons who are proficient in a small these fairly rattle. Take Bryant's first

minor art, as distinct from one of the objection: "Above" is not to be used in


arts. A ballet-dancer, hairthe sense of "more than." That is to

dresser, or a cook, is called an artiste, say, we may not write: "There are

because in such cases it has been found above a hundred misprints in this edi- that "artist" requires a context or a tion.” Well, we should prefer "more

qualification. In short, "artiste" is a than" a hundred here, but we dare not

useful, if ugly, variation of "artist," insist in face of the Bible sentence:

and it was improvised to do the work “He was seen of above five hundred which “artist” failed to do. Coin a brethren at once." Swift in “Gulliver's

better word, if you will, but meanwhile Travels," has “I heard a knocking for "artiste” has a right to exist. Simabove an hour," and there are many ilarly “official" is not usually used for other sanctions. For "over" in the

"officer," as Bryant's injunction imsense of "more than" there can be no

plies. There is a difference. An "offi. justification. The objection to "after- cer" of the P. & 0. Steamship Company wards” for “afterward" seems fantas

is a captain or mate, in uniform; an tic. Aggregate is certainly often used “official" of the P., & O. Steamship when “total," "entire,” or “whole"

Company is a man from the office, in would be more correct. “Aggregate" a tall hat. No doubt journalists write

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of "officials" where they might write ing: “I suppose he thought that any one
"authorities;" but there is a general with the slightest sense of grammar
and frequent need to distinguish be- would see that a collective possessive
tween the "officer" with his badges pronoun cannot, in such a collocation,
and known duties and the “official" be substituted for a discretive genitive
with his more disguised and indefinite case." This sonorously begs the ques-
power. "Scientist" may be a horrid tion. Surely there is room for argu-
word, but the circumlocution "a man ment. If we may not say "in our
of science" becomes too cumbrous in a midst," meaning "in the midst of us,"
scientific age. If people need a word, it must be wrong to say:
and their language has it not, they
will make one in a hurry. They will "in our absence" for "in the absence of
adapt a cognate word according to

some simple analogy or fancied law,

"sing your praises" for "sing the

praises of you,"
and there is your word-not born, but

to his dismay” for “to the dismay of
manufactured. Can you complain that

it exists, or expect it to be beautiful? “on his behalt" for "on behalf of him."
“Lengthy" has been a good deal reviled,
and its invention has been charged to Mr. Thursfield thinks that "in the
Americans. As a matter of fact it is midst” is always used in the Bible with
found in Gower. The justification of the genitive case, never with the pos-
lengthy” is that it relieves "long" of sessive. Perhaps. But Milton wrote
certain duties. So many things are in “Samson Agonistes:
long that, in the myriad action and
interaction of daily speech, it

And in my midst of sorrow and heart-
found convenient to describe some grief

To show them feats.
things as “lengthy." And so we say a
"long pole" and a "lengthy argument."

On the whole there seems to be no
You may certainly speak of a long ar-

sound objection to "in our midst."
gument; but, if so, do you not imply
in a subtle way that the argument,

“Average" is, no doubt, abused, but

we should defend it in the ex-
though long, began and ended on one


occasion and without interruption ?



may be used for “ordinary"
whereas "lengthy" suggests tedium, in-


cannot stop
Surely "lengthy annota-

many ways which we

to define.
tions” is usually more exact than "long

Enough to quote Brown-
annotations." A "lengthy dispute"

ing's “Bishop Blougram's Apology:"
.conveys more than a “long dispute"-

We mortals cross the ocean of this
you see that the quarrel rose and sank

and wandered until every one was sick

Each in his average cabin of a life-
of it. It becomes clear that many The best's not big, the worst yields el-
words rejected of the purists are really bow-room.
rough-hewn corner-stones, filling crev-
ices in the language.

What is the objection to "collided ?"
One of Mr. Bryant's most doubtful “Aspirant," "commence," “balance"
prohibitions is that of "in our midst." (for a remainder not expressed in fig.
Yet Mr. Thursfield is particularly glad ures) and "claim" (for "assert") are
to see this expression banned. Bryant all very properly condemned. “Couple"
gives no equivalent for "in our midst," is too freely used, and “decease" as a
and Mr. Thursfield excuses him by say.

verb is abominable. But "endorse" for

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"approve" has something to say for known and measured by 'the writer; itself. You approve a course of action "partially” suggests only a general in. not yet carried out; you endorse an ac- completeness. “Record" for "charaction already completed. In this sense ter” or “reputation” is not pleasant. endorse is a good word; nothing could "Retire," as an active adverb (he was be

significant. But when retired on a pension), is not unpardonable speaker rises and says: “I endorse all in connections where it is almost a that Mr. So-and-So says,” he justly technical term. “Role” was adopted falls under Bryant's wrath. "Freshet” because it was needed; and métier was for "flood” is a leader-writer's word, brought in to reinforce it. It is our own a piece of professionalism. “Hardly" fault that these words are rife. "Transand “scarcely" should be discrimina- pire" has never been defended; and tively separated in one's mind. “Leni. "vicinity" seems to us to be the least ency” is not required, "lenity being useful word in the language. “Would identical in meaning, and nearer to the seem" is a curious phrase. It is milder root. “Partially" is often used when than "it seems;" but instead of "it "partly" would be better; and yet there would seem” write, if possible, “it alis a distinction which often justifies most seems.” “Try an experiment" is the selection of "partially.” “Partly" nonsense. “Subsequently” is original suggests that the part indicated is

sin. The Academy.


Shake the poisoned dust of cities from your feet,

Shun the vice, the masquerade, and the veneer,
Where all-devouring envy sits at meat,

And the wealthy greets the beggar with a sneer;
Leave behind the sullen stillness of the Post,

The death-in-life that turns the heart to stone,
Be yourself the guest, let Nature be your host,

And seek for hope where cities are unknown!

Cinch the saddle to the cayuse till he squeals,

Sling on the flour, the bacon, and the tea;
Lift the halter, go and take what fortune deals,

And breathe the magic air of liberty;
Out, out, beyond the farthest track of man,

Where his foot has not defiled the virgin sod,
To the land that was before the race began,

To the chosen amphitheatres of God!

Ah, to watch the ranges lifting through the haze,

The nameless river brawling by his bars;
To forget the names and numbers of the days,
To sleep beneath the winking of the stars;

1 1.e., trading-post.

To see the moon reflected from the lake,

The silent forest dreaming at its rim,
The yellow light when dawn begins to break,

And the glitter of the heavens growing dim!

The squirrel and the porcupine, the owl,

The wolverine and beaver are your kin, And the echo of the dog-wolf's dismal howl

Is your serenade when dusk is drawing in; For the mountain-tops are canopied in mist,

The forest-lakes are bluer than the sky, Nature's freeman, go and wander where you list,

Taste the joy of living once before you die!

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The gale that tears the balsam from his place,

And whips the treble chatter of the streams,
Will bear your weary spirit into space,

And lull you to the passage of your dreams;
And the breeze that shakes the aspen from her sleep,

When the spangled veil of night is plucked away,
Will waft it once again from out the deep,

To the doing and the living of a day.

Are you hungered? Go and seek the giant moose,

Full-fed and sleek become since summer's prime, Where he harbors in the gloomy belt of spruce,

And his lordly flesh will serve you for the time;
Or choose among the fatted caribou,

That score the glossy velvet from their tines;
Do you thirst? A river's headspring wells for you,

Beneath the purple shadow of the pines.

When the ptarmigan are calling from the fells,

And the zephyr whispers idly to the leaves, Their voices are the story Nature tells,

The meshes of the trammel that she weaves; For each sound will leave a record on the ear,

And each sight will stamp an imprint on the brain, A treasure-board of memory to revere

When you tread the artificial world again.

When your latest fire in camp has smouldered low,

And your last march to the trading-post is done, Go and tell the shackled cities what you know

Of the secrets of the limitless Unknown;
Go and fill the old accustomed groove again,

Listen blankly to the babble of the crowd,
And perchance 'twill bring to mind the lost refrain
Of the mountain-torrent calling you aloud.

Leonard & Higgs, Saturna Island, British Columbia. The Spectator.


Admirers of the fascinating Mrs. elor, is in a position of greater freeRawdon Crawley will remember that dom and less responsibility purely dosome of the most interesting episodes mestic, and may therefore act for the in a remarkable career took place at public good without the semblance of Brussels while the British army was contravening his precepts by his own on its way to the front. History, in- example. We cannot but regret that deed, repeats itself in incongruous, if Lord Roberts himself has not recoganalogous, situations, and South Africa nized that in this respect, to use the under present circumstances would ap- words of Burke, “his situation should pear to offer many features of resem- have been the preceptor of his duty." blance to the Belgian capital in 1815. The growing crowd of adventurers Then, as now, a brilliant train of camp- and pleasure-seekers doubtless counts followers hung round the skirts of the its Joe Sedleys in inconvenient numarmy and contributed not a little to bers, but we are not concerned with the embarrassment of the warriors these worthies. Their woes will not when duty tore them away. "Num- deeply affect their fellow-men in the bers of English families—some drawn fighting line. The spectacle of these thither out of solicitude for relations would-be sight-seers foiled in their igin the army, others out of simple cu- noble pursuit of the sensational, and riosity and love of excitemeut, lining the hither bank of the Orange thronged the hotels and lodging River like the souls who were deemed houses. The town was crowded with unworthy to cross the Styx, may exfashionable non-combatants." This cite ridicule for a day, but the matsentence, taken from Sir Herbert Max. ter is very different when the offenders well's “Wellington,” might have been are women. Their presence at the written by any correspondent at the front constitutes a problem so thorny, Cape to-day. For the novelist in search and a scandal so grave, that it was of situations, society under such con- high time some attempt should be ditions presents many attractive ob- made to meet and deal with it. It is jects for study. Becky Sharp is an not the Becky Sharps who form the immortal type, and repays study un- real embarrassment. They may be der all skies, but wars after all are trusted to shift for themselves. It is not waged to supply romance-writers the arrival of the virtuous and sentiwith copy, and the Commissariat De- mental wives whose presence is daily partment does not exist to feed “per- doubling the anxieties of overworked sons travelling merely for health or rec- husbands and halving their rations. reation." These considerations seem at The mordant fancy of the foreign salength to have forced themselves upon tirist could never have invented a sitthe notice of Sir Alfred Milner, who, uation so cruelly apt for caricature as not too soon, has called attention to that devoted lady's, who, repulsing all them in a despatch which certainly blandishments, still clings to her seat does not err on the side of severity. It at Norvals Pont until the unhappy is gratifying to potice that “Field transport officer finds no way out of Marshal Commanding-in-Chief fully the difficulty but to shunt the car itself concurs in the views expressed in it.” on to a siding. According to an exSir Alfred Milner, however, as a bach- perienced correspondent, this indecent

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